Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Skin Irritation:

The dermal irritation potential of 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was estimated using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3 with logPow as the primary descriptor.

4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was estimated to be not irritating to the skin of New Zealand White rabbits.

Based on the estimated results, 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid can be considered to be not irritating to skin and can be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.

Eye Irritation:

The ocular irritation potential of 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was estimated using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3 with logPow as the primary descriptor.

4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was estimated to be not irritating to the eyes of New Zealand White rabbits.

Based on the estimated results, 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid can be considered to be not irritating to eyes and can be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
data is from OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3 and the QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: Estimated data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Name of the test chemical: 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid
Molecular formula: C16H13NO7S2
Molecular weight: 395.4107 g/mol
Smiles Notation: c1cc(cc(c1)S(=O)(=O)O)Nc2ccc3cc(cc(c3c2)O)S(=O)(=O)O
InChI: 1S/C16H13NO7S2/c18-16-9-14(26(22,23)24)6-10-4-5-12(8-15(10)16)17-11-2-1-3-13(7-11)25(19,20)21/h1-9,17-18H,(H,19,20,21)(H,22,23,24)
Substance Type: Organic
Physical State: Solid
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
no data available
Type of coverage:
occlusive
Preparation of test site:
clipped
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
0.5g
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 hours
Observation period:
4, 24 and 48 hours
Number of animals:
6
Details on study design:
no data available
Other effects / acceptance of results:
no data available
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
72 h
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No irritation observed

Estimation method: Takes mode value from the 7 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" )  and ("e" and ( not "f") )  )  and ("g" and ( not "h") )  )  and ("i" and ( not "j") )  )  and ("k" and ( not "l") )  )  and "m" )  and ("n" and ( not "o") )  )  and "p" )  and ("q" and ( not "r") )  )  and ("s" and ( not "t") )  )  and ("u" and ( not "v") )  )  and ("w" and "x" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic amine OR Aryl OR Fused carbocyclic aromatic OR Naphtalene OR Phenol OR Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic amine OR Aryl OR Fused carbocyclic aromatic OR Naphtalene OR Overlapping groups OR Phenol OR Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups (nested) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol, olefinic attach [-OH] OR Aliphatic Nitrogen, two aromatic attach [-N-] OR Aromatic Carbon [C] OR Hydroxy, aromatic attach [-OH] OR Hydroxy, sulfur attach [-OH] OR Miscellaneous sulfide (=S) or oxide (=O) OR Nitrogen, two or tree olefinic attach [>N-] OR Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] OR Oxygen, one aromatic attach [-O-] OR Suflur {v+4} or {v+6} OR Sulfinic acid [-S(=O)OH] OR Sulfonate, aromatic attach [-SO2-O] by Organic functional groups (US EPA) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Amine OR Aromatic compound OR Hydroxy compound OR Phenol OR Secondary amine OR Secondary aromatic amine OR Sulfonic acid OR Sulfonic acid derivative by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinoneimines OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> alpha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> alpha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Quinone type compounds OR Michael addition >> Quinone type compounds >> Quinone methides OR Non-specific OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) >> Quinoneimines OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion >> Quinone methides OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom >> Quinoline Derivatives by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Hydroquinones OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Polycyclic (PAHs) and heterocyclic (HACs) aromatic hydrocarbons-Michael addition OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary aromatic amine by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> (Thio)Acyl and (thio)carbamoyl halides and cyanides  OR Michael Addition OR Michael Addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group OR Michael Addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group >> alpha,beta-Carbonyl compounds with polarized double bonds  OR Michael Addition >> Polarised Alkenes OR Michael Addition >> Polarised Alkenes >> Polarised Alkene - alkenyl pyridines, pyrazines, pyrimidines or triazines  OR Nucleophilic addition OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds >> Ketones by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding alerts for Chromosomal aberration by OASIS v1.1

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Ac-SN2 OR Ac-SN2 >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) sufonamide group OR Ac-SN2 >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) sufonamide group >> Arenesulphonamides OR AN2 OR AN2 >> Michael addition to the quinoid type structures OR AN2 >> Michael addition to the quinoid type structures >> N-Subsituted Aromatic Amines OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures >> Phenols OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition at polarized N-functional double bond OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition at polarized N-functional double bond >> Arenesulphonamides OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to pyridonimine tautomer of aminopyridoindoles or aminopyridoimidazoles OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to pyridonimine tautomer of aminopyridoindoles or aminopyridoimidazoles >> Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines OR Radical mechanism OR Radical mechanism >> ROS generation and direct attack of hydroxyl radical to the C8 position of nucleoside base OR Radical mechanism >> ROS generation and direct attack of hydroxyl radical to the C8 position of nucleoside base >> Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines OR SE reaction (CYP450-activated heterocyclic amines) OR SE reaction (CYP450-activated heterocyclic amines) >> Direct attack of arylnitrenium cation to the C8 position of nucleoside base OR SE reaction (CYP450-activated heterocyclic amines) >> Direct attack of arylnitrenium cation to the C8 position of nucleoside base >> Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines OR SR reaction (peroxidase-activated heterocyclic amines) OR SR reaction (peroxidase-activated heterocyclic amines) >> Direct attack of arylnitrenium radical to the C8 position of nucleoside base OR SR reaction (peroxidase-activated heterocyclic amines) >> Direct attack of arylnitrenium radical to the C8 position of nucleoside base >> Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines by Protein binding alerts for Chromosomal aberration by OASIS v1.1

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Bioavailable by Lipinski Rule Oasis ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not categorized by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as 3-Methylcholantrene (Hepatotoxicity) Alert OR Aliphatic amines (Mucous membrane irritation) Rank C OR Aromatic hydrocarbons (Liver enzyme induction) Rank C OR Benzene/ Naphthalene sulfonic acids (Less susceptible) Rank C OR Chlorphentermine (Hepatotoxicity) Alert OR Oxyphenistain (Hepatotoxicity) Alert OR Phenols (Mucous membrane irritation) Rank C OR Tamoxifen (Hepatotoxicity) Alert OR Thiocarbamates/Sulfides (Hepatotoxicity) No rank by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Amine AND Aromatic compound AND Hydroxy compound AND Phenol AND Secondary amine AND Secondary aromatic amine AND Sulfonic acid AND Sulfonic acid derivative by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Halogens OR Metalloids by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group 14 - Carbon C AND Group 15 - Nitrogen N AND Group 16 - Oxygen O AND Group 16 - Sulfur S by Chemical elements

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group 15 - Phosphorus P by Chemical elements

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not known precedent reproductive and developmental toxic potential by DART scheme v.1.0

Domain logical expression index: "v"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Known precedent reproductive and developmental toxic potential OR Toluene and small alkyl toluene derivatives (8a) by DART scheme v.1.0

Domain logical expression index: "w"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -0.611

Domain logical expression index: "x"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 0.801

Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating
Conclusions:
4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was estimated to be not irritating to the skin of New Zealand White rabbits.
Executive summary:

The dermal irritation potential of 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was estimated using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3 with logPow as the primary descriptor.

4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was estimated to be not irritating to the skin of New Zealand White rabbits.

Based on the estimated results, 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid can be considered to be not irritating to skin and can be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
data is from OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3 and the QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: Estimated data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Name of the test chemical: 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid
Molecular formula: C16H13NO7S2
Molecular weight: 395.4107 g/mol
Smiles Notation: c1cc(cc(c1)S(=O)(=O)O)Nc2ccc3cc(cc(c3c2)O)S(=O)(=O)O
InChI: 1S/C16H13NO7S2/c18-16-9-14(26(22,23)24)6-10-4-5-12(8-15(10)16)17-11-2-1-3-13(7-11)25(19,20)21/h1-9,17-18H,(H,19,20,21)(H,22,23,24)
Substance Type: Organic
Physical State: Solid
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
no data available
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
0.1 g
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hours
Observation period (in vivo):
24,48,72 hours
Duration of post- treatment incubation (in vitro):
no data available
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3
Details on study design:
no data available
Other effects / acceptance of results:
no data available
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
72 h
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No irritation observed

Estimation method: Takes mode value from the 6 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d") and("e" and(not "f")) ) and("g" and(not "h")) ) and("i" and(not "j")) ) and "k") and "l") and("m" and(not "n")) ) and "o") and("p" and(not "q")) ) and("r" and(not "s")) ) and "t") and("u" and "v") )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic amine OR Aryl OR Fused carbocyclic aromatic OR Naphtalene OR Phenol OR Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic amine OR Aryl OR Fused carbocyclic aromatic OR Naphtalene OR Overlapping groups OR Phenol OR Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups (nested) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol, olefinic attach [-OH] OR Aliphatic Nitrogen, two aromatic attach [-N-] OR Aromatic Carbon [C] OR Hydroxy, aromatic attach [-OH] OR Hydroxy, sulfur attach [-OH] OR Miscellaneous sulfide (=S) or oxide (=O) OR Nitrogen, two or tree olefinic attach [>N-] OR Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] OR Oxygen, one aromatic attach [-O-] OR Suflur {v+4} or {v+6} OR Sulfinic acid [-S(=O)OH] OR Sulfonate, aromatic attach [-SO2-O] by Organic functional groups (US EPA) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Amine OR Aromatic compound OR Hydroxy compound OR Phenol OR Secondary amine OR Secondary aromatic amine OR Sulfonic acid OR Sulfonic acid derivative by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinoneimines OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> alpha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> alpha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Quinone type compounds OR Michael addition >> Quinone type compounds >> Quinone methides OR Non-specific OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) >> Quinoneimines OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion >> Quinone methides OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related >> Epoxides and Aziridines OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom >> Quinoline Derivatives by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Hydroquinones by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Not possible to classify according to these rules (GSH) by Protein binding potency

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Moderately reactive (GSH) OR Moderately reactive (GSH) >> 2-Vinylpyridine (MA) OR Moderately reactive (GSH) >> Substituted 1-Alken-3-ones (MA) by Protein binding potency

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Class 5 (Not possible to classify according to these rules) by Acute aquatic toxicity classification by Verhaar (Modified) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Reactive unspecified by Acute aquatic toxicity MOA by OASIS ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Inclusion rules not met by Eye irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Organic sulphonic salts by Eye irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Bioavailable by Lipinski Rule Oasis ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Metalloids by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Group 14 - Carbon C AND Group 15 - Nitrogen N AND Group 16 - Oxygen O AND Group 16 - Sulfur S by Chemical elements

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary:The target chemical should be classified as Group 15 - Phosphorus P by Chemical elements

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Similarity boundary:Target: Oc1cc(S(O)(=O)=O)cc2ccc(Nc3cccc(S(O)(=O)=O)c3)cc12
Threshold=20%,
Dice(Atom centered fragments)
Atom type; Count H attached; Hybridization

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -0.264

Domain logical expression index: "v"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 3.32

Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating
Conclusions:
4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was estimated to be not irritating to the eyes of New Zealand White rabbits.
Executive summary:

The ocular irritation potential of 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was estimated using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3 with logPow as the primary descriptor.

4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was estimated to be not irritating to the eyes of New Zealand White rabbits.

Based on the estimated results, 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid can be considered to be not irritating to eyes and can be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Skin Irritation:

In different studies, 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid has been investigated for potential for dermal irritation to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in vivo experiments in rabbits along with predicted data for target chemical and its functionally similar read across substances, 7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid [CAS: 87 -02-5] and 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid [CAS: 90-51-7]. The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental data.

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the skin irritation potential was estimated for 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid. 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was not irritating to the skin of New Zealand White rabbits.

Skin irritation effects were also estimated by four different models i.e, Battery, Leadscope, SciQSAR and CASE Ultra used within Danish QSAR database for 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid. Based on estimation, no severe skin irritation effects were known when 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was exposed to rabbit skin. Hence, 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid can be considered not irritating to skin.

Both the estimated results are in agreement with each other, suggesting that 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid is not irritating to skin.

These studies are also supported by the experimental study summarized in Chemosphere. Vol. 28, No. 12, pp. 2203.2236, 1994, for the functionally similar read across substance, 7 -Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid [CAS: 87-02-5]. 500 mg 7-amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (I acid) was applied to the inner surface of the ears of 2 rabbits. 7 -amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (I acid) was applied under an adhesive dressing for 24 hours to the skin of male and Female New Zealand white rabbits. At the end of the exposure period, the test substance was washed off with water and soap/vegetable oil. The observation period was 7 days. No signs of irritation were observed after 7 days.

Hence, 7-amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid can be considered not irritating to rabbit skin.

These studies are also supported by the experimental study summarized in Chemosphere. Vol. 28, No. 12, pp. 2203.2236, 1994, for the functionally similar read across substance, 6 -Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid [CAS: 90-51-7]. 500 mg 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid was applied to the inner surface of the ears of 2 rabbits. 6 -Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid was applied under an adhesive dressing for 24 hours to the skin of male and Female New Zealand white rabbits. At the end of the exposure period, the test substance was washed off with water and soap/vegetable oil. The observation period was 7 days. No skin irritation was observed after 7 days.

Hence, 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid can be considered not-irritating to rabbit skin.

Based on the available data for the target and read across substances and applying the weight of evidence approach, 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid can be considered to be not irritating to skin. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

Eye Irritation:

In different studies, 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid has been investigated for potential for ocular irritation to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in vivo experiments in rabbits along with predicted data for target chemical and its functionally similar read across substances, 7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid [CAS: 87 -02-5] and 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid [CAS: 90-51-7]. The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental data.

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the ocular irritation potential was estimated for 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid. 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid was not irritating to the eyes of New Zealand White rabbits.

This result is supported by the experimental study summarized in Chemosphere. Vol. 28, No. 12, pp. 2203.2236, 1994, for the functionally similar read across substance, 7-Amino-4 -hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid [CAS: 87-02-5]. 50 mg 7-amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (I acid) was instilled into the conjunctival sac of 2 New Zealand white rabbits and observed for signs of irritation. The animals were observed for 7 days. No eye irritation was observed after 7 days. Hence, 7 -amino-4 -hydroxy-2 -naphthalenesulfonic acid can be considered not irritating to rabbit eyes.

These results are also supported by the experimental study summarized in BG Chemie InfoCenter, TOXIKOLOGISCHE BEWERTUNGEN; TOXICOLOGICAL EVALUATION last updated: 06/2000; for the functionally similar read across substance, 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid [CAS: 90-51-7]. 50 mg of test chemical was instilled into the conjunctival sac of 2 New Zealand White rabbits. One hour after application, slight reddening was observed, which cleared up completely after 3 days. Since the observed effects were fully reversible, 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid was considered to be not irritating to rabbit eyes.

Based on the available data for the target and read across substances and applying the weight of evidence approach, 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid can be considered to be not irritating to eyes. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

 

Justification for classification or non-classification

Available studies for 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid indicate that it is not likely to any cause irritation to skin and eyes.

Hence, 4-hydroxy-6-(3-sulphoanilino)naphthalene-2-sulphonic acid can be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.