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Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

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Description of key information

Based on the key study of Ferrand et al. (2006) (Klimisch 2), it can be concluded that there is no concern for bioaccumulation of zirconium in terrestrial organisms, as all BSAF values (obtained for roots and aerial parts of plants) were well below 1.

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Additional information

In the study of Ferrand et al. (2006), transfer of zirconium from soil to tomato and pea plants was studied during a 7-day exposure period in two soils (an acidic and a calcareous soil) amended with either a soluble (zirconium dichloride oxide or zirconium acetate) or an insoluble zirconium compound (Zr(OH)4). Zirconium accumulated mainly in the roots, with zirconium adsorption to the root surface being of minor relevance. Translocation to aerial parts was limited. BSAF values for roots were the highest for zirconium acetate and the lowest for Zr(OH)4. They were all <= 0.1. BSAF values for aerial parts were all <= 0.005 and were also generally the highest for zirconium acetate and the lowest for Zr(OH)4. These values are however all below 1, indicating that zirconium has a very limited potential for bioaccumulation in terrestrial organisms.