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Biodegradation in water

Estimation Programs Interface Suite (2018) was run to predict the biodegradation potential of the test compound 2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, 7 -amino-4 -hydroxy-3 -[[2 -methoxy-5-methyl-4 -[[2 -(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl]phenyl]azo]-8-[[2-sulfo-4-[[2-(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl]phenyl]azo]-, tetrasodium salt (CAS no. 503155 -49 -5) in the presence of mixed populations of environmental microorganisms. The biodegradability of the substance was calculated using seven different models such as Linear Model, Non-Linear Model, Ultimate Biodegradation Timeframe, Primary Biodegradation Timeframe, MITI Linear Model, MITI Non-Linear Model and Anaerobic Model (called as Biowin 1-7, respectively) of the BIOWIN v4.10 software. The results indicate that chemical 2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, 7-amino-4-hydroxy-3-[[2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-[[2-(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl] phenyl]azo]-8-[[2-sulfo-4-[[2-(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl]phenyl]azo]-, tetrasodium salt is expected to benot readily biodegradable.

Additional information

Biodegradation in water

Predicted data for the target compound 2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, 7-amino-4-hydroxy-3-[[2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-[[2-(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl] phenyl]azo]-8 -[[2 -sulfo-4 -[[2 -(sulfooxy)ethyl] sulfonyl]phenyl]azo]-, tetrasodium salt (CAS No. 503155 -49 -5) and various supporting weight of evidence studies for its structurally similar read across substance were reviewed for the biodegradation end point which are summarized as below:

 

In a prediction using the Estimation Programs Interface Suite (2018), the biodegradation potential of the test compound2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, 7 -amino-4 -hydroxy-3 -[[2 -methoxy-5 -methyl-4 -[[2 -(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl] phenyl]azo]-8-[[2-sulfo-4-[[2-(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl]phenyl]azo]-, tetrasodium salt(CAS No. 503155-49-5) in the presence of mixed populations of environmental microorganisms was estimated. The biodegradability of the substance was calculated using seven different models such as Linear Model, Non-Linear Model, Ultimate Biodegradation Timeframe, Primary Biodegradation Timeframe, MITI Linear Model, MITI Non-Linear Model and Anaerobic Model (called as Biowin 1-7, respectively) of the BIOWIN v4.10 software. The results indicate that chemical 2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, 7-amino-4-hydroxy-3-[[2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-[[2-(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl] phenyl]azo]-8 -[[2 -sulfo-4 -[[2 -(sulfooxy)ethyl] sulfonyl]phenyl]azo]-, tetrasodium salt is expected to be not readily biodegradable.

 

In a supporting weight of evidence study from experimental study report (2016),28-days Manometric respirometry test following the OECD guideline 301F to determine the ready biodegradability of the test item. The study was performed at a temperature of 20± 1°C. Mixture of domestic waste water, surface soil and soil samples was used as a test inoculum for the study. This inoculum was collected and were mixed to get diluted suspension. The inoculum was kept aerobic until being used for experiment by supplying organic and inorganic sources required by micro flora to sustain at controlled laboratory conditions.  This gave the bacterial count as 107to 108 CFU/ml. At the regular interval microbial plating was also performed on agar to confirm the vitality and CFU count of microorganism. OECD mineral medium was used for the study. The test system included control, test item and reference item. The concentration of test and reference item ( Sodium Benzoate) chosen for both the study was 30 mg/L, while that of inoculum was 10 ml/l. ThOD (Theoretical oxygen demand) of test and reference item was determined by calculation. % Degradation was calculated using the values of BOD and ThOD for test item and reference item. The % degradation of procedure control (Sodium Benzoate) was also calculated using BOD & ThOD and was determined to be 74.074%. The mean BOD values(mg O2/l) in control on 28th day was 9 mg O2/l, thereby fulfilling the control validity criteria (i.e., The oxygen consumption of the inoculum blank is normally 20-30 mg O2/l and should not be greater than 60 mg/l in 28 days). Degradation of Sodium Benzoate exceeds 50.050 %after 7 days and 68.068% after 14 days. The activity of the inoculums is thus verified and the test can be considered as valid.The BOD28 value of test chemical was observed to be 0.050mgO2/mg. ThOD was calculated as 1.088 mgO2/mg. Accordingly, the % degradation of the test item after 28 days of incubation at 20 ± 1°C according to manometric respirometry test was found to be 4.596%.Based on the results, the test item, under the test conditions, was considered to be not readily biodegradable at 20 ± 1°C over a period of 28 days.

 

Another 28-days Manometric respirometry test following the OECD guideline 301F to determine the ready biodegradability of the test item (Experimental study report, 2016). The study was performed at a temperature of 20± 1°C. Mixture of domestic waste water, surface soil and soil samples was used as a test inoculum for the study. This inoculum was collected and were mixed to get diluted suspension. The inoculum was kept aerobic until being used for experiment by supplying organic and inorganic sources required by micro flora to sustain at controlled laboratory conditions.  This gave the bacterial count as 107to 108 CFU/ml. At the regular interval microbial plating was also performed on agar to confirm the vitality and CFU count of microorganism. OECD mineral medium was used for the study. The test system included control, test item and reference item. The concentration of test chemical used for the study was 16 mg/l and reference item (Sodium Benzoate) chosen for the study was 30 mg/L, while that of inoculum was 10 ml/l. ThOD (Theoretical oxygen demand) of test and reference item was determined by calculation. % Degradation was calculated using the values of BOD and ThOD for test item and reference item. The % degradation of procedure control (Sodium Benzoate) was also calculated using BOD & ThOD and was determined to be 74.04%. The mean BOD values(mg O2/l) in control on 28th day was 9mg O2/l, thereby fulfilling the control validity criteria (i.e., The oxygen consumption of the inoculum blank is normally 20-30 mg O2/l and should not be greater than 60 mg/l in 28 days). Degradation of Sodium Benzoate exceeds 48.04%after 7 days and 70.07% after 14 days. The activity of the inoculums is thus verified and the test can be considered as valid. The BOD28 value of test chemical was observed to be mgO2/mg. ThOD was calculated as mgO2/mg. Accordingly, the % degradation of the test item after 28 days of incubation at 20 ± 1°C according to manometric respirometry test was determined to be 12.807 %.Based on the results, the test item, under the test conditions, was considered to be not readily biodegradable at 20± 1°C over a period of 28 days.

 

For the test chemical from experimental study report (2016), 28-days Manometric respirometry test following the OECD guideline 301F to determine the ready biodegradability of the test chemical. The study was performed at a temperature of 20± 1°C. Mixture of domestic waste water, surface soil and soil samples was used as a test inoculum for the study. This inoculum was collected and were mixed to get diluted suspension. The inoculum was kept aerobic until being used for experiment by supplying organic and inorganic sources required by micro flora to sustain at controlled laboratory conditions.  This gave the bacterial count as 107to 108 CFU/ml. At the regular interval microbial plating was also performed on agar to confirm the vitality and CFU count of microorganism. OECD mineral medium was used for the study. The test system included control, test item and reference item. The concentration of test chemical used for the study was 45 mg/l and reference item ( Sodium Benzoate) chosen for the study was 30 mg/L, while that of inoculum was 10 ml/l. ThOD (Theoretical oxygen demand) of test and reference item was determined by calculation. % Degradation was calculated using the values of BOD and ThOD for test item and reference item. The % degradation of procedure control (Sodium Benzoate) was also calculated using BOD & ThOD and was determined to be 74.074%. The mean BOD values (mg O2/l) in control on 28th day was 9 mg O2/l, thereby fulfilling the control validity criteria (i.e., The oxygen consumption of the inoculum blank is normally 20-30 mg O2/l and should not be greater than 60 mg/l in 28 days). Degradation of Sodium Benzoate exceeds 50.050 %after 7 days and 68.068 % after 14 days. The activity of the inoculums is thus verified and the test can be considered as valid.The BOD28 value of test chemical was observed to be 0.022 mgO2/mg. ThOD was calculated as 1.267 mgO2/mg. Accordingly, the % degradation of the test item after 28 days of incubation at 20 ± 1°C according to manometric respirometry test was determined to be 1.754 %.Based on the results, the test item, under the test conditions, was considered to be not readily biodegradable at 20 ± 1°C over a period of 28 days.

 

On the basis of above results for target chemical2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, 7-amino-4-hydroxy-3-[[2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-[[2-(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl] phenyl]azo]-8-[[2-sulfo-4-[[2-(sulfooxy)ethyl] sulfonyl]phenyl]azo]-, tetrasodium salt(from modelling database, 2018), it can be concluded that the test substance2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, 7 -amino-4 -hydroxy-3 -[[2 -methoxy-5 -methyl-4 -[[2 -(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl] phenyl]azo]-8-[[2-sulfo-4-[[2-(sulfooxy)ethyl]sulfonyl]phenyl]azo]-, tetrasodium salt can be expected to be not readily biodegradable in nature.