Il glifosato è uno dei principi attivi maggiormente utilizzati nei pesticidi per evitare la crescita di vegetazione indesiderata intorno alle colture oppure per provocare la morte di piante o parti di piante. Queste sostanze sono spesso note come "erbicidi" o "diserbanti".
Il glifosato è usato in agricoltura e orticoltura per combattere le piante infestanti prima della semina. Nei casi in cui vengano coltivate piante geneticamente modificate con resistenza al glifosato, la sostanza è utilizzata anche dopo la semina per eliminare le piante infestanti che crescono tra le colture. Questa pratica tuttavia non trova impiego all’interno dell’Unione europea.
L’ECHA è competente per la legge relativa alla classificazione e all’etichettatura delle sostanze e delle miscele, che disciplina le modalità in cui le sostanze sono valutate ed etichettate sulla base delle proprietà pericolose che possono presentare (per esempio veleni, sostanze infiammabili, sostanze corrosive e così via).
Per alcune sostanze, come i pesticidi, può essere presa una decisione in merito alla classificazione a livello di UE da applicarsi in tutta Europa. In pratica, ciò significa che la corrispondente etichettatura dovrà essere apposta su ogni prodotto contenente la sostanza in questione allo scopo di informarne i consumatori.
02 December 2021
Glyphosate consultations: over 400 submissions collected
The parallel consultations on glyphosate held by EFSA and ECHA closed on 22 November 2021.
During the two-month consultation, all interested parties had access to the scientific evaluations prepared by the national competent authorities of Hungary, France, the Netherlands and Sweden, known collectively as the Assessment Group on Glyphosate (AGG).
A total of 416 submissions were received through the two consultations from within and outside the EU, the majority of them coming from Argentina.
These submissions – some carrying multiple comments – are publicly available and can be found on the EFSA and ECHA websites.
The graphs below provide a snapshot of the submissions received.
Next steps in the EU re-evaluation of glyphosate
The comments and observations received through the consultations have been shared with the AGG, who will consider and respond to them.
For the classification process, the AGG will provide its responses to ECHA’s Committee for Risk Assessment (RAC). The RAC will develop its opinion on the classification of glyphosate under the Classification, Labelling and Packaging (CLP) Regulation. This is expected in May/June 2022.
For EFSA’s assessment, following the AGG’s evaluation of the comments received through the consultation, a clock stop could be applied to request additional information from the Glyphosate Renewal Group (GRG). An updated assessment (RAR) will then be produced by the AGG and will be sent to EFSA to proceed with the peer review. EFSA will take the outcome of ECHA’s opinion into account in its peer review, which is expected to be finalised in the second half of 2022.
Regular updates on the work can be found on the EFSA and ECHA websites.
- Assessment Group on Glyphosate
- Glyphosate on EFSA website
- Glyphosate consultation by ECHA
- Glyphosate consultations by EFSA
23 September 2021
ECHA and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) have started parallel consultations on the initial scientific evaluations of glyphosate. The consultations will run for 60 days and all interested parties are encouraged to contribute.
30 August 2021
EFSA and ECHA will launch parallel consultations on the Renewal Assessment Report (RAR) and the Harmonised Classification and Labelling (CLH) report on glyphosate by 24 September 2021. All interested parties will be able to contribute to the ongoing scientific assessment by submitting relevant comments and information. The consultation will remain open for 60 days.
10 August 2021
The Assessment Group on Glyphosate submitted updated versions of the Renewal Assessment Report (RAR) and the Harmonised Classification and Labelling (CLH) report to EFSA and ECHA respectively. The two EU regulatory agencies will now carry out the administrative work that is needed before the documents are made available for consultation. The parallel consultations were announced for the first week of September 2021 but will be rescheduled. The new date will be communicated in due course.
ECHA's opinion expected in 2022
In 2019, the Glyphosate Renewal Group (GRG) formally applied to renew the approval of glyphosate for use after the current approval expires at the end of 2022.
Four EU Member States – France, Hungary, the Netherlands and Sweden – form the Assessment Group on Glyphosate (AGG). They assess the application and submit their reports to ECHA and European Food Safety Authority EFSA.
In parallel with EFSA's assessment, ECHA's Committee for Risk Assessment, RAC, will review the classification of glyphosate. RAC’s review will focus solely on the hazardous properties of the substance and will not take into account the likelihood of exposure to glyphosate.
RAC's assessment starts in 2021. A consultation on the classification proposal will be launched in September 2021. RAC's final opinion is expected in 2022 and it will feed into EFSA's risk assessment.
Based on EFSA's risk assessment, the European Commission will decide on the renewal of the approval of glyphosate.
- Consultation: Harmonised Classification and Labelling report
- Glyphosate - EU regulators begin review of renewal assessments
- Glyphosate: questions and answers [PDF][EN]
ECHA's process in 2017