Registration Dossier

Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Description of first aid measures
First aid personnel should pay attention to their own safety. If the patient is likely to become unconscious, place and transport in stable sideways position (recovery position). Immediately remove contaminated clothing.
If inhaled:
Keep patient calm, remove to fresh air, seek medical attention. Immediately administer a corticosteroid from a controlled/metered dose inhaler.
On skin contact:
Immediately wash thoroughly with plenty of water, apply sterile dressings, consult a skin specialist.
On contact with eyes:
Immediately wash affected eyes for at least 15 minutes under running water with eyelids held open, consult an eye specialist.
On ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting. Immediately rinse mouth and then drink 200-300 ml of water, seek medical attention.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Symptoms: The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2 of SDS) and/or in section 11 of SDS.

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
Treatment: Treat according to symptoms (decontamination, vital functions), no known specific antidote, administer corticosteroid dose aerosol to prevent pulmonary odema. Medical monitoring for at least 24-48 hours.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media:
dry powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide

Unsuitable extinguishing media for safety reasons:
water

Additional information:
The product is sparingly soluble in water and is only covered.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
hydrogen chloride, phosgene; carbonyl chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon oxides, halogenated compounds
The substances/groups of substances mentioned can be released in case of fire.

Advice for fire-fighters
Special protective equipment:
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and chemical-protective clothing.

Further information:
Suppress gases/vapours/mists with water spray jet. Fire debris must be disposed of in accordance with offical regulations.

Accidental release measures

The product is irritating to eyes even at low concentrations in the air.

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus. Keep people away and stay on the upwind side. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing.

Environmental precautions
Discharge into the environment must be avoided.

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up
For large amounts: Pump off product. Dispose of absorbed material in accordance with regulations.
For residues: Pick up with suitable absorbent material. Dispose of absorbed material in accordance with regulations.

Reference to other sections
Information regarding exposure controls/personal protection and disposal considerations can be found in section "Exposure Controls/Personal Protection" and "Disposal considerations".

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling
Ensure thorough ventilation of stores and work areas. Protect against moisture. Use only in enclosed systems. Adequate extraction of the vapours is necessary when working with open containers. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.

Protection against fire and explosion:
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. Take precautionary measures against static discharges.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Segregate from alkalies and alkalizing substances.

Suitable materials for containers: enamelled, High density polyethylene (HDPE), glass, Individual coatings after separate release.
Further information on storage conditions: Protect from direct sunlight. Protect against heat. Keep only in the original container. Keep container tightly closed and dry; store in a cool place. Frequently check condition of drums (increase in pressure, bulging, rust). Product has to be immediately consumed or disposed of, if signs of pressure increase or bulging are being detected at a drum.

Storage stability:
Storage temperature: < 20 °C
Storage duration: 12 Months
If the stated storage temperature is exceeded the shelf life can be reduced.
From the data on storage duration in this safety data sheet no agreed statement regarding the warrantee of application properties can be deduced.
Improper storage may result in a pressure build-up in the storage containers.
Keep only in the original container in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place away from ignition sources, heat or flame.
Storage stability is based upon ambient temperatures and conditions described.

Specific end use(s)
For the relevant identified use(s) listed in Section 1 of SDS the advice mentioned in section 7 of SDS is to be observed

Transport information

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Marine transport (IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Control parameters

Components with occupational exposure limits

67-56-1: methanol
Skin Designation (WEL/EH 40 (UK))
The substance can be absorbed through the skin.
TWA value 266 mg/m3 ; 200 ppm (WEL/EH 40 (UK))
STEL value 333 mg/m3 ; 250 ppm (WEL/EH 40 (UK))
Skin Designation (OEL (EU))
The substance can be absorbed through the skin.
TWA value 260 mg/m3 ; 200 ppm (OEL (EU))
indicative
74-87-3: chloromethane; methyl chloride
TWA value 105 mg/m3 ; 50 ppm (WEL/EH 40 (UK))
STEL value 210 mg/m3 ; 100 ppm (WEL/EH 40 (UK))
75-44-5: phosgene; carbonyl chloride
STEL value 0.25 mg/m3 ; 0.06 ppm (WEL/EH 40 (UK))
TWA value 0.08 mg/m3 ; 0.02 ppm (WEL/EH 40 (UK))
STEL value 0.4 mg/m3 ; 0.1 ppm (OEL (EU))
indicative
TWA value 0.08 mg/m3 ; 0.02 ppm (OEL (EU))
indicative

PNEC
freshwater: 10 mg/l
marine water: 1 mg/l
intermittent release: 200 mg/l
STP: 10 mg/l
sediment (freshwater): 20.9 mg/kg
soil: 1.53 mg/kg

DNEL
No DNEL value available.

Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
Respiratory protection:
Breathing protection if gases/vapours are formed. Gas filter for gases/vapours of organic compounds (boiling point >65 °C, e. g. EN 14387 Type A) Suitable respiratory protection for higher concentrations or long-term effect: Self-contained breathing apparatus.

Hand protection:
Chemical resistant protective gloves (EN 374)
Suitable materials for short-term contact (recommended: At least protective index 2, corresponding > 30 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374)
butyl rubber (butyl) - 0.7 mm coating thickness
Supplementary note: The specifications are based on tests, literature data and information of glove manufacturers or are derived from similar substances by analogy. Due to many conditions (e.g. temperature) it must be considered, that the practical usage of a chemical-protective glove in practice may be much shorter than the permeation time determined through testing.
Manufacturer's directions for use should be observed because of great diversity of types.

Eye protection:
Tightly fitting safety goggles (cage goggles) (e.g. EN 166) and face shield.

Body protection:
Body protection must be chosen based on level of activity and exposure., full protection suit with breathing-air supply (f.e. according to EN 943)

General safety and hygiene measures
Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing. Do not breathe vapour/spray. The substance was registered as a transported isolated intermediate. The manufacturer/importer has received the confirmation by the user that the substance is used under strictly controlled conditions in accordance with art. 18 of the REACH regulation (EC) No 1907/2006. When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Hands and/or face should be washed before breaks and at the end of the shift. Gloves must be inspected regularly and prior to each use. Replace if necessary (e.g. pinhole leaks). Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Store work clothing separately.

Stability and reactivity

Reactivity

Corrosion to metals:
Corrodes metals in the presence of water.
Reactions with water/air: Reaction with: air
Flammable gases: no
Reaction with: water
Flammable gases: no
Toxic gases: yes
Which toxic gases: hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Corrosive gases: yes
Which corrosive gases: hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Smoke or fog: yes
Type of smoke or fog: Hydrochloric acid
Which Peroxides:

Formation of flammable gases: Remarks: Forms no flammable gases in the presence of water.

Chemical stability
Even when products are stored appropriately a slowly decomposition reaction takes place. If the storage conditions and duration are taken into account, no hazard is caused by the product.

Possibility of hazardous reactions
At elevated temperatures gas forming exothermic decomposition reaction may occur. The formation of gaseous decomposition products builds up pressure in tightly closed containers if the product is greatly overheated. Evolution of corrosive gases/vapours. Reacts with water and basic components to generate heat. Reacts with activated carbon. Reacts with alkalies and metals. Reacts with alcohols, amines, aqueous acids and alkalies. Reacts with water and moisture, with formation of hydrogen chloride. Partly very violent reactions with bases and numerous organic classes of substances such as alcohols and amines. Impurities promote decomposition. Energy is released when reacting with e.g. acids, alkaline reacting substances, amines or catalysts. ppm traces of heavy metals reduce the onset temperature and lead to instability and exothermic product release with gas formation. Vapours may form ignitable mixture with air.

Conditions to avoid
Temperature: > 39 °C
Avoid all sources of ignition: heat, sparks, open flame. Avoid direct sunlight. Avoid electro-static charge. Avoid humidity. Avoid heat. Disregard of the conditions mentioned may result in undesirable decomposition reactions. Avoid excessive temperatures. Avoid contamination.

Incompatible materials
Substances to avoid:
alkaline reactive substances, alcohols, bases, amines, iron compounds, heavy metal salts, water

Hazardous decomposition products
Hazardous decomposition products:
chloromethane; methyl chloride, hydrogen chloride, Carbon dioxide, methanol

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods

Incinerate in suitable incineration plant, observing local authority regulations.
Hydrolysis with alkali / ammonia solution in water.
Esterification with methanol and afterwards incineriation in a suitable incineration facility.

Contaminated packaging:
Be careful when handling empty packing which is not decontaminated and rinsed.
Decontamination of product residues with sodium hydroxide solution / ammonia solution in water.
Thermal recycling of the cleaned drums.