Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
936-414-1
CAS no.:
-
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C
SMILES:
[C]
InChI:
InChI=1S/C
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Other
Registered compositions:
14
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:

Hazard classification & labelling

According to the notifications provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations no hazards have been classified.

Breakdown of all 2 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Registration:
This substance has 8 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Substance included in the Community Rolling Action Plan (CoRAP).
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:
Nanomaterials in the EU Market

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 - 1 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles, machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and electrical batteries and accumulators. This substance can be found in products with material based on: plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones), rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys), stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material) and metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery).

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: electrical, electronic and optical equipment, machinery and vehicles, plastic products, fabricated metal products, rubber products and mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, transfer of substance into small containers and roller or brushing applications.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, formulation in materials and formulation of mixtures. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials and formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: machinery and vehicles, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, plastic products, rubber products, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement) and fabricated metal products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED (Shenzhen SUSN Nanotech New Material CO., Ltd.), Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • KIST Europe Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Campus E 7.1 66123 Saarbruecken Germany
  • KIST Europe Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Campus E 71 D-66123 Saarbruecken Germany
  • LG Chem Europe GmbH, Lyoner str 15, Atricom C6, D-60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Nanocyl SA, rue de l'Essor, 4 5060 Sambreville Belgium
  • Yordas Limited, Lancaster Environment Centre Lancaster University LA1 4YQ Lancaster United Kingdom
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Covestro Deutschland AG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 60 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • H.C. Starck GmbH, Im Schleeke 78-91 38642 Goslar Germany

Other names

  • carbon
  • Jeno Tube MWCNT
  • K-Nanos
  • Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
  • Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNT), synthetic graphite in tubular shape
  • Baytubes
  • Baytubes C 150 HP
  • Baytubes C 150 P
  • Baytubes C 70 P
  • Baytubes DP
  • Jeno Tube
  • Nanocyl TM NC3100
  • Nanocyl TM NC3150
  • Nanocyl TM NC7000
  • Nanocyl TM NC7050
  • Nanocyl TM NI8000

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [4]
C Form
Solid: nanomaterial (50%), Nanomaterial (50%) [4]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [4]
C Substance type
Inorganic (50%), Other (50%) [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
450 - 3 000 °C @ 1 - 101 325 Pa [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
450 °C @ 101.325 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Bulk density
0.022 - 0.1 g/cm³ [3]
R Relative density
1.988 @ 20 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 14
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.988

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
2 mg/L @ 20 °C and pH 7.5 - 9.2 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Surface tension
59.6 mN/m @ 2.7 mg/L and 20 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
397 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Not classified based on GHS criteria (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6 1 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non-explosive (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 4
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 430 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 1 mg/L (2)
Marine water 43 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 100 mg/L (2)
Sediment (freshwater) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (2)
Sediment (marine water) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (2)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No exposure of soil expected (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 100 mg/L [3]
EC50 (14 days) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC10 (10 days) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
100 mg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [4]
EC50 (24 h) 100 mg/L [2]
LC50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 25 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
47 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 2.16 - 278 mg/L [8]
NOEC (72 h) 970 - 8 900 µg/L [6]
EC10 (72 h) 610 - 16 000 µg/L [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
120 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
4.3 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 9.6 - 10 000 mg/L [4]
EC50 (30 min) 13.3 - 400 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for microorganisms
5 g/L

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 50 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD0 300 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
LDLo 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (6 h) 241 mg/m³ air (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
LD0 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [2]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other 6 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 4 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 4 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: inhalation
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 100 µg/m³ air [2]
NOAEC (rat): 1.01 - 1.02 mg/m³ air [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 12
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 6 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 4 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant