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EC number: 235-252-2
CAS number: 12141-20-7
Bioaccumulation/bioconcentration factors in freshwater: 1,553 L/kg
Bioconcentration (BCFs) and bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) for Pb
from water to aquatic invertebrates and fish were summarised in the
voluntary risk assessment of lead, VRAL (LDAI, 2008).
Within typical environmental concentration range, the gathered
BAFs for fish ranged between 11 and 143 L/kgww(10 – 90th%)
with a median value of 23 L/kgwwwhile the BAFs for molluscs
ranged between 18 and 3,850 L/kgww(median value of 675 L/kgww),
for insects between 968 and 4,740 L/kgww(median value of
1,830 L/kgww) and for crustaceans between 1,583 and 11,260
L/kgww(median value of 3,440 L/kgww)
The range of bioaccumulation factor (BAF in L/kgww)
of Pb in freshwater organisms.
According to the VRAL (2008) a mixed diet scenario is assumed,
considering that birds/mammals consume equal proportion of the different
food types. Based on significant high bioaccumulation in molluscs,
secondary poisoning was also considered for a “mollusc food chain”. The
range of bioaccumulation factor (BAF in L/kgww) of Pb in the
mixed and mollusc food diet is presented below.
The range of bioaccumulation factor (BAF in L/kgww) of
Pb in the mixed diet.
Mixed food diet
Mollusc food diet
This table shows that the 50th% of the mixed diet BAF
for aquatic organisms is 1,553 L/kg (90th%: 3,890 L/kg) and
that the mixed diet scenario is driven by the BAF values retrieved from
the invertebrates. The 50th% BAF of the mollusc food diet is
somewhat lower, i.e. 675 l/kg (90th%: 3,850 L/kg). The BAF
value of 1,553 L/kg is further used for the assessment of the secondary
poisoning in the aquatic environment.
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