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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

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Description of key information

An OECD 208 study in 6 plant species was performed with Bisphenol A (Hoberg, 2007; Staples et al., 2010). The most sensitive plant was tomato with a LOEC and NOEC of 50 mg/kg dw soil and 20 mg/kg dw soil, respectively.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Long-term EC10, LC10 or NOEC for terrestrial plants:
20 mg/kg soil dw

Additional information

An OECD Guideline 208 study assessing emergence and growth in 6 different species of terrestrial plant exposed to Bisphenol A was performed (Hoberg, 2007; Staples et al., 2010). The plant species tested were three monocotyledons, corn (Zea mays), oats (Avena sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum), and three dicotyledons, cabbage (Brassica oleracea), soybean (Glycine max) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). For the endpoint of percent emergence, there were no effects at the highest dose tested with oat, soybean, corn, and wheat. Tomato and cabbage were equally sensitive for the endpoint percent emergence with an LOEC of 320 mg/kg dw and a NOEC of 130 mg /kg dw. There were effects on dry shoot weight endpoint, an assessment of growth, in all species tested. The most sensitive species was tomato with a LOEC and a NOEC of 50 and 20 mg/kg dw, respectively.