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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to birds

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Key value for chemical safety assessment

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High quality data from the Toxicity to Birds was used in the derivation of the PNEC oral value. One relevant study (Eastin and O’Shea, 1981) was identified that examined long-term reproductive effects to dietary Ni exposure in Anas platyrhynchos.  Ni ingestion up to 800 mg Ni/kg had no effect on egg production, hatchability, or survivorship of offspring.  Overt reproductive effects of dietary Ni exposure toAnas platyrhynchoswere not detected.  No other relevant long-term reproductive studies were identified.    

FOR AN EXTENSIVE DISCUSSION, REFER TO THE NICKEL SULFATE DOSSIER WHICH IS BASED ON THE CONCLUSIONS EXPLAINED IN THE 2008/2009 EUROPEAN UNION EXISITING SUBSTANCE RISK ASSESSMENT OF NICKEL (EU RAR) (EEC 793/93)