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Gases (petroleum), reformer effluent high-pressure flash drum off

A complex combination produced by the high-pressure flashing of the effluent from the reforming reactor. It consists primarily of hydrogen with various small amounts of methane, ethane, and propane.

Help Substance identity

The ‘Substance identity’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the molecular and structural formulas.

Some substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or may not have been provided, and therefore not be displayed.

EC (European Community) Number

The EC Number is the numerical identifier for substances in the EC Inventory. The EC Inventory is a combination of three independent European lists of substances from the previous EU chemicals regulatory frameworks (EINECS, ELINCS and the NLP-list). More information about the EC Inventory can be found here.

If the substance was not covered by the EC Inventory, ECHA attributes a list number in the same format, starting with the numbers 6, 7, 8 or 9.

The EC or list number is the primary substance identifier used by ECHA.

CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) registry number

The CAS number is the substance numerical identifier assigned by the Chemical Abstracts Service, a division of the American Chemical Society, to substances registered in the CAS registry database. A substance identified primarily by an EC or list number may be linked with more than one CAS number, or with CAS numbers that have been deleted. More information about CAS and the CAS registry can be found here.

Molecular formula

The molecular formula identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of each element found in one discrete molecule of the substance. This information is only displayed if the substance is well–defined, its identity is not claimed confidential and there is sufficient information available in ECHA’s databases for ECHA’s algorithms to generate a molecular structure.

Molecular structure

The molecular structure is based on structures generated from information available in ECHA’s databases. If generated, an InChI string will also be generated and made available for searching. This information is only displayed if the substance is well-defined, its identity is not claimed confidential and there is sufficient information available in ECHA’s databases for ECHA’s algorithms to generate a molecular structure.

More help available here.

EC / List no.: 271-003-4

CAS no.: 68513-18-8

Mol. formula:

formula
Help Hazard classification and labelling

The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance based on the standardised system of statements and pictograms established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH).

This section is based on three sources for information (harmonised classification and labelling (CLH), REACH registrations and CLP notifications). The source of the information is mentioned in the introductory sentence of the hazard statements. When information is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a priority.

Please note:

The purpose of the information provided under this section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a readable format. It does not represent a new labelling, classification or hazard statement, neither reflect other factors that affect the susceptibility of the effects described, such as duration of exposure or substance concentration (e.g. in case of consumer and professional uses). Other relevant information includes the following:

  • Substances may have impurities and additives that lead to different classifications. If at least one company has indicated that the substance classification is affected by impurities or additives, this will be indicated by an informative sentence. However, substance notifications in the InfoCard are aggregated independently of the impurities and additives.
  • Hazard statements were adapted to improve readability and may not correspond textually to the hazard statements codes description in the European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH) or the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS).

To see the full list of notified classifications and to get more information on impurities and additives relevant to classification please consult the C&L Inventory.

More information about Classification and Labelling is available in the Regulations section of ECHA website.

More help available here.

Harmonised classification and labelling (CLH)

Harmonised classification and labelling is a legally binding classification and labelling for a substance, agreed at European Community level. Harmonisation is based on the substance’s physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological hazard assessment.

The ‘Hazard classification’ and labelling section uses the signal word, pictogram(s) and hazard statements of the substance under the harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) as its primary source of information.

If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry (e.g. disodium tetraborate EC no. 215–540–4, is covered by three harmonisations: 005–011–00–4; 005–011–01–1 and 005–011–02–9), CLH information cannot be displayed in the InfoCard as the difference between the CLH classifications requires manual interpretation or verification. If a substance is classified under multiple CLH entries, a link to the C&L Inventory is provided to allow users to view CLH information associated with the substance and no text is automatically generated for the InfoCard.

It is possible that a harmonisation is introduced through an amendment to the CLP Regulation. In that case, the ATP (Adaptation to Technical Progress) number is displayed.

More info on CLH can be found here.

Classification and labelling under REACH

If available, additional information on classification and labelling (C&L) is derived from REACH registration dossiers submitted by industry. This information has not been reviewed or verified by ECHA, and may change without prior notice. REACH registration dossiers have greater data requirements (such as supporting studies) than do notifications under CLP.

Notifications under the Classification Labelling and Packaging (CLP) Regulation

If no EU harmonised classification and labelling exists and the substance was not registered under REACH, information derived from classification and labelling (C&L) notifications to ECHA under CLP Regulation is displayed under this section. These notifications can be provided by manufacturers, importers and downstream users. ECHA maintains the C&L Inventory, but does not review or verify the accuracy of the information.

Note that for readability purposes, only the pictograms, signal words and hazard statements referred in more than 5% of the notifications under CLP are displayed.

GHS02: Flammable GHS04: Gas under Pressure GHS08: Serious Health Hazard

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01corr) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause genetic defects, may cause cancer and is an extremely flammable gas.

Help Properties of concern

The ‘Properties of concern’ section shows ECHA-assigned graphical indicators for certain substance properties that are regarded as being of relevance or importance to human health and/or the environment based on the information provided to the Agency.

Properties of concern are calculated at four "levels" of certainty:

  • "Recognised" - meaning that the concern is indicated in an official source; either a Harmonised C&L (CLP Regulation Annex VI) or in the Candidate list of substances of very high concern for authorisation (REACH). Recognised concerns are illustrated with a dark red icon.
  • "Potential" - again comes from official sources only. For (C), (M), and (R) it means that the concern is suspected in a Harmonised C&L (CLP Regulation Annex VI), as Carc. 2, Muta. 2, or Repr. 2. For (PBT) and (ED) Potential means that the concern is under assessment in the PBT or ED assessment list, and the outcome is not "Not PBT" or "Not ED". There are no potential (Ss) or (Sr)s. Potential concerns are illustrated with a light red icon.
  • "Broad agreement" - comes from data submitted by industry to ECHA, and indicates that the data submitted is aligned, with >= 50% of the data submitters providing the same concern. Broad agreement concerns are illustratated with a solid outlined circle icon.
  • "Minority position" - comes from data submitted by industry to ECHA, and indicates that the data submitted is not aligned. > 5% and < 50% of the data submitters have provided the concerns indicated at this "level". Minority position concerns are illustrated with a greyed out circle icon.

The following properties of concern are calculated:

  • Carcinogenic (C) – Recognised carcinogen: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as Carc. 1A or 1B and/or an entry in the Candidate list. Potential carcinogen: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as a suspected carcinogen Carc.2. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is carcinogenic. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is carcinogenic. More information about carcinogenicity here.
  • Mutagenic (M) – Recognised mutagen: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as Muta. 1A or 1B and/or an entry in the Candidate list. Potential mutagen: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as a suspected mutagen Muta. 2. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is mutagenic. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is mutagenic. More information about mutagenicity here.
  • Toxic to Reproduction (R) – Recognised as toxic to reproduction: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as Carc. 1A or 1B and/or an entry in the Candidate list. Potentially toxic to reproduction: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as suspected toxic to reproduction Repr. 2. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is toxic to reproduction. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is toxic to reproduction. More information about reproductive toxicity here.
  • Skin sensitising (Ss) – Recognised skin sensitiser: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as Skin Sens. 1, 1A, or 1B. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is a skin sensitiser. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is skin sensitising. More information about skin sensitiser here.
  • Respiratory sensitising (Sr) – Recognised respiratory sensitiser: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as Resp. Sens. 1, 1A, or 1B and/or an entry in the Candidate list. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is a respiratory sensitiser. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is a respiratory sensitiser. More information about respiratory sensitiser here.
  • PBT – Recognised Persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT): comes from an entry in the Candidate list. Potential PBT: is shown for substances under assessment, and comes from an entry in the PBT assessment list, if the outcome is not final and “Not PBT”. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is PBT. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is PBT. More information about persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic substances here.
  • ED – Recognised Endocrine Disruptor (ED): comes from an entry in the Candidate list. Potential ED: is shown for substances under assessment, and comes from an entry in the ED assessment list, if the outcome is not final and “Not ED”. At this time there is no explicit possibility for industry to indicate their opinion on ED status for substances. If and when this possibility exists it is proposed that industry data also be included in the ED property of concern calculation. More information about endocrine disrupting substances here.

The substance properties displayed in this section are derived from Harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) data, entries in the Candidate list of substances of very high concern for authorisation, the PBT assessment list, the ED assessment list, REACH registered dossier data and from notifications made under CLP. A prioritisation hierarchy means that data is taken from harmonised C&L data and regulatory lists first, then REACH registrations and finally from CLP notifications.

Impurities or additives: When a specific critical property is calculated from industry data and where the majority of data submitters have indicated that the property relates to cases containing impurities and/or additives, then the respective critical property icon is modified with an asterisk (*).

  • C

Carcinogenic

  • M

Mutagenic

about INFOCARD - Last updated: 03/07/2019 InfoCard

The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data of a substance held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). InfoCards are generated automatically based on the data available at the time of generation.

The quality and correctness of the information submitted to ECHA remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The type of uses and classifications may vary between different submissions to ECHA and for a full understanding it is recommended to consult the source data. Information on applicable regulatory frameworks is also automatically generated and may not be complete or up to date. It is the responsibility of the substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.

InfoCards are updated when new information is available. The date of the last update corresponds to the publication date of the InfoCard and not necessarily to the date in which the update occurred in the source data.

More help available here.

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Key datasets

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Regulatory context

Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance):

REACH - Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals Regulation
CLP - Classification, Labelling and Packaging
  • A list of substances for which classification and labelling data have been notified to ECHA by manufacturers or importers.
Previous Legislations
  • Substances listed in the EINECS, ELINCS, or NLP inventories.
Help Help

Substance names and other identifiers

Regulatory process names
[A complex combination produced by the high-pressure flashing of the effluent from the reforming reactor. It consists primarily of hydrogen with various small amounts of methane, ethane, and propane.]
A complex combination produced by the high-pressure flashing of the effluent from the reforming reactor. It consists primarily of hydrogen with various small amounts of methane, ethane, and propane.
C&L Inventory
Gases (petroleum), reformer effluent high-pressure flash drum off
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Pre-Registration process
Refinery gas
A complex combination produced by the high-pressure flashing of the effluent from the reforming reactor. It consists primarily of hydrogen with various small amounts of methane, ethane, and propane.
C&L Inventory
Translated names
(Keerulise koostisega segu, mis tekib reformimingureaktori heitvedeliku kõrgrõhul aurustamisel. Koosneb peamiselt vesinikust koos vähese hulga metaani, etaani ja propaaniga.) (et)
C&L Inventory
[Kompleks blanding fremstilt ved høytrykksflashing av utløpet fra reformeringsreaktoren. Består hovedsakelig av hydrogen med varierende små mengder metan, etan og propan.] (no)
C&L Inventory
[Kompleksna kombinacija proizvedena z visokotlačno ekspanzijo iztoka iz reaktorja za reforming. Sestoji pretežno iz vodika in različnih majhnih količin metana, etana in propana.] (sl)
C&L Inventory
[Komplex elegy, melyet a reformáló reaktorból származó effluens nagynyomású expanziójával állítanak elő. Elsősorban hidrogénből, valamint kis, változó mennyiségű metánból, etánból és propánból áll.] (hu)
C&L Inventory
[komplexe Kombination, hergestellt durch Austreiben des ablaufenden Produkts aus dem Reformierungsreaktor unter Hochdruck, besteht in erster Linie aus Wasserstoff sowie geringen Mengen an Methan, Ethan und Propan] (de)
C&L Inventory
[Komplexná zmes získavaná uvoľnením tlaku vo vysokotlakom odlučovači z kvapalného podielu z reformovacieho reaktora. Pozostáva predovšetkým z vodíka a rozlične malých množstiev metánu, etánu a propánu.] (sk)
C&L Inventory
[O combinaţie complexă produsă prin distilarea cu detentă la presiune ridicată a efluentului din reactorul de reformare. Constă în principal în hidrogen cu cantităţi diferite, mici de metan, etan şi propan.] (ro)
C&L Inventory
[Savienojumu komplekss, kas iegūts, augstā spiedienā atdestilējot izplūdes gāzu vieglās frakcijas no riforminga reaktora. Galvenokārt sastāv no ūdeņraža ar nelielu metāna, etāna un propāna piemaisījumu.] (lv)
C&L Inventory
[Složeni sastav proizveden visoko-tlačnim isparavanjem efluenta iz reaktora reforminga. Sastoji se primarno od vodika s različitim malim količinama metana, etana i propana.] (hr)
C&L Inventory
[Složitá směs uhlovodíků vznikající při vysokotlaké mžikové destilaci výtoku z reformingového reaktoru. Je složena převážně z vodíku a různého malého množství methanu, ethanu a propanu.] (cs)
C&L Inventory
[Sudėtinis mišinys, gaunamas apdorojant riformingo reaktoriaus ištakį, esant dideliam slėgiui. Jį sudaro daugiausia vandenilis ir įvairūs maži kiekiai metano, etano ir propano.] (lt)
C&L Inventory
[Złożona mieszanina wytworzona przez wysokociśnieniową obróbkę odcieku z reaktora reformingu. Składa się głównie z wodoru z różnymi niewielkimi ilościami metanu, etanu, i propanu.] (pl)
C&L Inventory
[Πολύπλοκος συνδυασμός που παράγεται με εκτόνωση και εξάτμιση σε υψηλή πίεση των εκροών από τον αντιδραστήρα αναμόρφωσης. Συνίσταται πρωτίστως από υδρογόνο με διάφορες μικρές ποσότητες μεθανίου, αιθανίου και προπανίου.] (el)
C&L Inventory
[Комплексна комбинация, получена при изпаряване при високо налягане на изходящия поток от реактора на реформинга. Състои се основно от водород с различни незначителни количества метан, етан и пропан.] (bg)
C&L Inventory
combinación compleja producida por expansión súbita a alta presión del efluente del reactor de reformado; compuesta principalmente de hidrógeno con pequeñas cantidades variables de metano, etano y propano (es)
C&L Inventory
Combinaison complexe produite par détente à haute pression de l'effluent du réacteur de reformage. Se compose principalement d'hydrogène, avec de petites quantités de méthane, d'éthane et de propane. (fr)
C&L Inventory
Combinazione complessa prodotta mediante flashing ad alta pressione dell'effluente del reattore di reforming. È costituita principalmente da idrogeno, con varie piccole quantità di metano, etano e propano. (it)
C&L Inventory
Combinação complexa obtida por evaporação flash a alta pressão do efluente do reactor de reformação. É constituída principalmente por hidrogénio, com pequenas quantidades variáveis de metano, etano e propano. (pt)
C&L Inventory
Dujos (nafta), riformingo reaktoriaus ištakio apdorojimo, esant dideliam slėgiui (lt)
C&L Inventory
Een complexe combinatie die wordt verkregen door het afdampen onder hoge druk van de uitstroom uit de reformingsreactor. Bestaat voornamelijk uit waterstof, met uiteenlopende kleine hoeveelheden methaan, ethaan en propaan. (nl)
C&L Inventory
En sammensat blanding fremstillet ved højtryks-flashing af udløbet fra reformeringsreaktoren. Den består primært af hydrogen med forskellige små mængder methan, ethan og propan. (da)
C&L Inventory
Finomítói gáz (hu)
C&L Inventory
Gaasid (nafta), reforminguseadme kõrgsurveaurusti heitgaas (et)
C&L Inventory
gas (petrolio), dal flashing ad alta pressione dell'effluente del reforming (it)
C&L Inventory
gas de refinería (es)
C&L Inventory
gas di raffineria (it)
C&L Inventory
Gase (Erdöl), Abgase, Austreiben des ablaufenden Produkts aus Reformierungsreaktor unter Hochdruck, Auffangbehälter (de)
C&L Inventory
Gaser (petroleum), reformerutflöde, högtrycksflashkammaravgaser (sv)
C&L Inventory
Gases (petróleo), de evaporação flash a alta pressão de efluentes de reformador (pt)
C&L Inventory
gases (petróleo), del tambor de expansión súbita a alta presión del efluente del reformador (es)
C&L Inventory
Gassen (aardolie), reformeruitstroom, uitstoot hogedruk-afdampvat (nl)
C&L Inventory
gasser (petroleum), reformerutløp høytrykksflashkammeravgasser (no)
C&L Inventory
gasser (råolie), reformer-udløbs højtryks-flashkammer aftræks- (da)
C&L Inventory
gaz de raffinerie (fr)
C&L Inventory
Gaz de rafinărie (mt)
C&L Inventory
Gaz rafineryjny (pl)
C&L Inventory
Gaz résiduels (pétrole), effluent de reformage, ballon de détente à haute pression (fr)
C&L Inventory
Gaze (petrol), efluent de presiune înaltă din camera de evaporare (mt)
C&L Inventory
Gazy (ropa naftowa) z wysokociśnieniowej obróbki odcieku z reaktora reformingu (pl)
C&L Inventory
Gás de refinaria (pt)
C&L Inventory
Gázok (nyersolaj), reformáló effluens nagynyomású expanziós tartály távozó terméke (hu)
C&L Inventory
Gāzes (nafta), riformera izplūdes gāzu vieglo frakciju atdestilēšana augstā spiedienā (lv)
C&L Inventory
Jalostuskaasu (fi)
C&L Inventory
Kaasut (maaöljy), reformointiyksikön sivuvirran korkeapaineisen erotussäiliön poisto (fi)
C&L Inventory
Komplex blandning erhållen genom högtrycksflashning av utloppet från reformeringsreaktorn. Består främst av väte med olika små mängder metan, etan och propan. (sv)
C&L Inventory
Monimutkainen seos, saatu korkeapaineisesti leimahduttamalla reformointireaktorin sivuvirtaa. Koostuu pääasiassa vedystä, mukana pieniä määriä metaania, etaania ja propaania. (fi)
C&L Inventory
Naftos perdirbimo dujos (lt)
C&L Inventory
O combinaţie complexă produsă prin distilarea cu detentă la presiune ridicată a efluentului din reactorul de reformare. Constă în principal în hidrogen cu cantităţi diferite, mici de metan, etan şi propan. (mt)
C&L Inventory
plin iz rafinerije (sl)
C&L Inventory
plini (zemeljsko olje), iztok iz reformerja, visokotlačna ekspanzijska naprava (sl)
C&L Inventory
Plinovi (nafta), reformirani efluent iz visoko-tlačne isparne posude (hr)
C&L Inventory
Plyny (ropné), výstup reformovaného výtoku z vysokotlaké mžikové destilace (cs)
C&L Inventory
plyny (ropné), z vysokotlakového odlúčenia kvapalného zušľachteného podielu (sk)
C&L Inventory
Raffinaderigas (da)
C&L Inventory
Raffinaderijgas (nl)
C&L Inventory
Raffineriegas (de)
C&L Inventory
raffinerigass (no)
C&L Inventory
rafinačný plyn (sk)
C&L Inventory
Rafinerijski plin (hr)
C&L Inventory
Rafinerský plyn (cs)
C&L Inventory
Rafinēšanas gāze (lv)
C&L Inventory
Töötlemise heitgaas (et)
C&L Inventory
αέριαΑέρια (πετρελαίου), εξόδου εξατμιστήρα (flash drum) υψηλής πίεσης εκροών μονάδας αναμόρφωσης (el)
C&L Inventory
Αέριο διυλιστηρίου (el)
C&L Inventory
Газ от от рафинерията (bg)
C&L Inventory
Газове (нефт), от изпарителния сепаратор за изпаряване при високо налягане на изходящия поток от реформинга (bg)
C&L Inventory
Other identifiers
649-146-00-2
C&L Inventory
Index Number
68513-18-8
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Pre-Registration process, Other
CAS number

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