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RAC adopts 13 scientific opinions on the harmonised classification and labelling of industrial chemicals and pesticide active substances

ECHA/NA/11/54
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Media enquiries: ECHA Press

The Committee for Risk Assessment (RAC) has adopted 13 opinions on proposals for harmonised classification and labelling across Europe during the period of its 18th and 19th meetings, held from 26 to 28 October 2011 and 29 November to 2 December 2011.

RAC opinions on harmonised classification and labelling:

Helsinki, 09 December 2011

Pitch, coal tar, high temperature (CTPHT)

CTPHT already has a harmonised classification as carcinogenic. RAC agreed with the proposal from the Netherlands to classify CTPHT in a more severe category for carcinogenicity, as mutagenic, as toxic to reproduction and as hazardous to the aquatic environment.

CTPHT is used as a binding agent in the production of electrodes and other products.

N-ethyl-2-pyrrolidone (NEP):

RAC agreed with the proposal from France to classify NEP as toxic to reproduction. The classification and labelling of NEP had so far not been harmonised at EU level.

NEP is used as an industrial solvent.

1-Octadecanamine (Octadecylamine)

RAC agreed with the proposal from Germany to classify octadecylamine as a skin irritant, as severely damaging to the eye, as toxic after repeated exposure, as causing aspiration hazard and as hazardous to the aquatic environment. The classification and labelling of this substance had so far not been harmonised at EU level.

Octadecylamine is mainly used as an intermediate, as a fuel additive and as a rubber additive.

(Z)-octadec-9-enylamine

RAC agreed with the proposal from Germany to classify (Z)-octadec-9-enylamine as acutely toxic, as corrosive to skin, as toxic after repeated exposure, as irritant to the respiratory tract, as causing aspiration hazard and as hazardous to the aquatic environment. The classification and labelling of this substance had so far not been harmonised at EU level.

(Z)-octadec-9-enylamine is mainly used as an intermediate, as a fuel additive, in the metal processing industry and in paints.

Hydrogenated tallow alkyl amine (Amines, hydrogenated tallow alkyl)

RAC agreed with the proposal from Germany to classify amines, hydrogenated tallow alkyl as a skin irritant, as severely damaging to the eye, as toxic after repeated exposure, as causing aspiration hazard and as hazardous to the aquatic environment. The classification and labelling of this substance had so far not been harmonised at EU level.

Amines, hydrogenated tallow alkyl are used as intermediates, in fertilisers, in the metal industry and in formulations in textiles.

Coco alkyl amine (Amines, coco alkyl)

RAC agreed with the proposal from Germany to classify coco alkyl amines as acutely toxic, as corrosive to skin, as toxic after repeated exposure, as irritant to the respiratory tract, as aspiration hazard and as hazardous to the aquatic environment. The classification and labelling of this substance had so far not been harmonised at EU level.

Coco alkyl amines are mainly used as intermediates, in the metal industry and in paints.

Tallow alkyl amine (Amines, tallow alkyl)

RAC agreed with the proposal from Germany to classify tallow alkyl amines as acutely toxic, as corrosive to skin, as toxic after repeated exposure, as causing aspiration hazard and as hazardous to the aquatic environment. The classification and labelling of this substance had so far not been harmonised at EU level.

Amines, tallow alkyl, are mainly used as intermediates, in the metal industry and as fertilisers.

Aluminium Phosphide

Aluminium phosphide already has a harmonised classification as water reactive, acutely toxic by the oral route, releasing toxic gas upon contact with water and acid, and as hazardous to the aquatic environment. RAC agreed with the proposal from Germany to classify aluminium phosphide as acutely toxic by the dermal route and confirms the classification of acutely toxic by the oral route. In addition, RAC agreed that aluminium phosphide should be classified as acutely toxic by the inhalation route.

Aluminium phosphide is mainly used as a fumigant against rodents and insects

Trimagnesium diphosphide

Trimagnesium diphosphide already has a harmonised classification as water reactive, acutely toxic by the oral route, releasing toxic gas upon contact with water and as hazardous to the aquatic environment. RAC agreed with the proposal from Germany to classify trimagnesium diphosphide as acutely toxic by the dermal route and as releasing toxic gas upon contact with acid, and confirms the classification of acutely toxic by the oral route. In addition, RAC agreed that trimagnesium diphosphide should be classified as acutely toxic by the inhalation route.

Trimagnesium diphosphide is mainly used as a fumigant against rodents and insects.

Ammoniumpentadecafluorooctanoate (APFO)

RAC agreed with the proposal from Norway to classify APFO as toxic after repeated exposure, carcinogenic and toxic to reproduction. RAC also agreed to classify the substance as acutely toxic by the oral and inhalation route, but in a lower category than proposed by Norway and as severely damaging to the eye instead of eye irritant as had been proposed by Norway. In addition to the proposal submitted by Norway, RAC agreed to classify the substance as potentially harmful to breast-fed babies. The classification and labelling of this substance had so far not been harmonised at EU level.

APFO is an industrial chemical e.g. used as an emulsifier.

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)

RAC agreed with the proposal from Norway to classify PFOA as toxic after repeated exposure, carcinogenic and toxic to reproduction. RAC also agreed to classify the substance as acutely toxic by the oral and inhalation route, but in a lower category than proposed by Norway and as severely damaging to the eye instead of eye irritant as had been proposed by Norway. In addition to the proposal submitted by Norway, RAC agreed to classify the substance as potentially harmful to breast-fed babies. The classification and labelling of this substance had so far not been harmonised at EU level.

PFOA is an industrial chemical e.g. used as an emulsifier.

1,3-cyclohexanedione, 2-[2-chloro-4-(methylsulfonyl)benzoyl] (Sulcotrione)

RAC agreed with the proposal from Germany to classify sulcotrione as a skin sensitiser and as hazardous to the aquatic environment. RAC also agreed to classify sulcotrione as toxic to the kidney following repeated exposure and as potentially harmful to the unborn child. The classification and labelling of sulcotrione had so far not been harmonised at EU level.

Sulcotrione is used as a herbicide.

Gallium Arsenide

RAC agreed to recommend that gallium arsenide should be classified as presumed to have carcinogenic potential for humans.

Based on a proposal from France, RAC agreed in May 2010 to recommend the classification of gallium arsenide for reproductive toxicity and carcinogenicity. Following a request from the European Commission, a public consultation was held between March and April 2011 to collect further information on this hazard. The Executive Director of ECHA requested RAC to evaluate any new and relevant information on carcinogenicity arising from this consultation and to issue an opinion.

RAC assessed the information submitted and considered that there was new and relevant information. Accordingly, RAC recommends to classify gallium arsenide as presumed to have carcinogenic potential for humans (Category 1B).

Gallium arsenide is mainly used in the micro-electronics industry.

 

Further information

 

Background information

The role of RAC in EU regulatory processes
RAC is responsible for preparing the opinion of the Agency on applications for authorisation, proposals for restrictions and proposals for harmonised classification and labelling. RAC also prepares opinions on specific questions relating to risks of chemicals to human health or the environment and on any other aspects concerning the safety of substances at the Executive Director's request. The final decision for proposals for harmonised classification and labelling, for proposals for restrictions as well as on applications for authorisation will be taken by the European Commission through a committee procedure.

 

Further information about RAC

 

 

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