Registration Dossier

Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

First-aid measures

- General notes: Wear proper personal protective equipments.

- Inhalation: Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.

- Skin contact: Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.

- Eye contact: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids. Get medical aid immediately.

- Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Allow the victim to rinse his mouth and then to drink 2-4 cupfuls of water, and seek medical advice.

Fire-fighting measures

- Suitable extinguishing media - In case of fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.

- Unsuitable extinguishing media - Extinguishing media should not contain alcohols, cyanides, iodine, strong bases and carbonates.

- Special hazard arising from the substance - Reaction of Chloral hydrate with hydroxylamine produces toxic hydrogen cyanide gas. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.

- Advice for firefighters - As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear.

Accidental release measures

- Protective equipment: Use self contained breathing apparatus, protective equipments like gloves, goggles, boots etc.

- Emergency procedures: Keep away from light, moisture and air.

- Removal of ignition sources: Keep away from all sources of ignition.

- Provision of sufficient ventilation: Provide adequate ventilation.

- Control of dust: Do not breathe dust, gas, vapor.

- Environmental precautions: Avoid release to the environment. Prevent entry to sewers and public waters.

- Methods and material for containment and cleaning up: Clean up any spills as soon as possible, using an absorbent material to collect it. Use suitable disposal containers.

Handling and storage

- Precautions for safe handling: : Avoid contact with skin, eyes, and personal clothing. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Local exhaust and general ventilation must be adequate to meet exposure standards. Close container tightly after use.

- Incompatible substances or mixtures: Keep away from alcohols, cyanides, iodine, strong bases, carbonates.

- Evaporative conditions: Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a well-ventilated place

- Potential ignition sources: Keep away from ignition sources, flames and sparks.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
2261
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Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
2261
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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
2261
Shipping information
Chemical name:
2,3-xylenol
Marine pollutant
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Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
2261
Shipping information
Chemical name:
2,3-xylenol
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Exposure controls / personal protection

Appropriate engineering controls       

• Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.

• Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower.

Individual protection measures       

(a) Eye / face protection:  Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN 166.

(b) Skin protection:

(i) Hand protection: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Chemical resistant protective gloves (EN374). Suitable for splash and prolonged contact: nitrile rubber, minimum layer thickness 0.11 mm, break through time: 480 min

(ii) Other: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.

(c) Respiratory protection: Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.

Stability and reactivity

- Reactivity: Reaction of chloral hydrate with hydroxylamine produces toxic hydrogen cyanide gas.

- Chemical stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Sensitive to air, moisture and light

- Possibility of hazardous reactions: Hazardous polymerization has not been reported.

- Conditions to avoid: Excess heat, dust generation, light, exposure to air.

- Incompatible materials: Incompatible with alcohols, cyanides, iodine, strong bases, carbonates.

- Hazardous decomposition products: Chlorine, hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, chloroform,

Disposal considerations

- Sewage disposal: Do not allow to enter sewers or natural waters. Avoid release to the environment. Dispose in a safe manner in accordance with local/national regulations.

- Special precautions: Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling