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Short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

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Reference
Endpoint:
short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
23/01/2017 - 25/01/2017
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Justification for type of information:
Experimental test result performed using standard test guidelines.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 202 (Daphnia sp. Acute Immobilisation Test)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Study was conducted to determine effect of Diphenylacetonitrile for the inhibition of mobility of daphnia
GLP compliance:
no
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Diphenylacetonitrile
- Molecular formula: C14H11N
- Molecular weight : 193.248 g/mol
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: Solid
Analytical monitoring:
not specified
Vehicle:
yes
Details on test solutions:
The stock solution (20 g/L) was prepared by dissolving clear yellow coloured iquid in DMSO/reconstituted water. Test solutions of required concentrationas were prepared by mixing the stock solution of the test sample with reconstituted test water.
Test organisms (species):
Daphnia magna
Details on test organisms:
TEST ORGANISM
- Common name: Water flea
- Strain: Straus
- Source: Own breeding at University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague
- Age at study initiation (mean and range, SD): The animals used for the test shall be less than 24 h old and should not be first brood progeny
- Feeding during test: No feeding

Test type:
static
Water media type:
freshwater
Limit test:
no
Total exposure duration:
48 h
Remarks on exposure duration:
± 1 hr
Test temperature:
20 ± 1°C
pH:
Without adjustment
Sample at concentration 20 mg/l: 7.9 (did not changed during the test)
Control: pH = 8.0 (changed to 7.9 during the test)
Control + acetone: pH = 8.0 (changed to 7.9 during the test)
Dissolved oxygen:
higher than 8.3 mg/L at the end of test both in control and the sample
Nominal and measured concentrations:
0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0 10.0 and 20.0 mg/l
Details on test conditions:
TEST SYSTEM
- Test vessel: 50 ml glass vessel
- fill volume: 25 ml
- No. of organisms per vessel: 5
- No. of vessels per concentration (replicates): 4

TEST MEDIUM / WATER PARAMETERS
- Source/preparation of dilution water:
Natural water (surface or ground water), reconstituted water or dechlorinated tap water are acceptable as culturing and dilution water if D. magna survives in it for the duration of the culturing, acclimation and testing without showing signs of stress. Waters in the range pH 6 to pH 9, with hardness between 140 mg/l and 275 mg/l (as CaCO3) are recommended.
As an example, the preparation of dilution water meeting the requirements is described below.
Dissolve known quantities of reagents in water. The dilution water prepared shall have a pH of 7.8 ± 0.5, a hardness of (225 ± 50) mg/l (expressed as CaCO3), a molar Ca + Mg ratio close to 4 + 1 and a dissolved oxygen concentration above 7 mg/l.

Prepare the solutions specified below:
- Calcium chloride solution: Dissolve 117.6 g of calcium chloride dihydrate (CaCl2.2H2O) in water (4.2) and make up to 1 l with water (4.2).
- Magnesium sulfate solution: Dissolve 49.3 g of magnesium sulfate heptahydrate (MgSO4.7H2O) in water (4.2) and make up to 1 l with water (4.2).
- Sodium bicarbonate solution: Dissolve 25.9 g of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) in water (4.2) and make up to 1 l with water (4.2).
- Potassium chloride solution: Dissolve 2.3 g of potassium chloride (KCI) in water (4.2) and make up to 1 l with water (4.2).

Mixing
Mix 2.5 ml of each of the four solutions and make up to 1 l with water.
The dilution water shall be aerated until the dissolved oxygen concentration has reached saturation and the pH has stabilized. If necessary, adjust the pH to 7.8 ± 0.5 by adding sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution or hydrochloric acid (HCI). The dilution water prepared in this way shall not be further aerated before use.

- Sodium hydroxide solution, e.g. [NaOH] : 1 mol/l.
- Hydrochloric acid, e.g. [HCl] : 1 mol/l.

Reference substance:
Dissolve 600 mg of potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7) in water and make up to 1 l with water (4.2).

OTHER TEST CONDITIONS
- Adjustment of pH: no adjustment done
- Photoperiod: No - Darkness
- Light intensity:

CALCULATION:
EC50 was calculated using non linear regression by the software Prism 4.0
Reference substance (positive control):
yes
Remarks:
Potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7)
Key result
Duration:
48 h
Dose descriptor:
EC50
Effect conc.:
5.7 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
meas. (not specified)
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
mobility
Remarks on result:
other: 95% CL: 4.1 - 8.1
Results with reference substance (positive control):
- Results with reference substance valid
- EC50: 0.88 mg/L (24 hours)
Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Conclusions:
The median effective concentration (EC50) for the test substance,diphenylacetonitrile, in Daphnia magna was determined to be 5.7 mg/L on the basis of mobility inhibition effects in a 48 hour study.
Executive summary:

Determination of the inhibition of the mobility of daphnids was carried out with the substance diphenylacetonitrile according to OECD Guideline 202.

The stock solution 100.0 g /1 was prepared by dissolving white powder in acetone. Test solutions of required concentrations were prepared by mixing the stock solution of the test sample in reconstituted water.

The test substance was tested at the concentrations 0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0 10.0 and 20.0 mg/l. Effects on immobilisation were observed for 48 hours.

The median effective concentration (EC50) for the test substance, diphenylacetonitrile, in Daphnia magna was determined to be 5.7 mg/L for immobilisation effects. EC50 was calculated using nonlinear regression by the software Prism 4.0

This value indicates that the substance is likely to be hazardous to aquatic invertebrates and can be classified as Aquatic Chronic Category 2 as per the CLP criteria.

Description of key information

Short term toxicity to aquatic invertebrate:

Determination of the inhibition of the mobility of daphnids was carried out with the substancediphenylacetonitrileaccording to OECD Guideline 202.

The stock solution 100.0 g /1 was prepared by dissolving white powder in acetone. Test solutions of required concentrations were prepared by mixing the stock solution of the test sample in reconstituted water.

The test substance was tested at the concentrations0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0 10.0 and 20.0 mg/l. Effects on immobilisation were observed for 48 hours.

The median effective concentration (EC50) for the test substance,diphenylacetonitrile, in Daphnia magna was determined to be 5.7mg/L for immobilisation effects.EC50 was calculated using nonlinear regression by the software Prism 4.0

This value indicates that the substance is likely to be hazardous to aquatic invertebrates and can be classified as Aquatic Chronic Category 2 as per the CLP criteria.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

EC50/LC50 for freshwater invertebrates:
5.7 mg/L

Additional information

Short term toxicity to aquatic invertebrate:

Determination of the inhibition of the mobility of daphnids was carried out with the substancediphenylacetonitrileaccording to OECD Guideline 202.

The stock solution 100.0 g /1 was prepared by dissolving white powder in acetone. Test solutions of required concentrations were prepared by mixing the stock solution of the test sample in reconstituted water.

The test substance was tested at the concentrations0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0 10.0 and 20.0 mg/l. Effects on immobilisation were observed for 48 hours.

The median effective concentration (EC50) for the test substance,diphenylacetonitrile, in Daphnia magna was determined to be 5.7mg/L for immobilisation effects.EC50 was calculated using nonlinear regression by the software Prism 4.0

This value indicates that the substance is likely to be hazardous to aquatic invertebrates and can be classified as Aquatic Chronic Category 2 as per the CLP criteria.