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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Description of first aid measures

First aid personnel should pay attention to their own safety. If the patient is likely to become

unconscious, place and transport in stable sideways position (recovery position). Immediately

remove contaminated clothing.

If inhaled:

Keep patient calm, remove to fresh air, seek medical attention. Immediately administer a

corticosteroid from a controlled/metered dose inhaler.

On skin contact:

Immediately wash thoroughly with plenty of water, apply sterile dressings, consult a skin specialist.

On contact with eyes:

Immediately wash affected eyes for at least 15 minutes under running water with eyelids held open, consult an eye specialist.

On ingestion:

Immediately rinse mouth and then drink 200-300 ml of water, seek medical attention.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

Symptoms: The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling.

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

Treat according to symptoms (decontamination, vital functions), no known specific antidote.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media: dry powder, carbon dioxide, foam.

Unsuitable extinguishing media for safety reasons: water.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Hydrogen chloride can be released in case of fire.

Advice for fire-fighters

Special protective equipment:

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and chemical-protective clothing.

Further information:

Collect contaminated extinguishing water separately, do not allow to reach sewage or effluent

systems.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Breathing protection required. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing.

Environmental precautions

Do not empty into drains.

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

For large amounts: Pump off product.

For residues: Pick up with suitable absorbent material (e.g. sand, sawdust, general-purpose binder, kieselguhr). Dispose of absorbed material in accordance with regulations.

Reference to other sections

Information regarding exposure controls/personal protection and disposal considerations can be

found in the specific sections.

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling

Ensure thorough ventilation of stores and work areas. Protect against moisture. Avoid aerosol

formation.

Protection against fire and explosion:

Prevent electrostatic charge - sources of ignition should be kept well clear - fire extinguishers should be kept handy.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Segregate from alkalies and alkalizing substances.

Further information on storage conditions: Keep container tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated

place.

Storage stability:

Storage duration: 12 Months

From the data on storage duration no agreed statement regarding the warrantee of application properties can be deduced.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Control parameters

Components with occupational exposure limits

108-99-6: 3-Methylpyridine

Exposure controls

Personal protective equipment

Respiratory protection:

Self-contained breathing apparatus.

Hand protection:

Chemical resistant protective gloves (EN 374)

Suitable materials also with prolonged, direct contact (Recommended: Protective index 6,

corresponding > 480 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374):

fluoroelastomer (FKM) - 0.7 mm coating thickness

butyl rubber (butyl) - 0.7 mm coating thickness

Suitable materials short-term contact and/or splashes (recommended: At least protective index 2, corresponding > 30 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374)

chloroprene rubber (CR) - 0.5 mm coating thickness

nitrile rubber (NBR) - 0.4 mm coating thickness

polyvinylchloride (PVC) - 0.7 mm coating thickness

Supplementary note: The specifications are based on tests, literature data and information of glove manufacturers or are derived from similar substances by analogy. Due to many conditions (e.g. temperature) it must be considered, that the practical usage of a chemical-protective glove in practice may be much shorter than the permeation time determined through testing.

Manufacturer's directions for use should be observed because of great diversity of types.

Eye protection:

Tightly fitting safety goggles (cage goggles) (e.g. EN 166) and face shield.

Body protection:

Body protection must be chosen depending on activity and possible exposure, e.g. apron, protecting boots, chemical-protection suit (according to EN 14605 in case of splashes or EN ISO 13982 in case of dust).

General safety and hygiene measures

Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing. Do not breathe vapour/spray.

Stability and reactivity

Reactivity

Corrosion to metals: Corrosive effect on metals.

Reactions with water/air:

Reaction with: water

Flammable gases: no

Toxic gases: yes

Which toxic gases: hydrogen chloride (HCl)

Corrosive gases: yes

Which corrosive gases: hydrogen chloride (HCl)

Smoke or fog: yes

Type of smoke or fog: Hydrochloric acid

Chemical stability

The product is stable if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

Possibility of hazardous reactions

Evolution of corrosive gases/vapours. Reacts with water and basic components to generate heat. On contact with water, gaseous decomposition products are formed, which cause build-up of pressure in tightly closed containers. Reacts with alkalies and metals. Reacts with alcohols, amines, aqueous acids and alkalies. Reacts with water and moisture, with formation of hydrogen chloride. Partly very violent reactions with bases and numerous organic classes of substances such as alcohols and amines. Addition of water leads to increase in temperature. Vapours may form ignitable mixture with air. Substance/product is highly reactive. In damp air hydrochloric acid formation is possible. Violent reactions with water and/or alcohols, with formation of hydrochloric acid. Violent and explosive reaction with water.

Conditions to avoid

Avoid direct sunlight. Avoid electro-static charge. Avoid humidity. Avoid heat. Avoid prolonged

storage. Disregard of the conditions mentioned may result in undesirable decomposition reactions.

Incompatible materials

Substances to avoid:

alkaline reactive substances, alcohols, bases, amines, water

Hazardous decomposition products:

hydrogen chloride

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods

Incinerate in suitable incineration plant, observing local authority regulations.

Contaminated packaging:

Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible; then it can be passed on for

recycling after being thoroughly cleaned.