Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - workers

The toxicity of TiCl4 is mainly driven by the local caustic action of HCl that is formed upon hydrolysis. Due to this hydrolytical instability and the chemical nature of the hydrolysis products (hydrochloric acid and TiO2 particles) systemic exposure is negligible.

Regarding chronic toxicity via inhalation besides the caustic action of HCl also the deposition of particles derived from TiCl4 hydrolysis has to be regarded. It can nevertheless be assumed that the risk management measures for the irritating effects effectively prevent TiO2 particle accumulation in the respiratory tract. Therefore effects due to lung overload as seen in the high dose group of the 2 year chronic inhalation study are not to be expected if risk management measures are in place.

For all other local acute effects, the potential hazards are sufficiently covered by the risk management measures that are implemented due to the corrosivity of the substance.

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
exposure based waiving
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
exposure based waiving
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
exposure based waiving
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
exposure based waiving
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
exposure based waiving
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
exposure based waiving
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
exposure based waiving
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
exposure based waiving

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
exposure based waiving
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
exposure based waiving
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown but no further hazard information necessary as no exposure expected

Additional information - General Population

Titanium tetrachloride is exclusively produced and used in industrial settings with no consumer exposure. Due to the hydrolytical instability, exposure of the general public to TiCl4 is not possible. The general public will only be exposed to the hydrolysis products which are hydrochloric acid and TiO2 particles. For these substances own registration dossiers exist and corresponding DNELs can be found there.