Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Silicon
  • IUPAC name: silicon
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
231-130-8
CAS no.:
7440-21-3
Index number:
Molecular formula:
Si
SMILES:
[Si]
InChI:
InChI=1S/Si
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
60
Of which contain:
15 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

According to the notifications provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations no hazards have been classified.
According to the majority of notifications provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications no hazards have been classified.

Breakdown of all 6398 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
Flam. Sol. 2 H228
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Flam. Sol. 1 H228
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
STOT RE 2 H373
STOT SE 3 H335
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 286 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:
Nanomaterials in the EU Market

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 000+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, welding & soldering products and metal surface treatment products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use and indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, formulation in materials, industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting), manufacturing of the substance and industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines), vehicles and electrical batteries and accumulators. This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery) and stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, welding & soldering products, metal surface treatment products and semiconductors.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work and health services. This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products, metals, machinery and vehicles, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and furniture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), mixing in open batch processes and potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, polymers, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, leather treatment products, plant protection products, coating products, hydraulic fluids, lubricants and greases, pharmaceuticals, polishes and waxes, textile treatment products and dyes, washing & cleaning products, water treatment chemicals and cosmetics and personal care products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials, in the production of articles, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting), in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and of substances in closed systems with minimal release. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products, semiconductors, explosives and polymers.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products, metals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement) and rubber products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, heat / pressure transfer fluids in closed systems, industrial spraying, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders) and roller or brushing applications.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting), formulation in materials, in processing aids at industrial sites and industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders) and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • AETC LTD (OR), Victoria Avenue Yeadon LS19 7AW Leeds West Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • AFARAK TRADING LIMITED, 2nd floor Europa Centre John Lopez Street FRN 1400 Floriana Malta Malta
  • Air Products Sp. z o.o., Komitetu Obrony Robotników 48 02-146 Warszawa Poland
  • AL.FA LAMINATI S.R.L., via Tito Speri 19 25040 Nigoline di Corte Franca Italy
  • Alcoa Fjarðaál sf, Hraun 1 730 Reyðarfjörður Iceland
  • ALCOA INESPAL, S.A., Pedro Teixeira, 8 28020 Madrid Spain
  • ALCOA NORWAY ANS, Drammensveien 147A NO-0277 Oslo Norway
  • Allied Metals Corporation C/O EFP Allied Metals GmbH, Bolkerstr. 69 40213 Düsseldorf Nordrhein Westfalen Germany
  • ALLOYS OU, Luha 18-8 10131 Tallinn Estonia
  • ALRO, 116, Pitesti 230104 Slatina Olt Romania
  • ALUMINIO ESPAÑOL, S.L.U, Pedro Teixeira, 8 (tercera planta) 28020 Madrid Spain
  • Aluminium Dunkerque, 17 Place des Reflets La defense 2 92400 Courbevoie France
  • Aluminium Norf GmbH, Koblenzer Str. 120 41468 Neuss NRW Germany
  • Aluminium Pechiney (12), 725 rue Aristide Bergès BP 7 38341 Voreppe France
  • Aluminium Pechiney (13), 725 rue Aristide Bergès BP 7 38341 Voreppe France
  • Aluminium Pechiney (3), 725 rue Aristide Bergès B.P. 7 38341 Voreppe France
  • AMAG Casting, Lamprechtshausenerstr. 61 5282 Ranshofen Austria
  • AMAG Metal, Lamprechtshausenerstr. 61 5282 Ranshofen Austria
  • Amalgamated Metal Corporation Plc, 55 Bishopsgate EC2N 3AH London United Kingdom
  • AML EUROPE, REGUS 72 Faubourg Saint Honoré 75008 PARIS France
  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 07, The Black Church St. Mary’s Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • ArcelorMittal Sourcing, 24-26, Boulevard d’Avranches L-1160 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Ardevur, s.r.o., Ovocny trh 572/11 11000 Prague Czech Republic
  • Arrandene MFG Ltd, Breakspear Park Breakspear Way HP2 4TZ Hemel Hempstead Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • ASK Chemicals Metallurgy GmbH, Fabrikstraße 6 84579 Unterneukirchen Bayern Germany
  • AURA METALS LTD, 9 Beauchamp Place Sw 3 1 NQ London London United Kingdom
  • Avon Metals Ltd, Ashville Road Bristol Road GL2 5DA Gloucester Gloucestershire United Kingdom
  • B-Lands Consulting (811523-2), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • Befesa Aluminio, S.L., Carretera Lutxana-Asua, 13 48950 Erandio Bizkaia Spain
  • Belmet Handelsgesellschaft m.b.H., Gruberstraße 2-4 4020 Linz Austria
  • BITMetals B.V., Handelsweg 59b 1181 ZA Amstelveen Netherlands
  • Blue Steel srl, via Q. Sella 23/a 43126 parma pr Italy
  • Bluequest Resources (Europe) B.V., Schiekade 830 3032 AL Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Borbet Leichtmetallräder GmbH, Hauptstr. 5 59969 Hallenberg Germany
  • Brokermet SL, San Bernardo 82 28015 Madrid Spain
  • Ca.Metal, Corso Italia, 106 33050 Ronchis Italy
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas road D12XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • Carbomax AB, Saltängsvägen 7 721 32 Västerås Sweden
  • Cauvin Metals srl, via XX Settembre, 31/7 16121 Genova Italy
  • CBMM Europe BV, Zuidplein 96 1077 XV Amsterdam Netherlands
  • CCMA Europe B.V., Plaza 6 4782 SK Moerdijk The Netherlands Netherlands
  • CEDIE 2018, S.A, Avenida de Galicia, nº 20. 32300 Orense Galicia Spain
  • CellMark AB, Lilla Bommen 3C PO Box 11927 SE-40439 Gothenburg Sweden
  • CELSA FRANCE S.A.S., Rond Point Claudius Magnin 64340 Boucau Pyrénées Atlantiques France
  • CELSA MANUFACTURING (UK) LIMITED, Building 58 Castle Works, East Moors Road CF24 5NN Cardiff United Kingdom
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park, Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Worldwide Business S.A., Wspólna 6 62-400 Słupca Poland
  • COMETAL, S.A., José Lázaro Galdiano 4, 4ª Planta 28036 Madrid Spain
  • Comilog Dunkerque SNC, Tour Maine Montparnasse 33 Avenue du Maine 75755 Paris Cedex 15 France
  • Compañía Española de Laminación S.L., C/ Ferralla 11-17 Polígono Industrial SAN VICENTE S/N 08755 CASTELLBISBAL Catalonia Spain
  • Concept Laser GmbH, An der Zeil 8 96215 Lichtenfels Germany
  • DCM Alloys GmbH, Stiegengasse 1 8280 Fürstenfeld Austria
  • DCM DECOmetal GmbH, Grazerplatz 5 8280 Fürstenfeld Steiermark Austria
  • Delta Products Uk Ltd, Wellesley House, Duke of Wellington Ave, Royal Arsenal, SE18 6SS London United Kingdom
  • DEUMU Deutsche Erz- und Metall-Union GmbH, Gerhard-Lucas-Meyer-Str. 3-5 31226 Peine Germany
  • Dilers JSC, Brivibas Str. 214 c LV-1039 Riga Latvia
  • DISTRIBUCION DE POLISHING REFRACTARIOS Y CERAMICA S.L., Avenida de Brasil 23, 1º, 5A 28020 MADRID MADRID Spain
  • Dow Silicones Belgium SPRL OR-15, PSRC - Rue Jules Bordet Zone industrielle C 7180 Seneffe Belgium
  • Dow Silicones Belgium SPRL OR-4, PSRC - rue Jules Bordet Zone industrielle C 7180 Seneffe Belgium
  • Dow Silicones Belgium SPRL OR-5, PSRC - rue Jules Bordet Zone industrielle C 7180 Seneffe Belgium
  • Dow Silicones Belgium SPRL OR-7, PSRC - rue Jules Bordet Zone industrielle C 7180 Seneffe Belgium
  • Dow Silicones UK Limited, PSRC - Cardiff Road CF632YL Barry, South Glamorgan Wales United Kingdom
  • Dubal EU Imports s.r.l., Vialle F. Caprilli 13 20148 Milan Italy
  • Dubal EU Imports S.r.l., Vialle F. Caprilli 13 20148 Milan Italy
  • Electro Optical Systems Finland Oy, Lemminkäisenkatu 36 20520 Turku Finland
  • Elektrowerk Weisweiler GmbH, Dürener Str. 487 52249 Eschweiler-Weisweiler NRW Germany
  • Elfusa Trading, Río Guadalbarbo, Local 4ª 29649 Mijas Costa Malaga Spain
  • Elkem ASA, Drammensveien 169 0277 Oslo Norway
  • Elkem Dronfield Ltd, Callywhite Lane S18 2XP Dronfield Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • ELKEM SILICONES FRANCE S.A.S., Immeuble DANICA 21, Avenue Georges Pompidou 69003 Lyon France
  • ELVALHALCOR Hellenic Copper and Aluminium Industry S.A. ELVAL Aluminium Rolling Division, 61st km Athens-Lamia National Road 320 11 OINOFYTA VIOTIA Greece
  • Envigo Research Limited 74, Shardlow Business Park London Road DE72 2GD Shardlow Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Eramet Comilog Manganèse SA, 10 boulevard de Grenelle 75015 Paris France
  • Eramet Norway AS, Rolighetsveien 11 - 17 Postboks 82 3901 Porsgrunn Norway
  • ERM_GmbH_OR10_TEMCO, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Hessen Germany
  • ERM_GmbH_OR2_HSC, Siemensstraße 9, 63263 Neu-Isenburg Hessen Germany
  • ERM_GmbH_OR7_METALLOYS, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Hessen Germany
  • Ervin Germany GmbH, Auf dem Bruch 11 45549 Sprockhoevel NRW Germany
  • EUROFOIL Luxembourg SA, Zone Industrelle De Riedgen L-3401 Dudelange Luxembourg
  • EUSIDER SpA, Via Tortona 25 20144 Milano Lombardia Italy
  • EVOCHEM Advanced Materials GmbH, Heinrich-Krumm-Strasse 20 63073 Offenbach am Main Germany
  • Evonik Antwerpen NV, Tijsmanstunnel West 2040 Antwerpen 4 Flanders Belgium
  • Evonik Degussa GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1 - 11 C-ES 45128 Essen North Rhine-Westfalia Germany
  • Evonik Resource Efficiency GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • Experien Chemical Services (Europe) Limited, PO Box 170 YO7 9AN Thirsk United Kingdom
  • FACI EUROPE SpA, Via Lazio,14 20010 PREGNANA MILANESE Italy
  • Fagor Ederlan, S.Coop., Torrabaso Pasealekua, 7 20540 Eskoriatza Spain
  • Fermet Rohstoffhandel GmbH, Kampstr.87 45468 Mülheim NRW Germany
  • Ferroatlantica, Torre Espacio-Cuatro Torres Pº de la Castellana 259, planta 49 28046 Madrid Spain
  • FERROATLANTICA DEL CINCA SL, Torre Espacio-Cuatro Torres Pº de la Castellana 259, planta 49 28046 Madrid Madrid Spain
  • Ferroglobe Mangan Norge AS, c/o Mo Industripark 8601 Mo i Rana Norway
  • Ferroglobe Manganese France, Route de l'écluse de Mardyck 59760 GRANDE SYNTHE France
  • FERROPEM, 517 avenue de la Boisse 73000 Chambéry France
  • FERROPEM, 517 avenue de la Boisse 73000 CHAMBERY France
  • FERRUS GROUP SP Z O O SPÓŁKA KOMANDYTOWA, Mszańska 33 04-847 Warszawa Poland
  • FESIL SALES GmbH, Schifferstrasse 196 D-47059 Duisburg Germany
  • FESIL Sales S.A., 469 route de Thionville 5887 Alzingen Luxembourg
  • Fondital S.p.A., via Cerreto, 40 25079 Vobarno Brescia Italy
  • Forgital Italy S.p.A., Via Spezzapria 1 36010 Seghe di Velo d'Astico VI Italy
  • forsteel s.r.l., v. caduti di Nassiriya, n.30 25020 Offlaga BS Italy
  • Fosbel GmbH, Karstrasse 116 41068 Mönchengladbach Germany
  • FOUNDRY ECOCER, Viale Europa 66 20010 Ossona (MI) Italy
  • FS Procurement Sarl, 25 Kauligwies 4954 Bascharage Luxembourg
  • FT TRADECOM S.R.L. Unipersonale, Via Mario Del Monaco, 16 61121 Pesaro Italy
  • Gaia Trading srls, Corso Principe Oddone 18 10122 Torino Italy
  • Galmet S.P.A., Via Corsica,9/11 A 16128 Genova Italy
  • GE Avio S.r.l., via I Maggio 99 10040 Rivalta di Torino (TO) Italy
  • GeoMet International BV, Boven Oostdijk 27 3258AD Den Bommel Netherlands
  • GfE Fremat GmbH, Gewerbegebiet Süd 20 09618 Brand-Erbisdorf Sachsen Germany
  • GfE-MIR GmbH, Berliner Allee 51-53 D-40212 Düsseldorf Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany
  • Glencore Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Glencore International Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • GLOBAL METWIRE INJECTION S.L.U., C/ Calderería, parcelas 162-165 39200 Reinosa Spain
  • GLOBAL STEEL WIRE, S.A., Nueva Montaña s/n 39011 Santander Cantabria Spain
  • Goldcup 15218 AB, Hornsgatan 1 41550 Gothenburg Sweden
  • Grondmet GmbH & Co. KG, Luegallee 79 40545 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Grupo FerroAtlántica, S.A.U., Paseo de la Castellana 259D, planta 49 28046 Madrid Spain
  • H.C. Starck Smelting GmbH & Co. KG, Im Schleeke 78 -91 38642 Goslar Germany
  • H.C. Starck Tungsten GmbH, Landsberger Str. 98 80339 München Germany
  • Hanwa Europe BV, WTC Tower C-14F Strawinskylaan 1447 1077XX Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Hargreaves raw material services GmbH, Böningerstrasse29 47051 Duisburg Germany Germany
  • Heneken, s.r.o., Apollo Business Center II, blok B Prievozská 4 821 09 Bratislava Bratislava Slovakia
  • Hermes GabroStone Spolka z o.o., ul. Uczniowska 5a 70-893 Szczecin Poland
  • HH Compliance Ltd., Rubicon Building, CIT Campus Bishopstown None Cork Ireland
  • Hitachi Metals Europe GmbH, Immermannstrasse 14-16 40210 Duesseldorf Germany
  • Hoeganaes Corporation Europe S.A., 33 Urziceni Street 120226 Buzau Buzau Romania
  • HOESCH Metals and Alloys, Neue Strasse 21 52332 Niederzier Germany
  • Hydro Aluminium AS, Drammensveien 260 0240 OSLO Norway
  • Hydro Aluminium Rolled Products GmbH, Aluminiumstrasse 1 41415 Grevenbroich Germany
  • Höganäs Belgium SA, Ruelle Gros Pierre 10 B-7800 Ath Belgium
  • Höganäs Sweden AB, Bruksgatan 26383 Höganäs Sweden
  • Ibermet, Kajuhova Ulica 28 6310 Izola Slovenia
  • Impala S.r.l., Via Marco Polo 2/A 24062 COSTA VOLPINO BG Lombardia Italy
  • IMT ITALIA S.P.A., Via Kennedy 4/A 24040 Ciserano (BG) Italy
  • INTALS S.P.A., Via Schievano, 7 20143 MILANO MILANO Italy
  • INTER ALLOYS, S.L., Portuetxe, 47 20018 SAN SEBASTIAN Spain
  • Interalloys-RFA Ltd., Corner Spyrou Araouzou & Koumandarias Str Tonia Court Two, 7th flr, 3036 Limassol Cyprus Cyprus
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZI ECOPARC II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZAC Ecoparc II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • Intertek Semko Service, Box 1103 Torshamnsgatan 43 SE-16440 Kista Stockholm Sweden
  • IR TRADING, VIA ARCENE 2/A 24040 PONTIROLO NUOVO BERGAMO Italy
  • ITALGHISA S.P.A., Via Antonio Gramsci, 184 25021 Bagnolo Mella Italy
  • Italiana Prodotti Minerali IPM srl, P.zza Santa Maria in Via Lata 11/1 16128 Genova Genova Italy
  • J & E Trading Ltd, Castle Cottage, Ladyfield Road Thorpe Salvin S80 3JS Worksop North Nottinghamshire United Kingdom
  • JAP INDUSTRIES s.r.o., Bystrice 1260 73995 Bystrice Czech Republic
  • Joerg Schmidt Metall GmbH, Hohe Str. 102 44139 Dortmund Germany
  • Joint Solar Silicon GmbH & Co. KG, Berthelsdorfer Str. 111A D-09599 Freiberg Germany
  • Kaiser Aluminum France, SAS, 23, rue du Roule 75001 Paris France
  • Kawneer Nederland B.V (OR Howmet Casting Services), Archimedesstraat 9. 3846 CT Harderwijk Netherlands
  • KBM Master Alloys, Waalkade 2 5347 KS Oss Netherlands
  • Keyvest Belgium SA, Rue de la Bureautique 2/4 4460 Grâce-Hollogne Belgium
  • Knoell NL-OR-S16, Agro Business Park 75 6708 PV Wageningen Netherlands
  • Kobelco Welding of Europe B.V., Eisterweg 8 6422 PN Heerlen Netherlands
  • KOVINTRADE SUROVINE d.o.o., Mariborska cesta 7 3000 Celje Slovenia
  • KTR Europe GmbH, Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • L&M Rohstoffhandelsgesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung, Jupiterstrasse 2 42549 Velbert Germany
  • Laminazione Sottile S.p.A., S.S. 87 km 21,200 81020 San Marco Evangelista Ceserta Italy
  • LEMETCO GMBH, Am Alten Schacht 6 47198 Duisburg NRW Germany
  • LINCOLN ELECTRIC ITALIA S.r.l., Via Fratelli Canepa, 8 16010 Serra Riccò GE Italy
  • Lincoln Smitweld bv, Nieuwe Dukenburgseweg 20 6534 AD Nijmegen Netherlands Netherlands
  • LL-resources GmbH, Grieskai 94/4 OG 8020 Graz Austria
  • LS Alloys Trading S.à r.l., Immeuble Solarwind 11, rue de l’Industrie 8399 Windhof Luxembourg
  • Luxcontrol S.A. (OR5), 1, Avenue des Terres Rouges 4004 Esch-sur-Alzette Luxembourg
  • m-tec powder GmbH, Werkstraße 13 84513 Töging am Inn Germany
  • Marubeni Europe plc, 95 Gresham Street EC2V 7AB London United Kingdom
  • Meca-Trade OY, Mikkolantie 32 FIN-28130 Pori Finland
  • Memc Electronic Materials SpA, Viale Gherzi, 31 28100 Novara Italy
  • MERAK, S.L., C/ CAMINO DE ZAHINOS S/N 06120 OLIVA DE LA FRONTERA BADAJOZ Spain
  • Mersher GmbH, Heinrichstr. 155 40239 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Metal Trading International s.r.l., Via Monte Hermada 8 34170 Gorizia Italy Italy
  • METALCOP S.r.l., via Matteotti 300/r 25063 Gardone Val Trompia BS Italy
  • Metalleghe S.p.A., E. Fermi 12-14 25020 Flero Brescia Italy
  • Metalleghe S.P.A. - OR - RS Silicon, v. Enrico Fermi n. 12/14 25020 flero BS Italy
  • Metalstar Srl, Via Mauro Macchi, n. 27 20124 Milano (MI) Italy
  • metco, via telesio 2/12 20145 Milano Italy
  • Metinvest International Italia Srl - DISIW, Via Antonio Salieri, 36 37050 Vallese di Oppeano (VR) Italy
  • MFG mbH, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 9 40670 Meerbusch Germany
  • MICON GmbH Metallurgie und Rohstoffe, Theodor-Heuss-Str. 3 40670 Meerbusch North Rhine Westphalia Germany
  • MINERALS & METALS ITALIA SPA, via Leopardi n. 26 24060 ROGNO BERGAMO Italy
  • Mitsubishi Corporation International (Europe) PIc, Mid City Place 71 High Holborn WC1V 6BA London United Kingdom
  • momaja s.r.o, Karolinska 650/1 186 00 Prague 8 Czech Republic
  • Momentive Performance Materials GmbH, Chempark Building V7 51368 Leverkusen NRW Germany
  • MTALX LIMITED, 132 Brent Street NW4 2DR London United Kingdom
  • NAM & NAM Europe GmbH, Emil-Figge-Str. 80 44227 Dortmund (088) Germany
  • NIPPON GASES ESPAÑA SL, C/Orense, 11 5º Planta 28020 Madrid Spain
  • Nizi International S.A., 89E, rue Pafebruch 8308 Capellen Luxembourg
  • Noble Resources UK Limited, 33 Cavendish Square W1G 0PW London United Kingdom
  • Nordic Elements AB, Kungsbron 1 111 22 Stockholm Sweden
  • Novelis Deutschland GmbH, Hannoversche Str.1 D-37075 Goettingen Germany
  • Novelis Madeira Unipessoal LDA, Avenida do Infante 50 9004-521 Funchal Madeira Portugal Portugal
  • Novelis UK Ltd., Thelwall Lane WA4 1NP Warrington United Kingdom
  • Odermath Stahlwerkstechnik GmbH, Am Kieselgraben 2-4 40789 Monheim Germany
  • Oerlikon Metco Europe GmbH, Spreestrasse 2 65451 Kelsterbach Hessen Germany
  • OFZ,a.s., Široká 381 02741 Oravský Podzámok 36389030 Slovakia
  • Pangang Europe GmbH, Graf-Adolf-Platz 15 40213 Düsseldorf Germany
  • PCC BakkiSilicon hf, Bakkavegur 2 640 Husavik Iceland
  • Petromina Ltd, 19,Marathonomahon 15124 Amarousion/Athens Attica Greece
  • Profilglass, meda 28 61030 Bellocchi di Fano Pesaro Italy
  • Raffmetal S.p.A., via Malpaga, 82 25070 Casto Brescia Italy
  • Ramboll Environment & Health GmbH, Werinherstraße 79 Gebäude32a 81541 München Germany
  • Ramboll Environment & Health GmbH, Werinherstraße 79 Gebäude 32a 81541 München Germany
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford, Dublin 18, Ireland Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REC Solar Norway AS, Vaagsbygd NO-4675 Kristiansand Norway
  • Remag Leichtmetall GmbH, Arbeiterstrasse 15 4400 Steyr Austria
  • ReSiTec AS, Setesdalsveien 110 4617 Kristiansand Norway
  • Ronly Limited, 3rd floor, 201 Haverstock Hill NW3 4QG London England United Kingdom
  • RW silicium GmbH, Woehlerstr. 30 94060 Pocking Germany
  • SACAL Societa Alluminio Carisio S.p.A., Strada Complanare, 10 13040 CARISIO (VC) Italy
  • Saint-Gobain Coating Solutions, 50 RUE DU MOURELET B.P. 90966 84093 Avignon France
  • SandF Srl Unipersonale, Corso Italia 8/30 17100 Savona - Italy Savona Italy
  • Scanalloys LTD, Pavlou & Anagnostu Court 31A Kivelis Street, Office 3 6041 Larnaca Cyprus
  • Scandinavian Steel AB, Birger Jarlsgatan 15 111 45 Stockholm Sweden
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 MC-Square Offices B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SHILOH INDUSTRIES ITALIA S.R.L., via glair 41 11029 verres aosta Italy
  • Shin-Etsu Handotai Europe Ltd, Wilson Road Toll Roundabout EH54 7DA Livingston West Lothian United Kingdom
  • Shin-Etsu International Europe B.V., Strawinskylaan 827 TOREN B 8 ET 1077XX Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Sicerma GmbH, Lauerstraße 17 41812 Erkelenz Germany
  • SIDENOR STEEL INDUSTRY S.A., 12th klm Old National Road Thessaloniki Veria 57008 IONIA THESSALONIKI THESSALONIKI Greece
  • Sidercal Minerales, S.A., Aguera-San Cucao 33425 Llanera Spain
  • Sidermetal spa, Via Europa 50 25040 Camignone di Passirano (BS) Italy
  • Silicio FerroSolar, Torre Espacio-Cuatro Torres Pº de la Castellana 259, planta 49 28046 Madrid Spain
  • Silicon Products Bitterfeld GmbH & Co. KG, Alu-Str. 5 06749 Bitterfeld-Wolfen Sachsen-Anhalt Germany
  • Siltronic AG, Johannes-Hess-Str. 24 84489 Burghausen Germany
  • Sineco spa, Via Trieste 5 19020 Follo (La Spezia) Liguria Italy
  • Sinter srl, Via Dossi 19 25050 Pian Camuno - Brescia Italy
  • SLIM Fusina Rolling S.r.l., via dell'elettronica 31 30176 Marghera loc. Fusina - Venezia Italy
  • SolarWorld Industries Sachsen GmbH, Berthelsdorfer Straße 111A 09599 Freiberg/Sachsen Germany
  • Soleras Advanced Coatings BVBA, E3-Laan 75-79 9800 Deinze Belgium
  • SOLLAND SILICON s.r.l., Via Nazionale, 59 39012 Merano (BZ) Italy
  • Solvay Fluor GmbH, Hans-Boeckler-Allee 20 30173 HANNOVER Germany
  • Sovel S.A., Almyros GR37100 Almyros Magnissia Greece
  • Special Metals Wiggin (OR HAC), Holmer Road HR4 9SL Hereford United Kingdom
  • Spenta Limited, 11 John Princes Street W1G 0JR London United Kingdom
  • SSAB Europe Oy, Harvialantie 420 FI13300 HÄMEENLINNA Finland
  • Stalmag Sp.z o.o., Hutnicza 2 41709 Ruda Slaska Poland
  • Stanchem Sp. z o.o. Przedsiębiorstwo Chemiczne, Kolejowa 105A 21-025 Niemce Poland
  • STEELINVEST, s.r.o., Pražská 2 04011 Košice Slovakia
  • Stemcor London Trading Limited, Longbow House, 4th Floor 14-20 Chiswell Street EC1Y 4TW London United Kingdom
  • Stemin S.p.a., Via Guglielmo Marconi 67 24040 Comun Nuovo (BG) Italy
  • Stomana Industry S.A., 1, Vladaysko Vastanie Str. 2304 Pernik Bulgaria
  • Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB, Markaskälsvägen 6 22647 Lund Sweden
  • SYKOFIN METAL d.o.o., Glavni trg 17B 2000 Maribor Slovenia
  • Tennant Metallurgical Group Ltd, Callywhite Lane S18 2XP Dronfield Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • THETA Doradztwo Techniczne Tomasz Gendek Only Representative for JSC TNC “Kazchrome” (KZ), Krótka 29 A 95-070 Aleksandrów Łódzki Poland
  • thyssenkrupp Raw Materials, Rellinghauser Str. 3 45128 Essen NRW Germany
  • TOKUYAMA EUROPE GMBH, Am Gierath 20A 40885 Ratingen Germany
  • Toyota Tsusho Europe S.A., Belgicastraat 13 1930 Zaventem Belgium
  • Trafigura Ventures V.B.V., Evert van de Beekstraat 1-82 The Base, Tower B, 5th floor 1118 CL Schiphol Netherlands
  • Traxys Cometals Europe S.à r.l., 19-21 route d’Arlon Batiments C-D, 2nd Floor 8009 Strassen Luxembourg
  • Traxys Europe SA, 19-21 Route Arlon same L-8009 Strassen Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • TRAXYS France S.A.S., 49 avenue Hoche 75008 Paris France
  • Treibacher Industrie AG, Auer-von-Welsbach-Straße 1 9330 Althofen Carinthia Austria
  • TRIMET Aluminium SE, Aluminiumallee 1 45356 Essen NRW Germany
  • Tromata Consultants Ltd, Theofilou Giorgiadi 22 Aglantzia 2123 Nicosia Cyprus Cyprus
  • Trímet Prag s.r.o., Zámek Dobříš 263 01 Dobříš 1 Czech Republic
  • TSR Metals GmbH & Co. KG, Brunnenstraße 138 44536 Lünen Germany
  • TUF Metallurgie GmbH, Prinzenalle 7 Prinzenpark 40549 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Umicore Thin Film Products AG, Alte Landstrasse 8 FL-9496 Balzers Liechtenstein
  • United Company Rusal Aluminium Limited, Themistokli Dervis Street, 5 Elenion Building, 2nd floor 1066 Nikosia Cyprus
  • VDM Metals International GmbH, Plettenberger Str. 2 58791 Werdohl Germany
  • VE.RI S.R.L, VIA CASETTE S. ANTONIO 4 37036 S. MARTINO B.A. VR Italy
  • Vesuvius UK Ltd, 1 Midland Way Central Park S43 4XA Barlborough Links Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Wacker Chemicals Norway A.S., Holla Metall 7200 Kyrksaeterora Hemne Norway
  • Wacker Chemie AG, Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4 81737 Muenchen Germany
  • Westbrook Resources Ltd, Wreakes Lane Dronfield S18 1LY SHEFFIELD YORKSHIRE United Kingdom
  • wimex handelsgesmbh, theresiengasse 67 1180 wien Austria
  • Wogen Resources Ltd, 4, The Sanctuary Westminster SW1P 3JS London United Kingdom
  • Worldage Resources b.v., Prins Bernhardplein 200 1097 JB 1097 JB Amsterdam Netherlands
  • ZML Industries S.p.a., Z.I. Viale dell'Industria 10 33085 Maniago (PN) Italy
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 Dublin Ireland
  • Envigo Research Limited 185, Shardlow Business Park Shardlow Business Park DE72 2GD Shardlow Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Instituto Suizo para el Fomento de la Seguridad-Swissi España S.L.U., c. Lope de Vega, 30 entlo 08005 Barcelona Spain
  • KAWNEER NEDERLAND B.V., Archimedesstraat 9. 3846 CT Harderwijk Netherlands
  • metco, via telesio 2/12 20145 Milano Italy
  • REACH COMPLIANCE SERVICES LIMITED, 306 The Capel Building, Mary's Abbey, Dublin 7, Ireland Dublin 7 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH GLOBAL SERVICES S.A., Rond Point Schuman, 6 B-1040 Brussels Belgium
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • reach_hh, guie 189437 w8r Romania
  • SC Feral SRL, Taberei 2 820237 Tulcea Romania
  • Stalmag Sp.z o.o., Hutnicza 2 41709 Ruda Slaska Poland
  • Valmetal d.o.o., Mednarodni prehod 2-A, Vrtojba 5290 Šempeter pri Gorici Slovenia

Other names

  • -
  • Elemental silicon
  • Elemental Silicon in alloys
  • Krzem
  • Si
  • Siicon
  • silane
  • Silicium
  • Silicium, Silicon, Silane
  • SIlicon
  • Silicon (in alloys)
  • Silicon (Si)
  • Silicon and FeSiCr alloys
  • Silicon as metal and Silicon in alloys
  • Silicon in alloys
  • Silicon in ferro alloys
  • Silicon in Ferrosiliconchromium alloys
  • Silicon in Silicon alloy
  • Silicon Metal
  • silicon metal (in alloys)
  • silicon metal and silicon in alloys
  • Silicon Powder
  • Silicon refined, Silicon crystalline, Silicon Metal
  • Silicon [Si]
  • Silicon, Silicon Metal, Silicon Refined
  • Silicon, Silicon standard, Silicon refined, Si
  • Silicon, Silicon standard, Silicon refined, Si, silicon in alloys
  • Sillicon in alloys, Si, Silicon refined, Silicon, Silicon standard
  • bottoms
  • Calcium Silico Manganese
  • CalciumSilicon
  • Charge Chrome/Ferro Chrome
  • Chemical grade silicon
  • Dow Corning Product #2239108
  • Dow Corning Product #4075595
  • Electronic grade silicon
  • Elkem Solar Silicon, ESS TM
  • Ferro Silicon
  • Ferro Vanadium
  • Ferromanganese
  • Ferrosilicium
  • ferrosilicochromium alloy
  • Ferrosilicomanganese
  • FerroSilicon
  • ferrosilicon alloy
  • FerroSilicon Slag
  • FerroSiliconChrome
  • FerroSiliconMagnesium
  • FerroSiliconNitride
  • FerroSiliconZircon
  • Ferrosilizium
  • FeSi alloy
  • FeSiCr
  • FeSiMn
  • High pure ploycrystalline silicon
  • Low Carbon Silico Manganese
  • Metallic silicon
  • Metallurgical grade silicon
  • Polycrystalline Silicon
  • pot scrap
  • remelt
  • Si
  • Si Fine e10-45
  • Si inside alloy
  • Si-metal
  • Silane
  • Silcocast
  • Silicio
  • Silicium
  • Silico Manganese
  • Silico Manganese - SiMn
  • Silicomanganese alloy
  • SilicoManganese Low B
  • SilicoManganese Low BTiP Lump
  • SilicoManganese Standard Lump
  • Silicon
  • silicon briquettes
  • silicon in alloys
  • Silicon in an alloy
  • Silicon Metal
  • Silicon Metal 2202
  • Silicon Metal and Silicon in Ferro Alloys (Ferro Silicon Manganese)
  • Silicon Metal, Silicon Alloys
  • silicon powder
  • Silicon Refined
  • silicon scrap, sides
  • Silicon Standard
  • silicon, silicon metal, Si-metal, metallurgical grade silicon
  • SiliconManganese
  • Silizium
  • Silizium Legierung
  • Silizium Metall
  • SILMIL
  • SILREF
  • Solar grade silicon
  • SUNSIL®
  • targets and others
  • tops of crystalline ingots
  • wafer breakage
  • Welding Wire

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Other (56%), Powder (22%), Flakes (11%), Pellets (11%) [9]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Element (50%), Inorganic (50%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
88 - 1 414 °C @ 101.3 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
98 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
2.33 g/cm³ @ 25 °C [1]
R Relative density
45 - 60 @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
78 - 100 kPa @ 50 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
57 - 77 @ 25 °C and pH 7 - 8 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
5.2 - 66 000 µg/L @ 20 - 25 °C and pH 5.69 - 8 [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Surface tension
56 - 78 mN/m @ 45 mg/L and 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
33 - 44 °C @ 22 - 134 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
25 - 66 °C @ 100 - 105 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
10

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater -
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water -
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) -
Sediment (freshwater) -
Sediment (marine water) -
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil -
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
100 mg/L
LC50 for marine water fish
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC10 (7.25 h) 33 - 66 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 250 mg/L [1]
EC10 (72 h) 228 mg/L [1]
EC10 (77 min) 66 - 88 mg/L [1]
EC20 (72 h) 234 mg/L [1]
EC0 (72 h) 160 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
100 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence 2 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No study available
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 5 000 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 4 mg/m³ air [1]
LOAEC (rat): 16 mg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEC 16 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)
Inhalation route - local effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 4 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 11
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant