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EC number: 266-028-2
CAS number: 65996-93-2
The residue from the distillation of high temperature coal tar. A black solid with an approximate softening point from 30°C to 180°C (86°F to 356°F). Composed primarily of a complex mixture of three or more membered condensed ring aromatic hydrocarbons.
Following a decision of the Executive Director of ECHA, dated 22
December 2009, the substance pitch, coal tar, high temp. (EC No.:
266-028-2, CAS No.: 65996-93-2) is included in the Candidate List of
Substances for eventual inclusion in REACH Annex XIV. This decision
entered into force on 13 January 2010.
From this date on, pitch, coal tar, high temp. (CTPht) is
identified as substance of very high concern based on its carcinogenic
and PBT/vPvB properties.
A detailed justification for the identification of pitch, coal
tar, high temp. as CMR, PBT, and vPvB substance is presented in the SVHC
Support document, prepared by ECHA and dated 2 December 2009 (URL:
The summary at the beginning of this document describes the reasons for
identification of pitch, coal tar, high temp. as substance of very high
concern and is quoted here as justification for the PBT status of pitch,
coal tar, high temp.
Start of the excerpt from the SVHC support document
Summary of how the substance (pitch, coal tar, high temp.)
meets the CMR (Cat 1 or 2), PBT or vPvB criteria, or is considered to be
a substance giving rise to an equivalent level of concern
The PBT assessment of CTPht focused on the assessment of its
PAH-constituents having been identified in concentrations above or equal
to 0.1 % (indicator PAH-constituents). For 10 of these 12 indicator
PAH-constituents assessed in total, half-lives in soil have been
reported to be in the range of 5.7 to 9.1 years under field conditions.
As these half-lives observed in soil exceed the P and vP-criteria
(half-lives of 120, respectively 180 days), it is concluded that the vP
criterion is fulfilled by all 10 PAH-constituents. Experimentally
obtained BCF values higher than 5,000 are reported in fish, mollusks, or
crustaceans for 9 indicator PAH-constituents of CTPht. As these BCF
values exceed the B- and vB criteria (measured BCF values in aquatic
species > 2000, respectively > 5000), it is concluded that the
vB-criterion is fulfilled by the respective 9 substances. BCF values >
2000 have been reported for anthracene, which is a further indicator
PAH-constituent of CTPht and thus fulfils the B-criterion. Long-term
data for marine or freshwater species showing no effect concentrations
(NOEC/EC10) < 0.01 mg/l are available for 9 of the indicator PAH
constituents of CTPht. Furthermore, 6 of the indicator PAHs found in
CTPht are classified as carcinogen, mutagen or as toxic to reproduction
in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP Regulation). Based on
the available experimental aquatic toxicity data and the data on
classification, it is concluded that 11 of the 12 indicator
PAH-constituents for the assessment of CTPht fulfil the T-criteria of
Annex XIII of the REACH Regulation.
On the basis of the available data, it is concluded that 7 of the
12 indicator PAH-constituents identified in CTPht in concentrations
equal to or above 0.1 % are to be considered as both vPvB and PBT
substances (fluoranthene, pyrene, benz[a]anthracene, chrysene,
benzo[a]pyrene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, and benzo[ghi]perylene), one
(phenanthrene) as vPvB, and one (anthracene) as PBT. For coal tar pitch,
high temperature (CTPht), the above conclusion on the PBT/vPvB
properties of its indicator PAH-constituents has the consequence that
this substance needs as well be considered as a substance meeting both
the criteria of Article 57(d) and of Article 57(e) of the REACH
As, in addition, CTPht is classified as carcinogen (Carc. Cat.2;
R45) (May cause cancer) according to Annex VI, part 3, Table 3.2 (the
list of harmonised classification and labelling of hazardous substances
from Annex I to Directive 67/548/EEC) of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008*,
CTPht is as well a substance meeting the criteria of Article 57 (a) of
the REACH Regulation.
End of the excerpt
* Corrigendum: Current classification of pitch, coal tar, high
temp. is Carc. 1A (H350), Muta. 1B (H340), and Repr. 1B (H360FD)
according to Commission delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/217 of 4 October
2019 amending Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP Regulation).
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice.Reproduction or further distribution of this information may be subject to copyright protection. Use of the information without obtaining the permission from the owner(s) of the respective information might violate the rights of the owner.
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