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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to soil macroorganisms except arthropods

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Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Long-term EC10, LC10 or NOEC for soil macroorganisms:
76.6 mg/kg soil dw

Additional information

Chronic data are available for 4 different species of non-arthropod soil invertebrates. NOEC/EC10 values range from 46.5 mg Ni/kg for reproduction by the earthworm Eisenia fetida (University of Ghent and Euras, 2005) to 1.140 mg Ni/kg for reproduction by E. fetida (University of Ghent and Euras, 2005).  Below are the accepted high quality studies for non-arthropod soil macro-organisms used for derivation of the HC5 and terrestrial PNEC.

 

  Key Study

(Soil macro-organisms)

Selected values for the most sensitive endpoints used for derivation of the terrestrial HC5

Species

Added NOEC or EC10 (mg/kg dw)

Total NOEC or EC10 (mg/kg dw)

University of Ghent and Euras, 2005

Eisenia fetida

46.5-1100

47.6-1140

Eisenia fetida

46.5-1110

47.6-1140

Lock and Janssen, 2002

Eisenia fetida

180

180

Enchytraeus albidus

180

180

Folsomia candida

320

320

Scott-Fordsmand et al., 1998

Eisenia veneta

85

91

Scott-Fordsmand et al., 1999

Folsomia fimetaria

173

179

Ma, 1982

Lumbricus rubellus

842

859

CONCLUSION 47.6 mg/Kg dw of Ni = 76.6 mg/Kg NiF2 = 133.6 mg/Kg NiF2 * 4H2O