Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
201-180-5
CAS no.:
79-14-1
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C2H4O3
SMILES:
OCC(O)=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/C2H4O3/c3-1-2(4)5/h3H,1H2,(H,4,5)
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
18
Of which contain:
3 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance causes severe skin burns and eye damage, may damage fertility or the unborn child, causes serious eye damage and is harmful if inhaled.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is harmful if swallowed.

Breakdown of all 3110 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Skin Corr. 1B H314
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Skin Corr. 1A H314
Not Classified
Repr. 1B H360
Met. Corr. 1 H290
Skin Corr. 1 H314
Skin Corr. 1C H314
Acute Tox. 3 H331
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • R*
There is no overall agreement among data submitters, but a minority indicate they consider this substance as Toxic to Reproduction (2.7% of REACH registrations). Of the minority indicating the property of concern, most indicate that it may relate to an impurity or additive rather than the substance itself.

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 19 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
This substance is approved for use as a Biocidal Active Substance
Biocidal Products:
There are 0 authorised Biocidal Product(s) that use this substance as an active ingredient

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 - 10 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is being reviewed for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: disinfection, veterinary hygiene, food and animals feeds.

This substance is used in the following products: perfumes and fragrances, cosmetics and personal care products and washing & cleaning products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: washing & cleaning products, water treatment chemicals, perfumes and fragrances, cosmetics and personal care products and adhesives and sealants.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, roller or brushing applications, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, non-industrial spraying, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and transfer of substance into small containers.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products, non-metal-surface treatment products, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products), pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, paper chemicals and dyes, textile treatment products and dyes, washing & cleaning products, water treatment chemicals, polymers, leather treatment products and cosmetics and personal care products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, laboratory work, mixing in open batch processes, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, metal surface treatment products, washing & cleaning products, semiconductors, leather treatment products, coating products, inks and toners and water treatment chemicals.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, wood and wood products, fabricated metal products, textile, leather or fur and mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, transfer of substance into small containers, industrial spraying and roller or brushing applications.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites and as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. Immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician.

Storage statements

Store this substance locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Access Business Group International BV, Celsiusweg 20 Industrial Estate 4212 5928 PR Venlo Netherlands
  • Berg & Schmidt ( GmbH&CO. ) KG, An der Alster 81 20099 Hamburg Germany
  • CABB GmbH, Ludwig-Hermann-Str. 100 86368 Gersthofen Germany
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemours Netherlands B.V., Baanhoekweg 22 3313 LA Dordrecht Netherlands
  • Connect Chemicals (UK) Ltd., Winnington Hall Cheshire CW8 4DU Northwich United Kingdom
  • Connect Chemicals GmbH, Kokkolastr. 2 40882 Ratingen Germany
  • Connect Chemicals Italia S.r.l., Via Torri Bianche, 9 20871 Vimercate (MB) Italy
  • COSMETIQUE ACTIVE INTERNATIONAL, 28 rue du Président Wilson 03200 VICHY France
  • Du Pont (U.K.) Limited, London Road 4th Floor, Kings Court SG1 2NG Stevenage Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • Du Pont de Nemours (Deutschland) GmbH, Hugenottenallee 173-175 D-63263 Neu-Isenburg Hesse Germany
  • International Cosmetics and Chemical Services Ltd 322, 26 Pembroke Street Upper Suite 10016 D02 X361 Dublin 2 Ireland
  • Jos. H. Lowenstein & Sons B.V., Naritaweg 165 1043 BW Amsterdam Netherlands
  • RSI ChemRep Europe Ltd (K007), 27-30 Merchants Quay Merchants House 8 Dublin Ireland
  • RSI ChemRep Europe Ltd (K008), 27-30 Merchants Quay Merchants House 8 Dublin Ireland
  • Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy S.p.A., Viale Lombardia 20 20021 BOLLATE Italy
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Netherlands BV, Herbert H. Dowweg 5 4542NM Hoek Netherlands
  • STERIS Ireland Limited, IDA Business and Technology Park Country Offialy R35 X865 Tullamore Ireland

Substance names and other identifiers

Acetic acid, 2-hydroxy-
Other
Acetic acid, hydroxy-
Other
Glycollic acid
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other
Hydroxyacetic acid
Other
Hydroxyethanoic acid
Other
Kyselina glykolova
Other
Kyselina hydroxyoctova
Other
Acid glicolic (ro)
Biocidal active substances
Acide glycolique (fr)
Biocidal active substances
Acido glicolico (it)
Biocidal active substances
Aċidu glikolliku (mt)
Biocidal active substances
Glikolio rūgštis (lt)
Biocidal active substances
Glikolna kiselina (hr)
Biocidal active substances
Glikolna kislina (sl)
Biocidal active substances
Glikolsav (hu)
Biocidal active substances
Glikolskābe (lv)
Biocidal active substances
Glycolic acid (no)
Biocidal active substances
glycolsyre (da)
Biocidal active substances
Glycolzuur (nl)
Biocidal active substances
Glykolihappo (fi)
Biocidal active substances
glykolová kyselina/2-hydroxyethanová kyselina (cs)
Biocidal active substances
Glykolsyra (sv)
Biocidal active substances
Glykolsäure (de)
Biocidal active substances
Glükoolhape (et)
Biocidal active substances
Kwas glikolowy (pl)
Biocidal active substances
kyselina glykolová (sk)
Biocidal active substances
Ácido glicólico (es)
Biocidal active substances
Γλυκολικό οξύ (el)
Biocidal active substances
Гликолова киселина (bg)
Biocidal active substances
2-hydroxy acetic acid
C&L Inventory
2-Hydroxyacetic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
2-Hydroxyethanoic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
glycol acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Glykolsäure ... %
C&L Inventory
Glycos Basic 57
Registration dossier
Glycos Basic 70
Registration dossier
Glycos Classic 70
Registration dossier
Glycos Clear 70
Registration dossier
Glycos Crystal
Registration dossier
Glypure 70
Registration dossier
Glytech Basic 57
Registration dossier
Glytech Basic 70
Registration dossier
1033720-45-4
CAS number
Other
1033720-48-7
CAS number
Other
259744-22-4
CAS number
Other
702627-33-6
CAS number
Other
79-14-1
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Biocidal active substances, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, EU. Com. Reg. No 10/2011 on plastic materials in contact with food

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Crystalline (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
78 - 80.5 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
169 °C @ 99.8 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
168.85 °C

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
1.26 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1 266

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
0.41 Pa @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0.41 Pa @ 24.85 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
0.3 @ 25 °C and pH 4 - 10 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-1.07 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
300 g/L @ 22 °C and pH 4 - 10 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
300 g/L @ 22 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
57 mN/m

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
100 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non-explosive (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [1]
R Dissociation constant
3.1 @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
pKa at 20 °C
3.1

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R kinematic viscosity (in mm²/s)
6.149 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Static viscosity at 20 °C
6.149 mm²/s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
1

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
0 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 31.2 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 312 µg/L (1)
Marine water 3.1 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 7 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 115 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 11.5 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 7 µg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 16.66 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 164 mg/L [1]
LC0 (4 days) 130 mg/L [1]
LC100 (4 days) 200 mg/L [1]
NOEC (4 days) 130 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
114.8 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 141 mg/L [1]
EC50 (24 h) 141 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
99.6 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 21.6 - 44 mg/L [3]
NOEC (72 h) 10 - 20 mg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
31.2 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 70 - 100 mg/L [2]
NOEC (3 h) 70 - 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 10.56 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 9.2 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1.53 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 9.2 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 57.69 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.6 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 2.3 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 2.3 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 28.85 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 750 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 6 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Absorption values
Dermal: 2.6 %

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 040 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 3.6 - 5.2 mg/L air (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 4 based on GHS criteria [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (corrosive)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irreversible damage)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 150 mg/kg bw/day [1]
LOAEL (rat): 300 mg/kg bw/day [1]
NOEL (rat): 150 - 600 mg/kg bw/day [4]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 600 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 2 000 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rabbit)

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant