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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

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The terrestrial toxicity endpoint has been waived because adsorption studies indicate a very low potential for the test substance to adsorb to sediment, sludge or soil and therefore exposure to soil organisms is considered unlikely. No exposure to the environment is anticipated from the use of the ink product. Within the European Union, the Registrant offers a returns programme for their ink printers, empty ink cartridges and larger ink systems used in commercial printing. The Registrant offers an EU-wide take back programme and repurposing programme for 200 L barrels and 1000 L totes. No further testing is required on the basis of a low potential for exposure of the test substance to the soil environment.

In addition, no toxicity was seen in short-term fish, invertebrate and algal studies indicating aquatic toxicity is generally very low. No further testing is required.

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