Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Aluminium oxide
  • IUPAC name: oxo[(oxoalumanyl)oxy]alumane
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
215-691-6
CAS no.:
1344-28-1
Index number:
Molecular formula:
Al2O3
SMILES:
O=[Al]O[Al]=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/2Al.3O
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
82
Of which contain:
8 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Warning! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is harmful if swallowed and is harmful if inhaled.

According to the majority of notifications provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications no hazards have been classified.

Breakdown of all 3638 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
STOT SE 3 H335
STOT SE 3 H370
STOT RE 1 H372
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Carc. 1B H350
Muta. 2 H341
Repr. 2 H361
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Skin Sens. 1 H317
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Acute Tox. 4 H302
STOT RE 2 H373
Flam. Liq. 2 H225
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • C
  • Ss

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 365 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:
Nanomaterials in the EU Market

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 000+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: cosmetics and personal care products, metal surface treatment products, polishes and waxes and adhesives and sealants.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, manufacturing of the substance and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and vehicles. This substance can be found in products with material based on: paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper), rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys), stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material), metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery), fabrics, textiles and apparel (e.g. clothing, mattress, curtains or carpets, textile toys) and plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants, metal surface treatment products, polishes and waxes and coating products.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work, formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging, health services, printing and recorded media reproduction and agriculture, forestry and fishing. This substance is used for the manufacture of: furniture and textile, leather or fur.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, laboratory work, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, roller or brushing applications, transfer of substance into small containers, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available and non-industrial spraying.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids) and indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products and metal working fluids. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens) and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: metals and metal surface treatment products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement), machinery and vehicles and metals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, laboratory work, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders) and potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials, in processing aids at industrial sites, of substances in closed systems with minimal release and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders) and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, in the production of articles, formulation in materials, in processing aids at industrial sites and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • 3M Belgium BVBA/SPRL, Hermeslaan 7 1831 Diegem Belgium
  • 3M France SAS, 1 Parvis de l'Innovation CS 20203 95006 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex France
  • 3M Precision Grinding GmbH, Sankt Magdalener Strasse 85 9500 Villach Austria
  • A.G.P., 20 Avenue Reille 75014 Paris France
  • A.M.P.E.R.E. ALLOYS, 12 Mail Joliot Curie 95310 SAINT-OUEN-L'AUMONE VAL D'OISE France
  • A.M.P.I.S.r.l., Strada Anulare Torre 4 20090 San Felice - Segrate Milan Italy
  • ABRANOVA, s.r.o., Rvenice 73 44001 POSTOLOPRTY Czech Republic
  • ABRASINTER ,S.L., providencia 76-78 ento 4ª 08024 barcelona Spain
  • Advanced Refining Technologies GmbH, In der Hollerhecke 1 67547 Worms Germany
  • Advanced Refining Technologies Srl, Via Trento 7 20017 Passirana di Rho (MI) Italy
  • AKZO Nobel Car Refinishes B.V., Rijksstraatweg 31 2170 BA Sassenheim Netherlands
  • ALBEMARLE CATALYSTS COMPANY B.V., Nieuwendammerkade 1-3 PO Box 37650 1030 BE Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Alcoa Fjarðaál sf, Hraun 1 730 Reyðarfjörður Iceland
  • Alcoa Inespal Avilés S.L., C/ Pedro Teixeira 8, 3 ª planta 28020 Madrid Spain
  • Alcoa Inespal Coruña SL, C/ Pedro Teixeira 8, planta 3ª 28020 Madrid Spain
  • ALCOA NORWAY ANS, Drammensveien 147A NO-0277 Oslo Norway
  • ALCOA TRASFORMAZIONI Srl., Piazza Missori 2 20122 Milano Italy
  • Almatis B.V., Theemsweg 30 NL-3197 Botlek Netherlands
  • Almatis B.V. OR INC, Theemsweg 30 3197 KM Botlek Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Almatis B.V. OR LTD, Theemsweg 30 3197 KM Botlek Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Almatis BV OR Inc., Theemsweg 30 3197 KM Botlek Netherlands
  • Almatis GmbH, Lyoner Str. 9 60528 Frankfurt Germany
  • Alpha Multitrade LLC, Roosikrantsi 11 10119 Tallin Estonia
  • ALRO, 116, Pitesti 230104 Slatina Olt Romania
  • Alteo Gardanne, Route de Biver BP 20062 13541 GARDANNE cedex France
  • ALUMINA ESPAÑOLA, S.A., Pedro Teixeira, 8 28020 Madrid Spain
  • ALUMINIO ESPAÑOL, S.L.U, Pedro Teixeira, 8 (tercera planta) 28020 Madrid Spain
  • Aluminium Dunkerque, 17 Place des Reflets La defense 2 92400 Courbevoie France
  • Aluminium Oxid Stade GmbH, Johann-Rathje-Köser-Strasse 21683 Stade-Bützfleth Germany
  • AlzChem Trostberg GmbH, Dr.-Albert-Frank-Straße 32 83308 Trostberg Bayern Germany
  • AMG Superalloys UK Limited, Fullerton Road S60 1DL Rotherham South Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • ANDRE ABRASIVE ARTICLES SPÓŁKA Z OGRANICZONĄ ODPOWIEDZIALNOŚCIĄ SPÓŁKA KOMANDYTOWA, Przemysłowa 10 62-600 Koło Poland
  • ANF Development OÜ, Tööstuse 48a Tallinn 10416 Tallinn Estonia
  • Ankersmit Maalbedrijven B.V., Op de Bos 300 6223 EP Maastricht Netherlands
  • Antaria Europe B.V., Hoogoorddreef 15 1101 BA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 08, The Black Church St Mary's Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • Arc Fused Alumina, 38 rue des Fondeurs 73540 La Bâthie France
  • ArcelorMittal Refractories Sp. z o.o., ul. Ujastek 1 30-969 Krakow malopolskie Poland
  • Archroma Germany GmbH, Kasteler Str. 45 65203 Wiesbaden Germany
  • Arcillas Refractarias, S. A., Barrio Castiello, s/n 33690 Lugo de Llanera Asturias Spain
  • Arrow Regulatory (Ireland) Ltd OR1702, Suite 307, No.9 9 Pembroke Street Upper D02 KR83 Dublin 2 Ireland
  • ASMET (UK) LIMITED, 61c Jubilee House, Sheffield Road Dronfield S18 2HU Sheffield United Kingdom
  • August Rüggeberg GmbH & Co. KG, Hauptstr. 13 51709 Marienheide Germany
  • Axens OR, 89, boulevard Franklin Roosevelt B.P. 50802 F-92508 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex France France
  • AXENS SA, 89, boulevard Franklin Roosevelt B.P. 50802 F-92508 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (8111192-0), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman - BP 1510 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (811538-8), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (811543-4), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • Baikowski, 1046 route de chaumontet -BP501 74330 Poisy France
  • BASF Catalysts Germany GmbH, Seligmannallee 1 30173  Hannover Germany
  • BASF Coatings GmbH, Glasuritstrasse 1 Postfach 6123 48136 Münster Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany
  • BASF Italia S.p.A., Via Marconato 8 20811 Cesano Maderno Italy
  • BASF Nederland B.V., Groningensingel 1 Postbus 1019 6801 MC Arnhem Netherlands
  • BASF Polska Sp.z o.o., Aleje Jerozolimskie 154 02-326 Warszawa Poland
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • BENS consulting d.o.o., Bakovniška 7 1241 Kamnik Slovenia
  • Bosai Europe GmbH, Breite Straße 47-49 23552 Lübeck Germany
  • BP Chembel NV/SA, Amocolaan 2 2440 Geel Belgium
  • Budenheim Iberica S.L.U., C/ Extramuros S/N 50784 La Zaida ZARAGOZA Spain
  • Cabot GmbH, Kronenstrasse 2 D-79618 Rheinfelden Germany
  • CALDIC IBERICA S.L., Llobateres 23, P.I. Santiga 08210 BARBERA DEL VALLES BARCELONA Spain
  • CAMAG Chemie-Erzeugnisse und Adsorptionstechnik AG & Co. GmbH, Bismarckstr. 27-29 12169 Berlin Berlin Germany
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office Suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Road D12XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments, part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office Suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Road, Dublin D12 XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • CAMEL carboclean S.r.l., Via Cadore, 60 20831 Seregno (MB) Italy
  • CAMFART Srl, via Dossi,40 25050 Pian Camuno (BS) Italy
  • Carl Spaeter GmbH, Philosophenweg 17 47053 Duisburg Germany
  • CATALYST RECOVERY EUROPE S.A., 420, Route de Longwy 4832 Rodange Luxembourg
  • CATALYST RECOVERY EUROPE S.A. (OR1), 420, Route de Longwy 4832 Rodange Luxembourg
  • CellMark Deutschland GmbH, Hamborner Straße 53 D - 40547 Düsseldorf Germany Germany
  • Cerablast GmbH & Co. KG, Friederike-Franck-Str.9 74369 Löchgau Germany
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre , Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park, Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park, Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park,Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Singleton House, Laurence Street Co. Louth Drogheda Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Clariant Prodotti (Italia) S.p.A., Via Vittor Pisani 20 IT-20124 Milano Italy
  • Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH, Am Unisys-Park 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • Clariant SE - SDCI, Am Unisyspark 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • Clariant SE - US01, Am Unisyspark 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • COMELT S.p.A., Via Sondrio, 4 20063 Cernusco sul Naviglio (MI) Italy
  • COMPANÍA ESPAÑOLA DE PETRÓLEOS, S.A.U. (CEPSA), Torre Cepsa, Paseo de la Castellana 259A 28046 Madrid Spain
  • Concord Resources Limited, 27 Old Gloucester Street WC1N 3AX London United Kingdom
  • CoorsTek Ltd, 35-37 & 64-66 Cavendish Way KY6 2SB Glenrothes Fife United Kingdom
  • Corazzi, Paolo Corazzi 26100 Cremona Italy
  • CRCP GmbH, Am Roemerhof 51 60486 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • CSI-OR004, Pentlands Science Park Penicuik EH26 0PZ Edinburgh United Kingdom
  • CUMI International Limited, Arch Makarios III Avenue, 284 Fortuna Court, Block B, 2nd Floor P C 3105 Limassol Cyprus
  • DCX CHROME SAS, 68 rue Jean Jaurès 59770 Marly France
  • Denka Chemiclas GmbH, Kaiserswerther Str. 183 40474 Dusseldorf Germany
  • DIAN MINERALS S.R.L., VIA MALTA 4/10 IT 16121 GENOVA Italy
  • Didier-Werke AG, Hagenauer Str. 53-55a 65203 Wiesbaden Germany
  • Doerentrup Feuerfestprodukte GmbH&Co.KG, Lemgoer Straße 9 32694 Dörentrup Germany
  • Dorf Ketal BV, Weegschaalstraat 3 5632CW Eindhoven Netherlands
  • EcoMinerals GmbH, Erkrather Str. 169 40233 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Elfusa Trading, Río Guadalbarbo, Local 4ª 29649 Mijas Costa Malaga Spain
  • Elkem ASA, Drammensveien 169 0277 Oslo Norway
  • ENRC Leasing B.V., Only Representative of JSC Aluminium of Kazakhstan, Jan Luijkenstraat 8 bg. 1071 CM Amsterdam Netherlands
  • ENVIGO CRS SAU 023, Centro Industrial Santiga - Carrer Argenters, 6 08130 Santa Perpetua de Mogoda Barcelona Spain
  • ERM_GmbH_OR11_WORSLE, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Hessen Germany
  • ERM_GmbH_OR9_SMSA, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Hessen Germany
  • Eurallumina SpA, Portovesme 09010 Portoscuso Sardegna Italy
  • Eurecat Deutschland GmbH, Tricatstrasse 06803 Bitterfeld-Wolfen Saxonia-Anhalt Germany
  • EURECAT FRANCE SAS, 121 ave Marie Curie ZI Jean Jaurès 07800 La Voulte sur Rhône France
  • Euro Support Advanced Materials B.V., Liessentstraat 9f 5405 AH Uden Netherlands
  • Euro Support BV, Kortegracht 26 3811 KH Amersfoort Netherlands
  • Euro Support Manufacturing Czechia, s.r.o., Záluží 1 436 70 Litvínov Czech Republic
  • EUROMAP, S.A., P.I. La Pahilla Urrea, 5 46370 Chiva Valencia Spain
  • EUROPE NANXI MINERALS, S.A., GOYA 115, 2ND FLOOR 28009 MADRID MADRID Spain
  • Evonik Degussa GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1 - 11 C-ES 45128 Essen North Rhine-Westfalia Germany
  • Evonik Resource Efficiency GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • Exponent International, The Lenz Hornbeam Business Park HG2 8RE Harrogate North Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • ExponentOR31, The Lenz Hornbeam Business Park HG28RE Harrogate Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • ExxonMobil Petroleum & Chemical BVBA OR03, Polderdijkweg 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Feilo Sylvania Germany GmbH, Graf-Zeppelin-Straße 9 91056 Erlangen Germany
  • Ferro GmbH, Gutleutstr.215 60327 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Ferro Spain S.A., Carretera Valencia - Barcelona Km 61.5 12550 Almazora (Castellon) Spain
  • Fosbel GmbH, Karstrasse 116 41068 Mönchengladbach Germany
  • Freudenberg Filtration Technologies SE & Co. KG, Höhnerweg 2-4 69465 Weinheim Germany
  • Fujimi Europe GmbH, Schlossstrasse 5 D-74653 Ingelfingen Germany
  • GE Avio S.r.l., via I Maggio 99 10040 Rivalta di Torino (TO) Italy
  • GENERAL ABRASIVI S.R.L., Viale Galileo Galilei, 36/B 54033 CARRARA Italy
  • Glencore Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Glencore International Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • GRACE GmbH, In der Hollerhecke 1 67545 Worms Germany
  • GRACE GmbH (OR 4), In der Hollerhecke 1 67547 Worms Germany
  • Grupa Azoty S.A., ul. Kwiatkowskiego 8 33-101 Tarnow Poland
  • H.C. Starck Smelting GmbH & Co. KG, Im Schleeke 78 -91 38642 Goslar Germany
  • H.C. Starck Tungsten GmbH, Landsberger Str. 98 80339 München Germany
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S, Nymøllevej 50 DK28000 Lyngby Denmark
  • Hargreaves raw material services GmbH, Böningerstrasse29 47051 Duisburg Germany Germany
  • Hellenic Petroleum S.A., 8Α Chimarras st. GR 15125 Maroussi Attica Greece
  • Henkel Global Supply Chain B.V., Gustav Mahlerlaan 2970 1081 LA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Hermes Schleifmittel GmbH, Luruper Hauptstraße 106 22547 Hamburg Germany
  • Hodge Clemco Ltd, Orgreave Drive S13 9NR Sheffield United Kingdom
  • Holland Mineraal bv, Tielstraat 8 7418 CS DEVENTER Netherlands
  • Hydro Aluminium AS, Drammensveien 260 0240 OSLO Norway
  • IBU-tec Advanced Materials AG, Hainweg 9-11 D-99425 Weimar Germany
  • IC Profil Korlátolt Felelősségű Társaság, Rákóczi utca 5. 1. em 8200 Veszprém Veszprém Hungary
  • Imerys Aluminates SA, 11 cours Valmy - Paris la Défense 92800 Puteaux France
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Beyrede SAS, SIte de Beyrede 65410 Sarrancolin France
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Domodossola s.r.l, Via Piave 67 28845 Domodossola Italy
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Laufenburg GmbH, Ferroweg 1 79725 Laufenburg Baden Germany
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Ruse d.o.o., Mariborska cesta 44 2352 Selnica ob Dravi Slovenia
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Teutschenthal GmbH, Straße der Einheit 18 06179 Teutschenthal Germany
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Villach GmbH, Seebach 2 9523 Villach Austria
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Villach GmbH_OR_CEM, Seebach 2 9523 Landskron Villach Austria
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Villach GmbH_OR_IFM-NF, Seebach 2 9523 Landskron Villach Austria
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Villach GmbH_OR_IFM-SA, Sebach 2 9523 Landskron Villach Austria
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Zschornewitz GmbH, Burgkemnitzerstrasse 17 06791 Zschornewitz Germany
  • Imerys Metalcasting Germany GmbH, Duisburger Strasse 69-73 D-46049 Oberhausen Germany
  • Imexco Minerals GmbH, Buehler Strasse 20 66130 Saarbruecken Germany
  • INGENIERIA Y SERVICIOS TECNICOS, S.A., AVENIDA CERVANTES, 6 48970 BASAURI VIZCAYA Spain
  • INOVYN France S.A.S., Avenue de la République 39500 Tavaux France
  • Intercat Europe BV, Fregatweg 38 6222 NZ Maastricht Netherlands
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZAC Ecoparc II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • ITW Performance Polymers, A Division of ITW Ireland, Bay 150 Shannon Industrial Estate V14 DF82 Shannon Co. Clare Ireland
  • JASTAR Jan Szopa, Halina Szopa Sp.J., Żeromskiego 19 20-460 Lublin Lubelskie Poland
  • jodovit s.r.l., via lombardia 9 21015 lonate pozzolo varese Italy
  • Johnson Matthey Chemicals GmbH, Wardstrasse 17 D-46446 Emmerich am Rhein Germany
  • Johnson Matthey PLC, 5th Floor, 25 Farringdon Street EC4A 4AB London United Kingdom
  • K CHIMICA, Via Taglio Sinistro 63A 30035 Mirano Veneto Italy
  • Klingspor Schleifsysteme GmbH & Co. KG, Hüttenstr. 36 35708 Haiger Germany
  • KLINGSPOR Sp.z.o.o., ul T. Regera 58 43-382 Bielsko-Biala Poland
  • KNG industrielle Ressourcen GmbH, Birnbaumsmühle 65 15234 Frankfurt(Oder) Germany
  • Kobelco Welding of Europe B.V., Eisterweg 8 6422 PN Heerlen Netherlands
  • Komateq a.s/, Komenskeho 1097/13 05001 Revuca Slovakia
  • KRAHN Chemie Deutschland GmbH, Grimm 10 20457 Hamburg Germany
  • KROSAKI AMR REFRACTARIOS S.A.U., Polígono Ibaiondo, Nº 31 20120 Hernani Spain
  • KTR Europe GmbH, Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Kubikenborg Aluminium AB, Landsvägsallén 79 851 76 Sundsvall Sweden
  • Kuhmichel Abrasiv Austria GmbH, Ziegelfeldstrasse 5 3430 Tulln Austria
  • Kuhmichel Abrasiv B.V., Fabrieksweg 4 7451 EM Holten Netherlands
  • Kuhmichel Abrasiv GmbH, Am Rosenbaum 22 40882 Ratingen Germany
  • Kuhmichel Abrasiv Hungària Kft., Vidor u.10. fest 1172 Budapest Hungary
  • Kuhmichel Abrasiv Ltd., Friars Mill, Friars Terrace ST17 4AU Stafford United Kingdom
  • Kuhmichel Recycling GmbH, Ermslebener Straße 3 06493 Ballenstedt Germany
  • KVS EKODIVIZE a.s., Leskovska 566 79312 Horni Benesov Czech Republic
  • KÜRTHY, s.r.o., Zelený Háj 151 94701 Hurbanovo Slovakia
  • LG Chem Europe GmbH, Lyoner str 15, Atricom C6, D-60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Liberty Aluminium Lochaber LTD, Lochaber Smelter PH33 6TH Fort William Highlands United Kingdom
  • Lighttech Lámpatechnológiai Kft., Hegyrejáró u. 1. 2120 Dunakeszi Pest Hungary
  • LINCOLN ELECTRIC ITALIA S.r.l., Via Fratelli Canepa, 8 16010 Serra Riccò GE Italy
  • Lincoln Smitweld bv, Nieuwe Dukenburgseweg 20 6534 AD Nijmegen Netherlands Netherlands
  • LKAB Minerals Ltd, Flixborough Industrial Estate Third Avenue DN15 8SF Flixborough North Lincolnshire United Kingdom
  • LORD Germany GMBH, Ottostrasse 28 41836 Hueckelhoven North Rhine - Westphalia Germany
  • LTS-REACH-OR_NANOPHASE, 15 Boulevard de Bury 16400 Angoulême France
  • LUGLI SRL, Via Valmanella, 14 14040 Castelnuovo Calcea Piemonte Italy
  • MARIO PILATO BLAT, S.A., Paseo Alameda, 17 46010 Valencia Valencia Spain
  • MARTINSWERK GMBH, Koelnerstrasse, 110 50127 BERGHEIM Germany
  • Merck KGaA, Frankfurter Strasse 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • Micro Abrasives Europe GmbH, Schweriner Strasse 13 22844 Norderstedt Germany
  • MIDEGASA SA, INDUSTRIALDEA ASTEASU, NAVES 102-103 20159 ASTEASU GIPUZKOA Spain
  • MINERALS GmbH & Co. KG, Alfredstr. 61 45130 Essen Germany
  • MINERMET SPA, Via Durini 27 20122 Milano Italy
  • MINMETALS GERMANY GMBH, Kaiserswerther Straße 22 40477 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Momentive Performance Materials GmbH, Chempark Building V7 51368 Leverkusen NRW Germany
  • Morgan Advanced Ceramics Wesgo GmBH, Willi-Grasser-Str. 11 D-91056 Erlangen Germany
  • Morgan Technical Ceramics Certech, 92c&d Brunel Road Earlstrees Industrial Estate NN17 4JW Corby Northants United Kingdom
  • MOTIM Electrocorundum Ltd., Timföldgyári utca 9-13 9200 Mosonmagyaróvár Hungary
  • MP Biomedicals Germany GmbH, Thüringer Straße 15 37269 Eschwege Germany
  • MYTILINEOS HOLDINGS plant ALUMINIUM OF GREECE , Agios Nikolaos 320 03 Aspra Spitia Viotia Greece
  • Nabaltec AG, Alustr. 50-52 92421 Schwandorf Germany
  • NAM & NAM Europe GmbH, Emil-Figge-Str. 80 44227 Dortmund(081) Germany
  • NanoE, 6 rue des Frênes bat 25 91160 Ballainvilliers essonne France
  • Nemoto Portugal – Química Fina, Unipessoal, Lda., Avenida Infante D. Henrique, 6, Parque Industrial Manuel da Mota 3100-354 Pombal Portugal
  • Neo Chemicals & Oxides (Europe) Ltd, 3 the quadrant barton lane OX14 3YS Abingdon oxfordshire United Kingdom
  • Neue Porzellanfabrik Triptis GmbH, Geraer Strasse 51 07819 Triptis Germany
  • Nickelhütte Aue GmbH, Rudolf-Breitscheid-Straße 65-75 D-08280 Aue Germany
  • Noble Resources UK Limited, 33 Cavendish Square W1G 0PW London United Kingdom
  • Normag GmbH, Saalburgstr. 155 61350 Bad Homburg Germany
  • Norðurál Century Aluminum, Grundartanga 301 Akranes Iceland
  • Nouryon Pulp and Performance Chemicals AB, Färjevägen 1 SE-445 80 Bohus Sweden
  • Nouryon Pulp and Performance Chemicals Norway AS, Svaddeveien 119 NO-3660 Rjukan Norway
  • O. Bitossi S.r.l., via Fraschetti 5 57128 Livorno Italy
  • Oerlikon Metco Europe GmbH, Spreestrasse 2 65451 Kelsterbach Hessen Germany
  • Oerlikon Metco WOKA GmbH, Im Vorwerk 25 36456 Barchfeld-Immelborn Germany
  • officina dell'ambiente, strada provinciale 193/bis 27034 lomello Italy
  • OSRAM GmbH, Marcel-Breuer-Str. 6 80807 München Germany
  • Ozeano, Calle Barrio San Lorenzo 10 48100 Munguia Vizcaya Spain
  • P.P.H.U. Walbeo, ul. Kasprzaka 62/53 41-303 Dąbrowa Górnicza Poland
  • PETROCHINA INTERNATIONAL (LONDON) CO., LTD, 11th Floor, The Adelphi, 1-11 John Adam Street, WC2N 6HT LONDON United Kingdom
  • Pferd Rüggeberg, S.A., Jundiz 18 (Pol. Ind. Jundiz) 01015 Vitoria-Gasteiz Spain
  • Phoenix Minerals GmbH, Albert-Schweitzer-Straße 7 65527 Niedernhausen Germany
  • POLYNT S.p.A., via Enrico Fermi, 51 I-24020 Scanzorosciate BG Italy
  • Possehl Erzkontor GmbH & Co. KG, Beckergrube 38-52 23552 Lübeck Germany
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR1, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR3, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPH REWA SP. Z O.O., NOWY REDZEŃ 101H 95-040 KOLUSZKI Poland
  • PPH REWA TOMASZ RESZKA, Nowy Redzeń 101H 95-040 KOLUSZKI Poland
  • Praxair Surface Technologies GmbH, Am Muehlbach 13 87487 Wiggensbach Germany
  • Q.S.Abrasivi Marengo SRL, via delle Ghiare SS 35 bis dei Giovi 15062 Bosco Marengo Italy
  • Quarzwerke GmbH, Kaskadenweg 40 50226 Frechen Germany
  • RANIDO, Thákurova 531/4 16000 Praha 6 Czech Republic
  • REACH GLOBAL SERVICES S.A., Rond Point Schuman, 6 Box 5 B-1040 Brussels Belgium
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACHECK OR Services UG_12702, Frohsinnstraße 28 63739 Aschaffenburg Germany
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • RECKEL GMBH , Saartalstrasse 9 54329 Konz Germany
  • Red Orchid Consulting Oy Ltd, Viherkallionkuja 3 I 59 02710 Espoo Finland
  • Refractaria, S.A., Buenavista, 13 33187 Siero Asturias Spain
  • RHI Feuerfest GmbH, Kranichberggasse 6 1120 Vienna Austria
  • RHI Magnesita Trading B.V., Delftseplein 30 M 3013AA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • RHI Urmitz AG & Co. KG, Gewerbe und Industriegebiet Urmitz/Bahnhof 56220 Mühlheim-Kärlich Urmitz Germany
  • RHODIA OPERATIONS, 40 rue de la Haie Coq 93306 AUBERVILLIERS France
  • RHODIUS Schleifwerkzeuge GmbH & Co. KG, Brohtalstr. 2 56659 Burgbrohl Germany
  • Richard Baker Harrison Ltd., Marsh Trees House Marsh Parade ST5 1BT Newcastle-under-Lyme Staffordshire United Kingdom
  • RIO TINTO Á ÍSLANDI HF, Straumsvik P.O. BOX 244 222 Hafnarfjordur Iceland
  • Rivendell International, Rivendell House Co. Meath Stamullen Ireland
  • Rivendell International, Rivendell House Co. Meath Stamullen Co. Meath Ireland
  • RSA le Rubis SA, RN85 38560 JARRIE France
  • Rusal Aughinish Alumina, Aughinish Island 0000 Askeaton County Limerick Ireland
  • RÜTGERS Germany GmbH, Kekulestr. 30 44579 Castrop-Rauxel Germany
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIFS FRANCE, RUE DE L'AMBASSADEUR BP 8 78702 CONFLANS-SAINTE-HONORINE France
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES BV (NEDERLAND), GROENLOSEWEG P.O. BOX 10 7150 EIBERGEN Netherlands
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES GMBH, BIRKENSTRASSE 45 50389 WESSELING Germany
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES LIMITED, DOXEY ROAD ST161EA STAFFORD United Kingdom
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES SP Z.O.O., 239 - 241 UL.TORUNSKA VOIVIDIE WIELKOPOLSKIE 62600  KOLO Poland
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVI SPA, 4 VIA PER CESANO BOSCONE 20094 CORSICO Italy
  • Saint-Gobain Ceramic Materials GMBH, AM BAHNOF D-56414 Steinefrenz Germany
  • Saint-Gobain Coating Solutions, 50 RUE DU MOURELET B.P. 90966 84093 Avignon France
  • Saint-Gobain Matériaux Céramiques, 17 rue de l'Artisanat ZI du Luteau 45 320 COURTENAY France
  • Sait Abrasivi S.p.A., Via Torino Pianezza 20 10093 Collegno (TO) Italy
  • sanofi chimie, 82 avenue Raspail 94250 Gentilly France
  • Sasol Germany GmbH, Anckelmannsplatz 1 D-20537 Hamburg Germany
  • Sasol Germany GmbH - OR, Anckelmannsplatz 1 D-20537 Hamburg Germany
  • SC Alum SA, Isaccei 820228 Tulcea Tulcea Romania
  • SC Autoliv Romania SRL, Street Bucegi no.8 500053 Brasov Romania
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SCMG Europe GmbH, Amselweg 3 38667 Bad Harzburg Germany
  • SDCmaterials GmbH, Schipkauer Straße 1 01987 Schwarzheide Germany
  • SEPR, BP 60025 Route de Lyon 84131 le pontet cedex France
  • Shell Catalyst & Technologies Leuna GmbH, Gebaude 8322 Am Haupttor D-06237 Leuna Leuna Germany
  • SHELL CATALYSTS & TECHNOLOGIES BELGIUM, Pantserschipstraat 331 9000 Gent Belgium
  • SHOWA DENKO EUROPE GmbH, KONRAD-ZUSE-PLATZ 3 81829 München Germany
  • SHOWA DENKO EUROPE GmbH (STiC), Konrad-Zuse-Platz 3 81829 Munich Germany
  • Sieć Badawcza Łukasiewicz - Instytut Nowych Syntez Chemicznych, Aleja Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 13A 24-110 Puławy Poland
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHEMIE GMBH, Riedstrasse 2 89555 Steinheim Germany
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHIMIE SARL, 80 Rue de Luzais BP 701 38297 Saint Quentin Fallavier France
  • Sigma-Aldrich Company Limited, The Old Brickyard, New Road SP8 4XT Gillingham United Kingdom
  • Silcarbon Aktivkohle GmbH, Mühlenweg 15 57399 Kirchhundem Germany
  • SILKEM, d.o.o., Tovarniška cesta 10 2325 Kidričevo Slovenia Slovenia
  • Sinopec Europa GmbH, Messe Turm Friedrich-Ebert-Anlage 49 60308 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Starcke GmbH & Co. KG, Markt 10 49324 Melle Germany
  • StonCor Europe, Rue du Travail, 9 1400 Nivelles Belgium
  • SWATYCOMET d.o.o., Titova cesta 60 SI-2000 Maribor - Slovenia
  • Sør-Norge Aluminium AS, Onarheimsveien 54 5460 Husnes Norway
  • TALUM d.d., Tovarniška 10 2325 KIDRIČEVO Slovenia
  • Thermal Ceramics Italiana Srl, Via delle Rogge 26841 Milan Italy
  • Thermograde Process Technology Ltd, Unit 17D Whitebridge Industrial Estate ST15 8LQ Stone Staffordshire United Kingdom
  • thyssenkrupp Raw Materials, Rellinghauser Str. 3 45128 Essen NRW Germany
  • TORRECID, S.A., Partida Torreta s/n 12110 ALCORA CASTELLON Spain
  • TOSOH EUROPE B.V., Amstelplein 1 1096 HA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Traxys Cometals Europe S.à r.l., 19-21 route d’Arlon Batiments C-D, 2nd Floor 8009 Strassen Luxembourg
  • Traxys Europe SA, 19-21 Route Arlon same L-8009 Strassen Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • TRAXYS France S.A.S., 49 avenue Hoche 75008 Paris France
  • TRB, 7 rue de la neuville 62152 nesles France
  • Treibacher Schleifmittel Villach_OR_TSK, Seebach 2 9523 Landskron Villach Austria
  • Treibacher Schleifmittel Villach_OR_TSX, Seebach 2 9523 Landskron Villach Austria
  • TRIMET Aluminium SE, Aluminiumallee 1 45356 Essen NRW Germany
  • TRIMET FRANCE, Rue Henri Sainte Claire Deville Zone Industrielle Le Parquet 73300 SAINT JEAN DE MAURIENNE France
  • TSGE_2019-008, Lavesstraße 4 31137 Hildesheim Germany
  • Turbine Surface Technologies Limited, Rolls-Royce plc Moor Lane DE24 8BJ Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Tyrolit Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski K.G., Swarovskistrasse 33 6130 Schwaz Tirol Austria
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, Westendstraße 199 80686 München Germany
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, IS-USR-MUC Westendstraße 199 80686 Munich Germany
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • Umicore Thin Film Products AG, Alte Landstrasse 8 FL-9496 Balzers Liechtenstein
  • Unicat Catalyst Technologies, Dr van Peltlaan 13 1861KA Bergen Netherlands
  • United Company Rusal Aluminium Limited, Themistokli Dervis Street, 5 Elenion Building, 2nd floor 1066 Nikosia Cyprus
  • United Company Rusal Aluminium Limited, Thermistokli Dervis Street, 5 Elenion Building, 2nd floor 1066 Nikosia Cyprus
  • Univar Solutions B.V., Schouwburgplein 30-34 NL-3012 CL Rotterdam Netherlands
  • UOP Antwerp, Noorderlaan 147 B-2030 Antwerp Belgium
  • UOP B.V.B.A., Noorderlaan 147 B-2030 Antwerp Belgium
  • Veitsch-Radex GmbH & Co OG, Kranichberggasse 6 1120 Wien Austria
  • Vesuvius France S.A., 68, Rue Paul Deudon 59750 Feignies France
  • Vesuvius Poland Sp. z o.o., ul. Tyniecka 12 32-050 Skawina Poland
  • Vesuvius UK Ltd, 1 Midland Way Central Park S43 4XA Barlborough Links Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • VSM - Vereinigte Schmirgel- und Maschinen-Fabriken AG, Siegmundstr. 17 30165 Hannover Germany
  • washington mills electro minerals limited, 64 mosley road trafford park m17 1nr manchester GMC United Kingdom
  • Wester Mineralien GmbH, Heerstrasse 41 53347 Alfter - Witterschlick NRW Germany
  • William Blythe Limited, Bridge Street BB5 4PD Church / Accrington Lancashire United Kingdom
  • WSP UK Ltd (OR1), The Victoria 150-182 The Quays M50 3SP Salford Greater Manchester United Kingdom
  • Zeolyst CV - OR1, Oosterhorn 36 9936 HD1 Delfzijl Netherlands
  • Ziegler & Co. GmbH, Dr.-Heinrich-Hohenner.Str. 4 95632 Wunsiedel Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Alaska Metals Ltd, 25 Berkeley Square W1J 6HN London United Kingdom
  • AWUKO ABRASIVES Wandmacher GmbH & Co. KG, Hedemündener Str.9 34346 Hann. Münden Germany
  • BASF Sonatrach Propanchem S.A., Carretera Nacional 340, km 1.156 43006 Tarragona Spain
  • BHP Billiton Marketing B.V., Verheeskade 25 2521 BE Den Haag Netherlands
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemservice S.A. (H5P7), 5, an de Laengten 6776 Grevenmacher Luxembourg
  • Henkel Electronic Materials (Belgium) N.V., Nijverheidsstraat 7 2260 Westerlo Belgium
  • Kawneer Nederland B.V (OR Alcoa Minerals of Jamaica), Archimedesstraat 9. 3846 CT Harderwijk Netherlands
  • Kawneer Nederland B.V (OR AWA Brasil), Archimedesstraat 9. 3846 CT Harderwijk Netherlands
  • Kawneer Nederland B.V (OR Suriname), Archimedesstraat 9. 3846 CT Harderwijk Netherlands
  • Kominex Mineralmahlwerk, Am Selkebad 2 06463 Falkenstein/Harz OT Ermsleben Germany
  • Plimex S.r.l., Via Campo d' Appio n°144 54031 Avenza Italy
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP (Shaanxi king stone enterprise company limited), Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • The Bergquist Company GmbH, Verbindungsweg 42 25469 Halstenbek Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]

Other names

  • -
  • 13547_1344-28-1
  • Activated Alumina
  • Activated alumina / catalyst support
  • Al2O3
  • Alumax N8
  • Alumina
  • Alumina (Actal-UG1)
  • Alumina TM
  • Alumines
  • aluminium (III) oxide
  • ALUMINIUM OXIDE
  • Aluminium oxide (Brown Fused Alumina)
  • Aluminium oxide (catalyst)
  • ALUMINIUM OXIDE (ENCAPSULATED)
  • aluminium oxide equivalent
  • Aluminium oxide, activated alumina, calcined alumina, fused alumina, tabular alumina, fumed alumina
  • Aluminium oxide, Alumina
  • aluminium oxide/oxo[(oxoalumanyl)oxy]alumane
  • aluminium sequioxide
  • Aluminium(II) oxide
  • Aluminium(III)oxide
  • Aluminiumoxid
  • Aluminiumoxide
  • Aluminum (III) oxide
  • Aluminum Oxide
  • Aluminum oxide (Al2O3)
  • Aluminum oxide, alumina
  • Brown Fused Alumina
  • Brown Fused Alumina (BFA)
  • Dialuminium trioxide
  • dialuminum oxygen
  • dialuminum oxygen(2-) hydrate
  • dialuminum trioxide
  • Dialuminum; oxygen(2-)
  • dialuminum;oxygen(2-)
  • Fused Alumina
  • Fused Aluminum Oxide
  • Korund
  • Nafen
  • Not available
  • oxid hlinitý
  • oxo (oxoalumanyloxy) alumane
  • Oxo(oxoalumanyloxy)alumane
  • oxo(oxoalumanyloxy)alumane equivalent
  • oxo(oxoalumanyoxy)alumane
  • oxo[(oxoalumanyl)oxy]alumane
  • oxo[(oxoalumanyl)oxy]alumanesy
  • Tabular alumina
  • White fused alumina
  • White Fused Alumina, Calcined alumina, Tabular alumina and Fused alumina
  • White Fused Alumina, Electrocorundum,Korund
  • xo(oxoalumanyloxy)alumane
  • 4516-A
  • 5016-A
  • 504-C
  • 506-C
  • 507-C
  • A
  • AB 12
  • AB75
  • Actal-UG1
  • Activated Alumina
  • AD-85, AD-90, AD-94, AD-96, AD-98, AD-995, AD-996, AD-998, ADR-96, AHP-99,AP-All, FG-995, FG98, PLASMAPURE, PLASMAPURE-UC, Superstrate
  • Adamas® A-100D Alumina Powder
  • Adamas® A-901K Splendor White
  • Adamas® AE-901K-OP Splendor White
  • Aeroxide
  • Alcaten
  • Allumina
  • ALO-Marron
  • ALO-……….
  • Alu - Oxide, Alu - Oxid, Sandy Calcined, Metallurgical Grade Alumina, Sandy Calcined Alumina, Sandy Alumina
  • Alugel
  • Alumac
  • Alumax
  • Alumina
  • ALUMINA CALCINADA
  • ALUMINA CALCINADA B GRADE
  • ALUMINA CALCINADA BM45 GRADE
  • ALUMINA CALCINADA G GRADE
  • ALUMINA CALCINADA HTM-I
  • ALUMINA CALCINADA S
  • ALUMINA CALCINADA STANDARD
  • ALUMINA MICRONIZADA HTM10
  • ALUMINA MICRONIZADA HTM20
  • ALUMINA SX
  • Alumina, fused alumina, fumed alumina, activated alumina, tabular alumina
  • Alumina, fused alumina, fumed alumina, activated alumina, tabular alumina, Aluminium Oxide, Aluminium Oxid,
  • Alumina, fused alumina, fumed alumina, activated alumina, tabular alumina, Aluminium Oxide, Aluminium Oxid, Alu - Oxide, Alu - Oxid, Sandy Calcined, Metallurgical Grade Alumina, Sandy Calcined Alumina, Sandy Alumina, Calcined Alumina
  • Alumine
  • ALUMINIUM OXIDE
  • Aluminium Oxide, Aluminium Oxid, Alu - Oxide, Alu - Oxid, Sandy Calcined Metallurgical Grade Alumina, Sandy Calcined Alumina, Sandy Alumina Calcined Alumina, Smelter Grade Alumina, Smelting Grade Alumina, Metallurgical Grade Alumina
  • Aluminum Oxide
  • Aluminum Oxide Powder
  • Alumium Oxide
  • Alutab
  • B Class Alumina
  • BCF
  • BFA
  • BLACK ALUMINUM
  • Black Fused Alumina
  • BROWN /WHITE ALUMINIUM OXIDE ( FUSED ALUMINA )
  • Brown corundum
  • BROWN FUSED ALUMINA
  • Brown Fused Alumina (BFA)
  • Brown Fused Aluminia
  • Brown Fused Aluminium
  • Brown fused aluminium oxide
  • Brown Fused Aluminum Oxide
  • BRWON FUSED ALUMINA OXIDE
  • BZ
  • Calcined Alumina
  • Calcined alumina GKE
  • Calcined alumina GKM
  • Calcined alumina GKT
  • Calcined Alumina, Smelter Grade Alumina, Smelting Grade Alumina Metallurgical Grade Alumina, Alumar Alumina
  • Catalox
  • Ceralox
  • Chlorocel
  • COMPALOX®
  • CORINDON AMAX BLANC
  • CORINDON AMAXICOR BLANC
  • CORINDON BLANC
  • Corindón
  • Corindón blanco
  • Corindón marrón
  • Corundum
  • CS-331 carrier types
  • CTR carrier
  • D10-10
  • Dispal R 14N4-80 Alumina
  • DMPJ
  • Dryocel
  • Durocel
  • Dynocel
  • EDR
  • EK
  • EK8A
  • FESITI
  • Fluorocel
  • FO
  • FR
  • Fumed alumina
  • FUSED ALUMINA
  • Fused Aluminia
  • Fused aluminium oxide
  • Fused Aluminium oxide (Corundum)
  • FWA
  • Hydrocel
  • In pure form: TK-xx
  • KKD
  • KKW
  • MARTIPOL®
  • MARTOXID®
  • MARTOXIN®
  • Maxcel
  • Microcrystalline Ceramic Abrasives
  • Mirinae® A-1000D Alumina Powder
  • Monocrystalline Fused Alumina
  • Nabalox
  • Normaal Corund
  • Normalkorund
  • OPL
  • OSO
  • PC
  • Peroxcel
  • PINK FUSED ALUMINA
  • Pink Fused Aluminum Oxide
  • Polycel
  • Puralox
  • RB
  • RB, Corindone Rossobruno
  • RBT9
  • Reactiv alumina
  • Reactive Alumina
  • RG
  • Rod
  • Ruby Fused Alumina
  • SA
  • SCT
  • SE
  • SE250
  • Semifriable Fused Alumina
  • SGA, SC-1, SC -13, SC-0, ESPD or alumina dust
  • Siralox
  • Smelter Grade Alumina, Smelting Grade Alumina Metallurgical Grade Alumina, Worsley alumina
  • SO200
  • Spectra® Optic White SP-9001M
  • Spent activated alumina
  • SRSK
  • SynDol
  • Tabular Alumina
  • Tabular alumina ALFA TAB
  • Tabular oxide
  • Tengda
  • The substance is placed on the market both as a substance in pure form and as a part of the chemical matrix of an inorganic catalyst (i.e. regarded as a preparation according to Guidance on substance identification).
  • Tradename for the substance when constituting a part of the catalyst, see section 3.4 for tradenames on mixtures containing the substance
  • Treibacher Alodur
  • WA
  • WFA
  • WFA, White fused alumina
  • White corundum
  • White Fused Alumin
  • WHITE FUSED ALUMINA
  • White Fused Alumina (WFA)
  • White Fused Aluminia
  • White fused aluminium oxide
  • White Fused Aluminum Oxide
  • WRG
  • WSK
  • ZIRCONIA ALUMINA
  • ZPSK
  • ZR

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 21 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
1 200 - 2 054 °C [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 21
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
2 000 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Boiling point
2 977 °C [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 18
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
2 980 °C

Density

Study results
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Relative density
3.5 - 4 [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 24
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
4

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 12
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
1 hPa @ 2 158 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
0 - 20 000 ng/L @ 20 °C and pH 6 - 7 [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 15
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Water solubility
20 µg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 3
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (2)
Marine water No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (2)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 20 mg/L (2)
Sediment (freshwater) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (4)
Sediment (marine water) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (4)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (2)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (4)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning Insufficient hazard data available (further information necessary) (4)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 68 studies submitted
  • 56 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (16 days) 430 - 3 910 µg/L [16]
LC50 (8 days) 22.4 mg/L [4]
LC50 (4 days) 78 - 218 644.1 µg/L [82]
LC50 (4 days) 2.9 µmol/L [2]
LC50 (72 h) 10 - 19.3 mg/L [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 48 8
Other 6 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 56 studies submitted
  • 48 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (60 days) 88 - 350 µg/L [16]
NOEC (33 days) 71.5 - 558.1 µg/L [14]
NOEC (30 days) 57 - 88 µg/L [12]
NOEC (28 days) 4.7 - 23.1 mg/L [16]
NOEC (7 days) 25.1 - 56 480 µg/L [70]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 46 2
Other 4 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 52 studies submitted
  • 48 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 1.5 - 2.56 mg/L [12]
LC50 (4 days) 22 - 30.6 mg/L [8]
LC50 (48 h) 5.7 - 99 600 µg/L [68]
NOEC (4 days) 22.6 mg/L [4]
NOEC (48 h) 5 - 672 µg/L [28]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 48
Other 2 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 60 studies submitted
  • 52 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 232.6 - 453.8 µg/L [8]
NOEC (30 days) 1.092 - 2.099 mg/L [4]
NOEC (28 days) 53.1 - 4 281.8 µg/L [12]
NOEC (21 days) 76 - 600 µg/L [10]
NOEC (17 days) 962.5 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 50 2
Other 4 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 42 studies submitted
  • 42 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 5.4 - 570 µg/L [20]
EC50 (72 h) 16.9 - 4 980 µg/L [94]
NOEC (72 h) 4 - 600 µg/L [36]
LOEC (72 h) 400 - 1 000 µg/L [16]
EC10 (72 h) 203 - 3 155 000 ng/L [98]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 42
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 8.643 - 15.966 mg/L [6]
NOEC (7 days) 2.76 mg/L [6]
NOEC (4 days) 45.7 mg/L [4]
LOEC (7 days) 5.314 mg/L [6]
EC10 (7 days) 2.175 - 4.545 mg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
200 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 15.63 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 15.63 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3.29 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 6 3
Supporting study 6 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 10 000 - 15 900 mg/kg bw (rat) [9]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [9]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 9
Supporting study 6 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 888 - 2 300 mg/m³ air (rat) [6]
LC50 (60 min) 7.6 mg/L air (rat) [3]
LC0 (4 h) 888 mg/m³ air (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [9]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 6 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 9
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 4 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
rat (): 888 mg/m³ air [2]
NOAEL (rat): 200 - 3 225 mg/kg bw/day [19]
NOAEL (rat): 141 - 302 mg/kg diet [9]
NOAEL (dog): 1 034 - 1 087 mg/kg bw/day [2]
NOAEL (dog): 90 mg/kg diet [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 15
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 70 mg/m³ air [3]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 8 3
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 27 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 21
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 26 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 12 3
Other 11
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 12 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 17
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 12
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant