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Ecotoxicological information

Long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

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Description of key information

The read across substance THPS was investigated in terms of chronic toxicity (21 d): The results are as follows:
Daphnia magna (freshwater): NOEC = 0.032 mg a.i./l.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

EC10, LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates:
0.032 mg/L

Additional information

The technical product "Tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride, oligomeric reaction products with urea" (THPC-urea) is a condensate of THPC and urea. The functional group of the THPC is the OH group. The functional group of the urea is the amino group NH2. The condensation of THPC and urea does not change both functional groups.

The first read across approach between THPC and THPS is considered applicable, as the organic phosphonium cation, which is the responsible part for the toxicological effects, is the same for both salts. The different anions (chlorid and sulfat) have no great influence on the solubility (both very high), the vapour pressure (both extrem low), and the log Kow (both extrem low and negativ).

The second read-across approach between THPC and THPC-urea is based on the fact, that THPC is an impurity of the technical product THPC-urea. THPC is more reactive and more toxic than THPC-urea. A worst case scenario is created assuming that THPC-urea is completely reactive like THPC.

Furthermore, the oxidative degradation of THPC-urea, THPS and THPC results in the same main metabolite THPO, which is far less toxic than THPC-urea, THPS and THPC.