Registration Dossier

Manufacture, use & exposure

Uses by professional workers

Documentsopen allclose all

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Cosmetic personal care
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Cosmetic personal care
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 0: Other: Building and construction preparations not covered elsewhere.
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 4: Anti-freeze and de-icing products
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 16: Use of fuels
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 6b: Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 8: Manufacture of bulk, large scale chemicals (including petroleum products)
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 11: Manufacture of rubber products
SU 12: Manufacture of plastics products, including compounding and conversion
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Sector of end use:
SU 0: Other: professional treatment of surfaces (painting)
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use not assessed

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 19: Intermediate
Sector of end use:
SU 0: Other: ceramics
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Sector of end use:
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
SU 19: Building and construction work

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Sector of end use:
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Reshaping of ceramic products to achieve an individually fitting profile
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Reshaping of ceramic products to achieve an individually fitting profile
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 0: Other:
Sector of end use:
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Widespread use of reactive processing aid.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
Sector of end use:
SU 0: Other: Commercial floor products and coatings products.
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 0: Other: Frits
Sector of end use:
SU 0: Other: Public domain
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Reshaping of ceramic components
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Reshaping of ceramic components
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 0: Other: Jewellry (Watches)
Sector of end use:
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use reported by Downstream user according to REACH Article 38

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
Aluminium oxide 002
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide 002
Name:
Aluminium oxide 003
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide 003
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Product category used:
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 37: Water treatment chemicals
Sector of end use:
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 17: Lubrication at high energy conditions in metal working operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 0: Other: Frits; PC building and construction preparation elsewhere.
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: process or activity
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 16: Use of fuels
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 20: Health services
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 19: Building and construction work
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use reported by Downstream user according to REACH Article 38

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Name:
Aluminium oxide 002
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide 002
Name:
Aluminium oxide 003
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide 003
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
PC 0: Other: Intermediate
Sector of end use:
SU 8: Manufacture of bulk, large scale chemicals (including petroleum products)
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 0: Other: SU 3 (End uses of substances as such or preparations at industrial sites)
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use reported by Downstream user according to REACH Article 38

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Name:
Aluminium oxide 002
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide 002
Name:
Aluminium oxide 003
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide 003
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 16: Use of fuels
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 0: Other: ceramics
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 16: Use of fuels
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
PC 0: Other: PC 10 (Building and construction preparations not covered elsewhere)
Sector of end use:
SU 8: Manufacture of bulk, large scale chemicals (including petroleum products)
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 0: Other: SU 3 (End uses of substances as such or preparations at industrial sites)
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Sector of end use:
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
Sector of end use:
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Reference
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 0: Other: ceramics
Sector of end use:
SU 20: Health services
SU 0: Other: SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 19: Intermediate
Sector of end use:
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use in paint by professional workers
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Use in paint by professional workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Sector of end use:
SU 12: Manufacture of plastics products, including compounding and conversion
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 1 (FA51)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 1 (FA51)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 4 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 5 - <= 21 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 12 - <= 28 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:
Aggregates:
D10~ 21-34 nm; D50~71-114; D90~171-265nm, measured by TEM
Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
> 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
> 47 - <= 63 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 2 (FA81)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 2 (FA81)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 6 - <= 10 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 8 - <= 15 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 10 - <= 25 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:
Aggregates:
D10~ 20-34 nm; D50~57-114; D90~130-265 measured by TEM

Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
>= 50 - <= 120 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 3 (FA100)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 3 (FA100)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 4 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 6 - <= 14 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 9 - <= 17 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON PARTICLE SIZE of AGGREGATES/AGGLOMERATES:
Aggregates:
D10~ 20-34 nm; D50~57-93; D90~130-202 measured by TEM

Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
> 70 - <= 90 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR but not a lead’s own use

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: process or activity
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use reported by Downstream user according to REACH Article 38

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
Aluminium oxide 002
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide 002
Name:
Aluminium oxide 003
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide 003
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Product category used:
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
High surface area alumina (nanoform)
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
High surface area alumina (nanoform)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
spherical
Pure shape:
yes
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Typical value:
5 nm
Range:
>= 3 - <= 6 nm
Percentile:
D50
Typical value:
7 nm
Range:
>= 5 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D90
Typical value:
9 nm
Range:
>= 7 - <= 25 nm
Additional information:
INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:

The constituent particles are integrated in aggregates.

Size distribution of discrete particles:
D10: typical value: 5 µm, range 1 - 10 µm;
D50: typical value: 15 µm, range 2 - 2500 µm;
D90: typical value: 40 µm, range 5 - 3000 µm.
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
>= 100 - <= 100 %
Structure:
crystalline
Name:
gamma-Al2O3
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 1 - <= 100 %
Structure:
crystalline
Name:
alpha-Al2O3
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 0 - <= 10 %
Structure:
crystalline
Name:
kappa-Al2O3
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 0 - <= 70 %
Description:
High surface area alumina consists of varying amounts of crystal forms and includes mainly gamma aluminium oxide, although other forms such as alpha aluminium oxide (corundum) and kappa aluminium oxide are also present.
Typical specific surface area:
ca. 208 m²/g
Range of specific surface area:
>= 150 - <= 260 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.1 g/cm³
Surface treatment applied:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR but not a lead’s own use

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 12: Manufacture of plastics products, including compounding and conversion
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 6b: Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products
SU 8: Manufacture of bulk, large scale chemicals (including petroleum products)
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 11: Manufacture of rubber products
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 0: Other: Frits
Sector of end use:
SU 0: Other: Public domain
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Regulatory status:
use in Scientific Research and Development
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use(environment)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use(worker)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Product category used:
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
Sector of end use:
SU 20: Health services
SU 24: Scientific research and development
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Sector of end use:
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 0: Other: SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Regulatory status:
use in cosmetics products
use in food contact materials
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8b: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 12: Manufacture of plastics products, including compounding and conversion
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Product category used:
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Sector of end use:
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 16: Use of fuels
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Product category used:
PC 18: Ink and toners
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 20: Health services
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 23: Electricity, steam, gas water supply and sewage treatment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 0: Other:
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 6: Calendering operations
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 1 (FA51)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 1 (FA51)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 4 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 5 - <= 21 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 12 - <= 28 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:
Aggregates:
D10~ 21-34 nm; D50~71-114; D90~171-265nm, measured by TEM
Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
> 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
> 47 - <= 63 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 2 (FA81)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 2 (FA81)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 6 - <= 10 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 8 - <= 15 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 10 - <= 25 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:
Aggregates:
D10~ 20-34 nm; D50~57-114; D90~130-265 measured by TEM

Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
>= 50 - <= 120 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 3 (FA100)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 3 (FA100)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 4 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 6 - <= 14 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 9 - <= 17 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON PARTICLE SIZE of AGGREGATES/AGGLOMERATES:
Aggregates:
D10~ 20-34 nm; D50~57-93; D90~130-202 measured by TEM

Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
> 70 - <= 90 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 19: Building and construction work
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 1: Agriculture, forestry and fishing
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 0: Other: SU 22: Professional Use
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 17: Lubrication at high energy conditions in metal working operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 0: Other: Frits
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Sector of end use:
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 7: Printing and reproduction of recorded media
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 20: Health services
SU 0: Other: SU 22: Professional Use
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Uses by professional workers

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes
Insignificant exposure via the following route:
oral
Pattern of exposure:
occasional