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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Inhalation.  Remove to fresh air. Keep warm and at rest. Get medical attention.

Skin: Remove contaminated clothing. Immediately wash skin with soap and water. Get medical attention if skin cracking or redness occurs.

Eyes: Immediately flush eye with large quantities of water for at least 10 minutes holding the eye open. Avoid contaminating unaffected eye.

Ingestion: Wash out mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting. Keep patient warm and at rest. Give 240-300 ml water to drink ( only if patient is conscious). Repeat if patient vomits. Get medical attention if patient is unwell.  Get medical attention if a large quantity is ingested.

Fire-fighting measures

Special hazards: Hazardous combustion products may include carbon monoxide.

Fire/explosion hazards: Combustible material.  Burns but does not ignite readily. Containers may explode when heated.

Extinguishing media: Suitable: Alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical powder, carbon dioxide, water mist.  Unsuitable: Water in a jet.

Protective equipment: Full protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus.

Accidental release measures

Exposure controls and personal protection: Evacuate all non-essential personnel.  Avoid eye and skin contact, and inhalation of vapour.  Wear appropriate protective clothing.  Wear respiratory protection. Ventilate area.

Environmental precautions: Keep away from drains, water and soil. Advise authorities if spilled material has entered water courses or sewer or has contaminated soil or vegetation.

Clean up methods: Absorb or contain liquid with sand, earth or spill control material. Collect and place in a labelled sealable container for subsequent safe disposal. Flush contaminated area with plenty of water. Put leaking containers in a labelled drum or overdrum.

Handling and storage

Handling:  Avoid contact with skin. Do not breathe vapour. Only use in well ventilated areas. Keep container tightly closed when not in use.  Provide emergency eye washing and shower facilities.

Storage:  Storage area should be cool and dry.  Keep away from direct sunlight.  Keep in a well-ventilated place.  Store in a bunded area.  For containers use mild steel or stainless steel.  Do not store in plastics or natural, butyl, polychloroprene or nitrile rubbers.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

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Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

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not classified
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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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not classified
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Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

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not classified
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Exposure controls / personal protection

Occupational exposure standards:  EU agreed limit (IOELV) 10ppm (67.5mg/m3) (8hr TWA).  

Technical control measures: Use local exhaust ventilation if concentrations in air could exceed occupational exposure standard.

Respiratory protection:  Use positive pressure breathing mask if concentrations in air could exceed occupational exposure standard

Eye protection:  Protective goggles with side-shields

Hand protection:  Gloves made from butyl rubber, Neoprene™ rubber or nitrile rubber.

Body protection: Neoprene™ apron. Rubber boots.

Environmental protection: Defined as a volatile organic chemical under directive 99/13. No special limits apply.

Occupational Exposure Limit

Type of limit MEL (UK) 120 mg/m3

Stability and reactivity

Stability: Stable under normal conditions.  May form peroxides on prolonged exposure to air and light.

Conditions to avoid: High temperatures and sources of ignition.  Prolonged exposure to air/oxygen and light.

Materials to avoid: Oxidising agents.

Hazardous decomposition products: Oxides of carbon on combustion.

Disposal considerations

Waste disposal: Dispose of as hazardous waste.  Recover or recycle if possible.  Otherwise incineration.  Dispose of in accordance with all local regulations.

Container disposal: Drain container thoroughly.  After draining, vent in a safe place.  Send to drum recover or metal reclaimer.