Glyphosate

Glyphosate

Applications imbriquées

Glyphosate

 

Le glyphosate est l’une des substances actives les plus largement utilisées dans les pesticides pour empêcher la croissance de végétaux indésirables autour des cultures ou pour éliminer des plantes ou parties de plantes. Ces substances sont souvent appelées «herbicides» ou «désherbants».

Le glyphosate est utilisé dans l’agriculture et l’horticulture pour lutter contre les mauvaises herbes avant le semis. Lorsque des plantes génétiquement modifiées, résistantes au glyphosate, sont cultivées, cette substance est également utilisée après le semis pour éliminer les mauvaises herbes qui envahissent les cultures. Cette pratique ne s’applique toutefois pas au sein de l’Union européenne.

L’ECHA gère la législation sur la classification et l’étiquetage des substances et des mélanges. Cette législation réglemente la manière dont les substances sont évaluées et étiquetées, sur la base de leurs propriétés dangereuses éventuelles – par exemple les poisons, les substances inflammables, les substances corrosives, etc.

Pour certaines substances, telles que les pesticides, une décision sur la classification peut être prise au niveau de l’Union européenne en vue de sa mise en application dans toute l’Europe. Dans la pratique, cela signifie qu'un étiquetage adéquat sera requis sur chaque produit contenant la substance, en guise de mise en garde pour les consommateurs.

Latest updates

23 September 2021

ECHA and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) have started parallel consultations on the initial scientific evaluations of glyphosate. The consultations will run for 60 days and all interested parties are encouraged to contribute.

30 August 2021

EFSA and ECHA will launch parallel consultations on the Renewal Assessment Report (RAR) and the Harmonised Classification and Labelling (CLH) report on glyphosate by 24 September 2021. All interested parties will be able to contribute to the ongoing scientific assessment by submitting relevant comments and information. The consultation will remain open for 60 days.

10 August 2021

The Assessment Group on Glyphosate submitted updated versions of the Renewal Assessment Report (RAR) and the Harmonised Classification and Labelling (CLH) report to EFSA and ECHA respectively. The two EU regulatory agencies will now carry out the administrative work that is needed before the documents are made available for consultation. The parallel consultations were announced for the first week of September 2021 but will be rescheduled. The new date will be communicated in due course.

ECHA's opinion expected in 2022

In 2019, the Glyphosate Renewal Group (GRG) formally applied to renew the approval of glyphosate for use after the current approval expires at the end of 2022.

Four EU Member States – France, Hungary, the Netherlands and Sweden – form the Assessment Group on Glyphosate (AGG). They assess the application and submit their reports to ECHA and European Food Safety Authority EFSA. 

In parallel with EFSA's assessment, ECHA's Committee for Risk Assessment, RAC, will review the classification of glyphosate. RAC’s review will focus solely on the hazardous properties of the substance and will not take into account the likelihood of exposure to glyphosate.

RAC's assessment starts in 2021. A consultation on the classification proposal will be launched in September 2021. RAC's final opinion is expected in 2022 and it will feed into EFSA's risk assessment.

Based on EFSA's risk assessment, the European Commission will decide on the renewal of the approval of glyphosate.

glyphosate next steps graphic

n e xt steps Assessment of glyphosate Since June 2020, France, Sweden, Hungary and the Netherlands have worked to undertake an assessment on glyphosate. In September 2021, ECHA and EFSA launched parallel consultations for the public. All interested parties are invited to pr o vide their comments. ECHAs opinion feeds into EFSA’s process on the risk assessment for glyphosate. The European Commission, together with risk managers from the 27 EU Member States, will decide whether to renew the approval of glyphosate in the EU. In June 2021, they submitted a dossier for classification to ECHA and a renewal assessment report to EFSA These were updated in August. ECHA's Committee for Risk Assessment will give its independent scientific opinion about glyphosate’s hazardous properties. It is expected towards summer 2022. EFSA will finalise its peer review conclusions, expected in the second half of 2022. 6 7 5 4 3 2 1

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