Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
16 October 2012 and 22 November 2012
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP compliant, guideline study, available as an unpublished report.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2013
Report Date:
2013

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 420 (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Method)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.1 bis (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Procedure)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
fixed dose procedure
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
other: Solid
Details on test material:
- Physical state: Pale Yellow Solid
- Purity: Not applicable - UVCB
- Substance identity: Aluminum, benzoate C16-18-fatty acids complexes
- Batch number: 11074091 + Benzoic acid
- Carbon Content: 65.1%
- Analysis code: A118
- Date recieved: 07 June 2012
- Expiration date: 01 July 2013
- Storage of test material: Room temperature in the dark

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan Laboratories UK Limited, Oxon, UK
- Age at study initiation: At the start of the study the animals were eight to twelve weeks of age
- Weight at study initiation: The bodyweight variation did not exceed ±20% of the bodyweight of the initially dosed animal
- Fasting period before study: Overnight fast immediately before dosing
- Housing: The animals were housed in groups of up to four in suspended solid floor polypropylene cages furnished with woodflakes
- Diet: 2014C Teklad Global Rodent diet supplied by Harlan Laboratorius UK Limited, Oxon, UK, was allowed ad libitum throughout the study
- Water: Free access to mains drinking water
- Acclimation period: At least five days


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature: 19 to 25°C
- Humidity: Relative humidity 30 to 70%
- Air changes: The rate of air exchange was at least fifteen changes per hour
- Photoperiod: Lighting was controlled by a time switch to give twelve hours continuous light (06:00 to 18:00) and twelve hours darkness
- In-life dates: Days 1 to 14

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
other:
Details on oral exposure:
VEHICLE
- Concentration in vehicle: For the purpose of the study the test item was ground using a mortar and pestle and freshly prepared, as required, as a suspension in arachis oil BP water to give a dose level of 300 or 2000mg/kg bodyweight
- Amount of vehicle: Not stated
- Justification for choice of vehicle: Arachis oil BP was used because the test item did not dissolve/suspend in distilled water
- Lot/batch no. (if required): Not stated
- Purity: Not stated

MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 10mL/kg

DOSAGE PREPARATION (if unusual): Not applicable

CLASS METHOD (if applicable)
- Rationale for the selection of the starting dose: In the absence of data regarding the toxicity of the test material, 300 mg/kg was chosen as the starting dose.

Doses:
Following a sighting test at dose levels of 300 and 2000 mg/kg, an additional four fasted female animals were given a single oral dose of test
material, as a suspension in Arachis oil BP, at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg bodyweight. Clinical signs and bodyweight development were monitored
during the study. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy.
No. of animals per sex per dose:
1 female at 300 mg/kg
1 female at 2000 mg/kg
4 females at 2000 mg/kg
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Clinical observations were made ½, 1, 2, and 4 hours after dosing and then daily for fourteen days. Morbidity and mortality checks were made twice daily. Individual bodyweights were recorded on Day 0 (the day of dosing) and on Days 7 and 14.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: Yes
Statistics:
No statistical analysis was performed.

Results and discussion

Preliminary study:
- Preliminary results: A sighting test at a dose levels of 300 and 2000 mg/kg showed no signs of toxicity or mortality
Effect levels
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
- Lethal results: There were no deaths
Clinical signs:
- Non-lethal results: No signs of systemic toxicity were noted during the observation period.
Body weight:
- Bodyweight results: All animals showed expected gains in bodyweight over the observation period

Gross pathology:
- Gross pathology results: No abnormalities were noted at necropsy
Other findings:
No data reported

Any other information on results incl. tables

Table1              Individual Clinical Observations and Mortality Data -300mg/kg

Dose Level mg/kg

Animal Number and Sex

Effects Noted After Dosing
(Hours)

Effects Noted During Period After Dosing
(Days)

½

1

2

4

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

300

1-0

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0=     No signs of systemic toxicity

Table 2              Individual Bodyweights and Bodyweight Changes -300mg/kg

Dose Level

mg/kg

Animal Number
and Sex

Bodyweight (g) at Day

Bodyweight Gain (g)
During Week

0

7

14

1

2

300

1-0 Female

180

202

212

22

10

Table 3              Necropsy Findings -300 mg/kg

Dose Level
mg/kg

Animal Number
and Sex

Time of Death

Macroscopic Observations

300

1-0 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

Table4              Individual Clinical Observations and Mortality Data -2000mg/kg

Dose Level mg/kg

Animal Number and Sex

Effects Noted After Dosing
(Hours)

Effects Noted During Period After Dosing
(Days)

½

1

2

4

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

2000

2-0

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3-0

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3-1

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3-2

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3-3

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0=     No signs of systemic toxicity

Table5              Individual Bodyweights and Bodyweight Changes -2000mg/kg

Dose Level

mg/kg

Animal Number
and Sex

Bodyweight (g) at Day

Bodyweight Gain (g) During Week

0

7

14

1

2

2000

2-0 Female

155

173

193

18

20

3-0 Female

171

201

213

30

12

3-1 Female

172

187

204

15

17

3-2 Female

168

196

215

28

19

3-3 Female

158

176

194

16

18

Table 6              Individual Necropsy Findings-2000mg/kg

Dose Level
mg/kg

Animal Number
and Sex

Time of Death

Macroscopic Observations

2000

2-0 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

3-0 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

3-1 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

3-2 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

3-3 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected


Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The acute oral median lethal dose (LD50) of aluminum, benzoate C16-18-fatty acids complexes in the female Wistar strain rat was estimated to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bodyweight.
Executive summary:

Introduction. 

The study was performed to assess the acute oral toxicity of the test material in the Wistar strain rat.The acute oral toxicity of the test item to the Wistar strain rat was assessed in a GLP-compliant study following OECD guideline 420 (adopted 2001) and Method B1 bis Acute Toxicity (Oral) of Commission Regulation (EC) No. 440/2008 in a proprietary, experimental study (Harlan 2013). The study is considered reliable and relevant for use for this endpoint.

Method. 

Following a sighting test at dose levels of 300 mg/kg bodyweight and 2000 mg/kg bodyweight, a further group of four fasted females was given a single oral dose of test material, as a suspension in Arachis oil BP, at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg bodyweight. Clinical signs and bodyweight development were monitored during the study period of 14 days. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy.

Mortality. 

There were no deaths.

 

Clinical Observations.

There were no signs of systemic toxicity noted in the animal treated at a dose levels of 300 mg/kg bodyweight or 2000 mg/kg bodyweight.

 

Bodyweight. 

All animals showed expected gains in bodyweight.

 

Necropsy. 

No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.

 

Conclusion. 

The acute oral median lethal dose (LD50) of aluminum, benzoate C16-18-fatty acids complexes in the female Wistar strain rat was estimated to be greater than 2000mg/kg bodyweight.