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Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

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Reference
Endpoint:
bioaccumulation in aquatic species, other
Type of information:
calculation (if not (Q)SAR)
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
accepted calculation method
Justification for type of information:
data is from computational model developed by USEPA.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: Modeling database
Principles of method if other than guideline:
BCFBAF Program (v3.00)
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name (IUPAC): 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid
- Molecular formula: C16H13NO7S2
- Molecular weight: 395.4107 g/mol
- Smiles notation: c1cc(cc(c1)S(=O)(=O)O)Nc2ccc3cc(cc(c3c2)O)S(=O)(=O)O
- InChl : 1S/C16H13NO7S2/c18-16-9-14(26(22,23)24)6-10-4-5-12(8-15(10)16)17-11-2-1-3-13(7-11)25(19,20)21/h1-9,17-18H,(H,19,20,21)(H,22,23,24)
- Substance type: Organic
-Physical state: light grey coloured crystalline solid
Radiolabelling:
not specified
Vehicle:
not specified
Test organisms (species):
other: Fish
Route of exposure:
aqueous
Test type:
other: estimated
Water / sediment media type:
natural water: freshwater
Test temperature:
25 deg. C
Key result
Temp.:
25 °C
Type:
BCF
Value:
3.162 L/kg
Basis:
whole body w.w.
Calculation basis:
other: estimated
Remarks on result:
other: Non bioaccumulative

BCFBAF Program (v3.01) Results:

==============================

SMILES : c1cc(cc(c1)S(=O)(=O)O)Nc2ccc3cc(cc(c3c2)O)S(=O)(=O)O

CHEM  :

MOL FOR: C16 H13 N1 O7 S2

MOL WT : 395.40

--------------------------------- BCFBAF v3.01 --------------------------------

Summary Results:

Log BCF (regression-based estimate): 0.50 (BCF = 3.16 L/kg wet-wt)

Biotransformation Half-Life (days) : 0.00884 (normalized to 10 g fish)

Log BAF (Arnot-Gobas upper trophic): -0.04 (BAF = 0.914 L/kg wet-wt)

 

Log Kow (experimental): not available from database

Log Kow used by BCF estimates: -0.12

 

Equation Used to Make BCF estimate:

Log BCF = 0.50 (Ionic; Log Kow dependent)

 

 Estimated Log BCF = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162 L/kg wet-wt)

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Conclusions:
From BCFBAF Program (v3.00) model of EPI suite the estimated bio concentration factor (BCF) for 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid (CAS No: 25251-42-7) is 3.162 L/kg wet-wt which does not exceed the bioconcentration threshold of 2000. Thus it is concluded that the test chemical 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid is not expected to bio accumulate in the aquatic environment.
Executive summary:

From BCFBAF Program (v3.00) model of EPI suite the estimated bio concentration factor (BCF) for 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid (CAS No: 25251-42-7) is 3.162 L/kg wet-wt which does not exceed the bioconcentration threshold of 2000. Thus it is concluded that the test chemical 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid is not expected to bio accumulate in the aquatic environment.

Description of key information

From BCFBAF Program (v3.00) model of EPI suite the estimated bio concentration factor (BCF) for 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid (CAS No: 25251-42-7) is 3.162 L/kg wet-wt which does not exceed the bioconcentration threshold of 2000. Thus it is concluded that the test chemical 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid is not expected to bio accumulate in the aquatic environment.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

BCF (aquatic species):
3.162 L/kg ww

Additional information

Various predicted data for the target compound 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid (CAS No: 25251-42-7) and supporting weight of evidence study for its read across chemical were reviewed for the bioaccumulation end point which are summarized as below:

In a prediction done from BCFBAF Program (v3.00) model of EPI suite (Estimation Program Interface, 2017) the estimated bio concentration factor (BCF) for 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid (CAS No: 25251-42-7) is 3.162 L/kg wet-wt which does not exceed the bioconcentration threshold of 2000.

Another prediction done by using Bio-concentration Factor (v12.1.0.50374) module of ACD (Advanced Chemistry Development)/I-Lab predictive module, 2017 Bio-concentration Factor at range pH 1-14  of the chemical 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid (CAS no. 25251-42-7) estimated to be 1.0 dimensionless.

Next prediction done by using SciFinder database of ACS (American Chemical Society, 2017) to estimate Bioconcentration factor (BCF) for test chemical 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid (CAS No: 25251-42-7) in aquatic organisms at pH 1-10 and temperature 25 °C .The Bioconcentration factor (BCF) of test substance 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid at pH 1-10 and temperature 25 °C was estimated to be 1.0 dimensionless.

Fourth prediction done by using Chemspider- ACD/PhysChem Suite of Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017 to estimate Bioconcentration factor (BCF) of test chemical 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid (CAS No: 25251-42-7) in aquatic organisms by  at pH 5.5 and pH 7.4.The Bioconcentration factor (BCF) of test substance 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid  at pH 5.5 and pH 7.4 was estimated to be 1.0 dimensionless.

Last prediction done from CompTox Chemistry Dashboard using OPERA (OPEn (quantitative) structure-activity Relationship Application)  V1.02 model in which calculation based on PaDEL descriptors (calculate molecular descriptors and fingerprints of chemical)  the bioaccumulation i.e BCF for test substance 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid (CAS no.25251-42-7) was estimated to be 2.24 dimensionless it is based on the 5 OECD principles.

In a supporting weight of evidence study from authoritative database (JCheck, 2017) conducted for 6 weeks for determination the bioconcentration factor (BCF) of read across chemical 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic Acid (CAS no 90-51-7) on test organism Cyprinus carpio. Nominal concentrations used was 1st Concentration area: 1.0 mg/L (w/v), 2nd Concentration area: 0.1 mg/L (w/v) and Range finding study was carried out on Rice fish (Oryzias latipes) TLm(48h) 335 ppm(w/v).Thus according to static Fish Test the BCF value 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic Acid was observed to be 0.1-0.5 L/kg at dose concentration 1.0 mg/L and 1-7.1 L/kg at dose concentration 0.1 mg/L on test organism Cyprinus carpio during 6 weeks period. These BCF values indicate that the read across substance 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic Acid is not bioaccumulative in fish and food chain as these values are far less than 2000 criteria.

On the basis of above results for target chemical 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid (CAS no.25251-42-7) (from EPI suite, ACD labs, Scifinder chemspider and CompTox Chemistry Dashboard 2017) and its read across chemical ( from J check) it can be concluded that the BCF value of test 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid ranges from 1.0 to 7.1 dimensionless which does not exceed the bioconcentration threshold of 2000, indicating that the chemical 4-hydroxy-6-[(3-sulfophenyl)amino]naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid is expected to be non-bioaccumulative in the food chain.