Substance Information

Substance information

Infocards are automatically generated based on industry data. What is an infocard?

Beryllium

Help Substance identity

The ‘Substance identity’ section links substance identification information from all ECHA databases. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the substance name, substance identifiers (EC and CAS number) and/or the molecular formula.

Substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or may not have been provided, and therefore not displayed.

EC (European Community) number

The EC Number is the numerical identifier for substances in the EC Inventory. The EC Inventory is a combination of three independent European lists of substances from the previous EU chemicals regulatory frameworks (EINECS, ELINCS and the NLP-list). More information about the EC Inventory can be found here.

If the substance was not covered by the EC Inventory, ECHA attributes a list number in the same format, starting with the numbers 6, 7, 8 or 9.

The EC or list number is the primary substance identifier used by ECHA.

CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) registry number

The CAS number is the substance numerical identifier assigned by the Chemical Abstract Service, a division of the American Chemical Society, to substances registered in the CAS registry database. A substance identified primarily by an EC or list number may be linked with more than one CAS number, or with CAS numbers that have become obsolete. In these cases, the preferred CAS number is displayed first and obsolete CAS numbers are displayed in brackets. More information about CAS and the CAS registry can be found here.

Molecular formula

The molecular formula identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of each element found in one discrete molecule of the substance. This information is only displayed if the substance is well–defined, if such information is available in ECHA’s database and is it not claimed confidential.

Molecular structure

The molecular structure is based on InChI annotations stored in the ECHA database. The image is a computer–generated visualisation of the InChI character string, which is broadly used as an identifier of chemical structures. This information is only displayed if the substance is well-defined, if such information is available in ECHA’s database and is it not claimed confidential.

More help available here.

EC / List no.: 231-150-7

CAS no.: 7440-41-7

Mol. formula: Be

formula
Help Hazard classification and labelling

The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance through a standardised system of statements and pictograms, as has been established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH).

This section searches three sources for information (harmonised classification and labelling (CLH), REACH registrations and CLP notifications). The source of the information is mentioned in the introductory sentence of the hazard statements. When information is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a priority.

Please note:

The purpose of the information provided under this section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a readable format. It does not represent a new labelling, classification or hazard statement, neither reflect other factors that affect the susceptibility of the effects described, such as duration of exposure or substance concentration (e.g. in case of consumer and professional uses). Other relevant information includes the following:

  • Substances may have impurities and additives that lead to different classifications. If at least one company has indicated that the substance classification is affected by impurities or additives, this will be indicated by an informative sentence. However, substance notifications in the InfoCard are aggregated independently of the impurities and additives.
  • Hazard statements were adapted to improve readability and may not correspond textually to the hazard statements codes description in the European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH) or the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS).

To see the full list of notified classifications and to get more information on impurities and additives relevant to classification please consult the C&L Inventory.

More information about Classification and Labelling is available in the Regulations section of ECHA website.

More help available here.

Harmonised classification and labelling (CLH)

Harmonised classification and labelling is a legally binding classification and labelling for a substance, agreed at European Community level. Harmonisation is based on the substance’s physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological hazard assessment.

The ‘Hazard classification’ and labelling section uses the signal word, pictogram(s) and hazard statements of the substance under the harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) as its primary source of information.

If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry (e.g. disodium tetraborate EC no. 215–540–4, is covered by three harmonisations: 005–011–00–4; 005–011–01–1 and 005–011–02–9), CLH information cannot be displayed in the InfoCard as the difference between the CLH classifications requires manual interpretation or verification. If a substance is classified under multiple CLH entries, a link to the C&L Inventory is provided to allow users to view CLH information associated with the substance, instead of having the information automatically generated in the InfoCard.

It is possible that a harmonisation is introduced through an amendment to the CLP Regulation. In that case, the ATP (Adaptation to Technical Progress) number is displayed.

More info on CLH can be found here.

Classification and labelling under REACH

If available, additional information on classification and labelling (C&L) is derived from REACH registration dossiers submitted by industry. This information has not been reviewed or verified by ECHA, and may change without prior notice. REACH registration dossiers have greater data requirements (support studies) than notifications under CLP.

Notifications under the Classification Labelling and Packaging (CLP) Regulation

If no EU harmonised classification and labelling exists and the substance was not registered under REACH, information derived from classification and labelling (C&L) notifications to ECHA under CLP Regulation is displayed under this section. These notifications can be provided by manufacturers, importers and downstream users. ECHA maintains the C&L Inventory, but does not review or verify the accuracy of the information.

For readability purposes, only the pictograms, signal words and hazard statements referred in more than 5% of the notifications under CLP are displayed.

GHS08: Serious Health Hazard GHS06: Acute Toxicity

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is fatal if inhaled, is toxic if swallowed, may cause cancer by inhalation, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, causes serious eye irritation, causes skin irritation, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause respiratory irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may cause cancer.

Helpful information About this substance

This section provides an overview of the volume in which the substance is manufactured or imported to the European Economic Area (EU28 + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). Additionally, if available, information on the use of the substance and how consumers and workers are likely to be exposed to it can also be displayed here.

The use information is displayed per substance life cycle stage (consumer, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites or in manufacturing). The information is aggregated from REACH registered dossiers provided by industry.

For a detailed overview on identified uses and environmental releases, please consult the registered substance dossier.

Use descriptors are adapted from ECHA guidance to improve readability and may not correspond textually to descriptor codes described in Chapter R.12: Use Descriptor system of ECHA Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment.

The examples provided are generic examples and may not apply to the specific substance you are viewing. A substance may have its use restricted to certain articles or products and therefore not all the examples may apply to the specific substance. Furthermore, some substances can be found in an article, but with unlikely exposure (e.g. inside a watch) or with very low concentrations considered not to pose risks to human health or the environment.

Please note:

For readability purpose, only non-confidential use descriptors occurring in more than 5% of total occurrences are displayed.

The described Product category (i.e. the products in which the substance may be used) may refer to uses as intermediate and under controlled conditions, for which there is no consumer exposure.

More help is available here.

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 - 100 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing and at industrial sites.

Consumer Uses

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used. ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

Article service life

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), formulation in materials and as processing aid.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).
This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines).
This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery).

Widespread uses by professional workers

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).
This substance is used in the following areas: health services, municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment and scientific research and development.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, fabricated metal products, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and machinery and vehicles.
ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

Formulation or re-packing

This substance is used in the following products: metals and pH regulators and water treatment products.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials, as processing aid and industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal).

Uses at industrial sites

This substance is used in the following products: metals and pH regulators and water treatment products.
This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).
This substance is used in the following areas: municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment, scientific research and development and offshore mining.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, fabricated metal products, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and machinery and vehicles.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as processing aid, in the production of articles, formulation in materials, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal) and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid.

Manufacture

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

Help Properties of concern

The ‘Properties of concern’ section shows ECHA-assigned graphical indicators for certain substance properties that are regarded as critical for human health and/or the environment based on the information provided to the Agency. The following properties have been highlighted as critical:

  • C – Carcinogenic (i.e. classified in carcinogenicity categories 1A or 1B). More information about carcinogenicity here.
  • M – Mutagenic (i.e. classified in mutagenicity categories 1A or 1B). More information about mutagenicity here.
  • R – Toxic to reproduction (i.e. classified in reproductive toxicity categories 1A or 1B). More information about reproductive toxicity here.
  • Ss – Skin sensitiser (i.e. classified in skin sensitisation categories 1, 1A or 1B). More information about skin sensitiser here.
  • Sr – Respiratory sensitiser (i.e. classified in respiratory sensitisation categories 1, 1A or 1B). More information about respiratory sensitiser here.
  • PBT – Persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT). More information about persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic substances here.

The substance properties displayed in this section (with the exception of PBT properties) are derived from harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) and/or REACH registered dossier information. In case the substance classification is not harmonised and the substance is not registered the properties are derived from classifications provided in CLP notifications. PBT properties are derived from REACH registered dossiers.

Critical property indentification: Where less than 90% of the notifiers provide the same classification to derive the critical property, the border of this critical property icon is displayed as dashed.

Impurities or additives: When a specific critical property is associated with compositions with impurities and/or additives, the respective critical property icon has a * associated.

More help available here.

  • C
  • Ss
Help Important to know

This section highlights four regulatory activities or outcomes under REACH – Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals – Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006:

  • Community rolling action plan - indicates if the substance is or was included in the Community rolling action plan (CoRAP). The CoRAP list includes substances that could pose a risk to human health or the environment and whose (potentially hazardous) properties are to be evaluated by the Member States in the next three years. After evaluation, proposals may be made for further regulatory action regarding the substance.
  • Candidate List - indicates if the substance is included in the candidate list of substances of very high concern (SVHCs). The Candidate List includes substances that are subject to additional protocols and reporting obligations and which may eventually be included in the Authorisation List, further limiting their use.
  • Authorisation list (Annex XIV to REACH) - indicates if the substance is included in the Authorisation list. These substances cannot be placed on the market or used after a given date, unless an authorisation is granted for their specific use, or the use is exempted from authorisation.
  • Restriction list (Annex XVII to REACH) - indicates if the substance is included in the Restriction List. The Restriction List describes the conditions for the manufacture, placing on the market or use of certain substances, either on their own or in mixtures or articles.

Please note: The identification of relevant regulatory activities and outcomes is done automatically and without manual verification. Substances may be grouped together under a specific regulatory activity for more efficient risk management and legislative processing (e.g. restriction on "Lead and its compounds"). In these cases, Infocards may not identify all substances in the group.Therefore it does not represent official and legally–binding information. To confirm if a substance is covered by a specific regulatory action the official publication, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union should be consulted.

More help available here.

Help How to use it safely

This section provides links to the list of precautions (precautionary statements) and to the guidance on safe use if they have been provided in REACH registration dossiers.

  • Precautionary statements - describe recommended measures to minimise or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous product, or improper storage or handling of a hazardous product.
  • Guidance on safe use - recommendations by substance registrant on the proper use of the substance in various situations. Examples include recommended measures on fire-fighting, transport and recycling and disposal.

Please note: Precautionary measures and guidance on safe use concern the use and handling of the specific substance as such, not of the presence of the substance in other articles or mixtures. The precautionary measures and guidance on safe use are as submitted to ECHA by registrants under the REACH Regulation. Information on precautionary measures and the safe use is submitted by the registrant of a substance and the registrant is solely responsible for its accuracy and completeness.

More help available here.

about INFOCARD - Last updated: 12/05/2017 InfoCard

The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data of a substance held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). InfoCards are generated automatically based on the data available at the time of generation.

The quality and correctness of the information submitted to ECHA remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The type of uses and classifications may vary between different submissions to ECHA and for a full understanding it is recommended to consult the source data. Information on applicable regulatory frameworks is also automatically generated and may not be complete or up to date. It is the responsibility of the substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.

InfoCards are updated when new information is available. The date of the last update corresponds to the publication date of the InfoCard and not necessarily to the date in which the update occurred in the source data.

More help available here.

Help Help

Regulations and regulatory activities

This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities:

Other names

Regulatory process names
  • Beryllium
  • Beryllium
IUPAC names
  • -
  • Be
  • Beryllium

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