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Physical & Chemical properties

Flammability

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Reference
Endpoint:
pyrophoric liquids
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Justification for type of information:
Experimental test result performed using standard test guidelines
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: as mention below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
It is how easily substance can burn or ignite, causing fire or combustion by brief contact with an ignition source (such as a burning match)
GLP compliance:
no
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material : Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) Nutshell Extract, Decarboxylated, Distilled
- Common name : Cardanol
- Molecular formula : C84H132O4
- Smiles notation : CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC1=CC=CC(O)=C1.CCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCCC1=CC=CC(O)=C1.CCCC\C=C/C\C=C/CCCCCCC1=CC=CC(O)=C1.OC1=CC(CCCCCC\C=C/C\C=C/CCC=C)=CC=C1
- Substance type : Organic
- Physical state : Liquid
Key result
Test procedure:
ignition time on contact with air
Remarks:
Ignition on contact with air refers to either Pyrophoric solids or Pyrophoric liquids depending on physical state (migrated information).
Remarks on result:
no ignition on contact with air (not further specified)
Remarks:
corresponding to 'no' in migrated source record. | Remarks: | Additional remarks: Cardanol ignited when the flame of bunsen burner having temperature of 950 degC was brought in contact with it.
Key result
Test procedure:
ignition time on contact with air
Remarks:
Ignition on contact with air refers to either Pyrophoric solids or Pyrophoric liquids depending on physical state (migrated information).
Remarks on result:
no ignition on contact with air (not further specified)
Remarks:
corresponding to 'no' in migrated source record. | Remarks: | Additional remarks: Cardanol ignited when the flame of bunsen burner having temperature of 950 degC was brought in contact with it.
Interpretation of results:
non flammable
Remarks:
Migrated information
Conclusions:
From the experimental values of flammability, Cardanol ignited when the flame of bunsen burner having temperature of 950 degC was brought in contact with it. Thus it can be concluded that Cardanol is flammable only at high temperature of about 950 degC. However since such high temperatures are not found under normal circumstances of transportation and use, Cardanol was considered non-flammable.
Executive summary:

From the experimental values of flammability,  Cardanol ignited when the flame of bunsen burner having temperature of 950 degC was brought in contact with it. Thus it can be concluded that  Cardanol is flammable only at high temperature of about 950 degC. However since such high temperatures are not found under normal circumstances of transportation and use,  Cardanol was considered non-flammable.

Description of key information

From the experimental values of flammability,  Cardanol ignited when the flame of bunsen burner having temperature of 950 degC was brought in contact with it. Thus it can be concluded that  Cardanol is flammable only at high temperature of about 950 degC. However since such high temperatures are not found under normal circumstances of transportation and use,  Cardanol was considered non-flammable.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Flammability:
non flammable

Additional information

From the experimental values of flammability,  Cardanol ignited when the flame of bunsen burner having temperature of 950 degC was brought in contact with it. Thus it can be concluded that  Cardanol is flammable only at high temperature of about 950 degC. However since such high temperatures are not found under normal circumstances of transportation and use,  Cardanol was considered non-flammable.

Justification for classification or non-classification

From the experimental values of flammability,  Cardanol ignited when the flame of bunsen burner having temperature of 950 degC was brought in contact with it. Thus it can be concluded that  Cardanol is flammable only at high temperature of about 950 degC. However since such high temperatures are not found under normal circumstances of transportation and use,  Cardanol was considered non-flammable.