Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Acute oral toxicity

LD50 was estimated to be 2598.40mg/kg bw, when female Wistar rats were exposed with 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6) orally.

Acute dermal toxicity

LD50 was estimated to be 3738.35mg/kg bw, when male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed with 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6) by dermal application.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox v3.4 and the QMRF report has been attached.
Reference:
Composition 1
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
other: As mentioned below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.4, 2017
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test type:
other: not specified
Limit test:
no
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material: 5-acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulphonic acid
- IUPAC name: 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid
- Molecular formula: C8H10N2O4S
- Molecular weight: 230.243 g/mole
- Smiles :O=C(Nc1ccc(N)c(S(=O)(=O)O)c1)C
- Inchl: 1S/C8H10N2O4S/c1-5(11)10-6-2-3-7(9)8(4-6)15(12,13)14/h2-4H,9H2,1H3,(H,10,11)(H,12,13,14)
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: Solid crystal powder (white to yellowish grey)
Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
No data available
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
water
Details on oral exposure:
No data available
Doses:
2598.40mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
No data available
Control animals:
not specified
Details on study design:
No data available
Statistics:
No data available
Preliminary study:
No data available
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
2 598.4 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: 50% mortality was observed
Mortality:
No data available
Clinical signs:
No data available
Body weight:
No data available
Gross pathology:
No data available
Other findings:
No data available

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: LD50
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 6 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and "l" )  and ("m" and ( not "n") )  )  and ("o" and ( not "p") )  )  and ("q" and "r" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Anilines (Acute toxicity) by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Radical AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Strong binder, NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) carboxamide group AND Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) carboxamide group >> Carboxylic Acid Amides AND Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Carboxylic Acid Amides AND Acylation >> Ester aminolysis AND Acylation >> Ester aminolysis >> Amides AND AN2 AND AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  AND AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  >> Carboxylic Acid Amides AND AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  >> Substituted Anilines by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Radical AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinoneimines OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinones and Trihydroxybenzenes OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition on alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition on alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> Four- and Five-Membered Lactones OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> Dicarbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release >> Specific Acetate Esters OR AN2 >> Thioacylation via nucleophilic addition after cysteine-mediated thioketene formation OR AN2 >> Thioacylation via nucleophilic addition after cysteine-mediated thioketene formation >> Haloalkenes with Electron-Withdrawing Groups OR AN2 >> Thioacylation via nucleophilic addition after cysteine-mediated thioketene formation >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR No alert found OR Non-covalent interaction OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Amino Anthraquinones OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Coumarins OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> DNA Intercalators with Carboxamide and Aminoalkylamine Side Chain OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Fused-Ring Nitroaromatics OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> N-Hydroxyethyl Lactams OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Organic Azides OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon and Naphthalenediimide Derivatives OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Quinones and Trihydroxybenzenes OR Non-specific OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical >> Generation of ROS by glutathione depletion (indirect) OR Radical >> Generation of ROS by glutathione depletion (indirect) >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation >> Organic Azides OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Amino Anthraquinones OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Coumarins OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Fused-Ring Nitroaromatics OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> N-Hydroxylamines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitro Azoarenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitroaniline Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitrophenols, Nitrophenyl Ethers and Nitrobenzoic Acids OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> p-Aminobiphenyl Analogs OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> p-Substituted Mononitrobenzenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Quinones and Trihydroxybenzenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) >> Quinoneimines OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon and Naphthalenediimide Derivatives OR SN1 >> Carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Carbenium ion formation >> Alpha-Haloethers OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after diazonium or carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after diazonium or carbenium ion formation >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Amino Anthraquinones OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrene formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrene formation >> Organic Azides OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation >> p-Aminobiphenyl Analogs OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Fused-Ring Nitroaromatics OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitro Azoarenes OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitroaniline Derivatives OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitrophenols, Nitrophenyl Ethers and Nitrobenzoic Acids OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> p-Substituted Mononitrobenzenes OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution after carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution after carbenium ion formation >> Monohaloalkanes OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ion OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ion >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Acylation OR SN2 >> Acylation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR SN2 >> Acylation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation by epoxide metabolically formed after E2 reaction OR SN2 >> Alkylation by epoxide metabolically formed after E2 reaction >> Monohaloalkanes OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related >> Epoxides and Aziridines OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Haloalkenes with Electron-Withdrawing Groups OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon and Naphthalenediimide Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Monohaloalkanes OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Sulfonates and Sulfates OR SN2 >> Alkylation, ring opening SN2 reaction OR SN2 >> Alkylation, ring opening SN2 reaction >> Four- and Five-Membered Lactones OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Coumarins OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR SN2 >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Acyl Halides OR SN2 >> DNA alkylation OR SN2 >> DNA alkylation >> Vicinal Dihaloalkanes OR SN2 >> Internal SN2 reaction with aziridinium and/or cyclic sulfonium ion formation (enzymatic) OR SN2 >> Internal SN2 reaction with aziridinium and/or cyclic sulfonium ion formation (enzymatic) >> Vicinal Dihaloalkanes OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3 and activated sp2 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3 and activated sp2 carbon atom >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3-carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3-carbon atom >> Alpha-Haloethers OR SN2 >> SN2 at sulfur atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at sulfur atom >> Sulfonyl Halides OR SN2 >> SN2 attack on activated carbon Csp3 or Csp2 OR SN2 >> SN2 attack on activated carbon Csp3 or Csp2 >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Hydroquinones OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary aromatic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Secondary aromatic amine by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA alerts for AMES by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Radical OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines by DNA alerts for AMES by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Bioavailable by Lipinski Rule Oasis ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Halogens by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aniline AND Aryl AND Organic amide and thioamide AND Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aminoaniline, meta by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -3.55

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= -1.53

Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Conclusions:
LD50 was estimated to be 2598.40mg/kg bw, when female Wistar rats were exposed with 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6) orally.
Executive summary:

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute oral toxicity was estimated for 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6),LD50 was estimated to be 2598.40mg/kg bw, when female Wistar rats were exposed with 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6)orally.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
2 598.4 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimicsh 2 and from QSAR Toolbox 3.4. (2017)

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox v3.4 and the QMRF report has been attached.
Reference:
Composition 1
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: As mentioned below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.4, 2017
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test type:
other: not specified
Limit test:
no
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material: 5-acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulphonic acid
- IUPAC name: 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid
- Molecular formula: C8H10N2O4S
- Molecular weight: 230.243 g/mole
- Smiles :O=C(Nc1ccc(N)c(S(=O)(=O)O)c1)C
- Inchl: 1S/C8H10N2O4S/c1-5(11)10-6-2-3-7(9)8(4-6)15(12,13)14/h2-4H,9H2,1H3,(H,10,11)(H,12,13,14)
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: Solid crystal powder (white to yellowish grey)
Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
No data available
Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Vehicle:
water
Details on dermal exposure:
No data available
Duration of exposure:
No data available
Doses:
3738.35 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
not specified
Details on study design:
No data available
Statistics:
No data available
Preliminary study:
No data available
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
3 738.35 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: 50% mortality was observed
Mortality:
50% mortality was observed
Clinical signs:
No data available
Body weight:
No data available
Gross pathology:
No data available
Other findings:
No data available

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: LD50
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 5 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and "j" )  and "k" )  and "l" )  and ("m" and ( not "n") )  )  and ("o" and "p" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Anilines (Acute toxicity) by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Radical AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Strong binder, NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) carboxamide group AND Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) carboxamide group >> Carboxylic Acid Amides AND Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Carboxylic Acid Amides AND Acylation >> Ester aminolysis AND Acylation >> Ester aminolysis >> Amides AND AN2 AND AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  AND AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  >> Carboxylic Acid Amides AND AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  >> Substituted Anilines by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates >> Formamides OR Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated esters OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic tertiary amines OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic nitro OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary aromatic amine by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Anhydrides OR No alert found OR SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at a sulphur atom OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at a sulphur atom >> Disulfides OR SNAr OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution >> Activated halo-benzenes by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No superfragment by Superfragments ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Class 5 (Not possible to classify according to these rules) by Acute aquatic toxicity classification by Verhaar (Modified) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Bioavailable by Lipinski Rule Oasis ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Stable form by Tautomers unstable

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Enol form by Tautomers unstable

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -7.06

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 0.668

Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Conclusions:
LD50 was estimated to be 3738.35mg/kg bw, when male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed with 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6) by dermal application.
Executive summary:

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute dermal toxicity was estimated for 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6),LD50 was estimated to be 3738.35mg/kg bw, when male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed with 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6) by dermal application.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
3 738.35 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimicsh 2 and from QSAR Toolbox 3.4. (2017)

Additional information

Acute oral toxicity

In different studies, 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6) has been investigated for acute oral toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often are the studies based on in vivo experiments and estimated data in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rats 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6).The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental studies.

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute oral toxicity was estimated for 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6),LD50 was estimated to be 2598.40mg/kg bw, when female Wistar rats were exposed with 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6)orally.

Based on the QSAR prediction done using the Danish (Q)SAR Database, the LD50 was estimated to be11000mg/kg bw on rat for test substance2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6).

In another experimental study given by Greim H, J. Ahlers, R. Biasd, B. Broecker, H. Hollander, H.-P. Gelbke.H.-J. Klimisch, I. Mangelsdorf, A. Paetz, N Schgn, G. Stropp,R. Vogel, C. Weber, K. Ziegler-Skylakakis And E. Bayer (Chemophere. Vol. 28, No. 12, pp. 2203.2236, 1994) on structurally similar read across substance6-aminonaphthalene-1,3-disulfonic acid (118-33-2),In a acute oral toxicity study, rat were treated with 6-aminonaphthalene-1,3-disulfonic acid (118-33-2) in the concentration of 2000 mg/kg bw orally.  50% mortality was observed in treated rat at 2000 mg/kg bw. Therefore, LD50 was considered to 2000 mg/kg bw when rat were treated with 6-aminonaphthalene-1,3-disulfonic acid orally.  

In another experimental study given by U.S. National Library of Medicine (ChemIDplusA TOXNET Database, 2017) on structurally similar read across substance2-aminonaphthalene-1,5-disulfonic acid (117 -62 -4),In a acute oral toxicity study, rat were treated with 2-aminonaphthalene-1,5-disulfonic acid (117 -62 -4) orally. 50% mortality was observed in treated rats at 5430 mg/kg bw. Therefore, LD50 was considered to be 5430 mg/kg bw when rat were treated with 2-aminonaphthalene-1,5-disulfonic acid orally.    

Thus, based on the above studies and predictions on 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6) and its read across substances, it can be concluded that LD50 value is 2598.40 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6) can be “Not classified” for acute oral toxicity.

 

Acute dermal toxicity

In different studies,2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6)has been investigated for acute dermal toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often are the studies based on in vivo experiments and estimated data in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rats for2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6) .The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental studies.

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute dermal toxicity was estimated for 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6),LD50 was estimated to be 3738.35mg/kg bw, when male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed with 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6) by dermal application.

In experimental study given byU.S. National Library of Medicine (ChemIDplusA TOXNET Database, 2017)on structurally similar read across substance Caprolactam (105-60-2).Acute dermal toxicity study was done in rats using test material Caprolactam (105-60-2).No mortality was observed at dose 2000mg/kg bw. Hence LD50 was considered to be >2000mg/kg body weight.When rats were treated with Caprolactam (105-60-2) by dermal application.

 

Thus, based on the above studies and predictions on 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6)and its read across substances, it can be concluded that LD50 value is 3738.35mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6)can be “Not classified” for acute dermal toxicity.

 

Justification for classification or non-classification

Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP 2-amino-5-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonic acid (96-78-6)can be “Not classified” for acute oral toxicity and acute dermal toxicity.