De Reach-verordening heeft tot doel de gezondheid van de mens en het milieu te beschermen tegen de risico’s die chemische stoffen kunnen opleveren.
De CLP-verordening waarborgt dat werknemers en consumenten in de Europese Unie door middel van de indeling en etikettering van chemische stoffen duidelijk worden geïnformeerd over de gevaren van chemische stoffen in de Europese Unie.
De biocidenverordening (BPR) heeft tot doel de biocidenmarkt in de EU beter te laten functioneren en moet tegelijkertijd zorgen voor een hoge mate van bescherming voor mens en milieu.
Goedkeuring van werkzame stoffen
Toelating van biociden
Richtsnoeren en IT-tools
De PIC-Verordening inzake voorafgaande geïnformeerde toestemming regelt de in- en uitvoer van bepaalde gevaarlijke chemische stoffen en stelt verplichtingen aan bedrijven die deze chemische stoffen willen uitvoeren naar landen buiten de EU.
Lijst van chemische stoffen die aan de PIC-verordening zijn onderworpen
Grenswaarden voor beroepsmatige blootstelling worden vastgesteld binnen twee rechtskaders die integraal deel uitmaken van de mechanismen van de EU voor de bescherming van de gezondheid van werknemers.
The Waste Framework Directive aims to protect the environment and human health from the generation and management of waste and to improve efficient use of resources.
De POP-verordening verbiedt of beperkt de productie en het gebruik van persistente organische verontreinigende stoffen in de Europese Unie.
Lijsten van stoffen
ECHA organiseert raadplegingen om van alle geïnteresseerde partijen feedback te krijgen en om zo breed mogelijke wetenschappelijke informatie te verzamelen voor de regelgevingsprocedures.
Dit is een unieke informatiebron over de chemische stoffen die in Europa worden vervaardigd en geïmporteerd. Aan de orde komen o.a. hun gevaarlijke eigenschappen, de indeling en etikettering alsook informatie over het veilige gebruik ervan.
adviezen en akkoorden
De rubriek Ondersteuning bevat tools en praktische richtsnoeren voor bedrijven die bepaalde verplichtingen hebben uit hoofde van de EU-wetgeving inzake chemische stoffen.
The ‘Substance identity’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the molecular and structural formulas.
Some substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or may not have been provided, and therefore not be displayed.
The EC Number is the numerical identifier for substances in the EC Inventory. The EC Inventory is a combination of three independent European lists of substances from the previous EU chemicals regulatory frameworks (EINECS, ELINCS and the NLP-list). More information about the EC Inventory can be found here.
If the substance was not covered by the EC Inventory, ECHA attributes a list number in the same format, starting with the numbers 6, 7, 8 or 9.
The EC or list number is the primary substance identifier used by ECHA.
The CAS number is the substance numerical identifier assigned by the Chemical Abstracts Service, a division of the American Chemical Society, to substances registered in the CAS registry database. A substance identified primarily by an EC or list number may be linked with more than one CAS number, or with CAS numbers that have been deleted. More information about CAS and the CAS registry can be found here.
The molecular formula identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of each element found in one discrete molecule of the substance. This information is only displayed if the substance is well–defined, its identity is not claimed confidential and there is sufficient information available in ECHA’s databases for ECHA’s algorithms to generate a molecular structure.
The molecular structure is based on structures generated from information available in ECHA’s databases. If generated, an InChI string will also be generated and made available for searching. This information is only displayed if the substance is well-defined, its identity is not claimed confidential and there is sufficient information available in ECHA’s databases for ECHA’s algorithms to generate a molecular structure.
More help available here.
EC / List no.: 203-473-3
CAS no.: 107-21-1
Mol. formula: C2H6O2
The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance based on the standardised system of statements and pictograms established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH).
This section is based on three sources for information (harmonised classification and labelling (CLH), REACH registrations and CLP notifications). The source of the information is mentioned in the introductory sentence of the hazard statements. When information is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a priority.
The purpose of the information provided under this section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a readable format. It does not represent a new labelling, classification or hazard statement, neither reflect other factors that affect the susceptibility of the effects described, such as duration of exposure or substance concentration (e.g. in case of consumer and professional uses). Other relevant information includes the following:
To see the full list of notified classifications and to get more information on impurities and additives relevant to classification please consult the C&L Inventory.
More information about Classification and Labelling is available in the Regulations section of ECHA website.
Harmonised classification and labelling is a legally binding classification and labelling for a substance, agreed at European Community level. Harmonisation is based on the substance’s physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological hazard assessment.
The ‘Hazard classification’ and labelling section uses the signal word, pictogram(s) and hazard statements of the substance under the harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) as its primary source of information.
If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry (e.g. disodium tetraborate EC no. 215–540–4, is covered by three harmonisations: 005–011–00–4; 005–011–01–1 and 005–011–02–9), CLH information cannot be displayed in the InfoCard as the difference between the CLH classifications requires manual interpretation or verification. If a substance is classified under multiple CLH entries, a link to the C&L Inventory is provided to allow users to view CLH information associated with the substance and no text is automatically generated for the InfoCard.
It is possible that a harmonisation is introduced through an amendment to the CLP Regulation. In that case, the ATP (Adaptation to Technical Progress) number is displayed.
More info on CLH can be found here.
If available, additional information on classification and labelling (C&L) is derived from REACH registration dossiers submitted by industry. This information has not been reviewed or verified by ECHA, and may change without prior notice. REACH registration dossiers have greater data requirements (such as supporting studies) than do notifications under CLP.
If no EU harmonised classification and labelling exists and the substance was not registered under REACH, information derived from classification and labelling (C&L) notifications to ECHA under CLP Regulation is displayed under this section. These notifications can be provided by manufacturers, importers and downstream users. ECHA maintains the C&L Inventory, but does not review or verify the accuracy of the information.
Note that for readability purposes, only the pictograms, signal words and hazard statements referred in more than 5% of the notifications under CLP are displayed.
Warning! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is harmful if swallowed.
Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
This section provides an overview of the calculated volume at which the substance is manufactured or imported to the European Economic Area (EU28 + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). Additionally, if available, information on the use of the substance and how consumers and workers are likely to be exposed to it can also be displayed here.
The use information is displayed per substance life cycle stage (consumer use, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites or in manufacturing). The information is aggregated from the data coming from REACH substance registrations provided by industry.
For a detailed overview on identified uses and environmental releases, please consult the registered substance factsheet.
Use descriptors are adapted from ECHA guidance to improve readability and may not correspond textually to descriptor codes described in Chapter R.12: Use Descriptor system of ECHA Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment.
The examples provided are generic examples and may not apply to the specific substance you are viewing. A substance may have its use restricted to certain articles or products and therefore not all the examples may apply to the specific substance. Furthermore, some substances can be found in an article, but with unlikely exposure (e.g. inside a watch) or with very low concentrations considered not to pose risks to human health or the environment.
For readability purpose, only non-confidential use descriptors occurring in more than 5% of total occurrences are displayed.
The described Product category (i.e. the products in which the substance may be used) may refer to uses as intermediate and under controlled conditions, for which there is no consumer exposure.
More help is available here.
This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 000 - 10 000 000 tonnes per year.
This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.
This substance is used in the following products: textile treatment products and dyes, washing & cleaning products, coating products, inks and toners, non-metal-surface treatment products, leather treatment products, polishes and waxes, adhesives and sealants, heat transfer fluids, polymers, hydraulic fluids, anti-freeze products and biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance and in processing aids at industrial sites. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials). This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines), machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products e.g. refrigerators, washing machines, vacuum cleaners, computers, telephones, drills, saws, smoke detectors, thermostats, radiators, large-scale stationary industrial tools), vehicles and electrical batteries and accumulators.
This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, inks and toners, pH regulators and water treatment products, coating products and polymers. This substance is used in the following areas: scientific research and development, agriculture, forestry and fishing, printing and recorded media reproduction and health services. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).
This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants, water treatment chemicals, polymers, adsorbents and textile treatment products and dyes. Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, for thermoplastic manufacture, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.
This substance is used in the following products: textile treatment products and dyes, laboratory chemicals, polymers, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, heat transfer fluids and washing & cleaning products. This substance is used in the following areas: mining. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals. Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, for thermoplastic manufacture, formulation in materials, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in the production of articles, formulation of mixtures and manufacturing of the substance.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites, as processing aid, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, of substances in closed systems with minimal release and in the production of articles.
This section provides links to the list of precautions (precautionary statements) and to the guidance on safe use, if they have been provided in REACH registration dossiers.
Please note: Precautionary measures and guidance on safe use concern the use and handling of the specific substance as such, not of the presence of the substance in other articles or mixtures. The precautionary measures and guidance on safe use are as submitted to ECHA by registrants under the REACH Regulation. Information on precautionary measures and the safe use is submitted by the registrant of a substance and the registrant is solely responsible for its accuracy and completeness.
The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data of a substance held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). InfoCards are generated automatically based on the data available at the time of generation.
The quality and correctness of the information submitted to ECHA remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The type of uses and classifications may vary between different submissions to ECHA and for a full understanding it is recommended to consult the source data. Information on applicable regulatory frameworks is also automatically generated and may not be complete or up to date. It is the responsibility of the substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
InfoCards are updated when new information is available. The date of the last update corresponds to the publication date of the InfoCard and not necessarily to the date in which the update occurred in the source data.
Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance):
This list represents a calculated inventory of substances based on the list of harmonized substances contained in Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC). Note that this list is not exhaustive. While the harmonized list covers many hazardous substances, other ones not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance with the CLP.
This database contains: (1) the list of hazardous substances harmonized for classification and labeling in EU (i.e. Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP Regulation); and (2) the Candidate List of substances of very high concern (SVHC). The EU Ecolabel may not be awarded to substances or mixtures classified as such. Note that this list is not exhaustive. While the harmonized list covers many hazardous substances, other ones not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance with the CLP.
This list contains the substances and substance groups authorized by the EU in the manufacture of regenerated cellulose film intended to come into contact with foodstuffs. Representing Annex II of Directive 2007/42/EC, the list is divided into first and second parts, for uncoated and coated regenerated cellulose film, respectively. For some entries, the list includes functional classes, maximum and minimum limit values, and other restrictions.
The list is based on Council Directive 98/24/EC. Member States are mandated to establish national occupational exposure limit values (OELVs) for the substances listed in the Annex, taking into account the Community values. The Directive establishes values for a reference period of eight-hours time weighted average and also for a short term period of 15 minutes for 58 substances.
Also referred to as the Plastics Implementation Measure (PIM), this Regulation provides the Union List of monomers and other substances authorized in the manufacture of food contact plastics.
This directive requires employers to ensure proper signage is posted in areas where hazards cannot be avoided or reduced. The annexes to this directive provide detailed information about the minimum requirements for all safety and health signs. According to the annexes to the directive, storage areas and containers containing chemical substances or mixtures that are classified as hazardous according to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC) must be marked and/or labeled.
This database contains substances that have been assigned hazard property (HP) waste codes 1-15, as defined in terms of the hazard class & category, hazard (H) statement, and/or concentration limits provided in Annex III of the Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC). The classifications of the substances listed in the database are based on their harmonized classifications per Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC).
European Chemicals Agency
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