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Administrative data

Description of key information

Skin irritation was assessed in a primary dermal irritation study (TNO, 1976) and an in vitro skin corrosion test according to OECD 431
Eye irritation was assessed similar to OECD 405 (TNO, 1976)

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin corrosion: in vitro / ex vivo
Remarks:
in vitro
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Study period:
2012-03-20 to 2012-03-22
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Valid without restriction; GLP guideline study
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.4 (Acute Toxicity: Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 431 (In Vitro Skin Corrosion: Human Skin Model Test)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Species:
other: reconstituted three-dimensional human skin model EpiDerm (MatTek)
Strain:
other: not applicable
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
Test system:
The test was carried out with the reconstituted three-dimensional human skin model EpiDermTM (MatTek). It consists of non-cancerous, human-derived epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) which have been cultutred to form a multi-layered, highly differentiated model of the human epidermis. The NHEK are cultured are cultured on chemically modified, collagen-coated cell culture inserts (Millicell). The test systewm exhibits in vivo like morphological and growth characteristics and consists of organised basal, spinous, granular and cornified layers analogous to those found in vivo.
Type of coverage:
other: not applicable
Preparation of test site:
other: not applicable
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: EpiDerm Tissue was treated with distilled water and 8 N KOH
Amount / concentration applied:
The test item was applied undiluted. 50 µl of the test item were dispensed directly onto the EpiDerm tissue. The test item was spread to match size of the tissue.
Duration of treatment / exposure:
3 minutes and 60 minutes exposure
Observation period:
n.a.
Number of animals:
n.a.
Details on study design:
see "any other information on materials and methods incl. tables"
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
3 min
Value:
90
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
60 min
Value:
83
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Other effects:
n.a.

Table1: 3 min Exposure

Name

Negative Control

Test item

Positive control

Tissue

1

2

1

2

1

2

Absolute OD550-Werte

2.080

2.087

1.959

1.787

0.309

0.269

2.082

2.088

1.962

1.784

0.315

0.271

2.068

2.061

1.945

1.770

0.312

0.269

Mean OD550

2.077

2.079

1.955

1.780

0.312

0.270

SD

0.008

0.015

0.009

0.009

0.003

0.001

Total mean OD550(mean of two replicate tissues)

2.078*

1.868

0.291

Mean relative tissue viability [%]

100

90

14**

Mean inter tissue viability difference [%]***

0.1

9.4

14.5

* mean OD550 ≥ 0.8

** mean relative tissue viability of the 3 min positive control ≤ 30 %

*** inter tissue viability difference ≤ 30 %

Table 2: 60 min Exposure

Name

Negative Control

Test item

Positive control

Tissue

1

2

1

2

1

2

Absolute OD550-Werte

1.955

1.763

1.815

1.454

0.114

0.119

1.983

1.790

1.692

1.376

0.117

0.129

2.000

1.782

1.706

1.361

0.115

0.121

Mean OD550

1.979

1.778

1.706

1.361

0.115

0.121

SD

0.023

0.014

0.067

0.050

0.002

0.005

Total mean OD550(mean of two replicate tissues)

1.879*

1.567

0.119

Mean relative tissue viability [%]

100

83

6

Mean inter tissue viability difference [%]***

10.7

21.7

6.4

* mean OD550 ≥ 0.8

*** inter tissue viability difference ≤ 30 %

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
In this study the test item Peroxan NPO is not considered to be corrosive.
Executive summary:

The potential of the test item to induce skin corrosion was analysed by using the three dimensional human skin model EpiDerm, comprising a reconstructed epidermis with a functional stratum corneum. Peroxan NPO was applied topically to the EpiDerm tissue for 3 min and 60 min, respectively followed by immediate determination of cytotoxic effects via MTT reduction assay.

The test item showed no corrosive potential. The mean relative tissue viability (% negative control) was >= 50% (90%) after 3 min treatment and >= 15% (83%) after 60 min treatment.

The controls confirmed the validity of the study. The mean OD550 of the two negative control tissues was >= 0.8 for each exposure period. The mean relative tissue viability of the positive control was =< (14%) after 3 min treatment. The maximum inter tissue difference of replicate tissues of all dose groups was =< 30 % (0.1%-21.7%).

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
adverse effect observed (irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
no data
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: comparable to guideline study with acceptable restriction
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
: no clinical observation after 1 h
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The techniques of tests as published by the FDA of the US (Fed. Reg. 28 (119), 5582, 1963) and Draize and Kelley (Drug Cosmet. Industr. 71 (1952) 36) are followed
GLP compliance:
no
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Housing: individually
- no hay or other extrageneous material that might enter the eye
- examination of of the eyes before testing
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Remarks:
75% solution in isododecane
Controls:
other: untreated eye served as control
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 100 µl
- Concentration (if solution): 75% solution in isododecane
Duration of treatment / exposure:
as long as observation period; the eyes were not washed after treatment
Observation period (in vivo):
observation after 24 h, 48 h and 72 h
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
6
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): no washing

SCORING SYSTEM: FDA scoring scale (equivalent to Draize (1944))

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: binocular
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.3
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
positive indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
positive indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.6
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
positive indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
positive indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.6
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
positive indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.6
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.6
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
positive indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.6
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Other effects:
no other effects

Table 1: Individual scores awarded to the ocular lesions elicited by Trigonox 36-CD 75

Rabbit number

Cornea

Iris

Conjunctivae

Redness

Chemosis

After 24 hours

25

1

0

2

2

26

0

0

2

3

27

0

0

1

2

28

0

0

2

2

29

0

0

2

3

30

0

0

1

2

After 48 hours

25

0

0

1

0

26

0

0

1

0

27

0

0

1

0

28

0

0

1

0

29

0

0

1

0

30

0

0

0

0

After 72 hours

25

0

0

0

0

26

0

0

0

0

27

0

0

0

0

28

0

0

0

0

29

0

0

0

0

30

0

0

0

0

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The eye lesions caused by Trigonox 36-CD 75 are below the threshold of classification according to regulation No. 1272/2008.
Executive summary:

In a primary eye irritation study 100 µl of Trigonox 36-CD 75 (Bis(3,5,5 -trimethylhexanoyl)peroxide) was instilled into the everted lower lid of one eye of 6 New Zealand White albino rabbits. The eyes were not washed after instillation. Animals were observed after 24, 48 and 72 hours. Irritation was scored according the FDA scoring scale. The eye lesions were of moderate degree after 24h.and completely reversible within 72h. After 24 hours an average score of 1.67 of conjunctivae redness and an average score 2.3 of conjunctivae chemosis was observed. The mean values of the 24-48-72h readings were below the threshold of classification according to regulation No. 1272/2008 (CLP).

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Skin irritation was assessed in a primary dermal irritation study (TNO, 1976). Severe erythema to slight eschar formation was observed 24 h and 72 h after exposure on intact as well as on abraded skin. Very slight to slight edemas were observed on intact as well on abraded skin after 24 h and 72 h. Because the reversibility of the adverse effects had not been assessed after 14 days the study does not allow to conclude on potentially irreversible effects. Thus, an in vitro skin corrosion test according to OECD 431 was conducted to exclude corrosivity. The test item was found not to be corrosive.

Eye irritation was assessed in a primary eye irritation study (TNO, 1976). Eye lesions were of moderate degree after 24h.and completely reversible within 72h. The mean values of the 24-48-72h readings were below the threshold of classification according to regulation No. 1272/2008 (CLP).


Justification for selection of skin irritation / corrosion endpoint:
OECD guideline study

Justification for selection of eye irritation endpoint:
comparable to guideline study

Effects on skin irritation/corrosion: irritating

Justification for classification or non-classification

The test item is a skin irritant according to CLP, but not corrosive (Skin Irrit 2).

A classification as eye irritant has not been warranted. Conjunctivae effects were observed during the first 48h of the experiment not leading to classification according to regulation No. 1272/2008 (CLP).