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Toxicological information

Toxicological Summary

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Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
1.25 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Dose descriptor:
NOAEC
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - workers

The rat is uniquely sensitive to the formation of lung tumours when exposed under conditions of particle overload to titanium dioxide (TiO2) and other poorly soluble low-toxicity particles (Levy, 1995). Although particle overload is observed in other experimental species, such as the mouse, it is only in the rat that a sequence of events is initiated that leads to fibroproliferative disease, septal fibrosis, hyperplasia and eventually lung tumours. Similar pathological changes are not observed in other common laboratory rodents, in non-human primates, or in exposed humans. Detailed epidemiological investigations have shown no causative link between titanium dioxide exposure and the risk of non-malignant respiratory disease in humans.

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
210 µg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - General Population

The rat is uniquely sensitive to the formation of lung tumours when exposed under conditions of particle overload to titanium dioxide (TiO2) and other poorly soluble low-toxicity particles (Levy, 1995). Although particle overload is observed in other experimental species, such as the mouse, it is only in the rat that a sequence of events is initiated that leads to fibroproliferative disease, septal fibrosis, hyperplasia and eventually lung tumours. Similar pathological changes are not observed in other common laboratory rodents, in non-human primates, or in exposed humans. Detailed epidemiological investigations have shown no causative link between titanium dioxide exposure and the risk of non-malignant respiratory disease in humans.