Registration Dossier

Toxicological information

Skin sensitisation

Currently viewing:

Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in chemico
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2017
Report Date:
2017

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 442C (In Chemico Skin Sensitisation: Direct Peptide Reactivity Assay (DPRA))
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of study:
direct peptide binding assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder

In chemico test system

Details on study design:
PREPARATION OF TEST ITEM
No correction for the purity/composition of the test item was performed.
Solubility of the test item in an appropriate solvent was assessed before performing the DPRA. An appropriate solvent dissolved the test item completely, i.e. by visual inspection
the solution had to be not cloudy nor have noticeable precipitate. The following solvent was evaluated: acetonitrile (ACN).

Test item stock solutions were prepared freshly for each reactivity assay.

For both the cysteine and lysine reactivity assay 13.26 mg of Mercaptamine was pre-weighed into a clean amber glass vial and dissolved, just before use, in 1719 μL ACN to obtain a 100 mM solution. Visual inspection of the forming of a clear solution was considered sufficient to ascertain that the test item was dissolved. The test item, positive control and peptide samples were prepared less than 4 hours before starting the incubation of the cysteine (cys) or lysine (lys) reactivity assay, respectively.
Any residual volumes were discarded.

TEST SYSTEM
Synthetic peptides containing cysteine (SPCC)
(Ac-RFAACAA-COOH) or synthetic peptides
containing lysine (SPCL) (Ac-RFAAKAA-COOH).
The molecular weight is 750.9 g/mol for SPCC and
775.9 g/mol for SPCL.

Rationale: Recommended test system in the international OECD guideline for DPRA studies.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN

Preparation of Solutions for Cysteine Reactivity Assay
Synthetic Peptide Containing Cysteine (SPCC) Stock Solution
A stock solution of 0.667 mM SPCC (0.501 mg SPCC/mL) was prepared by dissolving 10 mg of SPCC in 19.96 mL phosphate buffer pH 7.5. The mixture was stirred for 5 minutes followed by 5 minutes sonication.

SPCC Reference Control Solutions
Three 0.5 mM SPCC reference control (RC) solutions (RCcysA, RCcysB and RCcysC) were prepared in amber vials by mixing 750 μL of the 0.667 mM SPCC stock solution with 250 μL ACN.

SPCC Calibration Curve
A SPCC calibration curve was prepared as described in the table 1 below.

Co-elution Control, Test Item and Positive Control Samples
The co-elution control (CC) samples, test item samples and the cinnamic aldehyde positive control samples (PC) were prepared as described in the table 2 below.

Preparation of Solutions for Lysine Reactivity Assay
Synthetic Peptide Containing Lysine (SPCL) Stock Solution A stock solution of 0.667 mM SPCL (0.518 mg SPCL/mL) was prepared by dissolving 10 mg of SPCL in 19.31 mL of ammonium acetate buffer pH 10.2 followed by stirring for 5 minutes.

SPCL Reference Control Solutions
Three 0.5 mM SPCL reference control (RC) solutions (RClysA, RClysB and RClysC) were prepared in amber vials by mixing 750 μL of the 0.667 mM SPCL stock solution with 250 μL ACN.

SPCL Calibration Curve
A SPCL peptide calibration curve was prepared as described in the table 3 below.

Co-elution Control, Test Item and Positive Control Samples
The co-elution control (CC) samples, test item samples and the cinnamic aldehyde positive control samples (PC) were prepared as described in the table 4 below.

SAMPLE INCUBATIONS
After preparation, the samples (reference controls, calibration solutions, co-elution control, positive controls and test item samples) were placed in the autosampler in the dark and incubated at 25±2.5°C. The incubation times between placement of the samples in the autosampler and analysis of the first RCcysB- and RClysB-sample was 24 hours. The time between the first RCcysB- or RClysB-injection and the last injection of a cysteine or lysine sequence, respectively, did not exceed 30 hours.

Prior to HPLC-PDA analysis the samples were visually inspected for precipitation

HPLC-PDA ANALYSIS
SPCC and SPCL peak areas in the samples were measured by HPLC-PDA. Sample analysis was performed using the following system:
System 1 (used for Cysteine Reactivity Assay):
- Surveyor MS HPLC pump (Thermo Scientific, Breda, The Netherlands)
- MPS 3C autosampler (DaVinci, Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
- LC Column oven 300 (Thermo Scientific)
- Surveyor PDA detector (Thermo Scientific)
System 2 (used for Lysine Reactivity Assay):
- Surveyor MS HPLC pump (Thermo Scientific, Breda, The Netherlands)
- HTC PAL autosampler (DaVinci, Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
- Column Oven #151006 (Grace, Worms, Germany)
- Surveyor PDA detector (Thermo Scientific)

ACCEPTABILITY CRITERIA
The following criteria had to be met for a run to be considered valid:
a) The standard calibration curve had to have an r2>0.99.
b) The mean Percent Peptide Depletion value of the three replicates for the positive control cinnamic aldehyde had to be between 60.8% and 100% for SPCC and between 40.2% and 69.0% for SPCL.
c) The maximum standard deviation (SD) for the positive control replicates had to be <14.9% for the Percent Cysteine Peptide Depletion and <11.6% for the Percent Lysine Peptide Depletion.
d) The mean peptide concentration of Reference Controls A had to be 0.50±0.05 mM.
e) The Coefficient of Variation (CV) of peptide areas for the nine Reference Controls B and C in ACN had to be <15.0%.

The following criteria had to be met for a test item’s results to be considered valid:
a) The maximum SD for the test item replicates had to be <14.9% for the Percent Cysteine Depletion and <11.6% for the Percent Lysine Depletion.
b) The mean peptide concentration of the three Reference Controls C in the appropriate solvent had to be 0.50±0.05 mM.

DATA EVALUATION
The concentration of SPCC or SPCL was photometrically determined at 220 nm in each sample by measuring the peak area of the appropriate peaks by peak integration and by calculating the concentration of peptide using the linear calibration curve derived from the standards. The Percent Peptide Depletion was determined in each sample by measuring the peak area and dividing it by the mean peak area of the relevant reference controls C according to the
following formula:
Percent Peptide Depletion = [1 − ( Peptide Peak Area in Replicate Injection (at 220 nm)
Mean Peptide Peak Area in Reference Controls (at 220 nm))] × 100

In addition, the absorbance at 258 nm was determined in each sample by measuring the peak area of the appropriate peaks by peak integration. The ratio of the 220 nm peak area and the 258 nm peak was used as an indicator of co-elution. For each sample, a ratio in the range of 90%
DATA INTERPRETATION
The mean Percent Cysteine Depletion and Percent Lysine Depletion were calculated for the test item. Negative depletion was considered as “0” when calculating the mean. By using
the Cysteine 1:10 / Lysine 1:50 prediction model (see table 5 below), the threshold of 6.38% average peptide depletion was used to support the discrimination between a skin sensitizer and a non-sensitizer

Results and discussion

In vitro / in chemico

Resultsopen allclose all
Parameter:
other: SPCC Depletion
Run / experiment:
mean
Value:
92.6
Negative controls valid:
yes
Positive controls valid:
yes
Remarks on result:
positive indication of skin sensitisation
Parameter:
other: SPCL Depletion
Run / experiment:
mean
Value:
3.7
Negative controls valid:
yes
Positive controls valid:
yes
Remarks on result:
positive indication of skin sensitisation

Any other information on results incl. tables

An overview of the individual results of the cysteine and lysine reactivity assays as well as the mean of the SPCC and SPCL depletion are presented in the table below. In the cysteine reactivity assay the test item showed 92.6% SPCC depletion while in the lysine reactivity assay the test item showed 3.7% SPCL depletion. The mean of the SPCC and SPCL depletion was 48.2% and as a result the test item was positive in the DPRA and was classified in the “high reactivity class” when using the Cysteine 1:10 / Lysine 1:50 prediction model. Therefore, Mercaptamine was considered to be positive in the DPRA.

Table 6: SPCC and SPCL Depletion, DPRA Prediction and Reactivity Classification for Mercaptamine

Test item

SPCC depletion

SPCL depletion

Mean of SPCC and SPCL depletion

DPRA prediction and    

reactivity classification

Mean

± SD

Mean

± SD

Cysteine 1:10 / Lysine 1:50 prediction model

Mercaptamine

92.6%

±3.6%

3.7%

±0.3%

48.2%

Positive: High reactivity

SD = Standard Deviation.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
other: used in weight-of-evidence for classification and labelling
Conclusions:
In conclusion, this DPRA test is valid. Mercaptamine was positive in the DPRA and was classified in the “high reactivity class” when using the Cysteine 1:10 / Lysine 1:50 prediction model.