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Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: oral

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP compliant, guideline study, unpublished report available, no restrictions, fully adequate for assessment

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1990
Report Date:
1990

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.1 (Acute Toxicity (Oral))
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
Label: CRIOLITE SINTETICA
Description: white powder
Batch No.: 11

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Starin: Cr1:CD (SD) BR rat
- Source: Charles River Italia S.p.A.
- Age at study initiation: about 7-9 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: males 225-250 g, females 200 - 225 g
- Housing: 5 animals/sex/cage in air-conditioned rooms
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): GLP 4RF21 pelleted diet ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): from the municipal water main system ad libitum

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22 ± 2
- Humidity (%): 55 ± 10
- Air changes (per hr): about 20/hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hours

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
water
Details on oral exposure:
deionized water, administrationvolume 20 ml/kg

Doses:
5000 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: at 30 minutes, 2, 4 and 6 hours on the first day after administration and then twice a day up to termination of the observation period.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: gross pathology, clinical signs and mortality
(since no changes were found at necropsy, histological examination was not performed)

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 5 000 mg/kg bw
Mortality:
No mortality was observed on animals treated at 5000 mg/kg bw (limit dose) during the post-treatment observation period.
Clinical signs:
Some of the animals showed piloerection starting 6 hours after administration. This sign lasted up to day 5. One male rat showed diarrhea, with short duration, at the 6 hour observation. All animals achieved recovery within day 6.
Body weight:
The body weight gain of all the treated animals was considered within the normal limits for rats of this strain and age.
Gross pathology:
No appreciable macroscopic findings were observed.

Applicant's summary and conclusion