Registration Dossier

Data platform availability banner - registered substances factsheets

Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

According to the National Toxicology Program (NTP, 1996), γ-Butyrolactone (GBL) is rapidly metabolized to gamma-hydroxybutyric acid and eliminated primarily as respiratory carbon dioxide and urinary metabolites. GHB is converted eventually to succinic acid, which enters the Krebs cycle, eventually being eliminated mainly as carbon dioxide. GBL shares common segments of its metabolism and toxicokinetic pathway with 1,4 -Butanediol as well as other compounds that can be metabolized to gamma-hydroxy butyric acid. Approximately 10% of a dose applied to the skin of rats, is absorbed (NTP, 1992). A mean permeability constant of 0.0001 cm/hr (1.1 g/m2/hr) has been estimated (Ursin, 1995).