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EC number: 200-772-0
CAS number: 72-17-3
Repeated-dose toxicity should be considered a non-relevant end point for a biochemically essential substance, at least in the framework of normal toxicological testing.
High levels of exposure to calcium lactate in the diet (up to 30% in
feed) did not lead to any lactate-associated effects; all effects
observed were due to the excessive intake of calcium. It could be
concluded that any deleterious effects of lactic acid are caused by the
effect of lactic acid on local pH, not on any biological effect of
High dermal exposure to lactate, in cosmetic creams, did not lead to any
effects, with the exception of slight irritation at the highest doses.
Lactic acid is to be considered non-toxic; the only deleterious effects
of lactic acid are due to local irritation as a result of decreased pH.
Sodium lactate fully dissociates into Na+ ions and lactate. The
toxicology of sodium lactate can be understood in terms of the
toxicology of lactic acid.
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