Registration Dossier

Manufacture, use & exposure

Article service life

Documentsopen allclose all

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 01: Other (non intended to be released):
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 01: Other (non intended to be released):

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Abrasives
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12b: Processing of articles at industrial sites with high release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Abrasives
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC4g: Other articles made of stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic
AC5h: Other articles made of fabrics, textiles and apparel
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of ceramic articles as protection from kinetic force in personal safety equipment.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of ceramic articles as protection from kinetic force in personal safety equipment.
Article category (AC):
AC4g: Other articles made of stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic
AC5h: Other articles made of fabrics, textiles and apparel
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of ceramic articles as protection from kinetic force in personal safety equipment.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Carrier component for piezoresistive straing gauge
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Carrier component for piezoresistive straing gauge
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 01: Other (non intended to be released):
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: No provide

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Personal care
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Personal care

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 11: Wood articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 11: Wood articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: not specified
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: not specified

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC2b: Other machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
AC4a: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles: Large surface area articles
AC4g: Other articles made of stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic
AC 0: Other: (high temperature) ovens
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Article used by:
workers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Adsorbent for gases and liquids (including dessicant), air separation, catalysts, reaction modification
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Adsorbent for gases and liquids (including dessicant), air separation, catalysts, reaction modification
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 12: Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Related assessment:
use not assessed
Insignificant exposure via the following route:
dermal
eye
inhalatory

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of automotive catalyst
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of automotive catalyst
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 01: Other (non intended to be released):
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 01: Other (non intended to be released):

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12b: Processing of articles at industrial sites with high release
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: not specified
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 11: Wood articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 11: Wood articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Industrial apllications
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Industrial apllications
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: other
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: AC 12 - Construction articles and building material: insulatio material; AC 12.2 - Construction articles and biulding material: wall construction material ceramic
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: AC 12 - Construction articles and building material: insulatio material; AC 12.2 - Construction articles and biulding material: wall construction material ceramic
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Toner cartridges
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Toner cartridges

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
AC 0: Other: AC 0
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: AC 0
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Thermal Spraying
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12b: Processing of articles at industrial sites with high release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Thermal Spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Catalysts for cars
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Catalysts for cars
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC4g: Other articles made of stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Application of dentures and other medical articles
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Application of dentures and other medical articles
Article category (AC):
AC4g: Other articles made of stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Application of dentures and other medical articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 6: Calendering operations
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 16: Use of fuels
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 0: Other: AC 0
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: AC 0
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: not specified
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: not specified
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 01: Other (non intended to be released):
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 01: Other (non intended to be released):
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Regulatory status:
other: Tiles, electric insulators, advanced ceramics, etc.
Reference
Name:
Aluminium Oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
Aluminium Oxide
Range of length:
> 7 - < 15 nm
Range of lateral dimension 1:
> 7 - < 15 nm
Range of lateral dimension 2:
> 100 - < 300 nm
Surface treatment applied:
no
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Tiles, electric insulators, advanced ceramics, etc.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Tiles, electric insulators, advanced ceramics
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Tiles, electric insulators, advanced ceramics, etc.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Related assessment:
use not assessed

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 11: Wood articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
AC 31: Scented clothes
AC 32: Scented eraser
AC 34: Scented toys
AC 35: Scented paper articles
AC 36: Scented CD
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 11: Wood articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 31: Scented clothes
Article category (AC):
AC 32: Scented eraser
Article category (AC):
AC 34: Scented toys
Article category (AC):
AC 35: Scented paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 36: Scented CD
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 8: Paper articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 8: Paper articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 1 (FA51)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 1 (FA51)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 4 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 5 - <= 21 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 12 - <= 28 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:
Aggregates:
D10~ 21-34 nm; D50~71-114; D90~171-265nm, measured by TEM
Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
> 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
> 47 - <= 63 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 2 (FA81)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 2 (FA81)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 6 - <= 10 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 8 - <= 15 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 10 - <= 25 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:
Aggregates:
D10~ 20-34 nm; D50~57-114; D90~130-265 measured by TEM

Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
>= 50 - <= 120 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 3 (FA100)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 3 (FA100)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 4 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 6 - <= 14 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 9 - <= 17 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON PARTICLE SIZE of AGGREGATES/AGGLOMERATES:
Aggregates:
D10~ 20-34 nm; D50~57-93; D90~130-202 measured by TEM

Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
> 70 - <= 90 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Article used by:
workers
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles