Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Nickel difluoride
  • IUPAC name: dinickel(2+) tetrahydrate tetrafluoride
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
233-071-3
CAS no.:
10028-18-9
Index number:
028-029-00-4
Molecular formula:
F4H8Ni2O4
SMILES:
O.O.O.O.[F-].[F-].[F-].[F-].[Ni++].[Ni++]
InChI:
InChI=1S/4FH.2Ni.4H2O/h4*1H;;;4*1H2/q;;;;2*+2;;;;/p-4
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
7
Of which contain:
1 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause cancer by inhalation, may damage the unborn child, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is suspected of causing genetic defects, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.

Breakdown of all 1045 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Skin Sens. 1 H317 Harmonised Classification
Resp. Sens. 1 H334 Harmonised Classification
STOT RE 1 H372 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1A H350i Harmonised Classification
Repr. 1B H360D Harmonised Classification
Muta. 2 H341 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H301
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Acute Tox. 3 H331
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Carc. 1B H350
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Acute Tox. 4 H312
https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
  • R
  • Ss
  • Sr

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 5 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 - 1 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles and manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, manufacturing of the substance and in processing aids at industrial sites.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance and in the production of articles.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood; contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; avoid release to the environment; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; in case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.

Response statements

In case of incident: If swallowed: immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. Collect spillage. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. Rinse the mouth. If on skin: wash with soap and water.

Storage statements

Store this substance locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Athena S.p.A., via Novara 39 28010 Vaprio D'Agogna Novara Italy
  • China System S.r.L., Via Dei Volsci 163 00185 Rome Italy
  • Domus Chemicals S.p.A, v. Mazzini 1 24066 Pedrengo Bergamo Italy
  • TODINI AND CO. SPA, Corso Milano 46 B 20900 MONZA ITALIA Italy
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]

Other names

  • -
  • dinickel(2+) tetrahydrate tetrafluoride
  • Nickel Difluoride
  • Nickel Fluoride
  • Nickel fluoride (NiF2)
  • nickel(2+) difluoride
  • Nickel(2+) fluoride
  • Nickel(II) fluoride
  • Nickel(II)-fluorid
  • Nickel difluoride
  • Nickel difluoride
  • Nickel Fluoride
  • Own trade names: K-10 Powder, K 10-P, K 14-P, PS41-Powder Trade name of producer: Nickelfluoride-Cobaltacetate-Mix

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Crystalline (100%) [1]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
1 000 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
1 001 °C

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
4.72

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0.001 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
40 g/L @ 25 °C and pH 5 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
40 g/L @ 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
pKa at 20 °C
0.019

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 50 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 45 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
445 L/kg ww

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 11
Supporting study 4 1
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 27 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 18 7 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 3.6 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 360 ng/L (1)
Marine water 8.6 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 330 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) -
Sediment (marine water) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (1)
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 29.9 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 8.2 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 71 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 15.3 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 46
Weight of evidence
Other 6 18
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
380 µg/L
LC50 for marine water fish
43.8 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (32 days) 35 - 431 000 µg/L [11]
NOEC (30 days) 108.9 µg/L [1]
NOEC (8 days) 40 - 80 µg/L [2]
LOEC (32 days) 35 - 3 730 µg/L [11]
LOEC (30 days) 433.5 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 5
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
66 µg/L
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for marine water fish
5.9 mg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 100 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 13 - 276 µg/L [17]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 50
Weight of evidence
Other 17 29
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
21 µg/L
EC50 / LC50 for marine invertebrates
380 µg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 50 studies submitted
  • 23 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8 months) 66 µg/L [1]
NOEC (4.233 months) 713 µg/L [1]
NOEC (56 days) 40 - 120 µg/L [2]
NOEC (42 days) 40 µg/L [2]
NOEC (36 days) 61 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 24
Supporting study 9
Weight of evidence
Other 13 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 64 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 81.5 - 148 µg/L [1]
IC50 (48 h) 456 - 4 400 µg/L [3]
NOEC (72 h) 5.477 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 10 - 110.5 µg/L [2]
LOEC (72 h) 11.551 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 22 1
Weight of evidence
Other 14 20
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
IC50 (7 days) 4.3 - 4 705 000 µg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 3 8
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 56 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 33 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 20
Weight of evidence
Other 3 32
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
54 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 17
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other 4 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 27 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 20 - 180 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 100 - 700 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (21 days) 180 - 800 mg/kg soil dw [4]
LOEC (42 days) 320 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LOEC (28 days) 300 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 6 1
Weight of evidence 3
Other 6 5
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
76.6 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 36.4 - 1 140 mg/kg soil dw [2]
LOEC (28 days) 560 mg/kg soil dw [1]
EC50 (28 days) 476 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LC50 (8.167 months) 8 351 mg/kg diet [1]
LC50 (28 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
60 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 148 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (63 days) 29 - 355 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (60 days) 88 - 187 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (56 days) 17 - 69 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (40 days) 67 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (30 days) 13 - 187 mg/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 14
Supporting study 22
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other 37 73
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
18.1 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 30 studies submitted
  • 23 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8.975 years) 86 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (1.381 years) 59 - 94 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (28 days) 41 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (7 days) 30 - 770 mg/kg soil dw [13]
EC10 (1.573 years) 295 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 23
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / NOEC
52.7 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 15.8 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 460 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 720 ng/cm² sensitisation (skin)
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 11 µg/kg bw/day developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 19 µg/kg bw/day sensitisation (skin)
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1 3
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 310.2 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxicity Category III [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 2.48 mg/L air (rat) [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 100 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 3
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 250 µg/m³ air [1]
LOAEL (rat): 500 µg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 9
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study 9
Weight of evidence 3
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 3
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant