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Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
49.3 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
25
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Value:
1 230 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

Default (DNEL calculator)

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
14 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
100
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Value:
1 400 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

Default (DNEL calculator)

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - workers

Acute toxicity

The guidance on dose/concentration response regarding human health (section R8.1.2.5 of chapter R.8 of the Guidance on Information Requirements and Chemical Safety Assessment) indicates that acute DNELs do not need to be calculated for substances that are not classified for an acute toxicity hazard. As this substance is not classified for acute toxicity hazards, no acute DNELs need to be calculated.

Local effects

Since no local effects were described, the DNELs are based on the systemic effects only.

LONG -TERM DNEL

The long-term DNEL is based on the most critical NOAEL seen in the repeated/ reproduction study with a NOAEL of 1000 mg/kg.

long-term DNEL for the inhalation route (systemic effects, route to-route extrapolation) =

1000 * (1/ sRV(a) * 0.67 (b) )

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- =

                                               25 (c)

 

1000* (1/ 0.384) * 0.67

--------------------------------------------------------              = .6.96 mg/m3

                      25

(a) Standard respiratory volume (sRV) rat:0.384 m3/kg

(b) correction for worker respiratory volume (conservative default for route to route)

(c)interspecies (without allometric scaling) * intraspecies * correction for duration: (2.5 * 5 * 2 )

 

 

long-term DNEL for the dermal route (systemic effects, route to-route extrapolation)

1000 *1 (a) / 4*2.5*5 (b) *2 (c) = 10 mg/kg bw/day

(a) route to route extrapolation oral to dermal

(b) assessment factors (interspecies * intraspecies (4*2.5) * 5)

(c) Correction for duration from subacute to chronic (2)

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
8.7 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
50
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Value:
435 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

Default (DNEL calculator)

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
5 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
200
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Value:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

Default (DNEL calculator)

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
5 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
200
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Value:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

Default (DNEL calculator)

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Default (DNEL calculator)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - General Population

Acute toxicity

The guidance on dose/concentration response regarding human health (section R8.1.2.5 of chapter R.8 of the Guidance on Information Requirements and Chemical Safety Assessment) indicates that acute DNELs do not need to be calculated for substances that are not classified for an acute toxicity hazard. As this substance is not classified for acute toxicity hazards, no acute DNELs need to be calculated.

Local effects

Since no local effects were described, the DNELs are based on the systemic effects only.

LONG -TERM DNEL

The long-term DNEL is based on the most critical NOAEL seen in the repeated/ reproduction studywith a NOAEL of 1000 mg/kg.

long-term DNEL for the inhalation route (systemic effects, route to-route extrapolation) =

1000 * (1/ sRV(a))

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- =

                                               2.5*10*2 (b)

 

1000* (1/ 1.15)

--------------------------------------------------------              = 23 mg /m3

                50

(a) Standard respiratory volume (sRV) rat for general public (24h):1.15 m3/kg

(b) Interspecies (without allometric scaling) * intraspecies * correction for duration: (2.5 * 10 * 2 )

 

long-term DNEL for the dermal route (systemic effects, route to-route extrapolation)

1000 *1 (a) / 4*2.5*5 (b) *2 (c) = 5.01 mg/kg bw/day

(a) route to route extrapolation oral to dermal

(b) assessment factors (interspecies * intraspecies (4*2.5) * 10)

(c) Correction for duration from subchronic to chronic (2)

long-term DNEL for the oral route (systemic effects)

1000 / 4*2.5*5 (a) *2(b) = 5.01 mg/kg bw/day

(a) assessment factors (interspecies * intraspecies (4*2.5) * 10)

(b) Correction for duration from subchronic to chronic (2)