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Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: dermal

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1992/11/10-1992/11/24
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Acceptable well-documented study report which meets basic scientific principles: GLP
Justification for type of information:
A discussion and report on the read across strategy is given as an attachment in IUCLID Section 13.
Cross-referenceopen allclose all
Reason / purpose:
read-across: supporting information
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
read-across based on grouping of substances (category approach)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1992/11/10-1992/11/24
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Acceptable well-documented study report which meets basic scientific principles: GLP
Justification for type of information:
A discussion and report on the read across strategy is given as an attachment in IUCLID Section 13.
Reason / purpose:
read-across source
Reason / purpose:
reference to other study
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Version / remarks:
; 1987 Guidelines
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
occlusive dressing used
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Hazleton Research Products
-Sex: Male (3); Female (3)
- Age at study initiation: 12-13 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: Male: 2.01 to 2.21 kg; Female: 2.17 to 2.48 kg
- Housing: individually housed
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): AgwayCertified Diet RCA Rabbit, ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 8-day acclimatization

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°F): 65-70
- Humidity (%): 40 to 60
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12
Type of coverage:
occlusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
On the day prior to application the trunk of each animal was clipped free of hair. For each treated animal, 5000 mg/kg of MRD-92-405 was applied to the trunk beneath a gauze patch and secured by an occlusive wrap to prevent evaporation. The whole patch assembly was held in place with tape. The patches were left in position for approximately 24 hours. Residual test material was removed and animals were observed 1, 2.5, and 4 hours after dosing and once per day thereafter for a total of 14 days.
Duration of exposure:
24 hours
Doses:
5000 mg/kg: (3) males; (3) female
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Animals: (3) males; (3) female
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
SCORING SYSTEM: Draize scale
- Dermal response observations: daily
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: clinical signs, body weight
Statistics:
Differences between treated and control group mean values for bodyweight gain were analysed by Student's t-test. Where individual variance ratios were significant (P <0.05 or less), Cochrans approximation was applied (Snedecor and Cochran, Statistical Methods, 6th Ed. Iowa State. 1973). Where zero variance was found in one or more groups, intergroup comparison was performed by the Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test.
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 5 000 mg/kg bw
Mortality:
There were no animal deaths prior to study termination.
Clinical signs:
Well-defined erythema was noted upon removal of the test patches in all animals exposed to MRD-92-405, with edema noted in two animals. At Day 14, three animals were noted as having very slight erythema and only one animal was noted as having well-defined erythema. Clinical signs during the test period were minimal. Five animals were free of any clinical signs; one animal displayed decreased food consumption on day 11.
Body weight:
All animals gained body weight over their Day 0 values
Gross pathology:
One animal was free of macroscopic abnormalities. Five animals were observed with desquamation.
Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Remarks:
Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The LD50 of MRD-92-405 was > 5000 mg/kg. Classification as an acute dermal toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) or under Directive 67/518/EEC for dangerous substances and Directive 1999/45/EC for preparations.
Executive summary:

Three male and three female rabbits were exposed to MRD-92-405 for 24h via an occluded patch.  Dermal evaluations occurred at 24 hours post patch removal and once daily until the study termination at day 14. Exposure had no affect on viability; all animals survived the exposure.  The LD50 of MRD-92-405 was > 5000 mg/kg. Classification as an acute dermal toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) or under Directive 67/518/EEC for dangerous substances and Directive 1999/45/EC for preparations.

Reason / purpose:
reference to other study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1993
Report Date:
1993

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Version / remarks:
; 1987 Guidelines
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
occlusive dressing used
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Test animals

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Hazleton Research Products
-Sex: Male (3); Female (3)
- Age at study initiation: 12-13 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: Male: 2.01 to 2.21 kg; Female: 2.17 to 2.48 kg
- Housing: individually housed
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): AgwayCertified Diet RCA Rabbit, ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 8-day acclimatization

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°F): 65-70
- Humidity (%): 40 to 60
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
occlusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
On the day prior to application the trunk of each animal was clipped free of hair. For each treated animal, 5000 mg/kg of MRD-92-405 was applied to the trunk beneath a gauze patch and secured by an occlusive wrap to prevent evaporation. The whole patch assembly was held in place with tape. The patches were left in position for approximately 24 hours. Residual test material was removed and animals were observed 1, 2.5, and 4 hours after dosing and once per day thereafter for a total of 14 days.
Duration of exposure:
24 hours
Doses:
5000 mg/kg: (3) males; (3) female
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Animals: (3) males; (3) female
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
SCORING SYSTEM: Draize scale
- Dermal response observations: daily
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: clinical signs, body weight
Statistics:
Differences between treated and control group mean values for bodyweight gain were analysed by Student's t-test. Where individual variance ratios were significant (P <0.05 or less), Cochrans approximation was applied (Snedecor and Cochran, Statistical Methods, 6th Ed. Iowa State. 1973). Where zero variance was found in one or more groups, intergroup comparison was performed by the Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 5 000 mg/kg bw
Mortality:
There were no animal deaths prior to study termination.
Clinical signs:
Well-defined erythema was noted upon removal of the test patches in all animals exposed to MRD-92-405, with edema noted in two animals. At Day 14, three animals were noted as having very slight erythema and only one animal was noted as having well-defined erythema. Clinical signs during the test period were minimal. Five animals were free of any clinical signs; one animal displayed decreased food consumption on day 11.
Body weight:
All animals gained body weight over their Day 0 values
Gross pathology:
One animal was free of macroscopic abnormalities. Five animals were observed with desquamation.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Remarks:
Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The LD50 of MRD-92-405 was > 5000 mg/kg. Classification as an acute dermal toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) or under Directive 67/518/EEC for dangerous substances and Directive 1999/45/EC for preparations.
Executive summary:

Three male and three female rabbits were exposed to MRD-92-405 for 24h via an occluded patch.  Dermal evaluations occurred at 24 hours post patch removal and once daily until the study termination at day 14. Exposure had no affect on viability; all animals survived the exposure.  The LD50 of MRD-92-405 was > 5000 mg/kg. Classification as an acute dermal toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) or under Directive 67/518/EEC for dangerous substances and Directive 1999/45/EC for preparations.