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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
24 November 2015 - 10 December 2015
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2016
Report date:
2016

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: EU method B.47 (In vitro eye irritation)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: OECD guideline 437 (In vitro eye irritation)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexyl acrylate
EC Number:
289-200-9
EC Name:
3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexyl acrylate
Cas Number:
86178-38-3
Molecular formula:
C12H20O2
IUPAC Name:
3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexyl prop-2-enoate
Test material form:
liquid

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
cattle
Strain:
not specified
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
Species: bovine cattle.
Origin: bovine eyes were obtained from freshly slaughtered cattle at the abattoir EVA, Saint Pierre sur Dives, France.
Age: bovine cattle were up to 12 months old.
Reason for choice: bovine corneas are recommended by regulatory authorities for this type of study. They are adapted for the evaluation of potential ocular irritants since they are part of the target organ.
Transport from Supplier to CiToxLAB France: the eyes were transported to CiToxLAB France at ambient temperature, immerged in buffered Hanks medium containing an antibiotic [Hank’s Balanced Salts Solution (HBSS) plus penicillin/streptomycin (100 units/100 µg/mL final)]. A container with smooth internal surfaces was used for the transport to avoid damage to the corneas.

Upon arrival at CiToxLAB France, the selection and preparation of corneas was performed as soon as possible. At each step of the preparation procedure, care was taken to avoid touching the corneas in order not to damage them.

Selection: a careful macroscopic examination was performed on all eyes to detect the presence of any defects (opacity, scratches, pigmentation, etc). Any eyes with defects were discarded. The examination was performed under a lamp, using HBSS in order to keep the eyes moistened and shiny. Particular attention was paid to the corneas and the eyes were swiveled in order to observe the fringe areas and any scratches directly under the light.
Preparation of the selected corneas: the tissues surrounding the eyeball were carefully pulled away and the cornea, surrounded by approximately 2 to 3 mm of sclera, was dissected out. The isolated corneas were stored in HBSS until all corneas had been prepared.
Washing of the corneas: the corneas were washed for 15 minutes, three times, in HBSS plus penicillin/streptomycin (100 units/100 µg/mL final) at room temperature. The corneas were used within a maximum of 24 hours.

(Pre)Incubation T°C: 32°C
Dates of experimental phase: from 01 December 2015 to 10 December 2015

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: in vitro negative and positive controls
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 750 µL


Duration of treatment / exposure:
Exposure period of 10 minutes (± 30 seconds) followed by rinsing
Observation period (in vivo):
Opacity measurement:
- before treatment
- after 2-hour incubation in water bath at +32°C (± 1°C).

Permeability measurement:
- after 90-min incubation in water (and other procedures), following the 2nd opacity measurement
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
Not applicable
Triplicate corneas for each timepoint and tested substance (test item, negative control, positive control)
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Rinsing: the anterior part of the eye was emptied and then rinsed 7 times with pre-warmed cMEM.

NEGATIVE CONTROL:
As the test item was tested undiluted (i.e. in its original form), the following negative control was used:
- Name: 0.9% Sodium Chloride (NaCl)
- Batch No.: A4044
- Supplier: Lavoisier

Since several test items were assayed concurrently, the negative control was shared.

POSITIVE CONTROL:
As the test item is a non-surfactant containing liquid (tested using a 10-minute treatment), the positive control was 10% sodium hydroxide solution (10% NaOH).
The positive control was prepared by CiToxLAB France pharmacy on the morning of use by dissolving anhydrous pellets of sodium hydroxide (batch No. SZBE3360V supplied by Sigma-Aldrich) in water obtained by reverse osmosis using ELIX 5 (Millipore SA).

Since several test items were assayed concurrently, the positive control was shared.

SCORING SYSTEM/TOOL
- Opacity:
Using an opacitometer
The average change in opacity during exposure is determined. It is corrected by subtracting the average negative control value from values of positive control and test item-treated corneas.
- Permeability:
Using a spectrophotometer: optical density (OD) at 490 nm wavelength
The optical density is corrected by subtracting the average negative control value from values of positive control and test item-treated corneas.
- Scoring:
In vitro irritancy score (IVIS) = Corrected Opacity + (15 x Corrected OD)

Interpretation: see below

Results and discussion

In vitro

Results
Irritation parameter:
in vitro irritation score
Run / experiment:
treated
Value:
0
Vehicle controls validity:
not examined
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Other effects / acceptance of results:
All acceptance criteria were fulfilled. The study was therefore considered as valid.
The mean In Vitro Irritancy Score (IVIS) obtained with the test item was: 0.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Under the experimental conditions of this study, the test item was identified as a test chemical not requiring classification for eye irritation or serious eye damage.
Executive summary:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential irritant and corrosive properties of the test item, to the eye. The Bovine Corneal Opacity and Permeability (BCOP) test method can identify chemicals inducing serious eye damage and chemicals not requiring classification for eye irritation or serious eye damage.

The design of this study was based on the guideline OECD Guideline 437 and the study was performedin compliance with CiToxLAB France Standard Operating Proceduresand with the OECD Principles of Good Laboratory Practice.

Method

Corneas obtained from freshly slaughtered calves were mounted in corneal holders. Both chambers of the corneal holder were filled with complemented MEM culture media (cMEM) and pre-incubated for 1 hour and 5 minutes (± 5 minutes) at +32°C.

A single experiment was performed using three corneas for each treated series (test item, positive control and negative control).

Before the treatment, a first opacity measurement was performed on each cornea using an opacitometer.

The test item was applied undiluted in a single experiment. The test item, negative and positive controls were evaluated using a treatment time of 10 minutes and using the closed-chamber method. At the completion of the treatment period, all formulations were removed from the front opening of the anterior chamber and the epithelia were rinsed.

The corneas were then incubated for 2 hours (± 10 minutes)at +before a second opacity measurement was performed.

After the second opacity measurement, the medium of the anterior chamber was removed and filled with a fluorescein solution. The holders were then incubated vertically for 90 minutes(± 5 minutes) at +32°C.

At the end of the incubation period, the optical density of the solution from the posterior chamber of each holder was measured in order to determine the permeability of the cornea. Each cornea was then observed for opaque spots and other irregularities.

Results

Macroscopic examinations

No notable opaque spots or irregularities were observed on the three test item-treated corneas.

In Vitro Irritancy Score

All acceptance criteria were fulfilled. The study was therefore considered as valid.

The mean In Vitro Irritancy Score (IVIS) obtained with the test item was: 0.

As the mean IVIS was = 3, the test item was considered as a test chemical not requiring classification for eye irritation or serious eye damage (UN GHS No Category).

 

Conclusion

Under the experimental conditions of this study, the test item was identified as a test chemical not requiring classification for eye irritation or serious eye damage (UN GHS No Category).

 

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