Registration Dossier

Administrative data

First-aid measures

Eye Contact: Flush eyes thoroughly with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses after the initial 1-2 minutes and continue flushing for several additional minutes. If effects occur, consult a physician, preferably an ophthalmologist.
Skin Contact: Wash skin with plenty of water.
Inhalation: Move person to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration; if by mouth to mouth use rescuer protection (pocket mask, etc). If breathing is difficult, oxygen should be administered by qualified personnel. Call a physician or transport to a medical facility.
Ingestion: Seek medical attention immediately. If swallowed, seek medical attention. Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel.
Notes to Physician: Maintain adequate ventilation and oxygenation of the patient. No specific antidote. Treatment of exposure should be directed at the control of symptoms and the clinical condition of the patient.
Medical Conditions Aggravated by Exposure: Skin contact may aggravate preexisting dermatitis.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing Media: Water fog or fine spray. Dry chemical fire extinguishers rated tri-class ABC (containing monoammonium phosphate). Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers. Foam. Do not use bicarbonate based dry chemical extinguishers (Class BC). Do not use direct water stream. Straight or direct water streams may not be effective to extinguish fire. Alcohol resistant foams (ATC type) are preferred. General purpose synthetic foams (including AFFF) or protein foams may function, but will be less effective.
Fire Fighting Procedures: Keep people away. Isolate fire and deny unnecessary entry. Stay upwind. Keep out of low areas where gases (fumes) can accumulate. Water may not be effective in extinguishing fire. Do not use direct water stream. May spread fire. Use water spray to cool fire exposed containers and fire affected zone until fire is out and danger of reignition has passed. Fight fire from protected location or safe distance. Consider the use of unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Immediately withdraw all personnel from the area in case of rising sound from venting safety device or discoloration of the container. Hand held ABC type dry chemical, carbon dioxide or water extinguishers may be used for small fires. Do not use bicarbonate based dry chemical extinguishers (Class BC). Reaction with alkaline bicarbonates or other strong alkalis can form salts that may reignite when dry. If bicarbonate extinguishers are used and salts are formed, keep residues wet with water and dispose of in accordance with local regulations. Eliminate ignition sources. Move container from fire area if this is possible without hazard. Burning liquids may be moved by flushing with water to protect personnel and minimize property damage.
Special Protective Equipment for Firefighters: Wear positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and protective fire fighting clothing (includes fire fighting helmet, coat, trousers, boots, and gloves). If protective equipment is not available or not used, fight fire from a protected location or safe distance.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Container may rupture from gas generation in a fire situation. Contamination with sensitizing compounds (amines, alkalies, acids, heavy metal salts) can cause formation of shock sensitive or highly reactive materials. Violent steam generation or eruption may occur upon application of direct water stream to hot liquids. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel a long distance and accumulate in low lying areas. Ignition and/or flash back may occur. Flammable mixtures may exist within the vapor space of containers at room temperature. Flammable concentrations of vapor can accumulate at temperatures above flash point.
Hazardous Combustion Products: During a fire, smoke may contain the original material in addition to combustion products of varying composition which may be toxic and/or irritating. Combustion products may include and are not limited to: Nitrogen oxides. Carbon monoxide. Carbon dioxide.

Accidental release measures

Steps to be Taken if Material is Released or Spilled: Contain spilled material if possible. Use non-sparking tools in cleanup operations. Ground and bond all containers and handling equipment. Collect in suitable and properly labeled containers. Pump with explosion-proof equipment. If available, use foam to smother or suppress.
Personal Precautions: Isolate area. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from entering the area. Keep personnel out of low areas. Keep upwind of spill. Ventilate area of leak or spill. No smoking in area. Eliminate all sources of ignition in vicinity of spill or released vapor to avoid fire or explosion. For large spills, warn public of downwind explosion hazard. Check area with combustible gas detector before reentering area. Ground and bond all containers and handling equipment. Vapor explosion hazard. Keep out of sewers. Use appropriate safety equipment.
Environmental Precautions: Prevent from entering into soil, ditches, sewers, waterways and/or groundwater.

Handling and storage

Handling:
General Handling: Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid contact with strong alkalis, amines or acids. Do not swallow. Avoid breathing vapor. Wash thoroughly after handling. Keep container closed. Use with adequate ventilation. Never use air pressure for transferring product. No smoking, open flames or sources of ignition in handling and storage area. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel a long distance and accumulate in low lying areas. Ignition and/or flash back may occur. Electrically ground and bond all equipment. Containers, even those that have been emptied, can contain vapors. Do not cut, drill, grind, weld, or perform similar operations on or near empty containers. Use of non-sparking or explosion-proof equipment may be necessary, depending upon the type of operation.
Other Precautions: Do not use positive displacement pumps with this material.

Storage:
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep container closed. Minimize sources of ignition, such as static build-up, heat, spark or flame. Do not store in: Brass. Copper. Copper alloys. Lead and its alloys. Store in the following material(s): Mild steel. Stainless steel. Aluminum. Corrosive when wet (greater than 0.2 weight percent). Store in stainless steel or aluminum if wet.

Transport information

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Marine transport (IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Personal Protection
Eye/Face Protection: Use safety glasses. Safety glasses should be consistent with EN 166 or equivalent. If exposure causes eye discomfort, use a full-face respirator.
Skin Protection: Wear clean, body-covering clothing.
Hand protection: Use gloves chemically resistant to this material when prolonged or frequently repeated contact could occur. Use chemical resistant gloves classified under Standard EN374: Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms. Examples of preferred glove barrier materials include: Butyl rubber. Chlorinated polyethylene. Polyethylene. Ethyl vinyl alcohol laminate ("EVAL"). Polyvinyl alcohol ("PVA"). Examples of acceptable glove barrier materials include: Natural rubber ("latex"). Neoprene. Nitrile/butadiene rubber ("nitrile" or "NBR"). Polyvinyl chloride ("PVC" or "vinyl"). Viton. When only brief contact is expected, a glove with a protection class of 3 or higher (breakthrough time greater than 60 minutes according to EN 374) is recommended. NOTICE: The selection of a specific glove for a particular application and duration of use in a workplace should also take into account all relevant workplace factors such as, but not limited to: Other chemicals which may be handled, physical requirements (cut/puncture protection, dexterity, thermal protection), potential body reactions to glove materials, as well as the instructions/specifications provided by the glove supplier.
Respiratory Protection: Respiratory protection should be worn when there is a potential to exceed the exposure limit requirements or guidelines. If there are no applicable exposure limit requirements or guidelines, use an approved respirator. When respiratory protection is required, use an approved positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus or positive-pressure airline with auxiliary self-contained air supply. For emergency conditions, use an approved positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus. In confined or poorly ventilated areas, use an approved self-contained breathing apparatus or positive pressure air line with auxiliary self-contained air supply.
Ingestion: Avoid ingestion of even very small amounts; do not consume or store food or tobacco in the work area; wash hands and face before smoking or eating.

Engineering Controls
Ventilation: Use engineering controls to maintain airborne level below exposure limit requirements or guidelines. If there are no applicable exposure limit requirements or guidelines, use only with adequate ventilation. Local exhaust ventilation may be necessary for some operations.

Stability and reactivity

Stability/Instability:
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Conditions to Avoid: Exposure to elevated temperatures can cause product to decompose. Generation of gas during decomposition can cause pressure in closed systems. Pressure build-up can be rapid.
Incompatible Materials: If product reacts with amines, bicarbonates or other alkaline materials to form salts, keep salts wet with water and dispose of in accordance with local regulations. Avoid unintended contact with: Aldehydes. Alkali metal hydroxides. Alkenes. Amines. Ammonium nitrate. Bases. Heavy metal oxides. Reducing agents. Strong acids. Strong oxidizers. Avoid contact with metals such as: Brass. Copper. Copper alloys. Lead and its alloys. Avoid contact with absorbent materials such as: Clay-based absorbents. Activated carbon.
Hazardous Polymerization: will not occur.
Thermal Decomposition:
Decomposition products depend upon temperature, air supply and the presence of other materials. Decomposition products can include and are not limited to: Carbon monoxide. Nitrogen. Water.

Disposal considerations

This product, when being disposed of in its unused and uncontaminated state should be treated as a hazardous waste according to EC Directive 91/689/EEC. Any disposal practices must be in compliance with all national and provincial laws and any municipal or local by-laws governing hazardous waste. For used, contaminated and residual materials additional evaluations may be required. Do not dump into any sewers, on the ground, or into any body of water.