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A substance must be registered before the manufacture or import can start at an annual quantity of one tonne or more. Before the registration of such substances, the manufacturer or importer has to make an inquiry to ECHA regarding any previous registration for the same substance.
Upon registration, the registrant may have to wait for three weeks after the registration dossier is submitted before starting or continuing the manufacture or import of the substance (Article 21 of the REACH Regulation).
Under REACH, manufacturing means producing or extracting substances in their natural state. It is a case-by-case decision to establish the extent to which the different steps in producing the substance are covered by the definition ‘manufacturing'.
A company that purchases registered substances from within the EU and then formulates these into mixtures (e.g. paints) would be regarded as a downstream user under REACH.
In layman's terms, this company might be considered to be a manufacturer of paints. However, within the context of REACH, the company would not be a manufacturer of a substance and so would have no registration obligations for these substances. For further information see the Guidance on registration. Examples on manufacturing of intermediates available in the Guidance on intermediates and Practical Guide 16.
If substances are in temporary storage with a view to re-exportation and remain under customs supervision, they are not subject to REACH.
To rely on this exemption, you need to document that the following conditions are fulfilled:
- The substances are put in a free zone or free warehouse as defined under customs legislation or placed under another relevant customs procedure (transit procedure, temporary storage).
- The substances are kept under the supervision of the customs authorities.
- The substances do not undergo any form of treatment or processing during their stay in the EU. A free zone or a free warehouse in the EU territory is part of the EU.
For further information see the Guidance on registration, chapter 18.104.22.168 ‘Substances under customs supervision’.
You can cease manufacture due to the following scenarios:
- You ceased manufacture/import due to commercial reasons according to Article 50(2) of the REACH Regulation. The registered volume in your registration is updated to zero and the status of your registration is changed to "inactive". If you restart manufacture/import of the substance, you should inform ECHA via the 'Restart manufacture or import' button available on the reference number page in REACH-IT.
- You ceased manufacture following a draft decision according to Article 50(3) of the REACH Regulation. The status of your registration will be changed to "Revoked". A new registration must be submitted if you wish to restart manufacturing/importing your substance.
Before ceasing manufacture, we recommend that you read Q&A 0054 that explains the duties of registrants that cease manufacture and import.
Below are the steps on how to cease/restart manufacture in REACH-IT.
You should use the functionality ‘restart manufacture or import’ to reactivate the reference number, when a substance is manufactured/imported again.
Your registration remains your responsibility, so keep it always up-to-date.
Safety Data Sheet
If you need to give your customers safety data sheets, you will need to include your registration number in the safety data sheets the next time you update them. In addition, if you have conducted a chemical safety assessment and needed to develop exposure scenarios, you have to attach them to the safety data sheet, outlining the use-specific conditions of safe use of the substance. This needs to be done as soon as possible.
If you have claimed you are an SME and have benefited from the reduced registration fees, ECHA may verify the size of your company. Make sure that your REACH-IT account includes all the necessary documentation to justify the size of your company.
Joint Submission management and Data sharing
We strongly recommended that you put in place a mechanism discuss within your joint submission and for dossier update, when necessary. For example, you must also share data and give access to the joint submission to newcomers. You can charge for access to the data by sharing the costs in a fair, transparent and non-discriminatory way.
ECHA will check the compliance of at least 20% of the received registration dossiers to verify that the information submitted is compliant with the legal requirements. The outcome of this dossier evaluation may be a request for additional information. Additionally, ECHA will examine the testing proposals included in the dossiers. This will happen by 1 June 2022 for registrations submitted for the deadline of 31 May 2018, and within 180 days for other registrations.
ECHA will communicate with you via REACH-IT, if the information of your registration dossier is being assessed, so we invite you to check your account regularly.
Only a natural or legal person established within the European Economic Area (EEA)/EU can be a registrant. Registration must take place when this person:
1. manufactures a substance within the EU in quantities of 1 tonne or more per year;
2. imports a substance into the EU of quantities of 1 tonne or more per year; or
3. has been appointed as an only representative according to Article 8 of REACH (see FAQs on Only Representative of non-EU manufacturer).
The national law of each country provides the specific provisions concerning natural or legal personality and when such a natural or legal person is established in its territory.
A company not established within the EU does not have direct obligations under REACH. For obligations of a non-EU company, please see to Q&A 12.
You can use the Navigator tool to determine your obligations under REACH and find the appropriate guidance.
A toll manufacturer is normally understood to be a company that manufactures a substance (on its own, in a mixture or in an article) in its own technical facilities following the instructions of a third party in exchange for an economic compensation. The substance is generally put on the market by the third party. This construction is, for example, used for an intermediate step in the production process for which sophisticated equipment is needed (distillation, centrifugation etc.). According to the REACH Regulation, manufacturers of substances are required to register the substances they manufacture above one tonne per year. From this point of view the toll manufacturer is a manufacturer and has to register the substance.
This scenario is further discussed in the factsheet Toll manufacturer under the REACH Regulation.
International companies sometimes have several daughter companies in the EEA/EU, often spread over several countries. If these subsidiaries of the parent company are separate legal entities from it, (a natural or legal person as defined under applicable national law), then each of those must determine if they qualify as registrant under REACH.
Please see Q&A 27 on who has to register a substance.
No. The obligation to register a substance applies only to actors established within the EEA. Thus, the registration of substances imported into the EEA on their own, in mixtures or, in certain cases, in articles will have to be done by the importer established in the EEA. This implies that each individual importer needs to register the substance. However, according to Article 8(1) of the REACH Regulation manufacturers of substances, formulators of mixtures or producers of articles established outside the EEA, can nominate an only representative established within the EEA to carry out the required registration. This will relieve the individual EEA importers within the supply chain of that non-EEA manufacturer from their registration obligations for these substances. They will be regarded as downstream users of this only representative. However, the registration obligation may still apply if the EEA-importers import the same substance from other non-EEA manufacturers.
More information on the only representative role can be found in Only Representative of non-EU manufacturer and in section 22.214.171.124-'Only representative of a "non-EU manufacturer"' of the Guidance on registration.
For more information, see: http://echa.europa.eu/contact/helpdesk-contact-form/enquiry-on-reach-from-non-eu-countries.
Each registrant has to calculate the yearly tonnage for the registration dossier. The yearly tonnage is calculated as the volume per manufacturer/importer per calendar year.
Yes. Companies are free to register a substance for a tonnage band which is above the actual tonnage of the substance. This is also reflected in Section 126.96.36.199- 'Calculation of the total volume' of the Guidance on registration.
A registration at a higher tonnage band will trigger a higher registration fee in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 340/2008. In addition, the technical dossier will need to comprise all the information required for the registered tonnage band. Practical advice on how to complete a IUCLID dossier is provided in the Manual How to prepare registration and PPORD dossier at: http://echa.europa.eu/manuals.
A registrant needs to update their registration without undue delay as soon as the ‘annual or total quantities’ they manufacture or import reach the next tonnage band threshold, as required by Article 22(1)(c). As soon as the annual volume of a substance that has already been registered reaches the next tonnage threshold, the manufacturer or importer has the duty to inform ECHA of the additional data required, following Article 12(2).
The list numbers published by ECHA are not official EC entries. However, we recommend you to assign such an entry to the substance you intend to register provided this list number is linked to a CAS number (list numbers starting with 6 or 8) or a chemical name (list numbers starting with 9) corresponding to a correct and specific identifier for your substance. If this entry is too generic for your substance and there is no appropriate EC entry available, you should not assign any list/EC number to your substance.
As a first step, prepare your registration/PPORD dataset and dossier according to the advice given in the manual ‘How to prepare registration and PPORD dossiers’ available at: http://echa.europa.eu/manuals. Annexes 1-3 of the manual also give an overview of the business rules and technical completeness check rules that apply to registration and PPORD dossiers.
Next, use the IUCLID Validation assistant plug-in to help you detect business rules and technical completeness check failures present in your dataset and dossier. To run the Validation assistant, right click on your dataset in the Navigation panel → Validate → follow the steps in the wizard. The same validation should be performed on the dossier to make sure that no failures have been introduced during dossier creation.
While the Validation assistant cannot replicate all the checks performed by ECHA, it simulates the majority of the verifications done and helps you minimise the chance of failure during submission. It is important to keep in mind, that any failure in the Validation assistant Submission checks tab, that is left uncorrected before submitting your dossier in REACH-IT, will lead to your submission not being accepted by ECHA.
You can find a video tutorials on the use of the IUCLID Validation assistant in the link below:
Please note that if the Validation assistant does not indicate any failures, this is not an automatic confirmation of that your dossier is complete. As of 21 June 2016, the technical completeness check includes additional manual verifications of the registration dossier by ECHA staff. These checks cannot be replicated using the Validation assistant plug-in; the related completeness issues cannot be displayed by the tool.
Information on the areas of the additional verifications can be found in the following location; https://echa.europa.eu/documents/10162/13652/manual_completeness_check_en.pdf.
We also recommend you to have a look at our webinar on the completeness check process: https://echa.europa.eu/-/completeness-check-preparing-a-registration-dossier-that-can-be-successfully-submitted-to-echa.
If your dossier is submitted before the compliance check deadline has passed, you may follow the deadline given in the TCC letter. ECHA will not continue with the Evaluation process before you have submitted the requested update for the technical completeness check failure(s).
If you fail TCC for the second time while submitting the requested update, your submission will be rejected.
If at this point the compliance check deadline has already passed, it means that ECHA has not received a response to the compliance check decision and may proceed with further regulatory actions. It is therefore advisable not to leave the submission of updates to regulatory requests to the last moment.
You can inform ECHA about not meeting the compliance check deadline via the contact form: https://echa.europa.eu/contact
There is no need to change the data waiving justification from free text to an available picklist phrase. A free text justification will be considered equally complete to a picklist value, if it is in line with column 2 of REACH Annexes VII-X, or sections 2-3 of Annex XI.
However, when preparing a dossier in IUCLID 6 from IUCLID 5 data, please review the selection in the field ‘Endpoint’ in particular for IUCLID sections where different information requirements can be addressed (e.g. 4.13, 7.8.1) to ensure that you have clearly indicated that the appropriate requirement is being waived.
The quality rules warn the user of common inconsistencies and shortcomings in the dossier. These warnings will not prevent you from successfully submitting your dossier in REACH-IT. However, leaving quality warnings uncorrected may lead to future clarification requests by ECHA.
The manual verification applies to all registration dossiers submitted to ECHA. The manual checks focus on ensuring that registrants who waive or deviate from the standard information requirements provide justifications foreseen by the legislation. Therefore, the extent of the verification depends on whether the dossier contains waiving of standard information or deviations from substance identification conventions, as well as on the specific requirements that apply to the registration type (i.e. lead, member, individual registration) and the registration scope (tonnage band, isolated intermediate).
For further information, please refer to the document ‘Information on manual verification at completeness check’ available at: https://echa.europa.eu/manuals.
In the task you have a link to the “Submission page” of the submission. Follow this link and go to the “Key documents” section at the bottom of the page. Here you can download the technical completeness check communication which contains all the relevant information regarding the failure, as well as the steps required by you.
The completeness check is based on REACH Article 20(2). It applies to all registration dossiers submitted to ECHA, (i.e. initial submissions and updates). The completeness check consists of two parallel verifications: (i) the technical completeness check, in which ECHA verifies that all the required elements have been provided in the registration dossier; and (ii) the financial completeness check, in which ECHA verifies that the registration fee has been paid, if applicable to that submission.
If during the technical completeness check the registration dossier you submitted is found incomplete, ECHA will issue a deadline by which you have only one attempt to submit the missing or incomplete information. If you do not provide the requested information by the set deadline in the form of an update dossier, the submission will be rejected. In such a case, any registration fee you had paid in relation with this submission will not be refunded or otherwise credited.
You can find more information about the registration process on "From sbmission to decision" .
We also recommend you to have a look at our webinar on the technical completeness check process.
- which were notified under Directive 67/548/EEC and the registration number was claimed by the notifier according to Article 24 of REACH.
As you are responsible for using registered substances only, it is your interest to contractually ensure that your supplier guarantees the validity of their registration. Your first option is thus to ask directly your supplier.
If the supplier has not claimed the information as confidential you can search via the registrant name or the registration number from the Registered substances page.
The full list of public active and inactive registrants/suppliers can be found in the Brief profile.
The full list of public active and inactive registrants/suppliers/registration numbers can be found in the Fact sheet.
The IUCLID Dissemination preview plug-in simulates which information from a registration dossier will be made public on the ECHA website at: http://echa.europa.eu/information-on-chemicals/registered-substances, according to Article 119 of the REACH Regulation.
To use the tool, click on the button on the upper corner of your dossier → Dissemination preview.
The total tonnage band displayed in the registered substances page is aggregated data calculated from all dossiers in a joint/individual submission. Tonnage data is considered only from full registrations where the tonnage band is not claimed confidential. Tonnage data is extracted from the last year reported in section 3.2 of the IUCLID dossier and is the sum of manufactured + imported tonnage - tonnage directly exported – tonnage immediately used as intermediate.
For dossiers that contain full and intermediate registrations, the tonnage data extracted will be the sum of the reported manufactured plus imported tonnage fields, minus the tonnage immediately used as intermediates. Tonnage data will be summed for all dossiers in a joint/individual submission, and will be displayed as:
- A tonnage band range, i.e., 100 000 – 1 000 000 tonnes, if no dossier contains a confidentiality claim on tonnage band;
- Open tonnage band, i.e., 1 000+ tonnes, when at least one dossier contains a confidentiality claim on tonnage band;
- "Tonnage data confidential", when all dossiers aggregated have claimed their tonnage band as confidential, REACH Articles 119(2)(b); and
- "Intermediate use only", when only intermediate registration dossiers are present in the joint submission.
For more information, see Dissemination manual, section 2.6.11.
REACH applies to chemical substances and therefore only information about chemicals are disseminated on the ECHA webpage. It does not contain information about chemical preparations, formed by mixing different chemical substances, nor about articles containing chemicals.
In other words, you can find information about methanol or butane, but not for example about a shampoo, cleaning products or pencils.
Under the Waste Framework Directive (EU 2018/851), ECHA will make available information that suppliers submit info on articles that contain substances of very high concern.
Most of the data disseminated on the ECHA website is retrieved from dossiers submitted by industry. Due to the quantity of information and the number of chemicals, substance Infocards and Brief Profiles are automatically generated based on the information available. The quality and correctness of the information submitted remains entirely the responsibility of the data submitter. ECHA is working with our stakeholders to continually try to improve overall data quality.
Information submitted by industry may or may not have been verified by ECHA. Under the evaluation processes, 20% of submitted dossiers are to be checked.
Information in ECHA’s regulatory processes is all verified by the relevant experts before publication; this includes lists like the Candidate list of SVHCs, the Authorisation list, and Restriction list.
The table below defines which legal entity will be disseminated on ECHA’s webpage depending on information provided in sections 1.1 and 1.7 of your IUCLID dossier.
Further information can be found in the manual Dissemination and confidentiality under the REACH Regulation at: http://echa.europa.eu/manuals
The first place is the lead registrant list, which shows the substances for which the registration process has been initiated and those to which a registration number has already been assigned.
Another option is the list of registered substances on ECHA’s website.
You can see the names of registrants by viewing the information on ECHA’s website. The company names appear at the bottom of the ‘General Information’ section. In some cases, the list may not include your specific supplier, because:
• your supplier is not the one manufacturing or importing the substance; or
• the registrant has successfully claimed the name as confidential or
• the registrant is an importer covered by a representative of the non-EU exporter.
The most reliable information should come from your supplier. You should be aware, however, that information can travel slowly along long supply chains.
The black dot to the left of the company name in the 'Registrants/Suppliers of the substance' section of the Fact sheet means that the dossier has been updated at least once after the initial submission.
The IUCLID icon shows the year of the last submission (initial or update).
For more info and explanation on elements contained in the Factsheet please read (link to the Information on chemicals webpage>> registered substances)