Registration Dossier

Diss Factsheets

Manufacture, use & exposure

Article service life

Documentsopen allclose all

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC 0: Other: professional use of lead solder
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of ammunition in hunting and sports shooting activities, including indoor target and outdoor clay-pigeon shooting.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of ammunition in hunting and sports shooting activities, including indoor target and outdoor clay-pigeon shooting.
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Installation, use, maintenance and recovery for recycling of lead anodes
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of anode materials i.e. installation, use, maintenance and recovery for recycling of lead anodes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of inert anodes
Name of activity / technique:
Sludge removal (automated closed systems)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Sludge removal (during periodic scheduled manual maintenance)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 0: Other: Dental aprons
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 0: Other: Dental aprons

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of inert anodes
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
handling of anode materials
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of inert anodes
Name of activity / technique:
sludge removal (automated closed systems)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
sludge removal (during periodic scheduled manual maintenance)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use of substance in articles notified according to REACH Article 7(2)
Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC7e: Metal articles: Furniture & furnishings

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with no expected exposure
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with no expected exposure
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of inert anodes
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
handling of anode materials
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of inert anodes
Name of activity / technique:
sludge removal (automated closed systems)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
sludge removal (during periodic scheduled manual maintenance)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of lead ammunition (non miltary)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of lead ammunition (non miltary)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of ammunition
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Assembly of articles containing pre-manufactured sealed lead acid batteries
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
handling of anode materials
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of inert anodes
Name of activity / technique:
Sludge removal (automated closed systems)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Sludge removal (during periodic scheduled manual maintenance)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of articles with expected dermal contact
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of articles with expected dermal contact
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Use of Lead articles leading to dermal exposure
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: professional use of ammunition
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC 0: Other: professional use of lead solder
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead ammunition
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead ammunition
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of articles with expected dermal contact
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Use of Lead articles leading to dermal exposure
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with expected dermal exposure
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with expected dermal exposure
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of sealed batteries
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of sealed batteries
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of ammunition
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Lead
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Lead
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC2a: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles covered by the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Solder
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Solder
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 0: Other: Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 0: Other: Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional installation of pre-manufactured batteries and electrical accumulators during the asssembly and/or maintenance of electrical and electronic products, and in the assembly and/or maintenance of vehicles such as cars and trucks.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional installation of pre-manufactured batteries and electrical accumulators during the asssembly and/or maintenance of electrical and electronic products, and in the assembly and/or maintenance of vehicles such as cars and trucks.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Assembly of articles containing pre-manufactured sealed lead acid batteries
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of articles with expected dermal contact
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Use of Lead articles leading to dermal exposure
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Assembly of articles containing pre-manufactured sealed lead acid batteries
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead ammunition
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead ammunition
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 11: Wood articles
AC 31: Scented clothes
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 11: Wood articles
Article category (AC):
AC 31: Scented clothes

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Article service life of lead sheet and other lead metal articles as internal components of buildings in the consumer setting.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Article service life of lead sheet and other lead metal articles as internal components of buildings in the consumer setting.
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 0: Other: various articles and complex objects
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
The use of lead as an internal component of articles used indoors and/or outdoors and which are constructed in such a fashion that contact with lead will not occur during normal handling and use.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
The use of lead as an internal component of articles which are constructed in such a fashion that contact with lead will not occur during normal handling and use.
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
The use of lead as an internal component of articles which are constructed in such a fashion that contact with lead will not occur during normal handling and use.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Use of articles with no expected exposure
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Use of Lead articles leading to dermal exposure

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC2a: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles covered by the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive
AC2b: Other machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
AC7a: Metal articles: Large surface area articles
AC7g: Other metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 18: General greasing / lubrication at high kinetic energy conditions
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 0: Other: Use of Lead articles leading to dermal exposure
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Use of articles with no expected exposure
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of external lead sheet
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of external lead sheet
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Installation, use, maintenance and recovery for recycling of lead anodes
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of anode materials i.e. installation, use, maintenance and recovery for recycling of lead anodes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of inert anodes
Name of activity / technique:
Sludge removal (automated closed systems)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Sludge removal (during periodic scheduled manual maintenance)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead pellets (shots) and/or bullets during the process of reloading spent ammunition rounds
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead pellets (shots) and/or bullets during the process of reloading spent ammunition rounds
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with expected dermal exposure
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with expected dermal exposure
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling, cutting and machining of leaded steel in the fabrication of finished articles.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Installation and maintenance of lead sheet for weather protection, radiation shielding, and noise reduction, in indoor and/or outdoor applications. Applications include: roofing, cladding, flashings, weatherings, gutters, architectural decoration, radon protection, acoustic attenuation, non-destructive testing (NDT) facilities, baggage scanners, hospitals, doctors, dentist surgeries and X-ray suites.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Installation and maintenance of lead sheet for weather protection, radiation shielding, and noise reduction, in indoor and/or outdoor applications.
Applications include: roofing, cladding, flashings, weatherings, gutters, architectural decoration, radon protection, acoustic attenuation, non-destructive testing (NDT) facilities, baggage scanners, hospitals, doctors, dentist surgeries and X-ray suites.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 0: Other: Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of lead ammunition (non miltary)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of lead ammunition (non miltary)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of ammunition

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 6: Leather articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 6: Leather articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Assembly of articles containing pre-manufactured sealed lead acid batteries

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling, cutting and machining of leaded steel in the fabrication of finished articles.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Use of lead articles leading to dermal exposure
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Low energy manipulation of substancesbound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of lead ammunition (non miltary)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of lead ammunition (non miltary)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of ammunition
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead acid batteries as an electrochemical power source in diverse indoor and/or outdoor applications, such as: Power tools, Vehicles (automobiles, trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, fork trucks), Uninterruptable power supplies (e.g. for computers), Standby power supplies (emergency power for buildings, radio, TV and cellular phone communication).
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead acid batteries as an electrochemical power source in diverse indoor and/or outdoor applications, such as: Power tools, Vehicles (automobiles, trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, fork trucks), Uninterruptable power supplies (e.g. for computers), Standby power supplies (emergency power for buildings, radio, TV and cellular phone communication).


Sealed lead acid batteries are closed systems. The constituent materials are contained and are not available for consumer exposure. Battery use within products is often such that batteries are internal parts of other articles and no direct consumer or professional user contact with the battery is associated with product use. Consumer contact would generally be restricted to infrequent battery replacement activity, but the sealed nature of the battery eliminates the significant opportunities for exposure to the constituents sealed within the battery. Lead metal can be contained within the cathodes and anodes (terminals) that protrude through the casing of sealed batteries and can result in skin contact for consumers that undertake maintenance activity of products (e.g. automobiles) containing such batteries.
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead acid batteries as an electrochemical power source in diverse indoor and/or outdoor applications, such as: Power tools, Vehicles (automobiles, trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, fork trucks), Uninterruptable power supplies (e.g. for computers), Standby power supplies (emergency power for buildings, radio, TV and cellular phone communication).


Sealed lead acid batteries are closed systems. The constituent materials are contained and are not available for worker exposure. Battery use within products is often such that batteries are internal parts of other articles and no direct professional user contact with the battery is associated with product use. Professional user contact would generally be restricted to infrequent battery replacement activity, but the sealed nature of the battery eliminates the significant opportunities for exposure to the constituents sealed within the battery. Lead metal can be contained within the cathodes and anodes (terminals) that protrude through the casing of sealed batteries and can result in skin contact for workers that undertake maintenance activity of products (e.g. automobiles) containing such batteries.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: use of selaed batteries
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of sealed batteries
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of sealed batteries
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of internal lead sheet
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of internal lead sheet
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Handling, cutting and machining of leaded steel in the fabrication of finished articles. Leaded steels are used in the fabrication of finished articles when precision cutting and machining are required during the manufacturing process. Processes involved generally entail low energy manipulation of leaded steels as well as high mechanical energy processes in cutting and machining activity.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling, cutting and machining of leaded steel in the fabrication of finished articles. Leaded steels are used in the fabrication of finished articles when precision cutting and machining are required during the manufacturing process. Processes involved generally entail low energy manipulation (PROC 21) of leaded steels as well as high mechanical energy processes (PROC 23) in cutting and machining activity. 
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Lead acid batteries
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Leaded steels
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC 0: Other: Professional use of leaded steels
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Article service life of lead sheet as a structural component of building exteriors and other outdoor uses in the consumer setting.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Article service life of lead sheet as a structural component of building exteriors and other outdoor uses in the consumer setting.
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Handling, cutting and machining of leaded steel in the fabrication of finished articles. Leaded steels are used in the fabrication of finished articles when precision cutting and machining are required during the manufacturing process. Processes involved generally entail low energy manipulation of leaded steels as well as high mechanical energy processes in cutting and machining activity.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling, cutting and machining of leaded steel in the fabrication of finished articles. Leaded steels are used in the fabrication of finished articles when precision cutting and machining are required during the manufacturing process. Processes involved generally entail low energy manipulation (PROC 21) of leaded steels as well as high mechanical energy processes (PROC 23) in cutting and machining activity. 
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: use of selaed batteries
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 0: Other: Installation and maintenance

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Handling, cutting and machining of leaded steel in the fabrication of finished articles.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling, cutting and machining of leaded steel in the fabrication of finished articles.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Leaded steels
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 0: Other: ammunition
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
- Hunting (managed and unmanaged small game and big game)
- Outdoor pistol/rifle shooting
- Clay target shooting (incl. sporting clays or simulated game hunting)
- Law enforcement
- Competitive Marksmanship
- Proof Houses, Ammunition and Weapon Testing
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
- Hunting (managed and unmanaged small game and big game)
- Outdoor pistol/rifle shooting
- Clay target shooting (incl. sporting clays or simulated game hunting)
- Law enforcement
- Competitive Marksmanship
- Proof Houses, Ammunition and Weapon Testing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: professional use of ammunition
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Metal pow ders
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Metal pow ders
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with no expected exposure
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with no expected exposure
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 0: Other: ammunition
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
- Hunting (managed and unmanaged small game and big game)
- Outdoor pistol/rifle shooting
- Clay target shooting (incl. sporting clays or simulated game hunting)
- Law enforcement
- Competitive Marksmanship
- Proof Houses, Ammunition and Weapon Testing
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
- Hunting (managed and unmanaged small game and big game)
- Outdoor pistol/rifle shooting
- Clay target shooting (incl. sporting clays or simulated game hunting)
- Law enforcement
- Competitive Marksmanship
- Proof Houses, Ammunition and Weapon Testing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: professional use of ammunition
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Lead acid batteries
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Installation and maintenance of lead sheet for weather protection, radiation shielding, and noise reduction, in indoor and/or outdoor applications.

Applications include: roofing, cladding, flashings, weatherings, gutters, architectural decoration, radon protection, acoustic attenuation, non-destructive testing (NDT) facilities, baggage scanners, hospitals, doctors, dentist surgeries and X-ray suites.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Installation and maintenance of lead sheet for weather protection, radiation shielding, and noise reduction, in indoor and/or outdoor applications.

Applications include: roofing, cladding, flashings, weatherings, gutters, architectural decoration, radon protection, acoustic attenuation, non-destructive testing (NDT) facilities, baggage scanners, hospitals, doctors, dentist surgeries and X-ray suites.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 0: Other: Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 0: Other: Cleaning and maintenance during lead battery production
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Cleaning and maintenance during lead battery production
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC2a: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles covered by the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive
AC2b: Other machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
AC7a: Metal articles: Large surface area articles
AC7g: Other metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead-containing articles by professional users and/or consumers, including installation and maintenance.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead-containing articles by professional users and/or consumers, including installation and maintenance.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 18: General greasing / lubrication at high kinetic energy conditions
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 0: Other: Use of Lead articles leading to dermal exposure
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Not relevant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Not relevant
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional assembly of lead acid batteries
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional assembly of lead acid batteries
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Lead acid batteries
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead ammunition
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead ammunition
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with expected dermal exposure
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with expected dermal exposure
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: professional use of ammunition
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of inert anodes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead ammunition
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead ammunition
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional installation of pre-manufactured batteries and electrical accumulators during the asssembly and/or maintenance of electrical and electronic products, and in the assembly and/or maintenance of vehicles such as cars and trucks.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional installation of pre-manufactured batteries and electrical accumulators during the asssembly and/or maintenance of electrical and electronic products, and in the assembly and/or maintenance of vehicles such as cars and trucks.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Assembly of articles containing pre-manufactured sealed lead acid batteries
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of articles with expected dermal contact
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Use of Lead articles leading to dermal exposure

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Article service life of lead sheet as a structural component of building exteriors and other outdoor uses in the consumer setting.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Article service life of lead sheet as a structural component of building exteriors and other outdoor uses in the consumer setting.
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 0: Other: various articles and complex objects
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
The use of lead as an internal component of articles used indoors and/or outdoors and which are constructed in such a fashion that contact with lead will not occur during normal handling and use.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
The use of lead as an internal component of articles which are constructed in such a fashion that contact with lead will not occur during normal handling and use.
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
The use of lead as an internal component of articles which are constructed in such a fashion that contact with lead will not occur during normal handling and use.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Use of articles with no expected exposure
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with no expected exposure
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of articles with no expected exposure
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Leaded steels

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of sealed batteries
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of sealed batteries
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead pellets (shots) and/or bullets during the process of reloading spent ammunition rounds
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of lead pellets (shots) and/or bullets during the process of reloading spent ammunition rounds
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of ammunition in hunting and sports shooting activities, including indoor target and outdoor clay-pigeon shooting.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Consumer use of ammunition in hunting and sports shooting activities, including indoor target and outdoor clay-pigeon shooting.
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Reloading of spent ammunition using lead-containing articles (pellets or bullets)
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Article service life of lead sheet and other lead metal articles as internal components of buildings in the consumer setting.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Article service life of lead sheet and other lead metal articles as internal components of buildings in the consumer setting.
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead acid batteries as an electrochemical power source in diverse indoor and/or outdoor applications, such as: Power tools, Vehicles (automobiles, trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, fork trucks), Uninterruptable power supplies (e.g. for computers), Standby power supplies (emergency power for buildings, radio, TV and cellular phone communication).
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead acid batteries as an electrochemical power source in diverse indoor and/or outdoor applications, such as: Power tools, Vehicles (automobiles, trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, fork trucks), Uninterruptable power supplies (e.g. for computers), Standby power supplies (emergency power for buildings, radio, TV and cellular phone communication).


Sealed lead acid batteries are closed systems. The constituent materials are contained and are not available for consumer exposure. Battery use within products is often such that batteries are internal parts of other articles and no direct consumer or professional user contact with the battery is associated with product use. Consumer contact would generally be restricted to infrequent battery replacement activity, but the sealed nature of the battery eliminates the significant opportunities for exposure to the constituents sealed within the battery. Lead metal can be contained within the cathodes and anodes (terminals) that protrude through the casing of sealed batteries and can result in skin contact for consumers that undertake maintenance activity of products (e.g. automobiles) containing such batteries.
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead acid batteries as an electrochemical power source in diverse indoor and/or outdoor applications, such as: Power tools, Vehicles (automobiles, trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, fork trucks), Uninterruptable power supplies (e.g. for computers), Standby power supplies (emergency power for buildings, radio, TV and cellular phone communication).


Sealed lead acid batteries are closed systems. The constituent materials are contained and are not available for worker exposure. Battery use within products is often such that batteries are internal parts of other articles and no direct professional user contact with the battery is associated with product use. Professional user contact would generally be restricted to infrequent battery replacement activity, but the sealed nature of the battery eliminates the significant opportunities for exposure to the constituents sealed within the battery. Lead metal can be contained within the cathodes and anodes (terminals) that protrude through the casing of sealed batteries and can result in skin contact for workers that undertake maintenance activity of products (e.g. automobiles) containing such batteries.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: use of selaed batteries
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC2a: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles covered by the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive
AC2b: Other machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
AC7a: Metal articles: Large surface area articles
AC7g: Other metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead-containing articles by professional users and/or consumers, including installation and maintenance.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead-containing articles by professional users and/or consumers, including installation and maintenance.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 18: General greasing / lubrication at high kinetic energy conditions
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 0: Other: Use of Lead articles leading to dermal exposure
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Installation and maintenance of lead sheet for weather protection, radiation shielding, and noise reduction, in indoor and/or outdoor applications.

Applications include: roofing, cladding, flashings, weatherings, gutters, architectural decoration, radon protection, acoustic attenuation, non-destructive testing (NDT) facilities, baggage scanners, hospitals, doctors, dentist surgeries and X-ray suites.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Installation and maintenance of lead sheet for weather protection, radiation shielding, and noise reduction, in indoor and/or outdoor applications.

Applications include: roofing, cladding, flashings, weatherings, gutters, architectural decoration, radon protection, acoustic attenuation, non-destructive testing (NDT) facilities, baggage scanners, hospitals, doctors, dentist surgeries and X-ray suites.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 0: Other: Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Leaded steals
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Metal powders
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Metal powders
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of inert anodes
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Professional use of inert anodes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Professional use of inert anodes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 0: Other: Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Not relevant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: Not relevant
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 0: Other: Installation and maintenance of Lead sheet by professional users
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR