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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Description of first aid measures
First aid personnel should pay attention to their own safety. If the patient is likely to become unconscious, place and transport in stable sideways position (recovery position). Immediately remove contaminated clothing.

If inhaled:
Keep patient calm, remove to fresh air, seek medical attention. Immediately administer a corticosteroid from a controlled/metered dose inhaler.

On skin contact:
Immediately wash thoroughly with plenty of water, apply sterile dressings, consult a skin specialist.

On contact with eyes:
Immediately wash affected eyes for at least 15 minutes under running water with eyelids held open, consult an eye specialist.

On ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting. Immediately rinse mouth and then drink 200-300 ml of water, seek medical attention.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Symptoms: The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling and/or in section "toxicological information" of the material safety data sheet.

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
Treatment: Treat according to symptoms (decontamination, vital functions), no known specific antidote.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media: dry powder, carbon dioxide, foam.
Unsuitable extinguishing media for safety reasons: water.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon oxides
The substances/groups of substances mentioned can be released in case of fire.

Advice for fire-fighters
Special protective equipment:
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and chemical-protective clothing.

Further information:
Fire debris must be disposed of in accordance with offical regulations.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Use personal protective clothing. Information regarding personal protective measures, see section "Exposure Controls/Personal Protection".
Ensure adequate ventilation. Breathing protection required. Do not breathe vapour/spray. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing.

Environmental precautions
Do not discharge into drains/surface waters/groundwater.

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up
For large amounts: Dike spillage. Pump off product.
For residues: Pick up with suitable absorbent material (e.g. sand, sawdust, general-purpose binder, kieselguhr).
Dispose of absorbed material in accordance with regulations. Cleaning operations should be carried out only while wearing breathing apparatus. Wear suitable protective equipment.

Reference to other sections
Information regarding exposure controls/personal protection and disposal considerations can be found in the relevant sections.

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling
Ensure thorough ventilation of stores and work areas. Remove contaminated clothing and protective equipment before entering eating areas. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing. Wear suitable protective clothing and eye/face protection. Protect against moisture. Keep container tightly sealed.

Protection against fire and explosion:
Prevent electrostatic charge - sources of ignition should be kept well clear - fire extinguishers should be kept handy.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Further information on storage conditions: Keep container tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place. Keep container dry. Protect against moisture.

Storage stability:
Storage duration: 12 Months
From the data on storage duration, no agreed statement regarding the warrantee of application properties can be deduced.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment

Respiratory protection:
Wear respiratory protection if ventilation is inadequate. Self-contained breathing apparatus.

Hand protection:
Chemical resistant protective gloves (EN 374)
Suitable materials also with prolonged, direct contact (Recommended: Protective index 6, corresponding > 480 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374):
nitrile rubber (NBR) - 0.4 mm coating thickness
fluoroelastomer (FKM) - 0.7 mm coating thickness
Suitable materials for short-term contact (recommended: At least protective index 2, corresponding > 30 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374)
butyl rubber (butyl) - 0.7 mm coating thickness
chloroprene rubber (CR) - 0.5 mm coating thickness
polyvinylchloride (PVC) - 0.7 mm coating thickness

Supplementary note: The specifications are based on tests, literature data and information of glove manufacturers or are derived from similar substances by analogy. Due to many conditions (e.g. temperature) it must be considered, that the practical usage of a chemical-protective glove in practice may be much shorter than the permeation time determined through testing.
Manufacturer's directions for use should be observed because of great diversity of types.

Eye protection:
Tightly fitting safety goggles (cage goggles) (e.g. EN 166) and face shield.

Body protection:
full protection suit with breathing-air supply (f.e. according to EN 943)

General safety and hygiene measures
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing. Do not breathe vapour/spray. The substance was registered as a transported isolated intermediate. The manufacturer/importer has received the confirmation by the user that the substance is used under strictly controlled conditions in accordance with art. 18 of the REACH regulation (EC) No 1907/2006. When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Hands and/or face should be washed before breaks and at the end of the shift. Gloves must be inspected regularly and prior to each use. Replace if necessary (e.g. pinhole leaks). Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Store work clothing separately.

Environmental exposure controls
For information regarding environmental exposure controls, see section "Accidental Release Measures".

Stability and reactivity

Reactivity
No hazardous reactions if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

Corrosion to metals:
Corrosive effect on metals.

Reactions with water/air:
Reaction with: water
Flammable gases: no
Toxic gases: yes
Which toxic gases: hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Corrosive gases: yes
Which corrosive gases: hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Smoke or fog: yes
Type of smoke or fog: Hydrochloric acid

Formation of flammable gases:
Remarks: Forms no flammable gases in the presence of water.

Chemical stablity
The product is stable if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

Possibility of hazardous reactions
Evolution of corrosive gases/vapours. Reacts with water and basic components to generate heat. On contact with water, gaseous decomposition products are formed, which cause build-up of pressure in tightly closed containers. Reacts with alkalies and metals. Reacts with alcohols, amines, aqueous acids and alkalies. Reacts with water and moisture, with formation of hydrogen chloride. Partly very violent reactions with bases and numerous organic classes of substances such as alcohols and amines. Addition of water leads to increase in temperature. In damp air hydrochloric acid formation is possible. Violent reactions with water and/or alcohols, with formation of hydrochloric acid.

Conditions to avoid
Avoid electro-static charge. Avoid humidity. Avoid heat. Avoid prolonged storage. Disregard of the conditions mentioned may result in undesirable decomposition reactions.

Incompatible materials
Substances to avoid:
alkaline reactive substances, alcohols, bases, amines, water

Hazardous decomposition products:
Hydrogen chloride

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods
Incinerate in suitable incineration plant, observing local authority regulations.

This product and any uncleaned containers must be disposed of as hazardous waste.

Contaminated packaging:
Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible; then it can be passed on for recycling after being thoroughly cleaned.

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