Use of this information is subject to copyright laws and may require the permission of the owner of the information, as described in the ECHA Legal Notice.
EC number: 231-130-8
CAS number: 7440-21-3
Silicon is known to be not bioconcentrated or bioaccumulated to soil dwelling organisms at harmfull levels. Certain animal species may take up silicon actively in high amounts.Bioaccumulation from soil to terrestrial species could be expressed quantitatively by the biota-to-soil accumulation factor (BSAF). Alternatively, the concentration in the organism could be related to the concentration in soil pore water by calculating a BCF [L/kg]. For silica these factors do not give any useful or important information because silicon and silica is always present in the terrestrial environment and is not normally regarded as a hazardous or bioaccumulative contaminant.
Silicate is the major elemental species in soil and the backbone
of soil and rock mineral structures. Available field monitoring
information provides sufficient data on the bioaccumulation potential of
silicon from soil to terrestrial species. Basic Kow-based estimation
methods cannot and need not to be used to generate the terrestrial BCF
Silicon is taken up and essential element to some plant species.
Although silicon is not known to be an essential mineral element for
higher plants, it has many direct and indirect beneficial effects on
their growth and development. Si is taken up as Si(OH)4by
plants and transported and deposited mainly in the leafs, since Si
transport and distribution follows that of water (Wiese et al. 2007).
Silicon is readily absorbed so that terrestrial plants contain it
in appreciable concentrations, ranging from a fraction of 1% of the dry
matter to several percent, and in some plants to 10% or even higher. In
spite of this prominence of silicon as a mineral constituent of plants,
it is not counted among the elements defined as "essential," or
nutrients, for any terrestrial higher plants except members of theEquisitaceae (horsetails)
The movement of silicon into plant species and the location of its
deposition are extremely species-specific. The general intrinsic
tendency of soluble silica to bioconcentrate in plants is low. Some
plants growing at the same locality as others become heavily silicified
(e.g. horsetails Casuarina sp.), while others do not. The amount
of water passing through the plants is similar (Williams 1986). There
seems to be species specific active control systems to regulate Si
concentration within terrestrial plants, systems comparable to those
known in the aquatic microalgae (diatoms).
Epstein, E. (1994) The anomaly of silicon in plant
biology, Review, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Vol. 91, pp. 11-17, January
Williams, R.J.P. (1986)
Silicon Biochemistry, Ciba Foundation, Symposium 121, Wiley, ISBN
(Wiese et al. 2007).
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice.Reproduction or further distribution of this information may be subject to copyright protection. Use of the information without obtaining the permission from the owner(s) of the respective information might violate the rights of the owner.
Welcome to the ECHA website. This site is not fully supported in Internet Explorer 7 (and earlier versions). Please upgrade your Internet Explorer to a newer version.
Do not show this message again