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EC number: 215-608-3 | CAS number: 1333-83-1
Control water fluoride levels were <0.6 ppm NaF.
Food contained an average of 12.4 ppm F (11.6 -13.4 ppm F).
The calculated doses from drinking water were 7, 18 and 27 mg NaF/kg bw/d (3, 8 and 12 mg F/kg bw/d) for the low, intermediate and high-dose groups respectively. Intake from food added approximately 2 mg NaF/kg bw/d (1 mg F/kg bw/d) to the intake for each group.
Determination of serum fluoride levels in the 10 animals per group terminated on 16 revealed mean levels of 0.007 ± 0.002, 0.035 ± 0.040, 0.039 ± 0.039, and 0.187 ± 0.076F at the end of the exposure period.
Pregnant Sprague-Dawley CD rats were exposed to sodium fluoride in their drinking water at concentrations of 0, 50, 150 or 300 ppm daily between gestation days 6 and 15. Maternal weight gain was significantly reduced at 300 ppm during the first two days of exposure (days 6 to 16). Maternal water consumption (grams/kg/day) during exposure was significantly decreased in the animals exposed to 300ppm NaF. Post-exposure water consumption was normal in these animals indicating the probability of decreased palatability of the 300ppm solution. Necropsy of the maternal animals revealed no effects on kidney or liver weights. NaF exposure did not significantly affect the frequency of post-implantation loss, mean fetal body weight per litter, or external, visceral, or skeletal malformations.
This study established a NOAEL for maternal toxicity of 150 ppm (18 mg NaF/kg bw/d) and a NOAEL of 300 ppm for developmental toxicity (27 mg NaF/kg bw/d) administered in drinking water to pregnant CD rats during organogenesis.
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