Registration Dossier

Diss Factsheets

Manufacture, use & exposure

Formulation

Documentsopen allclose all

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Lead metal powder production is a highly specialised process that employs gas atomisation of molten lead using a jet of high temperature gas in in dedicated equipment not available to manufacturers of lead metal massive or those involved in the production of lead-containing articles. The lead can be introduced into the gas stream in the same direction as the gas flow, by use of an annular nozzle, or the molten lead can be dripped into a perpendicular stream of gas. Nitrogen or argon are the commonly used gases as the metal powder must not interact with air for fear of explosions and to negate the formation of metal oxides. The first method produces finer lead powder. In a typical lead metal powder manufacturing process, the lead is melted in a crucible, the liquid metal flows out of a hole, of precise dimensions, in the bottom of the crucible and more molten metal is added to maintain a constant level – this will ensure a constant rate of flow through the hole in the bottom of the crucible. The metal flows into a gas jet that has been heated to about 200oC and is dispersed into small particles up to a few microns in size.

Lead metal powder production is carried out only by specialised powder manufacturing companies and it is substantively different to the normal production process for massive lead ingots (pouring of molten lead into moulds) or products generated from ingots (by rolling, extrusion, pressing, stamping, etc.).
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Solder (molten lead alloy)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Blowing of molten lead alloy with different gases
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Ultrasonic atomisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Storage and Shipment
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders; solder
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: PROC 28: Cleaning and repair
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead metal in the production of powders (Solder)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Raw material handing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Solder (molten lead alloy)Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperatureOther process or activity
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Blowing of molten lead alloy with different gasesProduction of metal powders by hot metallurgical processes (atomisation, dry dispersion)Production of metal powders by wet metallurgical processes (electrolysis, wet dispersion);
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Ultrasonic atomisation (Solder falling onto an ultrasonic horn) and Centrifugal atomisation (Solder falling onto a spinning disc).Production of metal powders by hot metallurgical processes (atomisation, dry dispersion)Production of metal powders by wet metallurgical processes (electrolysis, wet dispersion);
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead metal in the production of leaded steels
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Secondary Steel making. Carried out using a ladle arc furnace. Lead is added by the addition of lead pellets or adding lead shot by deep injection into the ladle.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting via continuous casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling / Cutting / Finishing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Internal logistics: storage and shipment of finished goods, intra-facility transport
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Others: repair, cleaning, and maintenance, quality control, and engineering/ Other hot work operations with metals (scarfing, burning)
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Lead metal powder production is a highly specialised process that employs gas atomisation of molten lead using a jet of high temperature gas in in dedicated equipment not available to manufacturers of lead metal massive or those involved in the production of lead-containing articles. The lead can be introduced into the gas stream in the same direction as the gas flow, by use of an annular nozzle, or the molten lead can be dripped into a perpendicular stream of gas. Nitrogen or argon are the commonly used gases as the metal powder must not interact with air for fear of explosions and to negate the formation of metal oxides. The first method produces finer lead powder. In a typical lead metal powder manufacturing process, the lead is melted in a crucible, the liquid metal flows out of a hole, of precise dimensions, in the bottom of the crucible and more molten metal is added to maintain a constant level – this will ensure a constant rate of flow through the hole in the bottom of the crucible. The metal flows into a gas jet that has been heated to about 200oC and is dispersed into small particles up to a few microns in size.

Lead metal powder production is carried out only by specialised powder manufacturing companies and it is substantively different to the normal production process for massive lead ingots (pouring of molten lead into moulds) or products generated from ingots (by rolling, extrusion, pressing, stamping, etc.).
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Solder (molten lead alloy)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Blowing of molten lead alloy with different gases
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Ultrasonic atomisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Storage and Shipment
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders; solder
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Solder (molten lead alloy)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Blowing of molten lead alloy with different gases
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Ultrasonic atomisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Storage and Shipment
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders; solder
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Secondary Steel making
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting via continuous casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling / Cutting / Finishing e.g. drilling, turning, grinding
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
repair, cleaning, and maintenance, quality control, and engineering / Other hot work operations with metals (scarfing, burning)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Leaded steel production involves the addition of lead to steel in the (secondary) steel-making process. The process involves addition of lead shot/pellets e.g. via deep injection into the ladle of the arc furnace. The leaded steel is then cast, rolled/cut/finished.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Secondary Steel making
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting via continuous casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling / Cutting / Finishing e.g. drilling, turning, grinding
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
repair, cleaning, and maintenance, quality control, and engineering / Other hot work operations with metals (scarfing, burning)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Secondary Steel making
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting via continuous casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling / Cutting / Finishing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
repair, cleaning, and maintenance, quality control, and engineering/ Other hot work operations with metals (scarfing, burning)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use in the production of powders (Solder)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Raw material handing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Solder (molten lead alloy)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Blowing of molten lead alloy with different gases
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Ultrasonic atomisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Storage and Shipment
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Secondary Steel making
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting via continuous casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling / Cutting / Finishing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
repair, cleaning, and maintenance, quality control, and engineering / Other hot work operations with metals (scarfing, burning)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead metal in the production of powders (Solder)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Raw material handing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Solder (molten lead alloy)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Blowing of molten lead alloy with different gases
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Ultrasonic atomisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Storage and Shipment
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Product category formulated:
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
other: solid: substance in alloy
Reference substance:
lead metal massives (high purity grade)
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Secondary Steel making
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting via continuous casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling / Cutting / Finishing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
repair, cleaning, and maintenance, quality control, and engineering/ Other hot work operations with metals (scarfing, burning)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 0: Other: Use of lead metal in oxide and stabiliser production
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead metal in the production of powders (Solder)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Raw material handing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Solder (molten lead alloy)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Blowing of molten lead alloy with different gases
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Ultrasonic atomisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Storage and Shipment
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders; solder
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Melting of scrap or ingots from leaded copper alloys and pure metals (copper, zinc, lead, other metals). Lead is added as massive lead ingots into the molten material.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting of shapes or ingots via continuous or batch casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Production of articles from leaded copper alloy shapes or castings by mechanical processes: Hot and Cold Rolling / Extrusion, Drawing / Annealing / Cutting / Finishing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
manual maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Leaded steel production involves the addition of lead to steel in the (secondary) steel-making process. The process involves addition of lead shot/pellets e.g. via deep injection into the ladle of the arc furnace. The leaded steel is then cast, rolled/cut/finished.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Secondary Steel making
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting via continuous casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling / Cutting / Finishing e.g. drilling, turning, grinding
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
repair, cleaning, and maintenance, quality control, and engineering / Other hot work operations with metals (scarfing, burning)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 0: Other: Use of lead metal in oxide and stabiliser production
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Use of lead metal in the production of powders (Solder)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Raw material handing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Solder (molten lead alloy)

Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Other process or activity
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Blowing of molten lead alloy with different gases

Production of metal powders by hot metallurgical processes (atomisation, dry dispersion)
Production of metal powders by wet metallurgical processes (electrolysis, wet dispersion);
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Ultrasonic atomisation (Solder falling onto an ultrasonic horn) and Centrifugal atomisation (Solder falling onto a spinning disc).

Production of metal powders by hot metallurgical processes (atomisation, dry dispersion)
Production of metal powders by wet metallurgical processes (electrolysis, wet dispersion);
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Production of leaded coppy alloys involves the melting of scrap or ingots of leaded copper alloys and pure metals (copper, zinc, lead, other metals) and the addition of lead massive pieces to adjust the chemical composition, then the casing of inots or other massive shapes before the massive alloys are used to produce articles.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Melting of scrap or ingots from leaded copper alloys and pure metals (copper, zinc, lead, other metals). Lead is added as massive lead ingots into the molten material.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting of shapes or ingots via continuous or batch casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Production of articles from leaded copper alloy shapes or castings by mechanical processes: Hot and Cold Rolling / Extrusion, Drawing / Annealing / Cutting / Finishing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
manual maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Secondary Steel making
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting via continuous casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling / Cutting / Finishing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
repair, cleaning, and maintenance, quality control, and engineering/ Other hot work operations with metals (scarfing, burning)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category formulated:
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 0: Other: Use of lead metal in oxide and stabiliser production
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for the environment 1
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for the environment 2
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for workers 1
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for workers 2
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for workers 3
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for workers 4
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for workers 5
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for workers 6
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Solder (molten lead alloy)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Blowing of molten lead alloy with different gases
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Powder Production: Ultrasonic atomisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Storage and Shipment
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 0: Other: Metal powders; solder
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Melting of scrap or ingots from leaded copper alloys and pure metals (copper, zinc, lead, other metals). Lead is added as massive lead ingots into the molten material.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting of shapes or ingots via continuous or batch casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Production of articles from leaded copper alloy shapes or castings by mechanical processes: Hot and Cold Rolling / Extrusion, Drawing / Annealing / Cutting / Finishing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
manual maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for the environment 1
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for the environment 2
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for workers 1
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for workers 2
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Production of leaded coppy alloys involves the melting of scrap or ingots of leaded copper alloys and pure metals (copper, zinc, lead, other metals) and the addition of lead massive pieces to adjust the chemical composition, then the casing of inots or other massive shapes before the massive alloys are used to produce articles.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Melting of scrap or ingots from leaded copper alloys and pure metals (copper, zinc, lead, other metals). Lead is added as massive lead ingots into the molten material.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting of shapes or ingots via continuous or batch casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Production of articles from leaded copper alloy shapes or castings by mechanical processes: Hot and Cold Rolling / Extrusion, Drawing / Annealing / Cutting / Finishing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
manual maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
raw material handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Secondary Steel making
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Casting via continuous casting route or ingot casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling / Cutting / Finishing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Internal logistics
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
repair, cleaning, and maintenance, quality control, and engineering / Other hot work operations with metals (scarfing, burning)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: PROC 28: Cleaning and repair
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 0: Other: Use of lead metal in lead oxide and stabiliser production
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR