Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
215-691-6
CAS no.:
1344-28-1
Index number:
Molecular formula:
Al2O3
SMILES:
O=[Al]O[Al]=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/2Al.3O
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
95
Of which contain:
4 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Warning! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is harmful if swallowed, is harmful if inhaled and is suspected of causing cancer.

According to the majority of notifications provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications no hazards have been classified.

Breakdown of all 2924 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
STOT SE 3 H335
STOT SE 3 H370
STOT RE 1 H372
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Carc. 1B H350
Muta. 2 H341
Repr. 2 H361
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Skin Sens. 1 H317
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Flam. Liq. 2 H225
STOT RE 2 H373
https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

Nanomaterial form

Substance is known to be on the EEA market in nanomaterial form, as indicated in the REACH registered substance factsheet(s), and as listed in the EUON Nanomaterials in the EU market list.

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 388 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Seveso Annex I:
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:
Nanomaterials in the EU Market

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 10 000 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: cosmetics and personal care products, metal surface treatment products, polishes and waxes and adhesives and sealants.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and vehicles. This substance can be found in products with material based on: paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper), rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys), stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material), metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery), fabrics, textiles and apparel (e.g. clothing, mattress, curtains or carpets, textile toys) and plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants and metal surface treatment products.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work, health services, formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and printing and recorded media reproduction. This substance is used for the manufacture of: furniture and textile, leather or fur.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), laboratory work, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, roller or brushing applications and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement) and machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, in the production of articles and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood; obtain special instructions before use; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention.

Storage statements

Store this substance locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • 3M Belgium BVBA/SPRL, Hermeslaan 7 1831 Diegem Belgium
  • 3M France SAS, 1 Parvis de l'Innovation CS 20203 95006 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex France
  • 3M Precision Grinding GmbH, Sankt Magdalener Strasse 85 9500 Villach Austria
  • A.G.P., 20 Avenue Reille 75014 Paris France
  • A.M.P.E.R.E. ALLOYS, 12 Mail Joliot Curie 95310 SAINT-OUEN-L'AUMONE VAL D'OISE France
  • A.M.P.I.S.r.l., Strada Anulare Torre 4 20090 San Felice - Segrate Milan Italy
  • ABRANOVA, s.r.o., Rvenice 73 44001 POSTOLOPRTY Czech Republic
  • ABRASINTER ,S.L., providencia 76-78 ento 4ª 08024 barcelona Spain
  • Advanced Refining Technologies GmbH, In der Hollerhecke 1 67547 Worms Germany
  • Advanced Refining Technologies Srl, Via Trento 7 20017 Passirana di Rho (MI) Italy
  • AGC Flat Glass Czech, Sklarska 450 416 74 Teplice Czech Republic
  • AKZO Nobel Car Refinishes B.V., Rijksstraatweg 31 2170 BA Sassenheim Netherlands
  • ALBEMARLE CATALYSTS COMPANY B.V., Nieuwendammerkade 1-3 PO Box 37650 1030 BE Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Alcoa Fjarðaál sf, Hraun 1 730 Reyðarfjörður Iceland
  • ALCOA NORWAY ANS, Drammensveien 147A NO-0277 Oslo Norway
  • ALCOA TRASFORMAZIONI Srl., Piazza Missori 2 20122 Milano Italy
  • Almatis B.V., Theemsweg 30 NL-3197 Botlek Netherlands
  • Almatis B.V. OR INC, Theemsweg 30 3197 KM Botlek Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Almatis B.V. OR LTD, Theemsweg 30 3197 KM Botlek Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Almatis GmbH, Lyoner Str. 9 60528 Frankfurt Germany
  • Alpha Multitrade LLC, Roosikrantsi 11 10119 Tallin Estonia
  • ALRO, 116, Pitesti 230104 Slatina Olt Romania
  • Alteo Gardanne, Route de Biver BP 20062 13541 GARDANNE cedex France
  • ALU IBERICA AVL SL, C/ Pedro Teixeira 8, 3 ª planta 28020 Madrid Spain
  • ALU IBERICA LC SL, C/ Pedro Teixeira 8, planta 3ª 28020 Madrid Spain
  • ALUMINA ESPAÑOLA, S.A., Pedro Teixeira, 8 28020 Madrid Spain
  • ALUMINIO ESPAÑOL, S.L.U, Pedro Teixeira, 8 (tercera planta) 28020 Madrid Spain
  • Aluminium Oxid Stade GmbH, Johann-Rathje-Köser-Strasse 21683 Stade-Bützfleth Germany
  • Alvance Aluminium Dunkerque, Route de la Ferme Raevel, BP 81 59279 Loon-Plage France France
  • AlzChem Trostberg GmbH, Dr.-Albert-Frank-Straße 32 83308 Trostberg Bayern Germany
  • AMAG Casting, Lamprechtshausenerstr. 61 5282 Ranshofen Austria
  • ANDRE ABRASIVE ARTICLES SPÓŁKA Z OGRANICZONĄ ODPOWIEDZIALNOŚCIĄ SPÓŁKA KOMANDYTOWA, Przemysłowa 10 62-600 Koło Poland
  • ANF Development OÜ, Tööstuse 48a Tallinn 10416 Tallinn Estonia
  • Ankersmit Maalbedrijven B.V., Op de Bos 300 6223 EP Maastricht Netherlands
  • Antaria Europe B.V., Hoogoorddreef 15 1101 BA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 08, The Black Church St Mary's Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • Arakawa Europe GmbH, Düsseldorfer Str. 13 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • ArcelorMittal Refractories Sp. z o.o., ul. Ujastek 1 30-969 Krakow malopolskie Poland
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 München Germany
  • Archroma Germany GmbH, Kasteler Str. 45 65203 Wiesbaden Germany
  • Arcillas Refractarias, S. A., Barrio Castiello, s/n 33690 Lugo de Llanera Asturias Spain
  • Arrow Regulatory (Ireland) Ltd OR1702, Suite 303 9 Pembroke Street Upper D02 KR83 Dublin 2 Ireland
  • Ascellis GmbH, Maximilianstraße 32 80539 München Germany
  • Asmet (DE) GmbH, Eichendorffstraße 46 47800 Krefeld Germany
  • August Rüggeberg GmbH & Co. KG, Hauptstr. 13 51709 Marienheide Germany
  • Axens OR, 89, boulevard Franklin Roosevelt B.P. 50802 F-92508 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex France France
  • AXENS SA, 89, boulevard Franklin Roosevelt B.P. 50802 F-92508 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (8111192-0), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman - BP 1510 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (811538-8), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (811543-4), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B1SHOP S.r.l., via Goffredo Mameli 10 24126 Bergamo Italy
  • Baikowski, 1046 route de chaumontet -BP501 74330 Poisy France
  • BASF Antwerpen N.V., Haven 725, Scheldelaan 600 2040 Antwerpen 4 Antwerpen Belgium
  • BASF Catalysts Germany GmbH, Seligmannallee 1 30173  Hannover Germany
  • BASF Coatings GmbH, Glasuritstrasse 1 Postfach 6123 48136 Münster Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany
  • BASF Italia S.p.A., Via Marconato 8 20811 Cesano Maderno Italy
  • BASF Nederland B.V., Groningensingel 1 Postbus 1019 6801 MC Arnhem Netherlands
  • BASF Polska Sp.z o.o., Al. Jerozolimskie 142B 02-305 Warszawa Polska Poland
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • BENS consulting d.o.o., Bakovniška 7 1241 Kamnik Slovenia
  • Bosai Europe GmbH, Breite Straße 47-49 23552 Lübeck Germany
  • Budenheim Iberica S.L.U., C/ Extramuros S/N 50784 La Zaida ZARAGOZA Spain
  • Cabot GmbH, Kronenstrasse 2 D-79618 Rheinfelden Germany
  • CALDIC IBERICA S.L., Llobateres 23, P.I. Santiga 08210 BARBERA DEL VALLES BARCELONA Spain
  • CAMAG Chemie-Erzeugnisse und Adsorptionstechnik AG & Co. GmbH, Bismarckstr. 27-29 12169 Berlin Berlin Germany
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office Suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Road D12XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd (DENKA), Office Suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Road, Dublin D12XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments, part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office Suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Road, Dublin D12 XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • CAMEL carboclean S.r.l., Via Cadore, 60 20831 Seregno (MB) Italy
  • CAMFART Srl, via Dossi,40 25050 Pian Camuno (BS) Italy
  • Carl Spaeter GmbH, Philosophenweg 17 47053 Duisburg Germany
  • CATALYST RECOVERY EUROPE S.A., 420, Route de Longwy 4832 Rodange Luxembourg
  • CellMark Deutschland GmbH, Hamborner Straße 53 D - 40547 Düsseldorf Germany Germany
  • Cerablast GmbH & Co. KG, Friederike-Franck-Str.9 74369 Löchgau Germany
  • CERAMIQUES TECHNIQUES INDUSTRIELLES SAS, 382 AVENUE DU MOULINAS LA RESCLAUSE 30340 SALINDRES France
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre , Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park,Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park, Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park, Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED(Shandong Jinhai Titanium Resources Technology Co.,Ltd.), Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemservice GmbH - (T1N3), Herrnsheimer Hauptstrasse 1b 67550 Worms Germany
  • Chemservice S.A. - (A9T7), 13, Fausermillen 6689 Mertert Luxembourg
  • Clariant Prodotti (Italia) S.p.A., Via Vittor Pisani 20 IT-20124 Milano Italy
  • Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH, Am Unisys-Park 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • Clariant SE - SDCI, Am Unisyspark 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • Clariant SE - US01, Am Unisyspark 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • COMELT S.p.A., Milanofiori Strada 6, Pal. A/13 20057 Assago (MI) Italy
  • COMPANÍA ESPAÑOLA DE PETRÓLEOS, S.A.U. (CEPSA), Torre Cepsa, Paseo de la Castellana 259A 28046 Madrid Spain
  • Concord Resources Europe B.V., Singel 250 1016AB Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Consul-led, 19 Route d'Arlon 8009 Strassen Luxembourg
  • Corazzi, Paolo Corazzi 26100 Cremona Italy
  • Covance Clinical Development SA 023, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 - 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CLINICAL DEVELOPMENT SA 032, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • CRCP GmbH, Am Roemerhof 51 60486 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • CRCP GmbH, Am Römerhof 51 60486 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • CSI-OR04DUB, Block C Ardilaun Court 112-114 St. Stephen’s Green D02 TD28 Dublin Ireland
  • CUMI International Limited, Arch Makarios III Avenue, 284 Fortuna Court, Block B, 2nd Floor P C 3105 Limassol Cyprus
  • DCX CHROME SAS, 68 rue Jean Jaurès 59770 Marly France
  • DELNEW srl, Via XX settembre 2/19 16121 Genova Italy
  • Denka Chemicals GmbH, Cantadorstr3. D-40211 Dusseldorf Germany
  • DIAN MINERALS S.R.L., VIA MALTA 4/10 IT 16121 GENOVA Italy
  • Doerentrup Feuerfestprodukte GmbH&Co.KG, Lemgoer Straße 9 32694 Dörentrup Germany
  • Dorf Ketal BV, Weegschaalstraat 3 5632CW Eindhoven Netherlands
  • Dow Silicones Belgium SPRL, Rue Jules Bordet Zone industrielle C 7180 Seneffe Belgium
  • Dow Silicones Belgium SPRL OR-2, PSRC - rue Jules Bordet Parc industriel C 7180 Seneffe Belgium
  • Dow Silicones Belgium SPRL OR-3, PSRC - Rue Jules Bordet Zone industrielle C 7180 Seneffe Belgium
  • Dow Silicones Deutschland GmbH, PSRC - Rheingaustrasse 65201 Wiesbaden Germany
  • ECO-RIGEN S.R.L., Contrada Piana del Signore c/o Gela Refinery 93012 Gela Italy
  • EcoMinerals GmbH, Königsberger Straße 100 Building B01 40231 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Edmac Europe NV, Wilrijk Moerelei 123a 2610 Wilrijk Antwerp Belgium
  • Elfusa Trading, Río Guadalbarbo, Local 4ª 29649 Mijas Costa Malaga Spain
  • Elkem ASA, Drammensveien 169 0277 Oslo Norway
  • ENRC Leasing B.V., Only Representative of JSC Aluminium of Kazakhstan, Jan Luijkenstraat 8 bg. 1071 CM Amsterdam Netherlands
  • ERM_GmbH_OR11_WORSLE, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Hessen Germany
  • ERM_GmbH_OR9_SMSA, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Hessen Germany
  • Eurallumina SpA, Portovesme 09010 Portoscuso Sardegna Italy
  • Eurecat Deutschland GmbH, Tricatstrasse 06803 Bitterfeld-Wolfen Saxonia-Anhalt Germany
  • EURECAT FRANCE SAS, 121 ave Marie Curie ZI Jean Jaurès 07800 La Voulte sur Rhône France
  • Euro Support Advanced Materials B.V., Liessentstraat 9f 5405 AH Uden Netherlands
  • Euro Support BV, Stadsring 99 3811 HP Amersfoort Netherlands
  • Euro Support Manufacturing Czechia, s.r.o., Záluží 1 436 70 Litvínov Czech Republic
  • EUROMAP, S.A., P.I. La Pahilla Urrea, 5 46370 Chiva Valencia Spain
  • EUROPE NANXI MINERALS, S.A., GOYA 115, 2ND FLOOR 28009 MADRID MADRID Spain
  • Evonik Operations GmbH, Rellinghauser Straße 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • ExponentOR2I, Block 1, Blanchardstown Corporate Park Ballycoolen Road, Blanchardstown D15 AKK1 Dublin Ireland
  • ExponentOR31I, Block 1, Blanchardstown Corporate Park D15 AKK1 Dublin Ireland
  • ExponentOR66I, Block 1, Blanchardstown Corporate Park Ballycoolen Road, Blanchardstown D15 AKK1 Dublin Ireland
  • ExxonMobil Petroleum & Chemical BV OR03, Polderdijkweg 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Feilo Sylvania Germany GmbH, Graf-Zeppelin-Straße 9 91056 Erlangen Germany
  • Ferro GmbH, Gutleutstr.215 60327 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Flextronics International Poland Sp. z o.o., Malinowska 28 83-100 Tczew Poland
  • Fosbel GmbH, Karstrasse 116 41068 Mönchengladbach Germany
  • Freudenberg Filtration Technologies SE & Co. KG, Höhnerweg 2-4 69465 Weinheim Germany
  • Fujimi Europe GmbH, Schlossstrasse 5 D-74653 Ingelfingen Germany
  • GE Avio S.r.l., via I Maggio 99 10040 Rivalta di Torino (TO) Italy
  • GENERAL ABRASIVI S.R.L., Viale Galileo Galilei, 36/B 54033 CARRARA Italy
  • GfE Metalle & Materialien GmbH, Höfener Str. 45 90431 Nürnberg Germany
  • Glencore Import BV, Prinses Beatrixlaan 582 2595 BM Den Haag Netherlands
  • Glencore International Import BV, Prinses Beatrixlaan 582 2595 BM Den Haag Netherlands
  • GRACE GmbH, In der Hollerhecke 1 67545 Worms Germany
  • GRACE GmbH (OR 4), In der Hollerhecke 1 67547 Worms Germany
  • Grupa Azoty S.A., ul. Kwiatkowskiego 8 33-101 Tarnow Poland
  • GUZMAN MINERALS S.L.U., C/Traginers, nº9, Pol. Ind. Vara de Quart 46014 Valencia Valencia Spain
  • H.C. Starck Tungsten GmbH, Nymphenburger Straße 84 80335 München Germany
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S, Nymøllevej 50 DK28000 Lyngby Denmark
  • Hargreaves raw material services GmbH, Böningerstrasse29 47051 Duisburg Germany Germany
  • Hellenic Petroleum S.A., 8Α Chimarras st. GR 15125 Maroussi Attica Greece
  • Henkel Global Supply Chain B.V., Gustav Mahlerlaan 2970 1081 LA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Hermes Schleifmittel GmbH, Luruper Hauptstraße 106 22547 Hamburg Germany
  • Holland Mineraal bv, Tielstraat 8 7418 CS DEVENTER Netherlands
  • Hydro Aluminium AS, Drammensveien 260 0240 OSLO Norway
  • IBU-tec Advanced Materials AG, Hainweg 9-11 D-99425 Weimar Germany
  • Imerys Aluminates SA, 43 quai de Grenelle 75015 Paris France
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Beyrede SAS, 154 RUE BEYREDE 1310 La Hulpe 65410, SARRANCOLIN , LANQUEDOC-ROUSSILLON-MIDI-PYRENEES France
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Domodossola s.r.l, Via Piave 67 28845 Domodossola Italy
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Laufenburg GmbH, Ferroweg 1 79725 Laufenburg Baden Germany
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Ruse d.o.o., Mariborska cesta 44 2352 Selnica ob Dravi Slovenia
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Teutschenthal GmbH, Str. der Einheit 18C, , 1310 La Hulpe 06179 Teutschenthal Germany Germany
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Villach GmbH, Preibacher Schleifmittel Villach GmbH Seebach 2 9523 Landskron Villach Austria
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Villach GmbH_OR_CEM, Seebach 2 9523 Landskron Villach Austria
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Villach GmbH_OR_IFM-NF, Seebach 2 9523 Landskron Villach Austria
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Villach GmbH_OR_IFM-SA, Sebach 2 9523 Landskron Villach Austria
  • Imerys Fused Minerals Zschornewitz GmbH, Burgkemnitzerstrasse 17 06791 Zschornewitz Germany
  • Imerys Metalcasting Germany GmbH, Duisburger Strasse 69-73 D-46049 Oberhausen Germany
  • Imexco Minerals GmbH, Buehler Strasse 20 66130 Saarbruecken Germany
  • INEOS Aromatics Belgium, Amocolaan 2 2440 Geel Belgium
  • INGENIERIA Y SERVICIOS TECNICOS, S.A., AVENIDA CERVANTES, 6 48970 BASAURI VIZCAYA Spain
  • INOVYN France S.A.S., Avenue de la République 39500 Tavaux France
  • Intercat Europe BV, Fregatweg 38 6222 NZ Maastricht Netherlands
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH 87, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • ITW Performance Polymers, A Division of ITW Ireland, Bay 150 Shannon Industrial Estate V14 DF82 Shannon Co. Clare Ireland
  • JASTAR Jan Szopa, Halina Szopa Sp.J., Żeromskiego 19 20-460 Lublin Lubelskie Poland
  • jodovit s.r.l., via lombardia 9 21015 lonate pozzolo varese Italy
  • Johnson Matthey Chemicals GmbH, Wardstrasse 17 D-46446 Emmerich am Rhein Germany
  • Johnson Matthey Chemicals GmbH (OR), Wardstraße 17 46446 Emmerich am Rhein Germany
  • K CHIMICA, Via Taglio Sinistro 63A 30035 Mirano Veneto Italy
  • Klingspor Schleifsysteme GmbH & Co. KG, Hüttenstr. 36 35708 Haiger Germany
  • KLINGSPOR Sp.z.o.o., ul T. Regera 58 43-382 Bielsko-Biala Poland
  • KNG industrielle Ressourcen GmbH, Birnbaumsmühle 65 15234 Frankfurt(Oder) Germany
  • Kobelco Welding of Europe B.V., Eisterweg 8 6422 PN Heerlen Netherlands
  • Komateq a.s/, Komenskeho 1097/13 05001 Revuca Slovakia
  • KRAHN Ceramics GmbH, Grimm 10 20457 Hamburg Germany
  • KROSAKI AMR REFRACTARIOS S.A.U., Polígono Ibaiondo, Nº 31 20120 Hernani Spain
  • KTR Europe GmbH, Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • KTR Europe GmbH, Mergenthaleralee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Kubikenborg Aluminium AB, Landsvägsallén 79 851 76 Sundsvall Sweden
  • Kuhmichel Abrasiv Austria GmbH, Ziegelfeldstrasse 5 3430 Tulln Austria
  • Kuhmichel Abrasiv B.V., Fabrieksweg 4 7451 EM Holten Netherlands
  • Kuhmichel Abrasiv GmbH, Am Rosenbaum 22 40882 Ratingen Germany
  • Kuhmichel Abrasiv Hungària Kft., Vidor u.10. fest 1172 Budapest Hungary
  • Kuhmichel Recycling GmbH, Ermslebener Straße 3 06493 Ballenstedt Germany
  • KVS EKODIVIZE a.s., Leskovska 566 79312 Horni Benesov Czech Republic
  • KÜRTHY, s.r.o., Zelený Háj 151 94701 Hurbanovo Slovakia
  • LG Chem Europe GmbH, Alfred Herrhausen Allee 3 5 D-65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Lighttech Lámpatechnológiai Kft., Hegyrejáró u. 1. 2120 Dunakeszi Pest Hungary
  • LINCOLN ELECTRIC ITALIA S.r.l., Loc. Casalmenini, 3 37010 Rivoli Veronese VR Italy
  • Lincoln Smitweld bv, Nieuwe Dukenburgseweg 20 6534 AD Nijmegen Netherlands Netherlands
  • LKAB Minerals GmbH, Am Europa-Center 1a 45145 Essen Germany
  • LORD Germany GmbH, Itterpark 8 40724 Hilden North Rhine - Westphalia Germany
  • LORD Germany GMBH, Ottostrasse 28 41836 Hueckelhoven North Rhine - Westphalia Germany
  • LUGLI SRL, Via Valmanella, 14 14040 Castelnuovo Calcea Piemonte Italy
  • M Chemical Europe B.V., Weena 737 3013AM Rotterdam Netherlands
  • MARIO PILATO BLAT, S.A., Paseo Alameda, 17 46010 Valencia Valencia Spain
  • MARTINSWERK GMBH, Koelnerstrasse, 110 50127 BERGHEIM Germany
  • Merck KGaA, Frankfurter Strasse 250 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • Merck Performance Materials Germany GmbH, Frankfurter Str. 250 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • Merck Surface Solutions GmbH, Mainzer Str. 41 64579 Gernsheim Germany
  • Micro Abrasives Europe GmbH, Schweriner Strasse 13 22844 Norderstedt Germany
  • MIDEGASA SA, INDUSTRIALDEA ASTEASU, NAVES 102-103 20159 ASTEASU GIPUZKOA Spain
  • MINERALS GmbH & Co. KG, Alfredstr. 61 45130 Essen Germany
  • MINERMET SPA, Via Durini 27 20122 Milano Italy
  • MINMETALS GERMANY GMBH, Kaiserswerther Straße 22 40477 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Momentive Performance Materials GmbH, Chempark Building V7 51368 Leverkusen NRW Germany
  • Morgan Advanced Ceramics Wesgo GmBH, Willi-Grasser-Str. 11 D-91056 Erlangen Germany
  • MOTIM Electrocorundum Ltd., Timföldgyári utca 9-13 9200 Mosonmagyaróvár Hungary
  • MP Biomedicals Germany GmbH, Thüringer Straße 15 37269 Eschwege Germany
  • MYTILINEOS HOLDINGS plant ALUMINIUM OF GREECE , Agios Nikolaos 320 03 Aspra Spitia Viotia Greece
  • Nabaltec AG, Alustr. 50-52 92421 Schwandorf Germany
  • NAM & NAM Europe GmbH, Emil-Figge-Str. 80 44227 Dortmund(081) Germany
  • NAM & NAM Europe GmbH , Emil-Figge-Str. 80 44227 Dortmund Germany
  • NanoE, 6 rue des Frênes bat 25 91160 Ballainvilliers essonne France
  • Nemoto Portugal – Química Fina, Unipessoal, Lda., Avenida Infante D. Henrique, 6, Parque Industrial Manuel da Mota 3100-354 Pombal Portugal
  • Neue Porzellanfabrik Triptis GmbH, Geraer Strasse 51 07819 Triptis Germany
  • Niche Fused Alumina, 38 rue des Fondeurs 73540 La Bâthie France
  • Nickelhütte Aue GmbH, Rudolf-Breitscheid-Straße 65-75 D-08280 Aue Germany
  • Normag GmbH, Werner-Reimers-Straße 2-4 61352 Bad Homburg Germany
  • Norðurál Century Aluminum, Grundartanga 301 Akranes Iceland
  • O. Bitossi S.r.l., via Fraschetti 5 57128 Livorno Italy
  • Oerlikon Metco Europe GmbH, Am Prime Parc 2A 65479 Raunheim Hessen Germany
  • Oerlikon Metco WOKA GmbH, Im Vorwerk 25 36456 Barchfeld-Immelborn Germany
  • officina dell'ambiente, strada provinciale 193/bis 27034 lomello Italy
  • Only representative (No publishable name), null
  • OSRAM GmbH, Marcel-Breuer-Str. 6 80807 München Germany
  • Ozeano, Calle Barrio San Lorenzo 10 48100 Munguia Vizcaya Spain
  • P.P.H.U. Walbeo, ul. Kasprzaka 62/53 41-303 Dąbrowa Górnicza Poland
  • PetroChina International (Netherlands) Company B.V, Vasteland 78 HNK Rotterdam Scheepvaartkwartier 3011BN Rotterdam Netherlands
  • PFAM, a.s., Borská 6 841 04 Bratislava Slovakia
  • Pferd Rüggeberg, S.A., Jundiz 18 (Pol. Ind. Jundiz) 01015 Vitoria-Gasteiz Spain
  • Phoenix Minerals GmbH, Albert-Schweitzer-Straße 7 65527 Niedernhausen Germany
  • POLYNT S.p.A., via Enrico Fermi, 51 I-24020 Scanzorosciate BG Italy
  • POROCEL LLC, 420, Route de Longwy 4832 Rodange Luxembourg
  • Possehl Erzkontor GmbH & Co. KG, Beckergrube 38-52 23552 Lübeck Germany
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR1, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR3, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPH REWA SP. Z O.O., NOWY REDZEŃ 101H 95-040 KOLUSZKI Poland
  • PPH REWA TOMASZ RESZKA, Nowy Redzeń 101H 95-040 KOLUSZKI Poland
  • Praxair Surface Technologies GmbH, Am Muehlbach 13 87487 Wiggensbach Germany
  • Q.S.Abrasivi Marengo SRL, Avenue Reine Astrid, 92 1310 La Hulpe 15062 La Hulpe Marengo AL Italy
  • Quarzwerke GmbH, Kaskadenweg 40 50226 Frechen Germany
  • Rain Carbon Germany GmbH, Kekulestr. 30 44579 Castrop-Rauxel Germany
  • RANIDO, Thákurova 531/4 16000 Praha 6 Czech Republic
  • REACH GLOBAL SERVICES S.A., Rond Point Schuman, 6 Box 5 B-1040 Brussels Belgium
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACHECK OR Services UG_12702, Ottostraße 1 63741 Aschaffenburg Germany
  • REACHLaw Ltd, Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • RECKEL GMBH , Saartalstrasse 9 54329 Konz Germany
  • Red Orchid Consulting Oy Ltd, Viherkallionkuja 3 I 59 02710 Espoo Finland
  • Refractaria, S.A., Buenavista, 13 33187 Siero Asturias Spain
  • REGARTIS s.r.o., Rubeska 393/7 19000 Prague 9 Czech Republic
  • RHI Magnesita Deutschland AG, Klingholzstraße 7 65189 Wiesbaden Germany
  • RHI Magnesita Distribution B.V., Hofplein 19 3032AC Rotterdam Netherlands
  • RHI Magnesita GmbH, Kranichberggasse 6 1120 Vienna Austria
  • RHI Urmitz AG & Co. KG, Gewerbe und Industriegebiet Urmitz/Bahnhof 56220 Mühlheim-Kärlich Urmitz Germany
  • RHODIA OPERATIONS, 52 rue de la Haie Coq 93300 AUBERVILLIERS France
  • RHODIUS Schleifwerkzeuge GmbH & Co. KG, Brohtalstr. 2 56659 Burgbrohl Germany
  • Richard Baker Harrison (Ireland) Limited , Unit 8 Sandyford Business Centre Blackthorn Road Dublin 18 Sandyford Ireland
  • RIO TINTO Á ÍSLANDI HF, Straumsvik P.O. BOX 244 222 Hafnarfjordur Iceland
  • Rivendell International, Rivendell House Co. Meath Stamullen Co. Meath Ireland
  • Rivendell International, Rivendell House Co. Meath Stamullen Ireland
  • RSA le Rubis SA, RN85 38560 JARRIE France
  • Rusal Aughinish Alumina, Aughinish Island 0000 Askeaton County Limerick Ireland
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIFS FRANCE, RUE DE L'AMBASSADEUR BP 8 78702 CONFLANS-SAINTE-HONORINE France
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES BV (NEDERLAND), GROENLOSEWEG P.O. BOX 10 7150 EIBERGEN Netherlands
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES GMBH, BIRKENSTRASSE 45 50389 WESSELING Germany
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES SP Z.O.O., 239 - 241 UL.TORUNSKA VOIVIDIE WIELKOPOLSKIE 62600  KOLO Poland
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVI SPA, 4 VIA PER CESANO BOSCONE 20094 CORSICO Italy
  • Saint-Gobain Ceramic Materials GMBH, AM BAHNOF D-56414 Steinefrenz Germany
  • Saint-Gobain Coating Solutions, 50 RUE DU MOURELET B.P. 90966 84093 Avignon France
  • Saint-Gobain Matériaux Céramiques, 17 rue de l'Artisanat ZI du Luteau 45 320 COURTENAY France
  • Sait Abrasivi S.p.A., Via Torino Pianezza 20 10093 Collegno (TO) Italy
  • sanofi chimie, 82 avenue Raspail 94250 Gentilly France
  • Sasol Germany GmbH, Anckelmannsplatz 1 D-20537 Hamburg Germany
  • Sasol Germany GmbH - OR, Anckelmannsplatz 1 D-20537 Hamburg Germany
  • SC Alum SA, Isaccei 820228 Tulcea Tulcea Romania
  • SC Autoliv Romania SRL, Street Bucegi no.8 500053 Brasov Romania
  • SC43 Thermograde Process Technology Ltd, Długosza 67 43-188 Orzesze Poland
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SCMG Europe GmbH, Amselweg 3 38667 Bad Harzburg Germany
  • SDCmaterials GmbH, Schipkauer Straße 1 01987 Schwarzheide Germany
  • SEPR, BP 60025 Route de Lyon 84131 le pontet cedex France
  • SG Mineral Sp. z o.o., Ciesielska 2/23 15-542 Białystok Poland
  • Shell Catalyst & Technologies Leuna GmbH, Gebaude 8322 Am Haupttor D-06237 Leuna Leuna Germany
  • SHELL CATALYSTS & TECHNOLOGIES BELGIUM, Pantserschipstraat 331 9000 Gent Belgium
  • Showa Denko Europe GmbH (SDC), Daimlerstrasse 19 86368 Gersthofen Germany
  • Showa Denko Europe GmbH (SDK), Daimlerstrasse 19 86368 Gersthofen Germany
  • Sieć Badawcza Łukasiewicz - Instytut Nowych Syntez Chemicznych, Aleja Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 13A 24-110 Puławy Poland
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHEMIE GMBH, Riedstrasse 2 89555 Steinheim Germany
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHIMIE SARL, 80 Rue de Luzais BP 701 38297 Saint Quentin Fallavier France
  • Silcarbon Aktivkohle GmbH, Mühlenweg 15 57399 Kirchhundem Germany
  • SILKEM Hungary Korlátolt Felelősségű Társaság, Fehérvári út 26 H-8104 Várpalota Veszprém Hungary
  • SILKEM, d.o.o., Tovarniška cesta 10 2325 Kidričevo Slovenia Slovenia
  • Sinopec Europa GmbH, Messe Turm Friedrich-Ebert-Anlage 49 60308 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Sofibel SAS, 110.114 rue Victor Hugo 92686 LEVALLOIS-PERRET Cedex France
  • Starcke GmbH & Co. KG, Markt 10 49324 Melle Germany
  • Steuermann Investitions- und Handelsgesellschaft mbH, Goldschmiedgasse 4 A-1010 Vienna Austria
  • StonCor Europe, Rue du Travail, 9 1400 Nivelles Belgium
  • SWATYCOMET d.o.o., Titova cesta 60 SI-2000 Maribor - Slovenia
  • Sør-Norge Aluminium AS, Onarheimsveien 54 5460 Husnes Norway
  • TALUM d.d., Tovarniška 10 2325 KIDRIČEVO Slovenia
  • TANIOBIS Smelting GmbH & Co. KG, Im Schleeke 78 -91 38642 Goslar Germany
  • The Acta Group EU BVBA (BE39), Place du Luxembourg 2 1050 Brussels Belgium
  • Thermal Ceramics Italiana Srl, Via delle Rogge 26841 Milan Italy
  • thyssenkrupp Materials Trading, Rellinghauser Str. 3 45128 Essen NRW Germany
  • TORRECID, S.A., Partida Torreta s/n 12110 ALCORA CASTELLON Spain
  • TOSOH EUROPE B.V., Amstelplein 1 1096 HA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Traxys Cometals Europe S.à r.l., 19-21 route d’Arlon Batiments C-D, 2nd Floor 8009 Strassen Luxembourg
  • Traxys Europe SA, 19-21 Route Arlon same L-8009 Strassen Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • TRAXYS France S.A.S., 49 avenue Hoche 75008 Paris France
  • TRB, 7 rue de la neuville 62152 nesles France
  • Treibacher Schleifmittel Villach_OR_TSK, imerys minerals limited Par moor centre, Par moor road PL242SQ Par CORNWALL Austria
  • Treibacher Schleifmittel Villach_OR_TSX, Seebach 2 9523 Landskron Villach Austria
  • TRIMET Aluminium SE, Aluminiumallee 1 45356 Essen NRW Germany
  • TRIMET FRANCE, Rue Henri Sainte Claire Deville Zone Industrielle Le Parquet 73300 SAINT JEAN DE MAURIENNE France
  • TSGE_2019-008, Im Fliegerhorst 12 38642 Goslar Germany
  • Tyrolit Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski K.G., Swarovskistrasse 33 6130 Schwaz Tirol Austria
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, Westendstraße 199 80686 München Germany
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, IS-USR-MUC Westendstr. 199 80686 Munich Germany
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • Umicore Thin Film Products AG, Alte Landstrasse 8 FL-9496 Balzers Liechtenstein
  • Unicat Catalyst Technologies, Dr van Peltlaan 13 1861KA Bergen Netherlands
  • United Company Rusal Aluminium Limited, Thermistokli Dervis Street, 5 Elenion Building, 2nd floor 1066 Nikosia Cyprus
  • United Company Rusal Aluminium Limited, Themistokli Dervis Street, 5 Elenion Building, 2nd floor 1066 Nikosia Cyprus
  • Univar Solutions B.V., Schouwburgplein 30-34 NL-3012 CL Rotterdam Netherlands
  • UOP B.V., Noorderlaan 147 B-2030 Antwerp Belgium
  • UOP S.r.l., Viale Milanofiori I-20090 Assago (MI) Italy
  • UOP S.r.l._OR002, Viale Milanofiori Strada 1 - Palazzo E1 I-20090 Assago Milan Italy
  • UOP S.r.l._OR003, Viale Milanofiori Strada 1 - Palazzo E1 I-20090 Assago Milan Italy
  • Veitsch-Radex GmbH & Co OG, Kranichberggasse 6 1120 Wien Austria
  • Vesuvius France S.A., 68, Rue Paul Deudon 59750 Feignies France
  • Vesuvius Poland Sp. z o.o., ul. Tyniecka 12 32-050 Skawina Poland
  • VSM - Vereinigte Schmirgel- und Maschinen-Fabriken AG, Siegmundstr. 17 30165 Hannover Germany
  • Wacker Chemie AG, Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4 81737 Muenchen Germany
  • Washington Mills AS, (no street) 7300 Orkanger Norway
  • Wester Mineralien GmbH, Heerstrasse 41 53347 Alfter - Witterschlick NRW Germany
  • Yordas GmbH, Äußere Nürnberger Straße 62 91301 Forchheim Germany
  • Younexa Spain S.L.U., Carretera Valencia - Barcelona Km 61.5 12550 Almazora (Castellon) Spain
  • Zeolyst CV - OR1, Oosterhorn 36 9936 HD1 Delfzijl Netherlands
  • Ziegler & Co. GmbH, Dr.-Heinrich-Hohenner.Str. 4 95632 Wunsiedel Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Alaska Metals Ltd, 25 Berkeley Square W1J 6HN London United Kingdom
  • Almatis BV OR Inc., Theemsweg 30 3197 KM Botlek Netherlands
  • AWUKO ABRASIVES Wandmacher GmbH & Co. KG, Hedemündener Str.9 34346 Hann. Münden Germany
  • BASF Sonatrach Propanchem S.A., Carretera Nacional 340, km 1.156 43006 Tarragona Spain
  • BHP Billiton Marketing B.V., Verheeskade 25 2521 BE Den Haag Netherlands
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemservice S.A. (H5P7), 13, Fausermillen 6689 Mertert Luxembourg
  • CoorsTek Ltd, Am Winkelsteig 1 91207 Lauf a. d. Pegnitz Germany United Kingdom
  • Henkel Electronic Materials (Belgium) N.V., Nijverheidsstraat 7 2260 Westerlo Belgium
  • Hodge Clemco Ltd, Orgreave Drive S13 9NR Sheffield United Kingdom
  • Kawneer Nederland B.V (OR Alcoa Minerals of Jamaica), Archimedesstraat 9. 3846 CT Harderwijk Netherlands
  • Kawneer Nederland B.V (OR AWA Brasil), Archimedesstraat 9. 3846 CT Harderwijk Netherlands
  • Kawneer Nederland B.V (OR Suriname), Archimedesstraat 9. 3846 CT Harderwijk Netherlands
  • Kominex Mineralmahlwerk, Am Selkebad 2 06463 Falkenstein/Harz OT Ermsleben Germany
  • Kuhmichel Abrasiv Ltd., Friars Mill, Friars Terrace ST17 4AU Stafford United Kingdom
  • Liberty Aluminium Lochaber LTD, Lochaber Smelter PH33 6TH Fort William Highlands United Kingdom
  • MAXAM TAN SAS, Chemin des Soldats s/n 62670 Mazingarbe France
  • Morgan Technical Ceramics Certech, 92c&d Brunel Road Earlstrees Industrial Estate NN17 4JW Corby Northants United Kingdom
  • Noble Resources UK Limited, 33 Cavendish Square W1G 0PW London United Kingdom
  • Nouryon Pulp and Performance Chemicals AB, Färjevägen 1 SE-445 80 Bohus Sweden
  • Nouryon Pulp and Performance Chemicals Norway AS, Svaddeveien 119 NO-3660 Rjukan Norway
  • Only representative (No publishable name), null
  • Plimex S.r.l., Via Campo d' Appio n°144 54031 Avenza Italy
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP (Shaanxi king stone enterprise company limited), Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES LIMITED, DOXEY ROAD ST161EA STAFFORD United Kingdom
  • Sigma-Aldrich Company Limited, The Old Brickyard, New Road SP8 4XT Gillingham United Kingdom
  • The Bergquist Company GmbH, Verbindungsweg 42 25469 Halstenbek Germany
  • Turbine Surface Technologies Limited, Rolls-Royce plc Moor Lane DE24 8BJ Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • UOP Antwerp, Noorderlaan 147 B-2030 Antwerp Belgium
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]

Substance names and other identifiers

Aluminium oxide
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration, FCMs Recycled Plastic & Articles Regulation - Annex I - Authorised Use
aluminium oxide
REACH pre-registration, FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex I - Authorised Substances, FCMs Recycled Plastic & Articles Regulation - Annex I - Authorised Use
Aluminum oxide (ignited)
Other
Aluminum oxide (Al2O3)
Other
Activated Alumina
Registration dossier
Activated alumina / catalyst support
Registration dossier
Al2O3
Registration dossier
alluminium oxide
C&L Inventory
Alumax N8
Registration dossier
Alumina
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Alumina
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Alumina (Actal-UG1)
Registration dossier
Alumina TM
Registration dossier
Alumines
Registration dossier
aluminium (III) oxide
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
ALUMINIUM OXIDE
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
ALUMINIUM OXIDE
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
aluminium oxide (2/3)
Registration dossier
Aluminium oxide (Brown Fused Alumina)
Registration dossier
Aluminium oxide (catalyst)
Registration dossier
ALUMINIUM OXIDE (ENCAPSULATED)
C&L Inventory
aluminium oxide equivalent
Registration dossier
Aluminium oxide, activated alumina, calcined alumina, fused alumina, tabular alumina, fumed alumina
Registration dossier
Aluminium oxide, Alumina
Registration dossier
aluminium oxide/oxo[(oxoalumanyl)oxy]alumane
Registration dossier
Aluminium oxideoxo(oxoalumanyloxy)alumane
C&L Inventory
aluminium sequioxide
Registration dossier
Aluminium trioxide
C&L Inventory
Aluminium(II) oxide
Registration dossier
aluminium(III) oxide
C&L Inventory
Aluminium(III)oxide
Registration dossier
Aluminiumoxid
C&L Inventory
Aluminiumoxid
Registration dossier
Aluminiumoxide
Registration dossier
Aluminum (III) oxide
Registration dossier
ALUMINUM OXIDE
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Aluminum Oxide
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
ALUMINUM OXIDE (AL2O3)
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Aluminum oxide (alpha)
C&L Inventory
Aluminum oxide, alumina
Registration dossier
Aluminum Trioxide
C&L Inventory
Aluminum(III) oxide
C&L Inventory
alumium oxide
C&L Inventory
alumnium oxide
C&L Inventory
AlumoniuOxide
C&L Inventory
Brown Fused Alumina
Registration dossier
Brown Fused Alumina (BFA)
Registration dossier
CALCINED ALUMINA and POLISHING ALUMINA
C&L Inventory
di-aluminium-tri-oxid
C&L Inventory
Dialuminium trioxide
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
dialuminium(3+) trioxide
C&L Inventory
dialuminium; oxygen (2-)
Registration dossier
dialuminum oxygen
Registration dossier
dialuminum oxygen(2-)
C&L Inventory
dialuminum oxygen(2-) hydrate
C&L Inventory
dialuminum trioxide
Registration dossier
Dialuminum; oxygen(2-)
Registration dossier
dialuminum;oxygen(2-)
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Fused Alumina
Registration dossier
Fused Aluminum Oxide
Registration dossier
Korund
Registration dossier
Nafen
Registration dossier
Not available
C&L Inventory
oxid hlinitý
C&L Inventory
Oxide d'aluminium
C&L Inventory
oxo (oxoalumanyloxy) alumane
Registration dossier
oxo(oxoalumanyloxy) alumane
C&L Inventory
Oxo(oxoalumanyloxy)alumane
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
oxo(oxoalumanyloxy)alumane equivalent
Registration dossier
oxo(oxoalumanyoxy)alumane
Registration dossier
oxo[(oxoalumanyl)oxy]alumane
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
oxo[(oxoalumanyl)oxy]alumanesy
Registration dossier
Tabular alumina
Registration dossier
triossido di dialluminio
C&L Inventory
tritlenek diglinu
C&L Inventory
White fused alumina
Registration dossier
White Fused Alumina, Calcined alumina, Tabular alumina and Fused alumina
Registration dossier
xo(oxoalumanyloxy)alumane
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
4516-A
Registration dossier
5016-A
Registration dossier
504-C
Registration dossier
506-C
Registration dossier
507-C
Registration dossier
AB 12
Registration dossier
AB75
Registration dossier
Acctivated alumina
Registration dossier
Actal-UG1
Registration dossier
Activated Alumina
Registration dossier
AD-85, AD-90, AD-94, AD-96, AD-98, AD-995, AD-996, AD-998, ADR-96, AHP-99,AP-All, FG-995, FG98, PLASMAPURE, PLASMAPURE-UC, Superstrate
Registration dossier
Adamas® A-100D Alumina Powder
Registration dossier
Adamas® A-901K Splendor White
Registration dossier
Adamas® AE-901K-OP Splendor White
Registration dossier
Aeroxide
Registration dossier
Alcaten
Registration dossier
Allumina
Registration dossier
ALO-Marron
Registration dossier
ALO-……….
Registration dossier
Alu - Oxide, Alu - Oxid, Sandy Calcined, Metallurgical Grade Alumina, Sandy Calcined Alumina, Sandy Alumina
Registration dossier
Alugel
Registration dossier
Alumac
Registration dossier
Alumax
Registration dossier
Alumina
Registration dossier
ALUMINA CALCINADA
Registration dossier
ALUMINA CALCINADA B GRADE
Registration dossier
ALUMINA CALCINADA BM45 GRADE
Registration dossier
ALUMINA CALCINADA G GRADE
Registration dossier
ALUMINA CALCINADA HTM-I
Registration dossier
ALUMINA CALCINADA S
Registration dossier
ALUMINA CALCINADA STANDARD
Registration dossier
ALUMINA MICRONIZADA HTM10
Registration dossier
ALUMINA MICRONIZADA HTM20
Registration dossier
ALUMINA SX
Registration dossier
Alumina, fused alumina, fumed alumina, activated alumina, tabular alumina
Registration dossier
Alumina, fused alumina, fumed alumina, activated alumina, tabular alumina, Aluminium Oxide, Aluminium Oxid,
Registration dossier
Alumina, fused alumina, fumed alumina, activated alumina, tabular alumina, Aluminium Oxide, Aluminium Oxid, Alu - Oxide, Alu - Oxid, Sandy Calcined, Metallurgical Grade Alumina, Sandy Calcined Alumina, Sandy Alumina, Calcined Alumina
Registration dossier
Alumine
Registration dossier
ALUMINIUM OXIDE
Registration dossier
Aluminium Oxide, Aluminium Oxid, Alu - Oxide, Alu - Oxid, Sandy Calcined Metallurgical Grade Alumina, Sandy Calcined Alumina, Sandy Alumina Calcined Alumina, Smelter Grade Alumina, Smelting Grade Alumina, Metallurgical Grade Alumina
Registration dossier
Aluminum Oxide
Registration dossier
Aluminum Oxide Powder
Registration dossier
Alumium Oxide
Registration dossier
Alutab
Registration dossier
B Class Alumina
Registration dossier
BCF
Registration dossier
BFA
Registration dossier
BLACK ALUMINUM
Registration dossier
Black Fused Alumina
Registration dossier
BROWN /WHITE ALUMINIUM OXIDE ( FUSED ALUMINA )
Registration dossier
Brown corundum
Registration dossier
BROWN FUSED ALUMINA
Registration dossier
Brown Fused Alumina (BFA)
Registration dossier
Brown Fused Aluminia
Registration dossier
Brown Fused Aluminium
Registration dossier
Brown fused aluminium oxide
Registration dossier
Brown Fused Aluminum Oxide
Registration dossier
BRWON FUSED ALUMINA OXIDE
Registration dossier
BZ
Registration dossier
Calcined Alumina
Registration dossier
Calcined alumina GKE
Registration dossier
Calcined alumina GKM
Registration dossier
Calcined alumina GKT
Registration dossier
Calcined Alumina, Smelter Grade Alumina, Smelting Grade Alumina Metallurgical Grade Alumina, Alumar Alumina
Registration dossier
Catalox
Registration dossier
Ceralox
Registration dossier
Chlorocel
Registration dossier
COMPALOX®
Registration dossier
CORINDON AMAX BLANC
Registration dossier
CORINDON AMAXICOR BLANC
Registration dossier
CORINDON BLANC
Registration dossier
Corindón
Registration dossier
Corindón blanco
Registration dossier
Corindón marrón
Registration dossier
Corundum
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
CS-331 carrier types
Registration dossier
CTR carrier
Registration dossier
D10-10
Registration dossier
Dispal R 14N4-80 Alumina
Registration dossier
DMPJ
Registration dossier
Dryocel
Registration dossier
Durocel
Registration dossier
Dynocel
Registration dossier
EDR
Registration dossier
EK
Registration dossier
EK8A
Registration dossier
FESITI
Registration dossier
Fluorocel
Registration dossier
FO
Registration dossier
FR
Registration dossier
Fumed alumina
Registration dossier
FUSED ALUMINA
Registration dossier
Fused Aluminia
Registration dossier
Fused aluminium oxide
Registration dossier
Fused Aluminium oxide (Corundum)
Registration dossier
FWA
Registration dossier
Hydrocel
Registration dossier
In pure form: TK-xx
Registration dossier
KKD
Registration dossier
KKW
Registration dossier
MARTIPOL®
Registration dossier
MARTOXID®
Registration dossier
MARTOXIN®
Registration dossier
Maxcel
Registration dossier
Microcrystalline Ceramic Abrasives
Registration dossier
Mirinae® A-1000D Alumina Powder
Registration dossier
Monocrystalline Fused Alumina
Registration dossier
Nabalox
Registration dossier
Normaal Corund
Registration dossier
Normalkorund
Registration dossier
OPL
Registration dossier
OSO
Registration dossier
PC
Registration dossier
Peroxcel
Registration dossier
PINK FUSED ALUMINA
Registration dossier
Pink Fused Aluminum Oxide
Registration dossier
Polycel
Registration dossier
Puralox
Registration dossier
RB
Registration dossier
RB, Corindone Rossobruno
Registration dossier
RBT9
Registration dossier
Reactiv alumina
Registration dossier
Reactive Alumina
Registration dossier
RG
Registration dossier
Rod
Registration dossier
Ruby Fused Alumina
Registration dossier
SA
Registration dossier
SCT
Registration dossier
SE
Registration dossier
SE250
Registration dossier
Semifriable Fused Alumina
Registration dossier
SGA, SC-1, SC -13, SC-0, ESPD or alumina dust
Registration dossier
Siralox
Registration dossier
Smelter grade alumina
Registration dossier
Smelter Grade Alumina, Smelting Grade Alumina Metallurgical Grade Alumina, Worsley alumina
Registration dossier
SNOW SAPPHIRE
Registration dossier
SO200
Registration dossier
SpectrAl®
Registration dossier
Spectra® Optic White SP-9001M
Registration dossier
Spent activated alumina
Registration dossier
SRSK
Registration dossier
SynDol
Registration dossier
Tabular Alumina
Registration dossier
Tabular alumina ALFA TAB
Registration dossier
Tabular oxide
Registration dossier
Tengda
Registration dossier
The substance is placed on the market both as a substance in pure form and as a part of the chemical matrix of an inorganic catalyst (i.e. regarded as a preparation according to Guidance on substance identification).
Registration dossier
Tradename for the substance when constituting a part of the catalyst, see section 3.4 for tradenames on mixtures containing the substance
Registration dossier
Treibacher Alodur
Registration dossier
WA
Registration dossier
WFA
Registration dossier
WFA, White fused alumina
Registration dossier
White corundum
Registration dossier
White Fused Alumin
Registration dossier
WHITE FUSED ALUMINA
Registration dossier
White Fused Alumina (WFA)
Registration dossier
White Fused Aluminia
Registration dossier
White fused aluminium oxide
Registration dossier
White Fused Aluminum Oxide
Registration dossier
WRG
Registration dossier
WSK
Registration dossier
ZIRCONIA ALUMINA
Registration dossier
ZPSK
Registration dossier
ZR
Registration dossier
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EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex I - Authorised Substances, FCMs Recycled Plastic & Articles Regulation - Annex I - Authorised Use
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Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [3]
C Form
Solid: nanomaterial (67%), Solid: particulate/powder (33%) [3]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 6 summaries submitted
  • 6 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)
Form
Solid: nanomaterial (50%), Solid: particulate/powder (50%)
Colour
white (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 29 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
1 200 - 2 054 °C [12]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 28
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
2 000 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 25 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
R Boiling point
2 977 °C [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 24
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
2 980 °C

Density

Study results
  • 34 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
R Bulk density
0.679 g/cm³ [1]
R Relative density
3.5 - 4 [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 32
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
4

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 16
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
1 hPa @ 2 158 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
0 - 82 000 ng/L @ 20 °C and pH 5 - 7 [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 18
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Water solubility
20 µg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 7
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Not classified (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 25 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 12 2 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 3
Other
Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 6 summaries submitted
  • 6 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (2)
Marine water No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (2)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 20 mg/L (2)
Sediment (freshwater) No hazard identified (2)
Sediment (marine water) No hazard identified (2)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (4)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No hazard identified (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 97 studies submitted
  • 73 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (16 days) 430 - 3 910 µg/L [20]
LC50 (8 days) 22.4 mg/L [5]
LC50 (4 days) 78 - 218 644.1 µg/L [102]
LC50 (4 days) 2.9 µmol/L [3]
LC50 (72 h) 10 - 19.3 mg/L [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 66 2 8
Other 8 7
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 6 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 81 studies submitted
  • 68 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (60 days) 88 - 350 µg/L [20]
NOEC (33 days) 71.5 - 558.1 µg/L [21]
NOEC (30 days) 57 - 88 µg/L [15]
NOEC (28 days) 4.7 - 23.1 mg/L [20]
NOEC (7 days) 25.1 - 56 480 µg/L [108]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 66 2 2
Other 6 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 83 studies submitted
  • 69 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 1.5 - 500 mg/L [17]
LC50 (4 days) 22 - 100 mg/L [11]
LC50 (72 h) 74.3 mg/L [1]
LC50 (48 h) 5.7 - 500 000 µg/L [97]
LC50 (24 h) 117.8 - 219.6 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 72 2
Other 3 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 85 studies submitted
  • 72 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 232.6 - 453.8 µg/L [12]
NOEC (30 days) 1.034 - 18.273 mg/L [15]
NOEC (28 days) 53.1 - 4 281.8 µg/L [17]
NOEC (21 days) 76 - 600 µg/L [13]
NOEC (17 days) 962.5 µg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 69 1 2
Other 6 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 73 studies submitted
  • 63 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (6 days) 100 - 1 000 mg/L [2]
EC50 (4 days) 5.4 - 8 300 µg/L [26]
EC50 (72 h) 16.9 - 110 200 µg/L [126]
IC50 (72 h) 2.101 g/L [1]
NOEC (6 days) 1 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 67 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 6 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 8.643 - 15.966 mg/L [9]
NOEC (7 days) 2.76 mg/L [9]
NOEC (4 days) 45.7 mg/L [5]
LOEC (7 days) 5.314 mg/L [9]
EC10 (7 days) 2.175 - 4.545 mg/L [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 8 1
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (2 h) 1 - 326.1 mg/L [3]
EC50 (15 min) 100 - 120 mg/L [2]
NOEC (14 h) 1 g/L [1]
EC10 (3 h) 200 - 1 000 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 9 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
200 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 5 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 750 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 750 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1.32 mg/kg bw/day