Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Hazard for aquatic organisms

Freshwater

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC aqua (freshwater)
PNEC value:
0.001 mg/L
Assessment factor:
50
Extrapolation method:
assessment factor
PNEC freshwater (intermittent releases):
0.006 mg/L

Marine water

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC aqua (marine water)
PNEC value:
0 mg/L
Assessment factor:
500
Extrapolation method:
assessment factor

STP

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC STP
PNEC value:
14.2 mg/L
Assessment factor:
10
Extrapolation method:
assessment factor

Sediment (freshwater)

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC sediment (freshwater)
PNEC value:
0.004 mg/kg sediment dw
Assessment factor:
1
Extrapolation method:
equilibrium partitioning method

Sediment (marine water)

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC sediment (marine water)
PNEC value:
0 mg/kg sediment dw
Assessment factor:
1
Extrapolation method:
equilibrium partitioning method

Hazard for air

Air

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Hazard for terrestrial organisms

Soil

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC soil
PNEC value:
0.335 mg/kg soil dw
Assessment factor:
1
Extrapolation method:
equilibrium partitioning method

Hazard for predators

Secondary poisoning

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no potential for bioaccumulation
Assessment factor:
1

Additional information

The technical product "Tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride, oligomeric reaction products with urea" (THPC-urea) is a condensate of THPC and urea. The functional group of the THPC is the OH group. The functional group of the urea is the amino group NH2. The condensation of THPC and urea does not change both functional groups.

The first read across approach between THPC and THPS is considered applicable, as the organic phosphonium cation, which is the responsible part for the toxicological effects, is the same for both salts. The different anions (chlorid and sulfat) have no great influence on the solubility (both very high), the vapour pressure (both extrem low), and the log Kow (both extrem low and negativ).

The second read-across approach between THPC and THPC-urea is based on the fact, that THPC is an impurity of the technical product THPC-urea. THPC is more reactive and more toxic than THPC-urea. A worst case scenario is created assuming that THPC-urea is completely reactive like THPC.

Furthermore, the oxidative degradation of THPC-urea, THPS and THPC results in the same main metabolite THPO, which is far less toxic than THPC-urea, THPS and THPC.

Conclusion on classification

Based on available data the C&L as aquatic acute 1 (H400) as well as aquatic chronic 1 (H410) is justified.